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The PHILIPPS UNIVERSITY OF MARBURG (German : Philipps-Universität Marburg), was founded in 1527 by Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
Hesse
(usually called the Magnanimous , although the updated meaning "haughty" is sometimes given) as one of Germany's oldest universities, dating back to a Protestant
Protestant
foundation. As a state university it no longer has any religious affiliation.

It was the main university of the principality of Hesse
Hesse
and remains a public university of that state . It now has about 25,000 students and 7,500 employees, making Marburg
Marburg
, a town of 72,000 inhabitants, the proverbial "university town" (Universitätsstadt). Though most subjects are grouped, the University of Marburg
Marburg
is not a campus university in the broader sense. About 12% of the students are international, the highest percentage in Hesse. It offers an International summer university programme every summer and has an awarded ERASMUS programme.

Marburg
Marburg
is home to one of Germany's most traditional medical faculties. The German physicians' union is called Marburger Bund. The administrative headquarters of the university The Central Lecture Hall Building, which has been built to cater for the increased number of students University of Marburg
Marburg
- Department of Social Sciences and University library One of the two large university cafeterias and canteens is located on the bank of the Lahn river

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Nazi period

* 2 Academics

* 2.1 Research * 2.2 Rankings

* 3 Collections of the university * 4 Gallery * 5 Notable alumni and faculty * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 External links

HISTORY

In 1609, the University of Marburg
Marburg
established the world's first professorship in chemistry. In 2012 it opened the first German participative chemistry museum, called Chemicum. Its experimental course programme is aimed at encouraging young people to pursue careers in science.

NAZI PERIOD

Main article: University education in Nazi Germany
Germany

20 professors were expelled in 1933, among them Wilhelm Röpke who emigrated and Hermann Jacobsohn who committed suicide.

ACADEMICS

RESEARCH

The university is most famous for its life sciences research, but is also home to one of the few centers that conduct research on the middle east, the CNMS (center for near and middle eastern studies). The departments of psychology and geography enjoy an outstanding reputation and reached Excellence Group status in the Europe-wide CHE Excellence Ranking 2009.

The strong research is also illustrated by its participation in several SFBs (Sonderforschungsbereiche). These collaborative research centres are financed by the German Science Foundation DFG . They encourage researchers to cross the boundaries of disciplines, institutes, departments and faculties within the participating university. The current SFB at Philipps-University Marburg
Marburg
are:

* SFB/TR17 – Ras-dependent Pathways in Human Cancer (started 2004; with Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg ) * SFB/TR22 – Allergic response of the lung (started 2005, with Research Center Borstel and LMU Munich ) * SFB/TR81 - Chromatin Changes in Differentiation and Malignancies (started 2010, with Justus-Liebig Universität Gießen ) * SFB-TRR 84 - Innate Immunity of the Lung (started 2010, with Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, FU Berlin, Robert-Koch-Institut , Max-Planck-Institut für molekulare Genetik, Max-Planck-Institut für Kolloid- und Grenzflächenforschung, Justus-Liebig-University Gießen) * SFB 593 – Mechanisms of cellular compartmentalisation and the relevance for disease (started 2003) * SFB 987 - Microbial Diversity in Environmental Signal Response (started 2012, with Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg) * SFB 1083 - Structure and Dynamics of Internal Interfaces (started 2013, with Donostia International Physics Center
Donostia International Physics Center
San Sebastián , Spain) * SFB 1021 - RNA viruses : RNA metabolism, host response and pathogenesis (started 2013, with Justus-Liebig Universität Gießen)

RANKINGS

UNIVERSITY RANKINGS

GLOBAL

ARWU 301-400

TIMES 251-300

QS 551-600

COLLECTIONS OF THE UNIVERSITY

* Alter Botanischer Garten Marburg
Marburg
, the university's old botanical garden * Botanischer Garten Marburg
Marburg
, the university's current botanical garden * Forschungsinstitut Lichtbildarchiv älterer Originalurkunden bis 1250 (Collection of photographs taken from medieval charters) * Bildarchiv Foto Marburg
Marburg
(German national picture archive of arts) * Religionskundliche Sammlung (Collection of religious objects) * Deutscher Sprachatlas (Linguistic Atlas of Germany) * Mineralogisches Museum (Museum of Mineralogy) * Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte (Museum of Arts)

GALLERY

*

The Old University, housing the university church, the department for religious studies and a representative lecture hall *

Department for Economical Studies *

Department of Psychology *

The Lahnberge Campus
Campus
is dedicated to the natural sciences. The image shows the Multiple Purpose Building, home of the Departments of Mathematics and Computer Science, as well as laboratories for research into material sciences and physical chemistry *

The building of the nearby Biology Department is of the same architectural style *

The University Hospital along with the Department for Medical Studies is also located at the Lahnberge Campus
Campus

NOTABLE ALUMNI AND FACULTY

Natural scientists who studied or taught at the University of Marburg:

* Ludwig Aschoff
Ludwig Aschoff
* Emil von Behring * Karl Ferdinand Braun
Karl Ferdinand Braun
* Klaus Bringmann * Robert Bunsen * Adolf Butenandt
Adolf Butenandt
* Georg Ludwig Carius * Franz Ludwig Fick * Hans Fischer * Edward Frankland
Edward Frankland
* Frederick Augustus Genth * Johann Peter Griess * Karl Eugen Guthe * Otto Hahn * Johannes Hartmann * Thomas Archer Hirst * Erich Hückel * Hermann Knoblauch * Hermann Kolbe * Albrecht Kossel * Otto Loewi * Carl Ludwig * Hans Meerwein * Ludwig Mond * Denis Papin * Heinrich Petraeus (1589–1620) * Otto Schindewolf * Sunao Tawara * John Tyndall
John Tyndall
* Wilhelm Walcher * Alfred Wegener * Georg Wittig * Alexandre Yersin * Karl Ziegler * Theodor Zincke * Zouari Khaled

Marburg
Marburg
was always known as a humanities -focused university. It retained that strength, especially in Philosophy and Theology for a long time after World War II
World War II
. Theologians include:

* Rudolf Bultmann * Friedrich Heiler * Wilhelm Herrmann * Aegidius Hunnius
Aegidius Hunnius
* Andreas Hyperius * Otto Kaiser * Jacob Lorhard * Rudolf Otto * Kurt Rudolph * Paul Tillich
Paul Tillich
* August Friedrich Christian Vilmar

Philosophers include:

* Wolfgang Abendroth * Ernst Cassirer
Ernst Cassirer
* Hermann Cohen * Hans-Georg Gadamer * Nicolai Hartmann * Martin Heidegger * Hans Jonas
Hans Jonas
* Friedrich Albert Lange * Karl Löwith * Paul Natorp * Christian Wolff * Eduard Zeller * Karl Theodor Bayrhoffer * Hans Heinz Holz

Other notable students and faculty include:

* Hannah Arendt * Karl Barth * Gottfried Benn * Gerold Bepler * Georg Friedrich Creuzer * T. S. Eliot (who had to quit a summer school in August 1914, at the start of World War I) * José Ortega y Gasset * Jacob Grimm * Wilhelm Grimm
Wilhelm Grimm
* Caspar Friedrich Hachenberg * Gustav Heinemann
Gustav Heinemann
* Beatrice Heuser * Kim Hwang-sik * Helmut Koester * Wilhelm Liebknecht * Mikhail Lomonosov * Carlyle Ferren MacIntyre * Ulrike Meinhof * Friedrich Paulus * Boris Pasternak
Boris Pasternak
* Ernst Reuter * Isaac Rülf * Ferdinand Sauerbruch * Friedrich Carl von Savigny
Friedrich Carl von Savigny
* Annemarie Schimmel * Heinrich Schütz * Manfred Siebald * Leo Strauss * Wilhelm Röpke * Costas Simitis * Dmitry Ivanovich Vinogradov * Ingeborg Weber-Kellermann

SEE ALSO

* List of early modern universities in Europe * List of universities in Germany
Germany
* University hospital Giessen und Marburg
Marburg

NOTES

* ^ "Aktuelle Zahlen auf einen Blick". University of Marburg
Marburg
(in German). Retrieved 2017-06-21. * ^ A B "Employees". Retrieved 2017-04-20. * ^ "Anzahl der Studierenden ab 1986 jeweils im Wintersemester" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 2017-04-20. * ^ "Uni International - Philipps-Universität Marburg". Retrieved 21 July 2015. * ^ ""Chemikum Marburg" hat ein dauerhaftes Domizil". Informationsdienst Wissenschaft e.V. online. 12 February 2011. Retrieved January 23, 2012. * ^ "Sonderforungsbereiche - Philipps-Universität Marburg
Marburg
- Referat für Forschung und Transfer - Sandra Basenau". Retrieved 21 July 2015. * ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities: Global". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016. * ^ "World University Rankings 2016-2017". Times Higher Education . 2016. Retrieved October 22, 2016. * ^ " QS World University Rankings 2018". Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2017. Retrieved June 21, 2017.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia

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