University Philosophical Society
2.1 Foundation in the 17th century
2.2 Reformation in the 19th century
2.3 20th Century
2.4.1 Inclusion of Women
2.5 21st Century 2.6 Notable events
3.1 Officers, 334th Session 3.2 Members of Council, 334th Session
4.1 Subcommittee members
5 Competitive debating
5.1 External Debating Competitions 5.2 Internal Debating Competitions 5.3 Trinity Inter-varsity
6 Phil Speaks 7 Awards
7.1 Central Societies Committee of Trinity College, Dublin 7.2 Board of Irish College Societies
8 Honorary patrons
8.1 Academia 8.2 Arts 8.3 Broadcasting and Journalism 8.4 Business 8.5 Law 8.6 Literature 8.7 Politics and Government 8.8 Sports 8.9 Other
9 Controversies 10 Notable members
10.1 Academia 10.2 Arts 10.3 Broadcasting and Journalism 10.4 Law 10.5 Literature 10.6 Nobility 10.7 Politics and Government 10.8 Religion
11 References 12 External links
The Phil's members meet every Thursday during term to discuss a paper,
debate a motion or hear an address. Traditionally a paper-reading
society, meetings sometimes continue the format of responses to a
paper rather than debate on a motion.
Its rooms are within the
Graduates' Memorial Building
William Molyneux, founding member
The history of the
University Philosophical Society
Oscar Wilde, member of the society in the 19th century
In November 1842, to mark the original session date the Dublin
Philosophical Society was fully reformed under its original name,
traditionally meeting on Mondays, to cater for those Trinity College
students too young to join other societies in Dublin.
At the time, undergraduates were not allowed to join most College
societies, such as the College Historical Society. It then became the
The 1937 Reading Room, Memorial to members of the college who died during the First World War
The meetings and overall strength of the society was massively
diminished during the period, with there being no Inaugural Meeting
from 1913 until 1919 after the end of the war.
From 1913 (229th Session) to 1916 (231st Session) ten officers of the
society resigned their positions to enlist.
James Austin, President 1913-1914 (229th Session). AEL West, President 1915-1916 (231st Session). Reverend Everard Digges La Touche, Seceratary 1907-1908 (223rd Session). JHF Leland, Treasurer 1909-1910 (225th Session). Walter Osborne Varian, Treasurer 1915-1916 (231st Session). JS West, Registrar 1914-1915 (230th Session). Francis George McGibney, Member of Council 1912-1913 (228th Session). William Kee, Member of Council 1914-1915 (230th Session).
Of them and those other members who gave up their lives, we can only
say that while the
University Philosophical Society
Irish War of Independence
Crest of the
The first female students were admitted to the college in 1904,
however they were unable to join any of the student societies that
existed at the time. In response to this the
Current President of the Elizabethan Society
Hon. Treasurer Ciara O'Leary
Inclusion of Women It was the 1953/54 session of the Phil that first welcomed in long overdue gender equality advances: Women were at last allowed to attend public business meetings and then also to speak at them (provided though Standing Orders were suspended!). What is more, at the end of that session, membership was actually even opened up to them. Sadly though, this final breakthrough proved short-lived as the College Board after a gap of only one term – and although it had no direct constitutional jurisdiction here – in early 1955 voted down female membership for that year pending possible reorganisation of the Major Societies. It was an understandable decision perhaps from the Board’s point of view except that even more sadly such restructuring was never led by them as announced or indeed subsequently. While reorganisations and possible mergers between the Phil and the Hist and the Phil and the Eliz and the Phil and the SRC (Student Representative Council) + the Eliz surfaced variously at periodic intervals actual plans ‘with legs’ never seemed to result. Divisions and maybe feelings of self-interest within and between the different factions, the continuing unwillingness/inability of the College for some reason to meaningfully grapple with this process and, what is more, effectively address the issue of student union type facilities that were commonplace in other institutions of higher education all seemingly presented insurmountable hurdles. Indeed, it wasn’t until session 1963/64 that a further vote taken by the Phil on the admission of women, although it was lost by only 3 votes. Some advances were though made: From that session onwards, it was agreed that women could at last reply to papers read to the Society and, in 1965, Joanna Walmsley became the first woman to read her paper to the society. (It wasentitled "Tolstoy - Realist or Moralist?"). One of concerns held over the years had been that the Society's facilities were generally inadequate for a larger mixed membership. In session 1967/1968. opposition even led then President of the Phil (Gordon Ledbetter) to resign in exasperation. It was a matter though that wasn't going to go away. At the first Council meeting and a subsequent private business in the following session (1967-68), this aspect again prominently featured as a concern. There were also many in the Phil who felt the way forward would be achieved through revisiting the idea of a merger with the Eliz to form a super sized Major Society. However, even setting to one side the thorny issue of finding satisfactory accommodation for such a body, it also turned out to be the case this time - as it had previously that the Eliz just weren’t sufficiently interested such a proposal. (That was of course to change some years later). With such topics under the spotlight, a feeling though also started to emerge from the active membership that discussion was going around in circles once again. The halfway house with regards to female participation was just unsatisfactory. For quite sincerely held reasons of equal rights and inclusivity and indeed on a practical level to revitalise our business and expand membership the Society had to try and go it alone regardless. So a motion calling for women to quite simply be admitted as full members was proposed, debated at Private Business on 30th. November 1967...and was elatedly passed!  The then President of the Phil (Geoff Goolnik) pointed out to those gathered that restrictions on female membership had in fact been a matter of convention as gender was never once mentioned in the then current Laws – unlike with those of the two other Major Societies, viz.the Eliz and the Hist (College Historical Society).
At the following private business meeting held on 5th. December three women were proposed and voted in as members – including the then President of the Eliz (Elizabeth Hall) who was appropriately nominated by Goolnik and seconded by ‘Gully’ Stanford, the then Auditor of the Hist, in his capacity as an ordinary member of the Phil! Finally, the first female member to address the Society after it had become gender free, Gráinne Monks, was also elected on 1st. February 1968 as the first female member of Council.
In Trinity News’ edition of 25th. November 1953, an anonymous female
contributor had declared that “The bar to the admission of women to
[the other] major societies ...is a real deprivation to everyone –
to College women, to the members of the societies, themselves and,
most important, to the University”. Fifteen years and five days
later the Phil at least eventually, permanently and proudly righted
University Philosophical Society
President Sorcha Ryder
Secretary Kate Kleinle
Treasurer Ruairc O'Leary
Registrar James Johnston
Debates Convenor Ryan Grunwell
Librarian Hiba Awan
Steward Shane Kenneally
Schools Convenor Katie O'Brien
Vice President James Spillane
Members of Council, 334th Session
Senior Member of Council Sebastian Tozer
Pro-Secretary Harry Hogan, Niall Prior
Pro-Treasurer Nathan O'Regan
Pro-Debates Convenor Lucie McKnight, Pierce O'Meara, Amelia Melanson
Pro Librarian Aoife Cronin, Niamh McCay, Niamh O'Donovan
Pro-Steward Jack Cullen, Hannah Weir
Pro-Schools Convenor Kate Maher
Bram Stoker, former President of the Society, who presented "Sensationalism in Fiction and Society" as his first paper
In addition to its usual events, the society added a sub-group, the
Year Session Chair Subcommittee Members
2010-2011 1st -- Clíodhna Ní Ghuidhir and John Engle
2011-2012 2nd -- Leah Morgan, Brian Higgins, Sch. and Jamie Donnelly
2012-2013 3rd Sarah Grace Gavin Tucker, Sch., Fionn McGorry and Keith Murphy
2013-2014 4th Fionn McGorry Cormac Henehan, and Turlough Heffernan, Sch.
2014-2015 5th Liam Hunt Huda Awan, and Patrick Lavelle, Sch.
2015-2016 6th Conor Scully Sophie Donnelly, Sch. and Matthew Collins
2016-2017 7th Orla Delaney Bryan Rohan and Conor Nevin
2017-2018 8th Hugh Fitzgibbon Nicole O'Sullivan and Aoife Curtis
The society endeavors each year to enable its membership to engage in
competitive debating both externally and internally to the college.
This includes holding workshops, regular weekly competitive debates,
as well as traveling to other colleges throughout
External Debating Competition Success
Year Competition Speakers Result
2016 UCD Vice-Presidents' Cup IV Chris Costigan & Jack Kearney Finalists
2016 European Universities Debating Championship Chris Costigan & Eoin O'Gorman Quarter-Finalists
2016 European Universities Debating Championship Stepan Lavrouk & Cormac Henehan Quarter-Finalists
2016 Maynooth Open Julie Davis & Conan Quinn Finalists
2016 Irish Mace Clare Ni Cheallaigh & Orla Delaney Finalists
2016 Irish Mace Stepan Lavrouk & Cormac Henehan Finalists
2016 Maynooth Open Stepan Lavrouk & Chris Costigan Finalists
2016 UCD Pro-Am Stepan Lavrouk & Andrew Connolly Win
2016 UCD Pro-Am Chris Costigan & Jack Kearney Finalists
2016 Limerick Open Stepan Lavrouk & Eoin O'Gorman Win
2016 Irish Times National Debating Championship Clare Ni Cheallaigh & Hannah Beresford Finalists
2016 Irish Times National Debating Championship Sarah Mortell & Caoimhe Stafford Finalists
2016 World Universities Debating Championship Matthew Collins & Hannah Beresford Quarter-finalists
2015 Cork Inter-varsity Michael Barton & Hugh Guidera Win
2015 UCD Vice-Presidents' Cup IV Sarah Jennings & Chris Costigan Finalists
2015 SOAS Inter-varsity Eoin O'Gorman & Chris Costigan Finalists
2015 European Universities Debating Championship Liam Hunt & Naoise Dolan Quarter-finalists
2015 European Universities Debating Championship Matthew Collins & Hannah Beresford Quarter-finalists
2015 Irish Mace Liam Hunt & Gavin Tucker Win
2015 Irish Mace Matthew Collins & Chris Costigan Finalists
2015 Irish Mace (Novice) Izzy Sweeney & Aisling Foster Finalists
2015 National Maidens' Debating Competition Matthew Collins Win
2015 Irish Times National Debating Championship Hugh Guidera & Rónán O'Connor Win
2015 World Universities Debating Championship Hugh Guidera & Michael Barton Semi-finalists
2014 Oxford Inter-varsity Hugh Guidera & Michael Barton Finalists
2014 SOAS Inter-varsity Michael Barton Best Speaker
2014 SOAS Inter-varsity Hugh Guidera & Michael Barton Win
2014 Irish Mace Rosalind Ní Shúilleabháin & Adam Noonan Win
2014 John Smith Memorial Mace Rosalind Ní Shúilleabháin & Adam Noonan Finalists
2013 World Universities Debating Championship John Calvin Engle III & Adam Noonan Elimination Round
Irish Times National Debating Championship
John Calvin Engle III & Liam Brophy (
2013 Irish Times National Debating Championship Eoin O'Liathain & Brian O'Beirne 2nd
2013 UCD Vice Presidents' Cup IV Hugh Guidera & Michael Barton Win
2013 Cork Inter-varsity Hugh Guidera & Liam Hunt Finalists
2013 SOAS Inter-varsity Michael Barton Best Speaker
2012 World Universities Debating Championship David Byrne & Ricky McCormack Elimination Round
2012 Oxford Inter-varsity John Calvin Engle III & Adam Noonan Finalists
2012 Cork Inter-varsity John Calvin Engle III & Adam Noonan Win
2011 Irish Mace Ricky McCormack & Fiachra Fallon Verbruggen Finalists
2011 Cork Inter-varsity David Byrne & Ricky McCormack Finalists
2011 Cork Inter-varsity Rosalind Ní Shúilleabháin & Fletch Williams Finalists
2010 UCD Vice Presidents Cup IV David Byrne & John Calvin Engle III Finalists
2009 World Universities Debating Championship Kiera Healy & Ruth Faller 9th
2008 UCD Vice Presidents Cup IV Brian O'Beirne Best Speaker
2007 UCD Vice Presidents Cup IV Brian O'Beirne Best Speaker
2000 John Smith Memorial Mace Bob Cuffe & Fergal Davis Win
1999 Irish Mace Niall Boland & Colm O'Mongain Win
1997 John Smith Memorial Mace Matthew Magee & Alex Massie Win
1986 Irish Times National Debating Championship Declan McCavana & David Keane Win
1982 Irish Times National Debating Championship Michael Byrne & Gerry Foley Win
1961 Irish Times National Debating Championship Hallam Johnston & Jack Daniels Win
Internal Debating Competitions The society runs several internal debating competitions each year. These consist of:
The Eamon O'Coine Memorial Maiden Speaker's Competition (or
"Maidens"); for first-time speakers in college.
Eamon O'Coine Memorial Maiden Speaker's Competition Champions
331st Rory O'Sullivan
330th Christopher Costigan
329th Ajay Balachandran
328th Hugh Guidera
327th Michael Coleman
326th Rosalind ní Shúilleabháin
325th Ricky McCormack
324th Eoin O'Liatháin
331st Harry Morris
330th Cormac Henehan
329th Sarah Upton
328th Jamie Donnelly
327th Orfhlaith Sheehy
326th Adam Noonan
325th Aengus O Corrain
324th Harry McEvansoneya
Elizabethan Society Memorial Pro-Am Competition Champions
331st Orla Delaney & Doireann O'Brien
330th Clare Ní Cheallaigh & Aaron Downey
329th Eimear Gorey & Jamie Donnelly
328th Lorcan Clarke & Jamie Buckley
327th Orlfhaith Sheehy & Charlie Ward
326th Rosalind Ni Shuilleabhain & Lydia Rahill
J.P Mahaffy Memorial Champions
331st Mark Finn & Jack Kennedy
330th Sarah Jennings & Sam Browne
Trinity Inter-varsity Each year, normally in January, the society jointly with the Hist hosts the Claire Stewart Trinity IV. Before 2015 this consisted of the Trinity Invitational and the Dean Swift Intervarsity. In 2015, the Trinity Invitational was replaced with Trinity Women's Debating Competition. Phil Speaks
Phil Speaks Logo
The Phil Speaks Debating and Public Speaking Initiative, more commonly
known as Phil Speaks is a campaign aimed at promoting, as well as
developing skills in public speaking and oratory. Formed by the
society in 2004 the initiative combines in-school oratory workshops,
with Pro–Am (Professional-Amateur) learning competitions to
encourage these skills in students of all secondary schools throughout
At the end of the contest, the society hosts the Phil Speaks
Competitive Weekend modelled on the format of a University
Intervarsity Competition held within the Graduates Memorial Building,
with the grand final taking place in the Debating Chamber.
Annually, the society internally awards the author of the best paper
and the best chamber speaker from its membership, medals of oratory
The society also awards the Gold Medal of Honorary Patronage and the
2015 Best Large Society.
2013 Individual of the Year, awarded to President Lorcan Clarke (328th Session).
2013 Best Online Web Presence.
2012 Best Large Society.
2011 Individual of the Year, awarded to President Declan Meehan (326th Session).
Best Event, for the
Board of Irish College Societies
The Board of Irish College Societies (BICS) is a national
organisation, constituted in 1995, dedicated to providing a national
forum for the societies in Ireland's Universities, Colleges and
Institutes of Education. The Board is responsible for the promotion of
interest in the activities of Irish college societies and of contact
and co-operation between them.
University Philosophical Society
2013 Best individual (Large Society), awarded to 328th Session President Lorcan Clarke.
2009 Best Event (Large Society), awarded for The Trials of Oscar Wilde.
Honorary patrons Through its years in college, the Society has recorded the presence of many notable guests, the most distinguished of whom are named honorary patrons of the society. Included amongst these are multiple Nobel Prize laureates, both before and after their receipt of the Prize, such as William Butler Yeats, Heads of State and of Government, notable actors and musicians, as well as well-known intellectuals. Guests have also included all Taoisigh since Charles Haughey.
John Mearsheimer, awarded the Honorary Patronage in 2012.
Niall Ferguson, British Historian, Harvard professor.
Joseph Nye, international relations theorist, former Dean of Harvard's
Jane Goodall, awarded the Honorary Patronage in 2013
Brian Greene, American theoretical physicist, Professor at Columbia
Daniel Gilbert, social psychologist and Professor at Harvard
Joseph Stiglitz, American economist and a professor at Columbia
Jane Goodall, primatologist and environmental activist.
Steven Pinker, psychologist, cognitive scientist, linguist and science
Paul Krugman, American economist and Professor at Princeton
Robert Engle, American economist and Winner of the
Helen Mirren, awarded the Honorary Patronage in 2007
Helen Mirren, actress, Academy Award winner. The Edge, guitarist, keyboardist, and main backing vocalist of rock band U2. Johnny Marr, guitarist of the bands The Smiths and Modest Mouse. Tom Stoppard, playwright and writer, Academy Award winner. Gabriel Byrne, Irish actor, director and producer. Al Pacino, American actor and director, Academy Award winner. Joanna Lumley, British actress and political activist. Oliver Stone, film director, Academy Award winner. Tommy Tiernan, Irish comedian. Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Irish actor and model. David Cronenburg, Canadian filmmaker and screenwriter.
Amy Poehler, awarded the Honorary Patronage in 2015
Jeffrey Archer, actor, playwright and former politician. Jon Voight, American actor and political commentator, Academy Award winner. Spike Milligan, Irish comedian, writer, poet and playwright. Naomi Campbell, supermodel. Jack White, musician, lead vocalist of the White Stripes. Pete Doherty, singer and songwriter, lead singer of the band The Libertines. Dolores O'Riordan, lead singer of the band The Cranberries. John C. McGinley, American actor and author. Chris Blackwell, music producer. John C. Reilly, American actor and comedian. Courtney Love, American singer songwriter and actress. Sir Christopher Lee, renowned and prolific British actor. Stephen Fry, British actor, screenwriter, author, playwright, journalist, poet, comedian, television presenter and film director.
Stephen Fry, awarded the Honorary Patronage in 2010
Michael Gambon, Irish film and theatre actor. Eric Whitacre, Grammy-winning composer and conductor. Hugh Laurie, Golden Globe-winning actor, musician, comedian and author. Whoopi Goldberg, comedian, actress, singer-songwriter, political activist, Academy Award winner. Conan O'Brien, Television host, comedian, writer, producer and performer. Seann William Scott, American actor and comedian. Bobby McFerrin, American musician and vocalist. John Hurt, British actor. Dominic West, British actor. Jenna Marbles, American entertainer and YouTube personality. Nile Rodgers, American musician, producer, composer and guitarist. Mitsuko Uchida, classical pianist. Kele Okereke, musician and lead singer of Bloc Party.
Angela Merkel, Inaugural Meeting speaker, 329th Session
Julian Fellowes, actor, novelist, and screenwriter. Channing Tatum, American actor, film producer, dancer, and model. Jonah Hill, American actor, producer, writer, and comedian. Lenny Abrahamson, Irish film and television director. Amy Poehler, American actress, comedian, director, producer and writer. Simon Amstell, English comedian, television presenter, and actor. Steve Coogan, English actor, stand-up comedian, writer, and producer. Evelyn Glennie, Scottish virtuoso percussionist. Baz Luhrmann, Australian film director, screenwriter and producer. Pete Wentz, American musician, primary lyricist for Fall Out Boy. "Weird Al" Yankovic, American singer, songwriter, parodist. Marjane Satrapi, Iranian-born French graphic novelist, cartoonist, illustrator, film director, and children's book author. Martin Scorsese, American director.
Broadcasting and Journalism
Ira Glass, awarded the Honorary Patronage in 2013.
Germaine Greer, feminist journalist. Bill O'Reilly, Fox News presenter. Claudia Rosett, investigative journalist. Greg Palast, British journalist and author. John Simpson, BBC News correspondent. Rush Limbaugh, American conservative news pundit. Martin Wolf, Economics journalist, Associate Editor and Chief economics commentator at the Financial Times. Ira Glass, American public radio personality. A. A. Gill, journalist and critic.
William Butler Yeats, Honorary Patron of the society
Mona Eltahawy, freelance Egyptian-American journalist and commentator. Jon Snow, English journalist, longest-running presenter of Channel 4 News.
Tommy Hilfiger, American fashion designer and businessman. Tim Draper, American venture capitalist. Jimmy Wales, co-founder of. Matt Mullenweg, founder of Wordpress. Craig Newmark, founder of Craigslist. Christopher Bailey, chief creative director of Burberry. Jack Dorsey, founder of Twitter. JP McManus, entrepreneur. Niklas Zennstrom, founder of Skype. Chad Hurley, founder of YouTube. Olivier Blanchard, chief economist of the IMF. Mark Shuttleworth, entrepreneur and space tourist. Michael Birch, computer programmer, entrepreneur and founder of social networking website Bebo. Justin Cooke, former CMO of Topshop and founder of innovate7. Harper Reed, computer programmer and CTO of Barack Obama's 2012 re-election campaign.
Peter Thiel, American entrepreneur, co-founder of PayPal.
Susan Denham, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Ireland. Martin Garbus, American attorney.
William Butler Yeats, poet, Nobel Laureate. Salman Rushdie, novelist and essayist, Booker Prize Winner. Seamus Heaney, Irish poet and writer, Nobel Laureate. John Banville, author, Booker Prize Winner. John Boyne, Irish novelist. John Ralston Saul, Canadian author and essayist. Neil Strauss, author and journalist. Paul Howard, author and journalist. Roddy Doyle, Irish novelist, dramatist and screenwriter. Bill Bryson, American author. Daniel Handler, American children's author, better known as Lemony Snicket. Siobhán Parkinson, Irish writer, Laureate na nÓg (2010-2012).
Politics and Government
Desmond Tutu, awarded the Honorary Patronage in 2006
John Kenneth Galbraith, economist, former US Ambassador to India.
John Hume, former leader of the SDLP in Northern Ireland, Nobel
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, former President of France.
David Trimble, former First Minister of Northern Ireland, Nobel
Newt Gingrich, former Speaker of the US House of Representatives.
Craig Murray, former British Ambassador to Uzbekistan.
FW De Klerk, former President of South Africa, Nobel Laureate.
Charles Haughey, former
Mark Malloch Brown, former United Nations Deputy Secretary-General.
Bob Geldof, organizer of Live Aid and Live 8.
John Bruton, former
Alex Ferguson, former manager of Manchester United football club. Eddie Jordan, founder and owner of Jordan Grand Prix. Rafael Benítez, manager of Liverpool football club for their Champions League win in 2005. Pádraig Harrington, Irish professional golfer. Dana White, American businessman, entrepreneur, and President of the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC). Steve Redgrave, British rower and five time consecutive Olympic Games gold medal winner.
Chris Hadfield, Canadian astronaut who was the first Canadian to walk in space. Kathryn Bolkovac, former American police investigator, UN International Police Force monitor.
Many guests which the Phil has invited over the years have courted
controversy. Contributors to its debates included
Irving was a highly controversial guest speaker who caused protests during his visit.
The address of Austrian politician
Samuel Beckett, former member of the society
Robert Stawell Ball, ex-Sch., Royal Astronomer of
Norman Rodway, ex-Sch., actor. John Butler Yeats, artist and father of William Butler Yeats.
Broadcasting and Journalism
Daire Brehan, Irish broadcaster, barrister and actress. Secretary,
Sarah Carey, columnist and broadcaster. Registrar, 1991–92.
Marc Coleman, economics editor of
James Campbell, 1st Baron Glenavy, Lord Chancellor of Ireland,
Attorney-General for Ireland, Solicitor-General for Ireland, Member of
Parliament and later first Chairman of the Free State Senate.
Richard Cherry, Attorney-General for
Edmund John Armstrong, poet. President, 1864–65. Samuel Beckett, ex-Sch., dramatist and poet, Nobel Laureate. Kate Cruise O'Brien, author. Edward Dowden, poet and critic. President, 1862–63, Secretary, 1861–62. Standish James O'Grady, author, journalist and historian. Secretary, 1866–67. Bram Stoker, novelist and short story writer. President, 1868–69, Secretary, 1867–68. Oscar Wilde, author, playwright and poet. Gabriel Fielding, author and poet. Nom de plume of Dr Alan Barnsley 1935-1939. Winner Silver Medal in Oratory 1939.
Charles Austin Thomas Robert John Joseph ffrench, 6th Baron ffrench, 1868–1955. Deputy Lieutenant of County Galway. Charles Edward MacDermot, The Mac Dermot, Prince of Coolavin, 1904–47. Registrar, 1883–84. His son and successor, Charles John MacDermot (Prince of Coolavin, 1947–79), was also a member. Martin Morris, 2nd Baron Killanin, Conservative peer. Secretary, 1888–89.
Politics and Government
Gerald Brunskill, Unionist MP. Treasurer, 1887–88, Registrar,
Hugh Dunlop Brown, President of the Irish Baptist Association,
theologian and prominent unionist.
John Baptist Crozier,
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Keenan & O’Hare (2010). Universities,
Societies & Clubs. Culture, Extracurricular Activities &
Career Progression: Trinity College Dublin, Four Case Studies. Dublin:
Trinity Long Room Hub. pp. 14–15.
^ a b Thom's Directory of Ireland. Dublin: Alexander Thom. 1850.
^ Bailey, Kenneth Claude (May 1948). "A History of Trinity College,
Dublin, 1892-1945". Hermathena. 71: 155.
^ "Eliz. Jubilee". Trinity News. 26 November 1964.
^ "Men - no instinctive profession- de Valois". Trinity News. 20
^ Trinity News. 1 February 1968. Missing or empty title= (help)
^ Trinity News. 3 February 1955. Missing or empty title= (help)
^ "Jo Walmsley at the Phil". Trinity News. 18 February 1965.
^ a b "Phiz Explodes in Bitterness". Trinity News. 13 April
^ Trinity News. 18 January 1968. Missing or empty title= (help)
^ "*A Woman's Point of View"". Trinity News. 25 November 1953.
Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 12 March
^ Moriarty, Gerry (February 23, 2013). "TCD
TCDPhil.com Assorted records of the Society
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