University College, Durham
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, motto_English = Not for ourselves alone , scarf = , established = , principal = Wendy Powers , vice_principal = Ellen Crabtree , undergraduates = 698 , postgraduates = 153 , coordinates = , location_map = Durham , map_size = 275 , website = , blazon=Azure, a Cross patonce or, between four Lions rampant Argent, on a Chief of the last, the Cross of St Cuthbert Sable, between two Durham Mitres Gules., boat_club=
University College Boat Club (Durham) University College Boat Club (UCBC) is the rowing club of University College, Durham, University College at Durham University in north-east England, with over 100 members, a large boathouse and a fleet of boats. UCBC has a long history of racing ...
, location=The Castle, Palace Green, Durham DH1 3RW University College, informally known as Castle, is a
college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in rel ...
of
Durham University , mottoeng = Her foundations are upon the holy hills ( Psalm 87:1) , established = (university status) , type = Public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an in ...

Durham University
in
Durham, England Durham ( ), also known as the City of Durham, is a cathedral city and civil parish in the County Durham (district), district and County Durham, county of Durham, England. The city is on the banks of the River Wear. The settlement was founded o ...

Durham, England
. Centred on
Durham Castle Durham Castle is a Norman Norman or Normans may refer to: Ethnic and cultural identity * The Normans The Normans (Norman language, Norman: ''Normaunds''; french: Normands; la, Nortmanni/Normanni) were inhabitants of the early medieval Duch ...

Durham Castle
on
Palace Green Palace Green is an area of grass in the centre of Durham, England Durham ( ), also known as the City of Durham, is a cathedral city and civil parish in the County Durham (district), district and County Durham, county of Durham, England. The c ...
, it was founded in 1832 and is the oldest of Durham's colleges. As a constituent college of Durham University, it is listed as a higher education institution under section 216 of the Education Reform Act 1988. Almost all academic activities, such as research and tutoring, occur at a university level. University College moved into its current location in 1837. Around 150 students are accommodated within Durham Castle. Other college buildings, including converted 18th century houses and purpose-built accommodation from the 1950s, 1970s and 1980s, are within five minutes' walk of the castle. The college has 700 undergraduates and is currently the most over-subscribed college of the university. In 1987 it admitted women undergraduates for the first time, having previously had an all-male student body. From January 2012 until March 2019 the Master of the college was
political theorist {{unreferenced, date=June 2015 A political theorist is someone who engages in constructing or evaluating political theory, including political philosophy. Theorists may be Academia, academics or independent scholars. Here the most notable politic ...
David Held David Jonathan Andrew Held (27 August 1951 – 2 March 2019) was a United Kingdom, British political scientist who specialised in political theory and international relations. He held a joint appointment as Professor of Politics and International R ...
. Wendy Powers joined as the college Principal on 1 June 2020.


History


Early years

University College was formed upon the creation of University of Durham in 1832. It was the first college of the university, and is therefore known as the "foundation college", but the university was founded explicitly on the
Oxbridge Oxbridge is a portmanteau A portmanteau (, ) or portmanteau word (from "portmanteau (luggage) A portmanteau is a piece of luggage Baggage or luggage consists of bags, cases, and containers which hold a travel Travel is the move ...
model; the intention was already for the university to develop along collegiate lines in the manner of
Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' u ...

Oxford
and
Cambridge Cambridge ( ) is a university city and the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' ...
, as indeed it has. Previously, for centuries,
Durham Castle Durham Castle is a Norman Norman or Normans may refer to: Ethnic and cultural identity * The Normans The Normans (Norman language, Norman: ''Normaunds''; french: Normands; la, Nortmanni/Normanni) were inhabitants of the early medieval Duch ...

Durham Castle
had been the
bishop A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Moravian Chu ...

bishop
's
palace A palace is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to eit ...

palace
for the
Bishop of Durham The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican Anglicanism is a Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town in the US *Western Creek, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *Western Junc ...
until the residence was moved to
Auckland Castle Auckland Castle, which is also known as Auckland Palace and to people that live locally as the Bishop's Castle or Bishop's Palace, is located in the town of Bishop Auckland Bishop Auckland is a market town A market town is a European ...
in 1832. Bishop
William van Mildert William Van Mildert (6 November 1765 – 21 February 1836) was the last County Palatine, palatine bishop or prince-bishop as Bishop of Durham (1826–1836), and one of the founders of the Durham University, University of Durham. His name ...
, one of the founders of the university, had intended for the castle to be given to the college. Temporary accommodation for students was provided at the Archdeacon's Inn (now known as Cosin's Hall) on Palace Green until University College moved into its permanent home in 1837 after van Mildert's successor,
Edward Maltby Edward Maltby (6 April 1770 – 3 July 1859) was an English clergyman of the Church of England. He became Bishop of Durham, controversial for his liberal politics, for his ecumenism, and for the great personal wealth that he amassed. Early ...

Edward Maltby
, completed renovations of the Castle. The castle's
keep A keep (from the Middle English ''kype'') is a type of fortified tower built within castles during the Middle Ages by European nobility. Scholars have debated the scope of the word ''keep'', but usually consider it to refer to large towers in ca ...

keep
, formerly a ruin, was redeveloped for student accommodation; in particular, the college's chapels and
Great Hall #REDIRECTGreat hall#REDIRECTGreat hall A great hall is the main room of a royal palace, nobleman's castle or a large manor house or hall house in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted fr ...

Great Hall
have been restored. Since then high levels of maintenance have been, and still are, necessary to preserve the buildings of the castle.The university's second college, , was formed in 1846 as a response to the high costs of maintaining Castle. These costs arose from the students' expectations of being provided with servants and room furnishings. The university struggled for the rest of the 19th century, held back by a lack of prestige and a distance from the centres of power in the UK. By 1882, Castle contained some 79 undergraduates out of 205 at the university as a whole. Despite the university largely failing to gain recognition and prestige, a number of other colleges had opened by the end of the nineteenth century. Of these,
Bishop Cosin's Hall Bishop Cosin's Hall was a Colleges of Durham University, college of the University of Durham, opened in 1851 as the university's third college and named after 17th century Bishop of Durham John Cosin. It closed in 1864 due to a fall in studen ...

Bishop Cosin's Hall
failed to become financially viable and was absorbed into University College in 1864. Enrolment numbers continued to fluctuate.


1919–38

The
inter-war years In the history of the 20th century, the Interwar period lasted from 11 November 1918 to 1 September 1939 (20 years, 9 months and 21 days), the end of the First World War World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as t ...
were transformative for Castle. The college was the smallest in Durham university, with just 34 undergraduates in 1928, and was struggling to meet maintenance costs. The Castle, situated on the banks of " The Peninsula", was in danger of collapsing into the
River Wear The River Wear (, ) in North East England North East England is one of nine official regions of England at the First-level NUTS of the European Union, first level of NUTS statistical regions of the United Kingdom, NUTS for Eurostat, statis ...

River Wear
and many of its internal structures were weak. The combination of high costs and low undergraduate numbers meant that the college was often threatened with closure or merger with Hatfield. Castle was saved largely through charitable donations. A visit in the 1920s from Edward, Prince of Wales (later
Edward VIII Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India from 20 January 1936 until Abdication of Edward VIII, h ...
), helped increase the profile of the cause. In the 1920s, the castle's foundations were secured through reinforcement with concrete. Following these and other extensive building refurbishments of the 1920s and 1930s the college was now able to expand.


Post-war

One of its most successful periods followed during the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
when personnel of the Durham University Air Squadron were posted in the castle, doing short courses before joining the
Royal Air Force The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for th ...
. Those from the college who died during World War II were commemorated by the redevelopment of the Norman Gallery area of the Castle in the 1950s. This period also saw the launch of ''Castellum'', an annual journal of the Castle Society, created to keep former students in touch with college life. In order to continue this expansion, the college purchased
Lumley Castle Lumley Castle is a 14th-century quadrangular castle at Chester-le-Street in the Northern England, North of England, near the city of Durham, England, Durham and a property of the Earl of Scarbrough. It is a Grade I listed building. It is currentl ...
in 1946 to house students, and by 1948 seventy five students were housed there. This section of the college developed a spirit of its own and is still remembered today through activities such as the Lumley Run. During the 1950s and 1960s the college expanded through developments at Owengate (later renovated in 2014) and Bailey Court, both around
Palace Green Palace Green is an area of grass in the centre of Durham, England Durham ( ), also known as the City of Durham, is a cathedral city and civil parish in the County Durham (district), district and County Durham, county of Durham, England. The c ...
. In the 1970s, the college's lease of
Lumley Castle Lumley Castle is a 14th-century quadrangular castle at Chester-le-Street in the Northern England, North of England, near the city of Durham, England, Durham and a property of the Earl of Scarbrough. It is a Grade I listed building. It is currentl ...
ended. Moatside Court was instead developed, and meant that all the college's students were now housed within five minutes of the main castle. During this period there was rapid change in the size and structure of the college, which expanded to over 300 undergraduates by 1979. Female students were admitted to the college for the first time in 1987; until then it had been single sex. Since this time the college has become fully mixed, with undergraduate numbers expanding to nearly seven hundred. Expansion caused a strain on college numbers, however, and in 2004 the college was unable to provide accommodation for all of its
fresher A freshman, first year, or frosh, is a person in the first year at an educational institution, usually a secondary school, secondary or post-secondary school. Arab world In much of the Arab world, a first-year is called a "Ebtidae" (Pl. Mubtad ...
students for the first time in its history. Following the foundation of
Josephine Butler Josephine Elizabeth Butler (' Grey; 13 April 1828 – 30 December 1906) was an English feminist Feminism is a range of social movement A social movement is a loosely organized effort by a large group of people to achieve a p ...

Josephine Butler
, Durham's first new college to be opened since 1972, pressure from the university to take on additional students has lessened, and undergraduate numbers have been intentionally reduced in recent years.


College traditions


College arms

Although it had been in use before this period, the college were officially granted by the
College of Arms The College of Arms, or Heralds' College, is a royal corporation A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company—authorized by the State (polity), state to act as a single entity (a legal entity recognized by ...
on 29 May 1912, on the occasion of the eightieth anniversary since the founding of the college by the Bishop of Durham in 1832. The arms are blazoned: ''Azure, a Cross patonce or, between four Lions rampant Argent, on a Chief of the last, the Cross of St Cuthbert Sable, between two Durham Mitres Gules.'' The blue field with the gold cross and four lions are the arms of the
Diocese of Durham The Diocese of Durham is a Church of England diocese, based in Durham, England, Durham, and covering the Historic counties of England, historic county of Durham (and therefore including the part of Tyne and Wear south of the River Tyne, and exc ...
, the
mitre The Mitre Corporation (stylized as The MITRE Corporation and MITRE) is an American not-for-profit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity ...

mitre
s represent the Bishop and St. Cuthbert's cross is included as
Durham Cathedral The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, commonly known as Durham Cathedral and home of the Shrine of St Cuthbert, is a cathedral A cathedral is a church (building), church that contains the ...

Durham Cathedral
is dedicated to, and is the resting place of St. Cuthbert. Underneath is the motto, in
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ...

Latin
, ''"Non nobis solum"'', meaning "Not for ourselves alone". It is derived from a sentence quoting
Plato Plato ( ; grc-gre, Πλάτων ; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was an Classical Athens, Athenian philosopher during the Classical Greece, Classical period in Ancient Greece, founder of the Platonist school of thought and the Platoni ...

Plato
in
Cicero Marcus Tullius Cicero ( ; ; 3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Ancient Rome, Roman statesman, lawyer, scholar, philosopher and Academic skepticism, Academic Skeptic, who tried to uphold optimate principles during crisis of ...

Cicero
's most influential philosophical work, his treatise ''
De Officiis ''De Officiis'' (''On Duties'' or ''On Obligations'') is a 44 BC treatise by Marcus Tullius Cicero Marcus Tullius Cicero ( ; ; 3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman Roman or Romans most often refers to: *, the capit ...
(On Duties).''


Grace

Before being served at
formal hall Formal hall or formal meal is a meal held at some of the oldest university, universities in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland (as well as some other Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth countries) at which students usually dress i ...
, on the Tuesday and Thursday evening of each week during term-time, students recite the following Latin
grace Grace may refer to: Places United States * Grace, Idaho, a city * Grace (CTA station), Chicago Transit Authority's Howard Line, Illinois * Little Goose Creek (Kentucky), location of Grace post office * Grace, Carroll County, Missouri, an unincor ...
, led by a senior member of the JCR. Although the origin of the grace is officially unknown, an almost identical version was in use at the time as a post-prandial grace by
Westminster School (God Gives the Increase) , established = Earliest records date from the 14th century, refounded in 1560 , type = Public school Independent Independent or Independents may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Artist groups ...
.
''Domine omnipotens, aeterne Deus; qui tam benigne nos pascere hoc tempore dignatus es; largire nobis, ut tibi semper pro tua in nos bonitate ex animo gratias agamus; vitam honeste et pie transigamus; et studia ea sectemur quae gloriam tuam illustrare et ecclesiae tuae adiumenta esse possint; per Christum dominum nostrum. Amen.''
Translated into English, it reads as follows:
Almighty Lord, eternal God; who hast so graciously deigned to feed us at this time; grant to us, that we may ever give Thee heartfelt thanks for Thy goodness to us; that we may pass our lives honourably and religiously; and that we may follow such pursuits as can shed light on Thy glory and afford assistance to Thy church; through Christ our Lord. Amen.


Buildings and architecture

Construction of
Durham Castle Durham Castle is a Norman Norman or Normans may refer to: Ethnic and cultural identity * The Normans The Normans (Norman language, Norman: ''Normaunds''; french: Normands; la, Nortmanni/Normanni) were inhabitants of the early medieval Duch ...

Durham Castle
began in 1072, which makes it the oldest building in use at any University in the world. The castle retains much of its original design and structure, and is part of a UNESCO
World Heritage Site A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area with legal protection by an international convention administered by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). World Heritage Sites are designated by UNESCO for h ...
with
Durham Cathedral The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, commonly known as Durham Cathedral and home of the Shrine of St Cuthbert, is a cathedral A cathedral is a church (building), church that contains the ...

Durham Cathedral
. The castle's northern wing originally contained a dining hall, but this was later divided up to make more luxurious quarters for the
Prince Bishop A prince-bishop is a bishop A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox ...
. This area is also home to the two chapels of the college. The Norman Chapel dates from the 11th century and is the oldest accessible part of the castle, and retains its original
Saxon The Saxons ( la, Saxones, german: Sachsen, ang, Seaxan, osx, Sahson, nds, Sassen, nl, Saksen) were a group of early Germanic Germanic may refer to: * Germanic peoples, an ethno-linguistic group identified by their use of the Germanic langua ...
architectural style. The Tunstall Chapel is the larger of the two; it dates from the 15th century and is named after Cuthbert Tunstall. It houses the college organ. Both chapels are used for worship within the college. University College is one of two colleges in Durham to have two chapels, the other being
Hild Bede , motto_English = I rise again changed but the same , scarf = , named_for = Bede, The Venerable Bede & Hilda of Whitby, St Hild , namesake = Bede, The Venerable Bede & Hilda of Whitby, St Hild , established = 1975 (precur ...

Hild Bede
. To the east of the courtyard lies the
Keep A keep (from the Middle English ''kype'') is a type of fortified tower built within castles during the Middle Ages by European nobility. Scholars have debated the scope of the word ''keep'', but usually consider it to refer to large towers in ca ...

Keep
. It was re-built in the 1840 by
Anthony Salvin Anthony Salvin (17 October 1799 – 17 December 1881) was an English architect. He gained a reputation as an expert on Middle Ages, medieval buildings and applied this expertise to his new buildings and his restorations. He restored castles an ...
, having previously lain in ruins. This area has the largest concentration of students living in the castle. To the south of the courtyard is the Gatehouse, built originally by
Hugh de Puiset Hugh de Puiset ( c. 1125 – 3 March 1195) was a medieval Bishop of Durham The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican Anglicanism is a Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New ...
in the 12th century and re-developed in the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries. Around this are the college's more modern offices. The college's other buildings are at Moatside Court, Owengate and Bailey Court. The developments at Moatside Court and Bailey Court date from the 1960s and 1970s, whilst Owengate was formed from a series of old houses in the 1950s. Of these, Moatside Court's rooms were of a notoriously poor quality, but have recently been renovated at the cost of over £1 million. Moatside now contains a gym and kitchens on every floor.


Great Hall

To the west of the courtyard is the medieval Great Hall, still used as a dining room by students and staff. It was built during the time of Anthony Bek in the 13th century. For two hundred years this was the largest
Great Hall #REDIRECTGreat hall#REDIRECTGreat hall A great hall is the main room of a royal palace, nobleman's castle or a large manor house or hall house in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted fr ...

Great Hall
in Great Britain; however, it was shortened by
Richard Foxe Richard Foxe (sometimes Richard Fox) ( 1448 – 5 October 1528) was an English churchman, the founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He was successively Bishop of bishop of Exeter, Exeter, Bishop of Bath and Wells, Bath and Wells, ...
. It still stands some 14 m (46 ft) high and 30 m (98 ft) long. The black staircase that leads from the Great Hall to the Senior Common Room dates from 1662, and is another of the older sections of the college still in use. Underneath the Hall is the college bar, located in an 11th-century
undercroft An undercroft is traditionally a cellar or storage room, often brick-lined and vaulted, and used for storage in buildings since medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and colle ...
. Around these are student accommodation, the Lowe Library, and kitchens. The Victorian minstrel's gallery at the southern end of the hall is now used a student study space.


Lowe Library

The Lowe Library is the college's library. It was formed from a bequest from Colonel W.D.Lowe, an officer of the Durham University Officers' Training Corps. He later became a Classics tutor at the university and rowing coach for University College, staying until his death in 1921. The library was opened in 1925, extended into the college's wine cellar in 1997, and now contains over 10,000 books. Spread over three floors, it acts as a support to the central university library, providing access to core textbooks.


Masters

The college is run by a "Master", the most senior position in the SCR. As the first master of University College, Archdeacon
Charles Thorp Charles Thorp, (13 October 1783 – 10 October 1862) was an English churchman, Rector (ecclesiastical), rector of the Holy Cross Church, Ryton, parish of Ryton, Tyne and Wear, Ryton and, later, Archdeacon of Durham and the first warden of the ...
, also held the post of university warden. Following Thorp's death in 1862 the mastership was created as a separate position. All past Masters have their portrait hanging in the Great Hall or SCR ante-room.


List of Masters

*
Charles Thorp Charles Thorp, (13 October 1783 – 10 October 1862) was an English churchman, Rector (ecclesiastical), rector of the Holy Cross Church, Ryton, parish of Ryton, Tyne and Wear, Ryton and, later, Archdeacon of Durham and the first warden of the ...
1832–1862 * Joseph Waite 1865–1873 * Herbert Booth 1873–1875 * Alfred Plummer 1875–1902 *
Henry Gee Henry Ernest Gee (born 24 April 1962 in London, England) is a British people, British Paleontology, paleontologist, Evolutionary biology, evolutionary biologist and senior editor of the scientific journal ''Nature (journal), Nature''. Early l ...
1902–1919 * Henry Ellershaw 1919–1930 * J. H. How 1930–1939 *Angus Macfarlane-Grieve 1939–1954 * Len Slater 1954–1973 * D. W. McDowall 1973–1978 * Edward Salthouse 1979–1998 *Maurice Tucker 1998–2011 * Eva Schumacher-Reid ''(acting)'' 2011 *
David Held David Jonathan Andrew Held (27 August 1951 – 2 March 2019) was a United Kingdom, British political scientist who specialised in political theory and international relations. He held a joint appointment as Professor of Politics and International R ...
2012–2019 * Richard Lawrie ''(acting)'' 2019 *Graham Towl ''(acting)'' 2019 *Wendy Powers 2020–present


Role and activities

University College is the most over-subscribed college at the university; for entry in 2006, there were 2,858 applications for just 170 places (approximately 17 applicants for every place). As with all Durham University#Colleges, colleges at Durham, students study for degrees with
Durham University , mottoeng = Her foundations are upon the holy hills ( Psalm 87:1) , established = (university status) , type = Public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an in ...

Durham University
, not their college, and teaching takes place in academic departments. University College is a "listed body" under the Education Reform Act (1988). Although colleges are largely concerned with welfare, leisure and accommodation, University College has been running the 'Durham Castle Lecture Series' since 2012. Past speakers have included Saskia Sassen, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Rowan Williams, Anthony Giddens, Justin Welby, Martin Wolf and Peter Singer. Within Durham's colleges, there is a strong competitive rivalry. Castle's main rival is Hatfield College, which is Durham's second oldest college, having separated from Castle in the 1850s. The rivalry is maintained by student pranks and tricks and in various intercollegiate sporting events. The college has a commercial arm, taking advantage of the attractive nature of the college's buildings. It hosts corporate events, conferences and weddings during the university vacations. The Castle is open to tourists only via guided tours. These occur daily outside of term time, but are more restricted during the term due to potential conflicts with the running of the college. Furthermore, events in the university timetable may result in their cancellation. Tourists are not otherwise permitted entry to the college or any common areas. There is relatively little conflict between students and tourists, with many of the guided tours done by students themselves.


Formals

Students are expected to wear smart clothes and gowns during Formals, which take place twice a week on Tuesdays and Thursdays in the Great Hall. All those attending the formal must stand when the High Table enters, when grace is being said or sung, and when the Senior Student is bowing out. Complete silence is observed during these periods. Following grace, there is no standing throughout the formal until the Senior Student has bowed out to the Master, a symbol of the official opening or closing of the formal meal.


Student body

Some 700 undergraduates attend Castle, making it slightly smaller than the average Durham college. Of these students, around 100 live in the castle itself, while another 250 are housed in the college's surrounding buildings. It remains the most popular college in Durham for applications, with around 27 students applying for every available place. The undergraduate student body (Junior Common Room or JCR) is governed by an elected Executive Committee headed by the Senior Student and supported by several other officers. Regular JCR meetings are held to discuss and vote on important issues. There are several other elected non-executive officers such as Returning Officer, Fresher Rep and Sports Captain who organise other important college functions. The Senior Student meets regularly with college and university authorities to represent the JCR. The JCR runs three balls every year for its students, with one held during each term. The largest is the end of year June Ball, which is the social highlight of the academic year. Tradition dictates that its theme remains closely hidden until the doors to the Castle open. The graduate community at Castle forms the Middle Common Room (MCR), which is based in the Maurice Tucker (previously William de St-Calais) Room. However, due to size restrictions, no members of the MCR are currently able to live in the college grounds. The MCR, like the JCR, organises a number of social events and activities, such as the college's entry into the inter-collegiate University Challenge competition, which acts as trials for the university's team. The Senior Common Room (SCR), is an organisation of academics and tutors connected to the college. The SCR also organises formal meals with guest speakers. The student bar of University College is called the Undercroft Bar (known colloquially as The Undie), due to its location in an 11th-century Undercroft. It developed from the original Junior Common Room, which opened in the early 1950s. It is currently run by the Food and Beverage Services Manager with the help of several JCR members. In 2018 a new college café replaced the Toastie Bar in the West Courtyard.


Societies

University College JCR also supports many societies run exclusively for Castle students. The most popular societies include University College Boat Club (Durham), University College Boat Club (UCBC), Castle Theatre Company, Mixed Lacrosse, Castle Rugby Club, Castle Football Club, and Castle Hockey Club. There are a number of arts societies within the college. Most notable is Castle Theatre Company, which produces a play each term. These plays are usually performed on the college's grounds, although they sometimes tour nationally. They have also appeared at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe.


Castle Society

The Castle Society was formed in 1947 by Castle Alumni. It was originally named the Durham Castleman's Society. Membership is open to anyone with academic ties to the college, and its aim is to create a wider Castle community beyond its immediate students. The society makes regular donations to the college library, chapel, student bursaries, and various college societies. It has helped fund a number of projects in the college, including the accommodation at Moatside Court and Fellows Garden, as well as the West Courtyard Common Room. The Castle Society produces the annual journal "Castellum", which chronicles life at the Castle and reports on activities of Castle alumni. Since 1990, it has contributed towards the University College Durham Trust, the college's charitable fund.


Notable alumni

Castle alumni are active through organisations and events such as the two annual reunion dinners, which cater for the more than 7,000 living alumni. A number of Castle alumni have made significant contributions in the fields of government, law, science, academia, business, arts, journalism, and athletics, among others. File:Guillaume av Luxemburg.jpg, Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg File:Walter Robert Adams.jpg, Walter Adams (bishop), Walter Adams, Archbishop of Yukon. File:Crispin-blunt-high-res-web.jpg, Crispin Blunt, Conservative MP for Reigate (UK Parliament constituency), Reigate, Surrey. File:Jackie Doyle Price.JPG, Jackie Doyle-Price, Conservative MP for Thurrock (UK Parliament constituency), Thurrock. File:Sir Harold Evans 6 Shankbone 2009 NYC.jpg, Sir Harold Evans, journalist and writer who was editor of The Sunday Times from 1967 to 1981. File:Mr Justice Goss.png, Sir James Goss (judge), James Goss, High Court judge (England and Wales), Justice of the High Court. File:Helen Grace in 2003.jpg, Helen Grace, English actress. File:Piers Merchant.jpg, Piers Merchant was a British Conservative Party politician. File:Stephenmortimerwarner.jpg, Stephen Warner, one of Britain's leading evangelists, and rector of Holy Trinity, Eastbourne. File:James Wharton 2016.jpg, James Wharton (politician), James Wharton, former Conservative MP for Stockton South (UK Parliament constituency), Stockton South. File:Teophilus III.jpg, Patriarch Theophilos III of Jerusalem, Theophilos III of Jerusalem, current Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, Patriarch of the Orthodox Church of Jerusalem


Gallery

File:Durham Castle Bergfried.jpg, The Keep of Durham Castle - where some students are accommodated - as seen from the street. File:Durham Castle Innenhof.jpg, The main entrance to the college from the courtyard. File:Durham Castle from the Cathedral - geograph.org.uk - 1691102.jpg, University College as seen from Durham Cathedral in winter. File:Durham View from Cathedral.JPG, Aerial view of the college. File:Durham Gatehouse.JPG, Durham Gatehouse, the main entrance to the college from Palace Green. File:Owengate, Durham - geograph.org.uk - 1619720.jpg, Houses in Owengate, the oldest of which dates back to the 16th century. They are now used as student accommodation. File:Palace Green Durham Panorama.jpg, Panoramic view of Palace Green, showing Durham Cathedral to the left, the old University Library in centre, and University College and Owengate to the right.


References


Further reading

* Bythell, Duncan. (1985) ''Durham Castle: University College, Durham.'' Norwich: Jarrold Colour Publications. * Jones, Edgar (1996), ''University College Durham: A Social History'', Edgar Jones


External links


University College
official website
University College JCR
undergraduate student organisation
University College MCR
postgraduate student organisation
University College SCR
staff organisation {{Good article Colleges of Durham University Educational institutions established in 1832 1832 establishments in England Grade I listed educational buildings Grade I listed buildings in County Durham University College, Durham