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The Humboldt University
Humboldt University
of Berlin
Berlin
(German: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, abbreviated HU Berlin), established in 1810,[4] is a university in the central borough of Mitte
Mitte
in Berlin, Germany. It was established by Frederick William III on the initiative of Wilhelm von Humboldt as the University of Berlin, making it the oldest of Berlin's four universities.[n 1] The university is divided into nine faculties, including its medical school shared with the Free University of Berlin, has a student enrollment of around 32,000 students, and offers degree programmes in some 189 disciplines from undergraduate to postdoctorate level.[5] Its main campus is located on the Unter den Linden
Unter den Linden
boulevard in central Berlin. The university is known worldwide for pioneering the Humboldtian model of higher education, which has strongly influenced other European and Western universities, and the university has been widely called "the mother of all modern universities."[6] As of 2017, the Humboldt University
Humboldt University
of Berlin
Berlin
has been associated with 55 Nobel Prize winners, and is considered one of the best universities in Europe as well as one of the most prestigious universities in the world for arts and humanities.[7][8] It was widely regarded as the world's preeminent university for the natural sciences during the 19th and early 20th century, and is linked to major breakthroughs in physics and other sciences by its professors such as Albert Einstein.[9] Former faculty and notable alumni include eminent philosophers, artists, lawyers, politicians, mathematicians, scientists, and Heads of State.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 Enlargement 1.3 Third Reich 1.4 Cold War 1.5 Modern Germany

2 Organization 3 Library 4 Notable alumni and faculty

4.1 Nobel Prize laureates

5 Rankings 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Early history[edit]

Statue of Wilhelm von Humboldt
Wilhelm von Humboldt
in front of the main building by artist Paul Otto

The first semester at the newly founded Berlin
Berlin
university occurred in 1810 with 256 students and 52 lecturers in faculties of law, medicine, theology and philosophy under rector Theodor Schmalz. The university has been home to many of Germany's greatest thinkers of the past two centuries, among them the subjective idealist philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte, the theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher, the absolute idealist philosopher G.W.F. Hegel, the Romantic legal theorist Friedrich Carl von Savigny, the pessimist philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, the objective idealist philosopher Friedrich Schelling, cultural critic Walter Benjamin, and famous physicists Albert Einstein and Max Planck.

The Berlin
Berlin
University in 1850

The founders of Marxist theory Karl Marx
Karl Marx
and Friedrich Engels
Friedrich Engels
attended the university, as did poet Heinrich Heine, novelist Alfred Döblin, founder of structuralism Ferdinand de Saussure, German unifier Otto von Bismarck, Communist Party of Germany
Germany
founder Karl Liebknecht, African American
African American
Pan Africanist W. E. B. Du Bois
W. E. B. Du Bois
and European unifier Robert Schuman, as well as the influential surgeon Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach in the early half of the 1800s. The structure of German research-intensive universities, such as Humboldt, served as a model for institutions like Johns Hopkins University. Further, it has been claimed that "the 'Humboldtian' university became a model for the rest of Europe [...] with its central principle being the union of teaching and research in the work of the individual scholar or scientist."[10] Enlargement[edit]

Statue of Alexander von Humboldt
Alexander von Humboldt
outside Humboldt University, from 1883 by artist Reinhold Begas.

In addition to the strong anchoring of traditional subjects, such as science, law, philosophy, history, theology and medicine, Berlin University developed to encompass numerous new scientific disciplines. Alexander von Humboldt, brother of the founder William, promoted the new learning. With the construction of modern research facilities in the second half of the 19th Century teaching of the natural sciences began. Famous researchers, such as the chemist August Wilhelm Hofmann, the physicist Hermann von Helmholtz, the mathematicians Ernst Eduard Kummer, Leopold Kronecker, Karl Weierstrass, the physicians Johannes Peter Müller, Albrecht von Graefe, Rudolf Virchow
Rudolf Virchow
and Robert Koch, contributed to Berlin
Berlin
University's scientific fame.

Humboldt University
Humboldt University
became an emulated model of a modern university in the 19th century (photochrom from 1900).[11]

During this period of enlargement, Berlin
Berlin
University gradually expanded to incorporate other previously separate colleges in Berlin. An example would be the Charité, the Pépinière and the Collegium Medico-chirurgicum. In 1717, King Friedrich I had built a quarantine house for Plague at the city gates, which in 1727 was rechristened by the "soldier king" Friedrich Wilhelm: "Es soll das Haus die Charité heißen" (It will be called Charité
Charité
[French for charity]). By 1829 the site became Berlin
Berlin
University's medical campus and remained so until 1927 when the more modern University Hospital was constructed. Berlin
Berlin
University started a natural history collection in 1810, which, by 1889 required a separate building and became the Museum für Naturkunde. The preexisting Tierarznei School, founded in 1790 and absorbed by the university, in 1934 formed the basis of the Veterinary Medicine
Medicine
Facility (Grundstock der Veterinärmedizinischen Fakultät). Also the Landwirtschaftliche Hochschule Berlin
Berlin
(Agricultural University of Berlin), founded in 1881 was affiliated with the Agricultural Faculties of the University. Third Reich[edit]

The University in 1938

After 1933, like all German universities, it was affected by the Nazi regime. The rector during this period was Eugen Fischer. It was from the university's library that some 20,000 books by "degenerates" and opponents of the regime were taken to be burned on May 10 of that year in the Opernplatz (now the Bebelplatz) for a demonstration protected by the SA that also featured a speech by Joseph Goebbels. A monument to this can now be found in the center of the square, consisting of a glass panel opening onto an underground white room with empty shelf space for 20,000 volumes and a plaque, bearing an epigraph from an 1820 work by Heinrich Heine: "Das war ein Vorspiel nur, dort wo man Bücher verbrennt, verbrennt man am Ende auch Menschen" ("This was but a prelude; where they burn books, they ultimately burn people"). The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service
Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service
(German "Gesetz zur Wiederherstellung des Berufsbeamtentums") resulted in 250 Jewish professors and employees being fired during 1933/1934 and numerous doctorates being withdrawn. Students and scholars and political opponents of Nazis were ejected from the university and often deported. During this time nearly one third of all of the staff were fired by the Nazis. Cold War[edit]

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During the Cold War, the old university buildings were located in East Berlin. The university reopened in 1946, but due to communist repression, including the Soviet execution of liberal and social democrat students who fought for democracy, the Free University of Berlin
Berlin
was established as a de facto western successor in West Berlin in 1948, with support from the United States, and retaining traditions and faculty members of the old Frederick William University; the name of the Free University refers to West Berlin's status as part of the Western "free world," in contrast to the "unfree" Communist world in general and the "unfree" communist-controlled university in East Berlin
Berlin
in particular.

Berlin
Berlin
University, 1950

Almost immediately, the Soviet occupiers started persecuting non-communists and suppressing academic freedom at the university. This led to strong protests within the student body and faculty. Soviet NKVD
NKVD
secret police arrested a number of students in March 1947 as a response. The Soviet Military Tribunal in Berlin-Lichtenberg ruled the students were involved in the formation of a "resistance movement at the University of Berlin", as well as espionage, and were sentenced to 25 years of forced labor. From 1945 to 1948, 18 other students and teachers were arrested or abducted, many gone for weeks, and some taken to the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and executed. Many of the students targeted by Soviet persecution were active in the liberal or social democratic resistance against the Soviet-imposed communist dictatorship; the German communist party had regarded the social democrats as their main enemies since the early days of the Weimar Republic.

Humboldt University
Humboldt University
in 1964

Since the old name of the university had some monarchic origins the university was renamed. Although the Soviets and the communist government of East Berlin
Berlin
preferred a naming after some communist leader, university leaders successfully resisted this and were able to name it after the two Humboldt brothers, a name that was uncontroversial also in the west and capitalized on the fame of the Humboldt name, which is associated with the Humboldtian model of higher education.[12] After 1990 the name was retained due to its uncontroversial and non-communist nature, and because it had been chosen by the university itself as an act of resistance against naming the university after a communist leader.[13] Modern Germany[edit]

The main building of Humboldt University, located in Berlin's "Mitte" district ( Unter den Linden
Unter den Linden
boulevard)

After the German reunification, the university was radically restructured and all employees were terminated and their positions readvertised. The reasons for the termination were both that the activities at the university under the communist regime had been highly politicized and that membership in the communist party had been the main criterion for employment under the communist regime, while non-communists were systematically discriminated against. The professors were almost entirely replaced with West German professors, several of them from the Free University of Berlin, with no links to communism. Many of the departments, which were considered particularly politicized and tainted by communism, e.g. law, history, philosophy and economics, were entirely dissolved, and new departments with no continuity from the communist-era departments were established. As a result of this purge, the university essentially became a new institution in the West German tradition with little continuity from the institution that existed in East Germany. The decommunization was carried out more vigorously at the Humboldt University
Humboldt University
than any other university in the former GDR, and the university has continued to take disciplinary action against employees discovered to have links to the East German communist regime in the 25 years that followed; in 2017 a research assistant was dismissed over his past as a Stasi
Stasi
cadet, although the disciplinary action was later reduced to a warning and suspension. The Humboldt University
Humboldt University
has become a leading institution in the research on the crimes of communism in the GDR and other parts of Central and Eastern Europe, with prominent academics such as Jörg Baberowski, an expert on Stalinist violence, genocide and terror against the peoples of Eastern and Central Europe. Today, Humboldt University
Humboldt University
is a state university with a large number of students (36,986 in 2014, among them more than 4,662 foreign students) after the model of West German universities, and like its counterpart the Free University of Berlin. The university consists of three different campuses namely Campus Mitte, Campus Nord and Campus Adlershof. Its main building is located in the centre of Berlin
Berlin
at the boulevard Unter den Linden
Unter den Linden
and is the heart of Campus Mitte. The building was erected on order by King Frederick II for his younger brother Prince Henry of Prussia. All the institutes of humanities are located around the main building together with the Department of Law
Law
and the Department of Business and Economics. Campus Nord is located north of the main building close to Berlin
Berlin
Hauptbahnhof and is the home of the life science departments including the university medical center Charité. The natural science together with computer science and mathematics are located at Campus Adlershof
Adlershof
in the south-east of Berlin. Furthermore, the university continues its tradition of a book sale at the university gates facing Bebelplatz. Organization[edit]

The Berlin's Natural History
History
Museum (shown here photographed in 2005) is one of the largest natural history museums in the world. Founded alongside the University of Berlin
Berlin
in 1810 it left the Humboldt University in 2009.

These are the nine faculties into which the university is divided:[14]

Faculty of Law Faculty of Mathematics
Mathematics
and Natural Sciences
Natural Sciences
(Geography, Computer Science, Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics) Faculty of Life Sciences
Life Sciences
( Agriculture
Agriculture
and Horticulture, Biology, Psychology) Charité
Charité
Berlin
Berlin
University of Medicine
Medicine
(jointly with Free University of Berlin) Faculty of Philosophy
Philosophy
I (Philosophy, History, European Ethnology, Department of Library
Library
and Information Science) Faculty of Philosophy
Philosophy
II (Literature, Linguistics, Scandinavian Studies, Romance literatures, English and American Studies, Slavic Studies, Classical Philology) Faculty of Humanities
Humanities
and Social Sciences
Social Sciences
(Social Sciences, Cultural Studies/Arts, Asian/African Studies (includes Archeology), Sport science, Rehabilitation Studies, Education, Quality Management
Quality Management
in Education) Faculty of Theology Faculty of Economics
Economics
and Business Administration

Furthermore, there are two independent institutes (Zentralinstitute) that are part of the university:

Centre for British Studies
Centre for British Studies
(in German: Großbritannienzentrum) Humboldt-Innovation (research transfer and spin-off service) Museum für Naturkunde (Natural History
History
Museum) Späth-Arboretum

Library[edit]

The former Royal Library, now seat of the Faculty of Law

When the Royal Library
Library
proved insufficient, a new library was founded in 1831, first located in several temporary sites. In 1871–1874 a library building was constructed, following the design of architect Paul Emanuel Spieker. In 1910 the collection was relocated to the building of the Berlin
Berlin
State Library. During the Weimar Period the library contained 831,934 volumes (1930) and was thus one of the leading university libraries in Germany
Germany
at that time. During the Nazi book burnings
Nazi book burnings
in 1933, no volumes from the university library were destroyed. Also, the loss through World War II
World War II
was comparatively small. In 2003, natural science related books were outhoused to the newly founded library at the Adlershof
Adlershof
campus, which is dedicated solely to the natural sciences. Since the premises of the State Library
Library
had to be cleared in 2005, a new library building is about to be erected close to the main building in the center of Berlin. The "Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm-Zentrum" (Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
Wilhelm Grimm
Centre, Grimm Zentrum or GZ as it is can be referred to by students) opened in 2009. In total, the university library contains about 6.5 million volumes and 9000 held magazines and journals and is one of the biggest university libraries in Germany. The books of the Institut für Sexualwissenschaft
Institut für Sexualwissenschaft
were destroyed during the Nazi book burnings
Nazi book burnings
and the institute destroyed. Under the terms of the Magnus Hirschfeld Foundation, the government had undertaken to continue the work of the institute at the university after its founder's death. However these terms were ignored. In 2001 however the university acquired the Archive for Sexology from the Robert Koch
Robert Koch
Institute, which was founded on a large private library donated by Erwin J. Haeberle. This has now been housed at the new Magnus Hirschfeld Center.[15] Notable alumni and faculty[edit]

Otto von Bismarck

Albert Einstein

Karl Marx

Georg Hegel

Werner Heisenberg

Yeshayahu Leibowitz

Max Planck

Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm

Angela Davis

Theodore Dyke Acland
Theodore Dyke Acland
(1851–1931), surgeon and physician Bozorg Alavi
Bozorg Alavi
(1904–1997), novelist and writer Alexander Altmann
Alexander Altmann
(1906–1987), rabbi and scholar of Jewish philosophy and mysticism Gerhard Anschütz
Gerhard Anschütz
(1867–1948), leading jurisprudent and "father of the constitution" of the state of Hesse Jörg Baberowski
Jörg Baberowski
(born 1961), professor of eastern European history Michelle Bachelet
Michelle Bachelet
(born 1951), pediatrician and epidemiologist, president of the Republic of Chile Azmi Bishara
Azmi Bishara
(born 1956), Arab-Israeli politician Bruno Bauer
Bruno Bauer
(1809–1882), theologian, Bible critic and philosopher Jurek Becker
Jurek Becker
(1937–1997), writer (Jacob the Liar) Eliezer Berkovits
Eliezer Berkovits
(1908–1992), rabbi, philosopher and theologian Otto von Bismarck
Otto von Bismarck
(1815–1898), first German chancellor Dietrich Bonhoeffer
Dietrich Bonhoeffer
(1906–1945), theologian and resistance fighter Beatrix Borchard, (born 1950), musicologist Max Born
Max Born
(1882–1970), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1954 Aron Brand
Aron Brand
(1910–1977), pediatric cardiologist Rudolf Brandt
Rudolf Brandt
(1909–1948), Nazi SS officer, executed for war crimes Gottlieb Burckhardt
Gottlieb Burckhardt
(1836–1907), psychiatrist, first physician to perform modern psychosurgery (1888) Michael C. Burda, macroeconomist George C. Butte
George C. Butte
(1877–1940), American jurist Stepan Shahumyan
Stepan Shahumyan
(1878–1918), communist politician and head of the Baku Commune Ezriel Carlebach
Ezriel Carlebach
(1909–1956), Israeli journalist and editorial writer Ernst Cassirer
Ernst Cassirer
(1874–1945), philosopher Adelbert von Chamisso
Adelbert von Chamisso
(1781–1838), natural scientist and writer Angela Davis
Angela Davis
(born 1944), political activist, educator, author, philosopher Suat Derviş (1904/1905–1972), Turkish novelist, journalist, and political activist Harilal Dhruv (1856–1896), Indian lawyer, poet, indologist Wilhelm Dilthey
Wilhelm Dilthey
(1833–1911), philosopher Georg Dohrn, conductor W. E. B. Du Bois
W. E. B. Du Bois
(1868–1963), African-American activist and scholar Paul Ehrlich
Paul Ehrlich
(1854–1915), physician, Nobel Prize for medicine in 1908 Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
(1879–1955), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1921 Friedrich Engels
Friedrich Engels
(1820–1895), journalist and philosopher Annemarie Esche, scholar of Burmese literature Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach
Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach
(1804–1872), philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Johann Gottlieb Fichte
(1762–1814), philosopher, rector of the university (1810–1812) Horst Fischer
Horst Fischer
(1912–1966), SS concentration camp doctor executed for war crimes Hermann Emil Fischer
Hermann Emil Fischer
(1852–1919), founder of modern biochemistry, Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1902 Werner Forßmann
Werner Forßmann
(1904–1979), physician, Nobel Prize for medicine in 1956 James Franck
James Franck
(1882–1964), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1925 Wilhelm Frick
Wilhelm Frick
(1877-1946), Nazi official, executed for war crimes Karl Gebhardt
Karl Gebhardt
(1897–1948), Nazi SS physician who conducted criminal medical experiments; executed for war crimes Ernst Gehrcke (1878–1960), experimental physicist Jacob Grimm
Jacob Grimm
(1785–1863), linguist and literary critic Wilhelm Grimm
Wilhelm Grimm
(1786–1859), linguist and literary critic Gregor Gysi
Gregor Gysi
(1948–), German politician and lawyer Fritz Haber
Fritz Haber
(1868–1934), chemist, Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1918 Otto Hahn
Otto Hahn
(1879–1968), chemist, Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1944 Sir William Reginald Halliday
William Reginald Halliday
(1886–1966), principal of King's College London (1928–1952) Robert Havemann
Robert Havemann
(1910–1982), chemist, co-founder of European Union, and leading GDR dissident Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
(1770–1831), philosopher, rector of the university (1830–1831) Heinrich Heine
Heinrich Heine
(1797–1856), writer and poet Werner Heisenberg
Werner Heisenberg
(1901–1976), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1932 Hermann von Helmholtz
Hermann von Helmholtz
(1821–1894), physician and physicist Gustav Hertz (1887–1975), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1925 Heinrich Hertz
Heinrich Hertz
(1857–1894), physicist Abraham Joshua Heschel
Abraham Joshua Heschel
(1907–1972) rabbi, philosopher, and theologian Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
(1852–1911), chemist, Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1901 Max Huber (1874–1960), international lawyer and diplomat Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland
Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland
(1762–1836), founder of macrobiotics Wilhelm von Humboldt
Wilhelm von Humboldt
(1767–1835), politician, linguist, and founder of the university Alexander von Humboldt
Alexander von Humboldt
(1769–1859), natural scientist Zakir Hussain (1897–1969), third president of India Sadi Irmak (1904–1990), Prime minister of Turkey Hermann Kasack
Hermann Kasack
(1896–1966), writer George F. Kennan (1904–2005), American diplomat, political scientist and historian Gustav Kirchhoff
Gustav Kirchhoff
(1824–1887), physicist Paul Alfred Kleinert, German writer, editor and translator Robert Koch
Robert Koch
(1843–1910), physician, Nobel Prize for medicine in 1905 Komitas
Komitas
(1869–1935), composer, ethnomusicologist, the founder of the Armenian classical music Albrecht Kossel
Albrecht Kossel
(1853–1927), physician, Nobel Prize for medicine in 1910 Arnold Kutzinski (died 1956), psychiatrist Edmund Landau
Edmund Landau
(1877–1938), mathematician Arnold von Lasaulx
Arnold von Lasaulx
(1839–1886) mineralogist and petrographer Max von Laue
Max von Laue
(1879–1960), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1914 Yeshayahu Leibowitz
Yeshayahu Leibowitz
(1903–1994), Israeli public intellectual and polymath Wassily Leontief
Wassily Leontief
(1905–1999), economist, Nobel Prize for economics in 1973 Karl Liebknecht
Karl Liebknecht
(1871–1919), socialist politician and revolutionary Friedrich Loeffler
Friedrich Loeffler
(1852–1915), bacteriologist Ram Manohar Lohia
Ram Manohar Lohia
(1910–1967), Indian activist and politician Karl Adolf Lorenz (1837–1923), composer Herbert Marcuse
Herbert Marcuse
(1898–1979), philosopher Karl Marx
Karl Marx
(1818–1883), philosopher and sociologist Ernst Mayr
Ernst Mayr
(1904–2005), biologist Joachim Mrugowsky
Joachim Mrugowsky
(1905–1948), Nazi doctor executed for war crimes Lise Meitner
Lise Meitner
(1878–1968), physicist, Enrico Fermi Award in 1966 Felix Mendelssohn
Felix Mendelssohn
(1809–1847), composer Theodor Mommsen
Theodor Mommsen
(1817–1903), historian, Nobel Prize for literature in 1902 Edmund Montgomery
Edmund Montgomery
(1835–1911), philosopher, scientist, physician John von Neumann
John von Neumann
(1903–1957), mathematician and physicist Max Planck
Max Planck
(1858–1947), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1918 Gordon Prange
Gordon Prange
(1910–1980), American historian Leopold von Ranke
Leopold von Ranke
(1795–1886), historian Otto Friedrich Ranke (1899–1959), physiologist Erich Regener
Erich Regener
(1881–1955), physicist Robert Remak
Robert Remak
(1815–1865), cell biologist Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
(1775–1854), philosopher Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher
Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher
(1768–1834), philosopher Bernhard Schlink
Bernhard Schlink
(born 1944), writer, Der Vorleser (The Reader) Carl Schmitt
Carl Schmitt
(1888–1985), German jurist, political theorist, and professor of law Menachem Mendel Schneerson
Menachem Mendel Schneerson
(1902–1994), rabbi, philosopher, and theologian Arthur Schopenhauer
Arthur Schopenhauer
(1788–1860), philosopher Erwin Schrödinger
Erwin Schrödinger
(1887–1961), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1933 Peter Schubert (1938–2003), diplomat and albanologist Georg Simmel
Georg Simmel
(1858–1918), philosopher and sociologist Joseph B. Soloveitchik
Joseph B. Soloveitchik
(1903–1993), rabbi, philosopher, and theologian Herman Smith-Johannsen (1875–1987), sportsman who introduced cross-country skiing to North America Werner Sombart
Werner Sombart
(1863–1941), philosopher, sociologist and economist Hans Spemann
Hans Spemann
(1869–1941), biologist, Nobel Prize for biology in 1935 Hermann Stieve
Hermann Stieve
(1886–1952), anatomist who did research on bodies of Nazi execution victims Max Stirner
Max Stirner
(1806–1856), philosopher Yemima Tchernovitz-Avidar
Yemima Tchernovitz-Avidar
(1909–98), Israeli author Gustav Tornier
Gustav Tornier
(1859–1938), paleontologist and zoologist Kurt Tucholsky
Kurt Tucholsky
(1890–1935), writer and journalist Komitas
Komitas
Vardapet (1869–1935), Armenian priest, composer, choir leader, singer, music ethnologist, music pedagogue and musicologist Rudolf Virchow
Rudolf Virchow
(1821–1902), physician and politician Luis Villar Borda (1929–2008), Colombian politician and diplomat Alfred Wegener
Alfred Wegener
(1880–1930), scientist, geologist, and meteorologist, early theorist of continental drift Karl Weierstraß
Karl Weierstraß
(1815–1897), mathematician Max Westenhöfer
Max Westenhöfer
(1871–1957), pathologist, proposed the Aquatic ape hypothesis, reformer of field of pathology in Chile Wilhelm Heinrich Westphal (1882–1978), physicist Wilhelm Wien
Wilhelm Wien
(1864–1928), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1911 Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff
Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff
(1848–1931), philologist Richard Willstätter
Richard Willstätter
(1872–1942), chemist, Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1915 Annette Schmiedchen (born 1966), Indologist and Padma Shri
Padma Shri
award winner Max Weber
Max Weber
(1864–1920), sociologist, philosopher, and political economist

Nobel Prize laureates[edit] There are 55 Nobel Prize winners affiliated with the Humboldt University:

Albert Abraham Michelson

Otto Hahn

Theodor Mommsen

1901 Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
(Chemistry) 1901 Emil Adolf von Behring
Emil Adolf von Behring
(Physiology or Medicine) 1902 Hermann Emil Fischer
Hermann Emil Fischer
(Chemistry) 1902 Theodor Mommsen
Theodor Mommsen
(Literature) 1905 Adolf von Baeyer
Adolf von Baeyer
(Chemistry) 1905 Robert Koch
Robert Koch
(Physiology or Medicine) 1907 Albert Abraham Michelson
Albert Abraham Michelson
(Physics) 1907 Eduard Buchner
Eduard Buchner
(Chemistry) 1908 Paul Ehrlich
Paul Ehrlich
(Physiology or Medicine) 1909 Karl Ferdinand Braun
Karl Ferdinand Braun
(Physics) 1910 Otto Wallach
Otto Wallach
(Chemistry) 1910 Albrecht Kossel
Albrecht Kossel
(Physiology or Medicine) 1910 Paul Heyse
Paul Heyse
(Literature) 1911 Wilhelm Wien
Wilhelm Wien
(Physics) 1914 Max von Laue
Max von Laue
(Physics) 1915 Richard Willstätter
Richard Willstätter
(Chemistry) 1918 Fritz Haber
Fritz Haber
(Chemistry) 1918 Max Planck
Max Planck
(Physics) 1920 Walther Nernst
Walther Nernst
(Chemistry) 1921 Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
(Physics) 1925 Gustav Ludwig Hertz
Gustav Ludwig Hertz
(Physics) 1925 James Franck
James Franck
(Physics) 1925 Richard Adolf Zsigmondy
Richard Adolf Zsigmondy
(Chemistry) 1928 Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus
Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus
(Chemistry) 1929 Hans von Euler-Chelpin
Hans von Euler-Chelpin
(Chemistry) 1931 Otto Heinrich Warburg
Otto Heinrich Warburg
(Physiology or Medicine) 1932 Werner Heisenberg
Werner Heisenberg
(Physics) 1933 Erwin Schrödinger
Erwin Schrödinger
(Physics) 1935 Hans Spemann
Hans Spemann
(Physiology or Medicine) 1936 Peter Debye
Peter Debye
(Chemistry) 1939 Adolf Butenandt
Adolf Butenandt
(Chemistry) 1944 Otto Hahn
Otto Hahn
(Chemistry) 1950 Kurt Alder
Kurt Alder
(Chemistry) 1950 Otto Diels
Otto Diels
(Chemistry) 1953 Fritz Albert Lipmann
Fritz Albert Lipmann
(Physiology or Medicine) 1953 Hans Adolf Krebs
Hans Adolf Krebs
(Physiology or Medicine) 1954 Max Born
Max Born
(Physics) 1956 Walther Bothe
Walther Bothe
(Physics) 1991 Bert Sakmann
Bert Sakmann
(Physiology or Medicine) 2007 Gerhard Ertl
Gerhard Ertl
(Chemistry)

Rankings[edit]

University rankings

Global

QS World[16] =121

In 2016 the British QS World University Rankings[17] ranked Humboldt University 126th overall in the world. Its subject rankings were: 27th in Arts & Humanities
Humanities
and 14th in Philosophy. The British Times Higher Education
Education
World University Ranking 2016 listed Humboldt-University as the 49th best university in the world and 3rd best in Germany.[18] See also[edit]

List of modern universities in Europe (1801–1945) Universities and research institutions in Berlin Charité Free University of Berlin Technical University of Berlin Hertie School of Governance Berlin
Berlin
University of the Arts

Notes[edit]

^ From 1828 until its closure in 1945, Humboldt University
Humboldt University
was also known as the Frederick William University (Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität), and also (unofficially) as the Universität unter den Linden after its location.

References[edit]

^ a b c d "Facts and Figures". Humboldt University
Humboldt University
of Berlin. Retrieved 2017-06-15.  ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2013-12-02.  ^ "Nobelpreisträger — Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin". Hu-berlin.de (in German). Retrieved 2016-08-28.  ^ "Das moderne Original der Reformuniversität" (in German). Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. Retrieved 15 January 2018.  ^ hu_adm. "Daten und Zahlen zur Humboldt-Universität — Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin". www.hu-berlin.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-01-11.  ^ Connell Helen, University Research Management Meeting the Institutional Challenge: Meeting the Institutional Challenge, p. 137, OECD, 2005, ISBN 9789264017450 ^ " QS World University Rankings
QS World University Rankings
by Faculty 2014 - Arts and Humanities". Top Universities. Retrieved 2015-06-29.  ^ "Subject Ranking 2014-15: Arts & Humanities". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 2015-06-29.  ^ Hans C. Ohanian, Einstein's Mistakes: The Human Failings of Genius, p. 156, W. W. Norton & Company, 2009, ISBN 9780393070422 ^ Anderson, Robert (March 2010). "The 'Idea of a University' today". History
History
& Policy. United Kingdom: History
History
& Policy. Retrieved 2010-12-09.  ^ Rüegg 2004, pp. 4–6 ^ "Die Umbenennung zur "Humboldt-Universität" — Presseportal". Hu-berlin.de (in German). Retrieved 2016-08-28.  ^ "Short History
History
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Berlin
and its Sexological Heritage". Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology. Archived from the original on 2009-08-30.  ^ " QS World University Rankings
QS World University Rankings
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External links[edit]

Humboldt University
Humboldt University
of Berlin
Berlin
website

v t e

Humboldt University
Humboldt University
of Berlin

Colleges

British Studies Library
Library
and Information Science Social Sciences

Facilities & statues

Agricultural University of Berlin Museum für Naturkunde Statue of Alexander von Humboldt Statue of Hermann von Helmholtz Statue of Theodor Mommsen Statue of Wilhelm von Humboldt

v t e

German U15

Freie Universität Berlin
Berlin
(FU Berlin) Humboldt University
Humboldt University
Berlin
Berlin
(HU Berlin) University of Bonn University of Cologne University of Freiburg Goethe University of Frankfurt University of Göttingen University of Hamburg
University of Hamburg
(UHH) Heidelberg University Leipzig University University of Mainz Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
(LMU Munich) University of Münster University of Tübingen University of Würzburg

v t e

German Excellence Universities

Current

RWTH Aachen
RWTH Aachen
(2007–) Free University of Berlin
Berlin
(2007–) Humboldt University
Humboldt University
of Berlin
Berlin
(2012–) University of Bremen
University of Bremen
(2012–) University of Cologne
University of Cologne
(2012–) Technical University of Dresden
Technical University of Dresden
(2012–) University of Heidelberg
University of Heidelberg
(2007–) University of Konstanz
University of Konstanz
(2007–) Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
(2006–) Technical University of Munich
Technical University of Munich
(2006–) University of Tübingen
University of Tübingen
(2012–)

Former

University of Freiburg
University of Freiburg
(2007–2012) University of Göttingen
University of Göttingen
(2007–2012) Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
(2006–2012)

v t e

Institutional Network of the Universities from the Capitals of Europe (UNICA)

Amsterdam (UvA) Ankara (AU) Ankara (METU) Athens Belgrade Berlin
Berlin
(FU Berlin) Berlin
Berlin
(HU Berlin) Bratislava Brussels (ULB) Brussels (VUB) Bucharest Budapest Copenhagen Dublin (UCD) Helsinki Lausanne (UNIL) Lisbon (ULisboa) Lisbon (NOVA) Ljubljana London (KCL) Madrid (UAM) Madrid (UCM) Moscow Nicosia Oslo Paris I Paris III Paris VI Paris-Dauphine Prague Riga (Latvia) Rome III Rome-La Sapienza Rome-Tor Vergata Skopje Sofia Stockholm Tallinn (TU) Tallinn (TUT) Tirana Vienna Vilnius Warsaw Zagreb

v t e

Universities in Germany

 Baden-Württemberg

Heidelberg Freiburg Karlsruhe Konstanz Mannheim Hohenheim Stuttgart Tübingen Ulm Zeppelin University
Zeppelin University
in Friedrichshafen

 Bavaria

Augsburg Bamberg Bayreuth Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt Erlangen-Nuremberg Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich Bundeswehr University Munich Technical University of Munich Ukrainian Free University
Ukrainian Free University
in Munich Passau Regensburg Würzburg

 Berlin

Berlin
Berlin
University of the Arts Free University of Berlin Humboldt University
Humboldt University
of Berlin Technical University of Berlin

 Brandenburg

Brandenburg
Brandenburg
University of Technology Braunschweig Frankfurt, Oder Potsdam

 Bremen

University of Bremen

 Hamburg

University of Hamburg Hamburg
Hamburg
University of Technology HafenCity University Hamburg Helmut Schmidt University

 Hesse

Darmstadt Frankfurt, Main Giessen Kassel Marburg

 Lower Saxony

Göttingen Hannover Hildesheim Lüneburg Oldenburg Osnabrück Vechta

 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Greifswald Rostock

 North Rhine-Westphalia

Aachen Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Cologne Dortmund Duisburg-Essen Düsseldorf Hagen Münster Paderborn Siegen Witten/Herdecke Wuppertal

 Rhineland-Palatinate

Kaiserslautern Koblenz-Landau Mainz Speyer Trier

 Saarland

Saarland
Saarland
University

 Saxony

Chemnitz Dresden Freiberg Leipzig

 Saxony-Anhalt

Clausthal Halle-Wittenberg Magdeburg

 Schleswig-Holstein

Flensburg Kiel Lübeck

 Thuringia

Erfurt Ilmenau Jena Bauhaus University Weimar

Coordinates: 52°31′05″N 13°23′36″E / 52.51806°N 13.39333°E / 52.51806; 13.39333

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 162898525 LCCN: n79148985 ISNI: 0000 0001 2248 7639 GND: 1220138-8 SELIBR: 117918 SUDOC: 026453584 BNF: cb118698965 (data) ULAN: 50029

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