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The HUMBOLDT UNIVERSITY OF BERLIN (German : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, abbreviated HU BERLIN) is one of Berlin
Berlin
's oldest universities , founded on 15 October 1811 as the UNIVERSITY OF BERLIN (Berliner Universität) by Frederick William III of Prussia
Frederick William III of Prussia
, on the initiative of the liberal Prussian educational reformer and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt . The Humboldt university model has strongly influenced other European and Western universities.

From 1828 to 1945 it was known as the FREDERICK WILLIAM UNIVERSITY (Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität) and also (unofficially) as the Universität unter den Linden after its location in the former palace of Prince Henry of Prussia
Prussia
which his brother, King Frederick II , had built for him between 1748 and 1753 on the avenue Unter den Linden
Unter den Linden
.

In 1949 (no personal name in the meantime), it was named Humboldt-Universität in honour of both its organiser Wilhelm and his brother, geographer Alexander von Humboldt
Alexander von Humboldt
. In 2012, the Humboldt University
University
of Berlin
Berlin
was one of eleven German universities to win in the German Universities Excellence Initiative
German Universities Excellence Initiative
, a national competition for universities organized by the German Federal Government. The university has been associated with 40 Nobel Prize winners and is considered one of the best universities in Europe as well as one of the most prestigious universities in the world for arts and humanities.

CONTENTS

* 1 History
History

* 1.1 Early history * 1.2 Enlargement * 1.3 Third Reich * 1.4 Reopening * 1.5 East Germany
Germany
* 1.6 Modern Germany
Germany

* 2 Organization * 3 Library
Library

* 4 Distinguished alumni and lecturers

* 4.1 Nobel Prize laureates

* 5 Rankings * 6 See also * 7 Notes and references * 8 External links

HISTORY

EARLY HISTORY

Monument to Wilhelm von Humboldt
Wilhelm von Humboldt
in front of the main building. Artist: Paul Otto

The first semester at the newly founded Berlin
Berlin
university occurred in 1810 with 256 students and 52 lecturers in faculties of law, medicine, theology and philosophy under rector Theodor Schmalz. The university has been home to many of Germany's greatest thinkers of the past two centuries, among them the subjective idealist philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte , the theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher
Friedrich Schleiermacher
, the absolute idealist philosopher G.W.F. Hegel , the Romantic legal theorist Friedrich Carl von Savigny
Friedrich Carl von Savigny
, the pessimist philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer , the objective idealist philosopher Friedrich Schelling , cultural critic Walter Benjamin
Walter Benjamin
, and famous physicists Albert Einstein and Max Planck
Max Planck
. The Berlin
Berlin
University
University
in 1850

The founders of Marxist theory Karl Marx
Karl Marx
and Friedrich Engels attended the university, as did poet Heinrich Heine
Heinrich Heine
, novelist Alfred Döblin , founder of structuralism Ferdinand de Saussure
Ferdinand de Saussure
, German unifier Otto von Bismarck
Otto von Bismarck
, Communist Party of Germany
Germany
founder Karl Liebknecht , African American
African American
Pan Africanist W. E. B. Du Bois
W. E. B. Du Bois
and European unifier Robert Schuman
Robert Schuman
, as well as the influential surgeon Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach
Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach
in the early half of the 1800s.

The structure of German research-intensive universities, such as Humboldt, served as a model for institutions like Johns Hopkins University
University
. Further, it has been claimed that "the 'Humboldtian' university became a model for the rest of Europe with its central principle being the union of teaching and research in the work of the individual scholar or scientist."

ENLARGEMENT

Statue of Alexander von Humboldt
Alexander von Humboldt
outside Humboldt University, from 1883 by artist Reinhold Begas.

In addition to the strong anchoring of traditional subjects, such as science, law, philosophy, history, theology and medicine, Berlin University
University
developed to encompass numerous new scientific disciplines. Alexander von Humboldt
Alexander von Humboldt
, brother of the founder William, promoted the new learning. With the construction of modern research facilities in the second half of the 19th Century teaching of the natural sciences began. Famous researchers, such as the chemist August Wilhelm Hofmann , the physicist Hermann von Helmholtz
Hermann von Helmholtz
, the mathematicians Ernst Eduard Kummer , Leopold Kronecker , Karl Weierstrass
Karl Weierstrass
, the physicians Johannes Peter Müller , Albrecht von Graefe
Albrecht von Graefe
, Rudolf Virchow
Rudolf Virchow
and Robert Koch
Robert Koch
, contributed to Berlin
Berlin
University's scientific fame. Humboldt University
University
became an emulated model of a modern university in the 19th century (photochrom from 1900).

During this period of enlargement, Berlin
Berlin
University
University
gradually expanded to incorporate other previously separate colleges in Berlin. An example would be the Charité
Charité
, the Pépinière and the Collegium Medico-chirurgicum. In 1717, King Friedrich I had built a quarantine house for Plague at the city gates, which in 1727 was rechristened by the "soldier king" Friedrich Wilhelm: "Es soll das Haus die Charité heißen" (It will be called Charité
Charité
). By 1829 the site became Berlin University's medical campus and remained so until 1927 when the more modern University
University
Hospital was constructed.

Berlin
Berlin
University
University
started a natural history collection in 1810, which, by 1889 required a separate building and became the Museum für Naturkunde . The preexisting Tierarznei School, founded in 1790 and absorbed by the university, in 1934 formed the basis of the Veterinary Medicine
Medicine
Facility (Grundstock der Veterinärmedizinischen Fakultät). Also the Landwirtschaftliche Hochschule Berlin
Berlin
(Agricultural University
University
of Berlin), founded in 1881 was affiliated with the Agricultural Faculties of the University.

THIRD REICH

The University
University
in 1938

After 1933, like all German universities, it was affected by the Nazi regime. The rector during this period was Eugen Fischer . It was from the university's library that some 20,000 books by "degenerates" and opponents of the regime were taken to be burned on May 10 of that year in the Opernplatz (now the Bebelplatz ) for a demonstration protected by the SA that also featured a speech by Joseph Goebbels
Joseph Goebbels
. A monument to this can now be found in the center of the square, consisting of a glass panel opening onto an underground white room with empty shelf space for 20,000 volumes and a plaque, bearing an epigraph from an 1820 work by Heinrich Heine
Heinrich Heine
: "Das war ein Vorspiel nur, dort wo man Bücher verbrennt, verbrennt man am Ende auch Menschen" ("This was but a prelude; where they burn books, they ultimately burn people").

The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service
Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service
(German "Gesetz zur Wiederherstellung des Berufsbeamtentums") resulted in 250 Jewish professors and employees being fired during 1933/1934 and numerous doctorates being withdrawn. Students and scholars and political opponents of Nazis
Nazis
were ejected from the university and often deported. During this time nearly one third of all of the staff were fired by the Nazis.

REOPENING

The Soviet Military Administration in Germany
Germany
(SMAD) ordered (Befehl-Nr. 4) the opening of the university in January 1946. The SMAD wanted a redesigned Berlin
Berlin
University
University
based on the Soviet model, however they insisted on the phrasing "newly opened" and not "re-opened" for political reasons. The president of the German Central Administration for National Education
Education
(DZVV), Paul Wandel, in his address at the January 29, 1946, opening ceremony, said: "I spoke of the opening, and not of the re-opening of the university. The University
University
of Berlin
Berlin
must effectively start again in almost every way. You have before you this image of the old university. What remains of that is nought but ruins." The teaching was limited to seven departments working in reopened, war-damaged buildings, with many of the teachers dead or missing. However, by the winter semester of 1946, the Economic and Educational Sciences Faculty had re-opened. Berlin
Berlin
University, 1950

The Workers and Peasants Faculty (German: Arbeiter-und-Bauern-Fakultät) (ABF), an education program aimed at young men who, due to political or racial reasons, had been disadvantaged under the Nazis
Nazis
, was established at the university during this time. This program existed at Berlin
Berlin
University
University
until 1962.

The East-West conflict in post-war Germany
Germany
led to a growing communist influence in the university. This was controversial, and incited strong protests within the student body and faculty. Soviet NKVD secret police arrested a number of students in March 1947 as a response. The Soviet Military Tribunal in Berlin-Lichtenberg ruled the students were involved in the formation of a "resistance movement at the University
University
of Berlin", as well as espionage, and were sentenced to 25 years of forced labor. From 1945 to 1948, 18 other students and teachers were arrested or abducted, many gone for weeks, and some taken to the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and executed .

In the spring of 1948, after several university students with admission irregularities were withdrawn, the opposition demanded a "free" university. Students and scholars, with support from especially the Americans, the newspaper Der Tagesspiegel , and the governing Mayor Ernst Reuter founded the Free University
University
of Berlin
Berlin
in Dahlem (part of the American sector). The decades-long division of the city into East and West Berlin
Berlin
finally cemented the division into two independent universities permanently.

EAST GERMANY

Humboldt University
University
in 1964

Since the old name of the university had some monarchic origins the university was renamed. Although the Soviets and the government of East Berlin
Berlin
preferred a naming after some communist leader the university was in the end named after the two Humboldt brothers. It was able to create and maintain international contacts and create world-wide cooperation. The long-standing and intensive research and exchange links with the universities in Eastern Europe and particularly in the former Soviet Union
Soviet Union
are worth special mentioning; many of these links are without parallel in Germany. In addition, formal academic cooperation with nearly all universities in the capital cities of Western Europe has existed since the 1970s. And for several years there have been close relations to universities in Japan and the United States, as well as in Asian, African and Latin
Latin
American countries.

MODERN GERMANY

The main building of Humboldt University, located in Berlin's " Mitte " district ( Unter den Linden
Unter den Linden
boulevard)

After the unification of East and West Germany, the university was radically restructured and all professors had to reapply for their positions. The faculty was largely replaced with West German professors, among them the historian Heinrich August Winkler . Today, Humboldt University
University
is a state university with a large number of students (36,986 in 2014, among them more than 4,662 foreign students) after the model of West German universities, and like its counterpart the Free University
University
of Berlin
Berlin
.

The university consists of three different campuses namely Campus Mitte, Campus Nord and Campus Adlershof. Its main building is located in the centre of Berlin
Berlin
at the boulevard Unter den Linden
Unter den Linden
and is the heart of Campus Mitte. The building was erected on order by King Frederick II for his younger brother Prince Henry of Prussia
Prussia
. All the institutes of humanities are located around the main building together with the Department of Law
Law
and the Department of Business and Economics. Campus Nord is located north of the main building close to Berlin
Berlin
Hauptbahnhof and is the home of the life science departments including the university medical center Charité
Charité
. The natural science together with computer science and mathematics are located at Campus Adlershof in the south-east of Berlin. Furthermore, the university continues its tradition of a book sale at the university gates facing Bebelplatz.

ORGANIZATION

The Humboldt Museum is one of the largest natural history museums in the world.

These are the nine faculties into which the university is divided:

* Faculty of Law
Law
* Faculty of Mathematics
Mathematics
and Natural Sciences
Natural Sciences
( Geography
Geography
, Computer Science , Mathematics
Mathematics
, Chemistry
Chemistry
, Physics
Physics
) * Faculty of Life Sciences
Life Sciences
( Agriculture
Agriculture
and Horticulture
Horticulture
, Biology
Biology
, Psychology
Psychology
) * Charité
Charité
Berlin
Berlin
University
University
Medicine
Medicine
* Faculty of Philosophy
Philosophy
I ( Philosophy
Philosophy
, History
History
, European Ethnology , Department of Library
Library
and Information Science ) * Faculty of Philosophy
Philosophy
II ( Literature
Literature
, Linguistics
Linguistics
, Scandinavian Studies , Romance literatures, English and American Studies , Slavic Studies , Classical Philology ) * Faculty of Humanities
Humanities
and Social Sciences
Social Sciences
(Social Sciences, Cultural Studies /Arts, Asian/African Studies (includes Archeology ), Sport science , Rehabilitation Studies, Education
Education
, Quality Management in Education
Education
) * Faculty of Theology
Theology
* Faculty of Economics
Economics
and Business Administration

Furthermore, there are two independent institutes (Zentralinstitute) that are part of the university:

* Centre for British Studies (in German: Großbritannienzentrum) * Humboldt-Innovation (research transfer and spin-off service) * Museum für Naturkunde (Museum of Natural History) * Späth-Arboretum

LIBRARY

The former Royal Library, now seat of the Faculty of Law
Law

When the Royal Library
Library
proved insufficient, a new library was founded in 1831, first located in several temporary sites. In 1871–1874 a library building was constructed, following the design of architect Paul Emanuel Spieker. In 1910 the collection was relocated to the building of the Berlin
Berlin
State Library
Library
.

During the Weimar Period the library contained 831,934 volumes (1930) and was thus one of the leading university libraries in Germany
Germany
at that time.

During the Nazi book burnings in 1933, no volumes from the university library were destroyed. Also, the loss through World War II
World War II
was comparatively small. In 2003, natural science related books were outhoused to the newly founded library at the Adlershof campus, which is dedicated solely to the natural sciences.

Since the premises of the State Library
Library
had to be cleared in 2005, a new library building is about to be erected close to the main building in the center of Berlin. The "Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm-Zentrum" (Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
Wilhelm Grimm
Centre, Grimm Zentrum or GZ as it is can be referred to by students) opened in 2009.

In total, the university library contains about 6.5 million volumes and 9000 held magazines and journals and is one of the biggest university libraries in Germany.

The books of the Institut für Sexualwissenschaft were destroyed during the Nazi book burnings and the institute destroyed. Under the terms of the Magnus Hirschfeld Foundation, the government had undertaken to continue the work of the institute at the university after its founder's death. However these terms were ignored. In 2001 however the university acquired the Archive for Sexology from the Robert Koch
Robert Koch
Institute, which was founded on a large private library donated by Erwin J. Haeberle . This has now been housed at the new Magnus Hirschfeld Center.

DISTINGUISHED ALUMNI AND LECTURERS

Otto von Bismarck
Otto von Bismarck
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
Karl Marx
Karl Marx
Georg Hegel Werner Heisenberg Yeshayahu Leibowitz Max Planck
Max Planck
Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm
Wilhelm Grimm
Angela Davis

* Theodore Dyke Acland (1851–1931), surgeon and physician * Alexander Altmann
Alexander Altmann
(1906–1987), rabbi and scholar of Jewish philosophy and mysticism * Gerhard Anschütz
Gerhard Anschütz
(1867–1948) leading jurisprudent and "father of the constitution" of the Bundesland Hesse
Hesse
* Michelle Bachelet
Michelle Bachelet
(born 1951), pediatrician and epidemiologist, president of the Republic of Chile
Chile
* Azmi Bishara (born 1956), Arab-Israeli politician * Bruno Bauer
Bruno Bauer
(1809–1882), theologian, Bible critic and philosopher * Jurek Becker (1937–1997), writer ( Jacob the Liar ) * Eliezer Berkovits (1908–1992), rabbi, philosopher and theologian * Otto von Bismarck
Otto von Bismarck
(1815–1898), first German chancellor * Dietrich Bonhoeffer
Dietrich Bonhoeffer
(1906–1945), theologian and resistance fighter * Max Born
Max Born
(1882–1970), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1954 * Aron Brand (1910–1977), pediatric cardiologist * Gottlieb Burckhardt (1836–1907), psychiatrist, first physician to perform modern psychosurgery (1888) * Michael C. Burda , macroeconomist * George C. Butte (1877–1940), American jurist * Stepan Shahumyan (1878–1918), communist politician and head of the Baku Commune * Ezriel Carlebach (1909–1956), Israeli journalist and editorial writer * Ernst Cassirer
Ernst Cassirer
(1874–1945), philosopher * Adelbert von Chamisso
Adelbert von Chamisso
(1781–1838), natural scientist and writer * Angela Davis (born 1944), political activist, educator, author, philosopher * Suat Derviş (1904/1905 – 1972), Turkish novelist, journalist, and political activist * Harilal Dhruv (1856–1896), Indian lawyer, poet, indologist * Wilhelm Dilthey
Wilhelm Dilthey
(1833–1911), philosopher * W. E. B. Du Bois
W. E. B. Du Bois
(1868–1963), African-American activist and scholar * Paul Ehrlich
Paul Ehrlich
(1854–1915), physician, Nobel Prize for medicine in 1908 * Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
(1879–1955), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1921 * Friedrich Engels
Friedrich Engels
(1820–1895), journalist and philosopher * Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach
Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach
(1804–1872), philosopher * Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Johann Gottlieb Fichte
(1762–1814), philosopher, rector of the university (1810–1812) * Hermann Emil Fischer (1852–1919), founder of modern biochemistry , Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1902 * Werner Forßmann (1904–1979), physician, Nobel Prize for medicine in 1956 * James Franck
James Franck
(1882–1964), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1925 * Ernst Gehrcke (1878–1960), experimental physicist * Jacob Grimm (1785–1863), linguist and literary critic * Wilhelm Grimm
Wilhelm Grimm
(1786–1859), linguist and literary critic * Gregor Gysi
Gregor Gysi
(1948–), German politician and lawyer * Fritz Haber
Fritz Haber
(1868–1934), chemist, Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1918 * Otto Hahn (1879–1968), chemist, Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1944 * Sir William Reginald Halliday (1886–1966), principal of King\'s College London (1928–1952) * Robert Havemann (1910–1982), chemist, co-founder of European Union , and leading GDR dissident * Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
(1770–1831), philosopher, rector of the university (1830–1831) * Heinrich Heine
Heinrich Heine
(1797–1856), writer and poet * Werner Heisenberg (1901–1976), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1932 * Hermann von Helmholtz
Hermann von Helmholtz
(1821–1894), physician and physicist * Gustav Hertz
Gustav Hertz
(1887–1975), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1925 * Heinrich Hertz
Heinrich Hertz
(1857–1894), physicist * Abraham Joshua Heschel (1907–1972) rabbi, philosopher, and theologian * Jacobus Henricus van \'t Hoff (1852–1911), chemist, Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1901 * Max Huber (1874–1960), international lawyer and diplomat * Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland (1762–1836), founder of macrobiotics * Wilhelm von Humboldt
Wilhelm von Humboldt
(1767–1835), politician, linguist, and founder of the university * Alexander von Humboldt
Alexander von Humboldt
(1769–1859), natural scientist * Zakir Hussain (1897–1969), third president of India * Sadi Irmak (1904–1990), Prime minister of Turkey * Hermann Kasack (1896–1966), writer * George F. Kennan (1904–2005), American diplomat, political scientist and historian * Gustav Kirchhoff (1824–1887), physicist * Robert Koch
Robert Koch
(1843–1910), physician, Nobel Prize for medicine in 1905 * Komitas (1869–1935), composer, ethnomusicologist, the founder of the Armenian classical music * Albrecht Kossel (1853–1927), physician, Nobel Prize for medicine in 1910 * Arnold Kutzinski (died 1956), psychiatrist * Edmund Landau (1877–1938), mathematician * Arnold von Lasaulx (1839–1886) mineralogist and petrographer * Max von Laue
Max von Laue
(1879–1960), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1914 * Yeshayahu Leibowitz (1903–1994), Israeli public intellectual and polymath * Wassily Leontief (1905–1999), economist, Nobel Prize for economics in 1973 * Karl Liebknecht
Karl Liebknecht
(1871–1919), socialist politician and revolutionary * Friedrich Loeffler (1852–1915), bacteriologist * Ram Manohar Lohia (1910–1967), Indian activist and politician * Karl Adolf Lorenz (1837–1923), composer * Herbert Marcuse
Herbert Marcuse
(1898–1979), philosopher * Karl Marx
Karl Marx
(1818–1883), philosopher and sociologist * Ernst Mayr
Ernst Mayr
(1904–2005), biologist * Lise Meitner
Lise Meitner
(1878–1968), physicist, Enrico Fermi Award in 1966 * Felix Mendelssohn
Felix Mendelssohn
(1809–1847), composer * Theodor Mommsen
Theodor Mommsen
(1817–1903), historian, Nobel Prize for literature in 1902 * Edmund Montgomery (1835–1911), philosopher, scientist, physician * John von Neumann
John von Neumann
(1903–1957), mathematician and physicist * Max Planck
Max Planck
(1858–1947), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1918 * Gordon Prange (1910–1980), American historian * Leopold von Ranke (1795–1886), historian * Otto Friedrich Ranke (1899–1959), physiologist * Erich Regener (1881–1955), physicist * Robert Remak (1815–1865), cell biologist * Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
(1775–1854), philosopher * Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher
Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher
(1768–1834), philosopher * Bernhard Schlink (born 1944), writer, Der Vorleser ( The Reader ) * Carl Schmitt
Carl Schmitt
(1888–1985), German jurist, political theorist, and professor of law * Menachem Mendel Schneerson
Menachem Mendel Schneerson
(1902–1994), rabbi, philosopher, and theologian * Arthur Schopenhauer
Arthur Schopenhauer
(1788–1860), philosopher * Erwin Schrödinger
Erwin Schrödinger
(1887–1961), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1933 * Peter Schubert (1938–2003), diplomat and albanologist * Georg Simmel
Georg Simmel
(1858–1918), philosopher and sociologist * Joseph B. Soloveitchik
Joseph B. Soloveitchik
(1903–1993), rabbi, philosopher, and theologian * Herman Smith-Johannsen (1875–1987), sportsman who introduced cross-country skiing to North America * Werner Sombart (1863–1941), philosopher, sociologist and economist * Hans Spemann (1869–1941), biologist, Nobel Prize for biology in 1935 * Hermann Stieve (1886–1952), anatomist who did research on bodies of Nazi execution victims * Max Stirner (1806–1856), philosopher * Yemima Tchernovitz-Avidar (1909–98), Israeli author * Gustav Tornier (1859–1938), paleontologist and zoologist * Kurt Tucholsky (1890–1935), writer and journalist * Komitas Vardapet (1869–1935), Armenian priest, composer, choir leader, singer, music ethnologist, music pedagogue and musicologist * Rudolf Virchow
Rudolf Virchow
(1821–1902), physician and politician * Luis Villar Borda (1929–2008), Colombian politician and diplomat * Alfred Wegener (1880–1930), scientist, geologist, and meteorologist, early theorist of continental drift * Karl Weierstraß
Karl Weierstraß
(1815–1897), mathematician * Max Westenhöfer (1871–1957), pathologist, proposed the Aquatic ape hypothesis , reformer of field of pathology in Chile
Chile
* Wilhelm Heinrich Westphal (1882–1978), physicist * Wilhelm Wien
Wilhelm Wien
(1864–1928), physicist, Nobel Prize for physics in 1911 * Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff (1848–1931), philologist * Richard Willstätter (1872–1942), chemist, Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1915 * Annette Schmiedchen (born 1966), Indologist and Padma Shri
Padma Shri
award winner * Max Weber (1864–1920), sociologist, philosopher, and political economist

NOBEL PRIZE LAUREATES

There are 40 Nobel Prize winners affiliated with the Humboldt University: Albert Abraham Michelson
Albert Abraham Michelson
Otto Hahn Theodor Mommsen
Theodor Mommsen

* 1901 Jacobus Henricus van \'t Hoff (Chemistry) * 1901 Emil Adolf von Behring (Physiology or Medicine) * 1902 Hermann Emil Fischer (Chemistry) * 1902 Theodor Mommsen
Theodor Mommsen
(Literature) * 1905 Adolf von Baeyer (Chemistry) * 1905 Robert Koch
Robert Koch
(Physiology or Medicine) * 1907 Albert Abraham Michelson
Albert Abraham Michelson
(Physics) * 1907 Eduard Buchner
Eduard Buchner
(Chemistry) * 1908 Paul Ehrlich
Paul Ehrlich
(Physiology or Medicine) * 1909 Karl Ferdinand Braun
Karl Ferdinand Braun
(Physics) * 1910 Otto Wallach (Chemistry) * 1910 Albrecht Kossel (Physiology or Medicine) * 1910 Paul Heyse (Literature) * 1911 Wilhelm Wien
Wilhelm Wien
(Physics) * 1914 Max von Laue
Max von Laue
(Physics) * 1915 Richard Willstätter (Chemistry) * 1918 Fritz Haber
Fritz Haber
(Chemistry) * 1918 Max Planck
Max Planck
(Physics) * 1920 Walther Nernst (Chemistry) * 1921 Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
(Physics) * 1925 Gustav Ludwig Hertz (Physics) * 1925 James Franck
James Franck
(Physics) * 1925 Richard Adolf Zsigmondy (Chemistry) * 1928 Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus (Chemistry) * 1929 Hans von Euler-Chelpin (Chemistry) * 1931 Otto Heinrich Warburg (Physiology or Medicine) * 1932 Werner Heisenberg (Physics) * 1933 Erwin Schrödinger
Erwin Schrödinger
(Physics) * 1935 Hans Spemann (Physiology or Medicine) * 1936 Peter Debye
Peter Debye
(Chemistry) * 1939 Adolf Butenandt
Adolf Butenandt
(Chemistry) * 1944 Otto Hahn (Chemistry) * 1950 Kurt Alder (Chemistry) * 1950 Otto Diels (Chemistry) * 1953 Fritz Albert Lipmann (Physiology or Medicine) * 1953 Hans Adolf Krebs
Hans Adolf Krebs
(Physiology or Medicine) * 1954 Max Born
Max Born
(Physics) * 1956 Walther Bothe (Physics) * 1991 Bert Sakmann
Bert Sakmann
(Physiology or Medicine) * 2007 Gerhard Ertl (Chemistry)

RANKINGS

UNIVERSITY RANKINGS

GLOBAL

TIMES =57

QS =121

In 2016 the British QS World University
University
Rankings ranked Humboldt University
University
126th overall in the world. Its subject rankings were: 27th in Arts -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ A B C D "Facts and Figures". Humboldt University
University
of Berlin. Retrieved 15 June 2017. * ^ A B C "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2013-12-02. * ^ "Nobelpreisträger — Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin". Hu-berlin.de (in German). Retrieved 2016-08-28. * ^ "QS World University
University
Rankings by Faculty 2014 - Arts and Humanities". Top Universities. Retrieved 29 June 2015. * ^ "Subject Ranking 2014-15: Arts & Humanities". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 29 June 2015. * ^ Anderson, Robert (March 2010). "The \'Idea of a University\' today". History
History
& Policy. United Kingdom: History
History
& Policy. Retrieved 9 December 2010. * ^ Rüegg 2004, pp. 4–6 * ^ "Die Umbenennung zur "Humboldt-Universität" — Presseportal". Hu-berlin.de (in German). Retrieved 2016-08-28. * ^ "Short History
History
— Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin". Hu-berlin.de. Retrieved 2016-08-28. * ^ "Faculties and Departments". Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. Retrieved 22 August 2015. * ^ Erwin J Haeberle". " Berlin
Berlin
and its Sexological Heritage". Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology. Archived from the original on 2009-08-30. * ^ "World University
University
Rankings 2016-2017". Times Higher Education
Education
. 2016. Retrieved October 22, 2016. * ^ "QS World University
University
Rankings 2018". Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2017. Retrieved June 21, 2017. * ^ "Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin". Topuniversities.com. 16 July 2015. Retrieved 2016-08-28. * ^ "Humboldt University
University
of Berlin". Timeshighereducation.com. Retrieved 2016-08-28.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Humboldt University
University
of Berlin
Berlin
website

* v * t * e

Humboldt University
University
of Berlin
Berlin

COLLEGES

* British Studies * Library
Library
and Information Science * Social Sciences
Social Sciences

.