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UNITY IN DIVERSITY (Latin: unitas in varetite) is a political motto advocating federalism or multiculturalism . The phrase is a deliberate oxymoron , the rhetorical combination of two antonyms, unitas "unity, oneness" and varietas "variety, variousness".

The phrase can be traced to Leibniz
Leibniz
, who uses it as a definition of "harmony " (Harmonia est unitas in varietate) in his Elementa verae pietatis, sive de amore dei super omnia (1677/8). In modern politics it was first used, as In varietate unitas, by Ernesto Teodoro Moneta in the context of Italian Unification
Italian Unification
. In 1943 it invoked by Adélard Godbout , Premier of Quebec, in the context of the situation of French Canadians within Canada. The variant In varietate concordia was adopted as the motto of the European Union
European Union
in 2000.

HISTORY OF USAGE

In 1938, in his book The World Order of Bahá\'u\'lláh , Shoghi Effendi , the Guardian of the Baha\'i Faith , said that "unity in diversity" was the "watchword" for the religion.

Adélard Godbout , while Premier of Quebec, published an article entitled "Canada: Unity in Diversity" (1943) in the Council on Foreign Relations journal. He asked,

“ How does the dual relationship of the French Canadians make them an element of strength and order, and therefore of unity, in our joint civilization, which necessarily includes not only Canada and the British Commonwealth of Nations, but also the United States, the Latin republics of America and liberated France? ”

The phrase has since become somewhat of a staple of Canadian multiculturalism in general. The phrase was invoked in the Interdisciplinary Research Seminar at Wilfrid Laurier University in the 1970s. Ervin Laszlo presented his paper entitled "Framework for a General Systems Theory of World Order" (1974) as one of the first seminar Papers that led to the establishment of the IRS in 1975. The motto of the province of Saskatchewan , adopted in 1986, is a variation, Multis e gentibus vires (from many peoples, strength).

When the Apartheid
Apartheid
of Republic of South Africa celebrated 20 years of independence on 31 May 1981, the theme of the celebrations was "unity in diversity". Anti-apartheid campaigners denounced the motto as a cynical attempt to explain away the inequalities in South African life and called on runners of the Comrades Marathon to protest at the co-option of the event by wearing a black armband. The winner of the race, Bruce Fordyce , was one of those wearing a black armband. The term has since been incorporated into the preamble of the 1996 Constitution of South Africa as a central tenet of post-Apartheid South Africa.

In 2000, the European Union
European Union
adopted 'United in Diversity' (Latin: In varietate concordia) as official motto , a reference to the many and diverse member states of the Union in terms of culture