The UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (DOI) is the United
States federal executive department of the U.S. government responsible
for the management and conservation of most federal land and natural
resources , and the administration of programs relating to Native
Alaska Natives ,
The Department is administered by the United States Secretary of the Interior , who is a member of the Cabinet of the President . The current Secretary is Ryan Zinke . The Inspector General position is currently vacant, with Mary Kendall serving as acting Inspector General.
Despite its name, the Department of the Interior has a different role from that of the interior ministries of other nations, which are usually responsible for police matters and internal security. In the United States, national security and immigration functions are performed by the Department of Homeland Security primarily and the Department of Justice secondarily.
The Department of the Interior has often been humorously called "The Department of Everything Else" because of its broad range of responsibilities.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Formation of the department * 1.2 Early and later years of the department
* 2 American Indians * 3 Operating units * 4 Controversy * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links
FORMATION OF THE DEPARTMENT
A department for domestic concern was first considered by the 1st
United States Congress
In 1849, Walker stated in his annual report that several federal
offices were placed in departments with which they had little to do.
He noted that the
General Land Office had little to do with the
Treasury and also highlighted the Indian Affairs office , part of the
Department of War , and the Patent Office , part of the Department of
State . Walker argued that these and other bureaus should be brought
together in a new Department of the Interior. A bill authorizing its
creation of the Department passed the House of Representatives on
February 15, 1849, and spent just over two weeks in the Senate . The
Department was established on March 3, 1849 (9 Stat. 395), the eve of
EARLY AND LATER YEARS OF THE DEPARTMENT
Many of the domestic concerns the Department originally dealt with were gradually transferred to other Departments. Other agencies became separate Departments, such as the Bureau of Agriculture , which later became the Department of Agriculture . However, land and natural resource management, American Indian affairs, wildlife conservation, and territorial affairs remain the responsibilities of the Department of the Interior.
As of mid-2004, the Department managed 507 million acres (2,050,000 km²) of surface land, or about one-fifth of the land in the United States. It manages 476 dams and 348 reservoirs through the Bureau of Reclamation , 410 national parks , monuments, seashore sites, etc. through the National Park Service , and 544 national wildlife refuges through the Fish and Wildlife Service . Energy projects on federally managed lands and offshore areas supply about 28% of the nation's energy production.
Within the Interior Department, the
Bureau of Indian Affairs handles
some federal relations with Native Americans, while others are handled
by the Office of
The Department has been the subject of disputes over proper accounting for Native American Trusts set up to track the income and distribution of monies that are generated by the Trust and specific Native American lands, which the government leases for fees to companies that extract oil, timber, minerals, and other resources. Several cases have sought an accounting of such funds from departments within the Interior and Treasury (such as the Minerals Management Service), in what has been a 15-year-old lawsuit. In addition, some Native American nations have sued the government over water-rights issues and their treaties with the US. In 2010 Congress passed the Claims Settlement Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-291), which provided $3.4 billion for the settlement of the Cobell v. Salazar class-action trust case and four Native American water rights cases.
The $3.4 billion will be placed in a still-to-be-selected bank and $1.4 billion will go to individuals, mostly in the form of checks ranging from $500 to $1,500. A small group, such as members of the Osage tribe who benefit from huge Oklahoma oil revenues, will get far more, based on a formula incorporating their 10 highest years of income between 1985 and 2009. As important, $2 billion will be used to buy trust land from Native American owners at fair market prices, with the government finally returning the land to tribes. Nobody can be forced to sell.
The hierarchy of the U.S. Department of the Interior.
* Assistant Secretary for Policy, Management, and Budget
* Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs
* Office of Environmental Policy and Compliance * Office of International Affairs * Office of Native Hawaiian Relations * Office of Restoration and Damage Assessment * Office of Policy Analysis
* Deputy Assistant Secretary for Budget, Finance, Performance and Acquisition
* Office of Budget * Office of Financial Management * Office of Planning and Performance Management * FBMS Program Management Office * Office of Acquisition and Property Management * Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization
* Deputy Assistant Secretary for Human Capital border:solid #aaa 1px">
* Government of the United States portal
* ^ FY 2014 Interior Budget in Brief - Appendix O * ^ FY 2014 Interior Budget in Brief - Appendix A * ^ GAO, "Federal Land Management: Observations on a Possible Move of the Forest Service into the Department of the Interior", February 11, 2009 * ^ "About the Inspector General". U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved 16 July 2015. * ^ "Oversight: The Office of the