United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
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The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (in
case citation Case citation is a system used by legal professionals to identify past court case decisions, either in series of books called Reporter (law), reporters or law reports, or in a neutral style that identifies a decision regardless of where it is rep ...
s, D.C. Cir.) is one of the thirteen
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. It has the smallest geographical jurisdiction of any of the U.S. federal appellate courts, and covers only one district court: the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. It meets at the
E. Barrett Prettyman United States Courthouse The E. Barrett Prettyman Federal Courthouse is a historic building in Washington, D.C. It was built in 1949–50 and currently houses the United States District Court for the District of Columbia The United States District Court for the Dist ...
, near Judiciary Square, Washington, D.C. The D.C. Circuit's prominence and prestige among American courts is second only to the
U.S. Supreme Court The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest court in the federal judiciary of the United States of America The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a coun ...

U.S. Supreme Court
because its jurisdiction contains the
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and many U.S. government agencies, and therefore it is the main appellate court for many issues of American
administrative law Administrative law is the body of law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its en ...
and
constitutional law The principles from the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen still have constitutional importance Constitutional law is a body of law which defines the role, powers, and structure of different entities within a state State ...
. Three of the current nine justices on the Supreme Court were previously judges on the D.C. Circuit:
Chief Justice The chief justice is the Chief judge, presiding member of a supreme court in any of many countries with a justice system based on English common law, such as the High Court of Australia, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Supreme Court of Ghana, the C ...
John Roberts John Glover Roberts Jr. (born January 27, 1955) is an American lawyer and jurist who serves as the chief justice of the United States The chief justice of the United States is the chief judge of the Supreme Court of the United States and the ...

John Roberts
and Associate Justices
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and
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. Former justices Fred M. Vinson,
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, Warren E. Burger,
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, and
Ruth Bader Ginsburg Joan Ruth Bader Ginsburg ( ; née Bader; March 15, 1933September 18, 2020) was an American lawyer and jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United St ...

Ruth Bader Ginsburg
also served as judges on the D.C. Circuit before their appointments to the Supreme Court. Because the D.C. Circuit does not represent any state, confirmation of nominees can be procedurally and practically easier than for nominees to the Courts of Appeals for the other geographical districts, as home-state senators have historically been able to hold up confirmation through the "
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blue slip
" process. However, in recent years, several nominees to the D.C. Circuit were stalled, and some were ultimately not confirmed because senators claimed that the court had become larger than necessary to handle its caseload.


Current composition of the court

:


Vacancies and pending nominations


List of former judges


Chiefs

When Congress established this court in 1893 as the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia, it had a Chief Justice, and the other judges were called Associate Justices, which was similar to the structure of the Supreme Court. The Chief Justiceship was a separate seat: the President would appoint the Chief Justice, and that person would stay Chief Justice until he left the court. On June 25, 1948, 62 ''Stat.'' 869 and 62 ''Stat.'' 985 became law. These acts made the Chief Justice a Chief Judge. In 1954, another law, 68 ''Stat.'' 1245, clarified what was implicit in those laws: that the Chief Judgeship was not a mere renaming of the position but a change in its status that made it the same as the Chief Judge of other inferior courts.


Succession of seats

The court has eleven seats for active judges after the elimination of seat seven under the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007. The seat that was originally the Chief Justiceship is numbered as Seat 1; the other seats are numbered in order of their creation. If seats were established simultaneously, they are numbered in the order in which they were filled. Judges who retire into
senior status#REDIRECT Senior status Senior status is a form of semi-retirement for United States federal judges, as well as judges in some state courts. A judge in the Federal judiciary of the United States, federal court system must be at least 65 years of ...
remain on the bench but leave their seat vacant. That seat is filled by the next circuit judge appointed by the
President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...

President
.


See also

* Judicial appointment history for United States federal courts#DC Circuit *
List of current United States Circuit Judges#REDIRECT List of current United States circuit judges {{Redirect category shell, {{R from move ...


Notes


References

* ** Source for the duty station for Judge Williams * ** Source for the duty station for Judges Silberman and Buckley ** Data is current to 2002 * ** Source for the state, lifetime, term of active judgeship, term of chief judgeship, term of senior judgeship, appointer, termination reason, and seat information


External links


United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit

Recent opinions from FindLaw

What Makes the DC Circuit so Different? A Historical View - Article by Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr.
* {{DEFAULTSORT:United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit Government in Washington, D.C. 1893 establishments in Washington, D.C. Courts and tribunals established in 1893