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The United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, formally the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict (SRSG-SVC), is an office of the United Nations Secretariat tasked with serving as the United Nations' spokesperson and political advocate on conflict-related sexual violence. The Special Representative holds the rank of Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and chairs the UN Action against Sexual Violence in Conflict.[1] The office was established by Security Council Resolution 1888, introduced by Hillary Clinton, and the first Special Representative, Margot Wallström, took office in 2010. The current Special Representative is Pramila Patten, who was appointed in 2017.

History and role

The office was established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1888 on 30 September 2009; the resolution was introduced by United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who also presided over the security council session.[2][3] The Special Representative presents reports to the Secretary-General and to the Security Council.

The first Special Representative, Margot Wallström, assumed the office in April 2010.[1] In August 2010, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon sent Wallström to the Democratic Republic of Congo to help investigate claims that rebel fighters raped more than 150 women and baby boys over four days within miles of a UN base in the country.[4] Wallström later addressed the Security Council in a September 2010 session on the use of sexual violence as a weapon by both rebel militias and government troops in the eastern provinces of the DRC. In her speech, she demonstrated that the rapes in the North Kivu and South Kivu provinces "were not an isolated incident but part of a broader pattern of widespread systematic rape and pillage."[5]

List of Special Representatives on Sexual Violence in Conflict

United Nations Special Representatives on Sexual Violence in Conflict
No Name Country Term
#1 Margot Wallström Sweden Sweden 2010 – 2012
#2 Zainab Bangura Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 2012 – 2017
#3 Pramila Patten[6] Mauritius Mauritius 2017 – present

References

External links