The Info List - United States Marine Corps

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U.S. Department of Defense

* Department of the Navy (since 1834)

HEADQUARTERS The Pentagon Arlington County, Virginia , U.S.

NICKNAME(S) "The Few, The Proud, The Marines", "Jarheads", "Devil Dogs ", "Teufel Hunden", "Leathernecks"

MOTTO(S) Semper Fidelis

COLORS Scarlet , Gold

MARCH " Semper Fidelis " Play (help ·info ) "The Marine\'s Hymn " Play (help ·info )

MASCOT(S) English Bulldog



* American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War
Quasi-War First Barbary War
First Barbary War
War of 1812
War of 1812
Second Barbary War West Indies Anti-Piracy Operations Seminole Wars
Seminole Wars
African Anti-Slavery Operations Aegean Sea Anti-Piracy Operations First Sumatran expedition Second Sumatran expedition United States exploring expedition Capture of Monterey Mexican–American War
Mexican–American War
Bombardment of Greytown Battle of Ty-ho Bay First Fiji expedition Second Opium War
Second Opium War
Second Fiji expedition Paraguay expedition Reform War John Brown\'s raid American Civil War
American Civil War
Bombardment of Qui Nhon Shimonoseki Campaign Formosa expedition United States expedition to Korea Egyptian Expedition (1882) Bering Sea Anti-Poaching Operations Kingdom of Hawaii overthrowal Second Samoan Civil War Banana Wars

* Spanish–American War
Spanish–American War
* Second Occupation of Cuba * Border War
* Negro Rebellion * Occupation of Nicaragua * Occupation of Haiti * Occupation of the Dominican Republic (1916) * Sugar Intervention

Philippine–American War
Philippine–American War
Boxer Rebellion
Boxer Rebellion
World War I
World War I
Russian Civil War
World War II
World War II
Korean War
Korean War
Vietnam War
Vietnam War
1958 Lebanon Crisis Occupation of the Dominican Republic (1965) Iranian Hostage Rescue Multinational Force in Lebanon Invasion of Grenada 1986 bombing of Libya Tanker War

* Earnest Will * Prime Chance * Eager Glacier * Nimble Archer * Praying Mantis

Invasion of Panama Persian Gulf War
Gulf War
Somali Civil War Iraqi no-fly zones Bosnian War
Kosovo War
International Force for East Timor Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom

* Afghanistan * Philippines * Horn of Africa
Horn of Africa
* Pankisi Gorge * Trans Sahara * Caribbean and Central America

Iraq War Pakistan-United States skirmishes Operation Odyssey Dawn 2014 Intervention against ISIL Operation Inherent Resolve Resolute Support Mission


Presidential Unit Citation

Joint Meritorious Unit Award
Joint Meritorious Unit Award

Navy Unit Commendation

Valorous Unit Award

Meritorious Unit Commendation
Meritorious Unit Commendation

French Croix de guerre 1914–1918

Philippine Presidential Unit Citation

Korean Presidential Unit Citation

Vietnam Gallantry Cross
Vietnam Gallantry Cross

Vietnam Civil Actions Medal

WEBSITE Marines.mil


COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF President Donald Trump
Donald Trump



COMMANDANT Gen Robert Neller
Robert Neller

Glenn M. Walters






The UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS (USMC), also known as the UNITED STATES MARINES, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing power projection , using the mobility of the United States Navy
United States Navy
, by Congressional mandate, to deliver rapidly, combined-arms task forces on land, at sea, and in the air. The U.S. Marine Corps is one of the four armed service branches in the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States . The current Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff , the highest-ranking military officer in the U.S. Armed Forces, is Joseph Dunford , a Marine Corps general.

The Marine Corps has been a component of the U.S. Department of the Navy since 30 June 1834, working closely with naval forces for training, transportation, and logistics. The USMC operates posts on land and aboard sea-going amphibious warfare ships around the world. Additionally, several of the Marines' tactical aviation squadrons, primarily Marine Fighter Attack squadrons, are also embedded in Navy carrier air wings and operate from the Navy's nuclear-powered aircraft carriers .

Two battalions of Continental Marines
were formed on 10 November 1775 in Philadelphia
as a service branch of infantry troops capable of fighting for independence both at sea and on shore. The role of the Corps has since grown and evolved, expanding to aerial warfare and earning popular titles such as, "America's third air force", and, "second land army". The U.S. Marine Corps
U.S. Marine Corps
has distinguished itself as it has served in the majority of American wars and armed conflicts , from its inception to the modern era, and attained prominence in the 20th century when its theories and practices of amphibious warfare proved prescient and ultimately formed the cornerstone of the Pacific theater of World War II
World War II

By the mid-20th century, the U.S. Marine Corps
U.S. Marine Corps
had become a major theorist of and the world's dominant practitioner of amphibious warfare. Its ability to rapidly respond on short notice to expeditionary crises gives it a strong role in the implementation and execution of American foreign policy . As of 2016, the USMC has around 182,000 active duty members and some 38,500 reserve Marines
. It is the smallest of the U.S. Armed Forces within the DoD.


* 1 Mission

* 1.1 Historical mission * 1.2 Capabilities * 1.3 Doctrine

* 2 History

* 2.1 Origins * 2.2 American Civil War
American Civil War
to World War I
World War I
* 2.3 World War I
World War I
* 2.4 World War II
World War II
* 2.5 Korean War
Korean War
* 2.6 Vietnam War
Vietnam War
* 2.7 Interim: Vietnam War
Vietnam War
to the War
on Terrorism

* 2.8 Global War on Terrorism

* 2.8.1 Afghanistan Campaign (Operation Enduring Freedom-Afghanistan) * 2.8.2 Iraq Campaign (Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation New Dawn, Operation Inherent Resolve)

* 3 Organization

* 3.1 Department of the Navy and the U.S. Marine Corps
U.S. Marine Corps
* 3.2 Headquarters Marine Corps (HQMC)

* 3.3 Operating Forces

* 3.3.1 Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF)

* 3.4 Supporting Establishment

* 3.4.1 Marine Corps bases and stations

* 3.5 Marine Forces Reserve (MARFORRES/USMCR)

* 4 Special

* 5 Personnel

* 5.1 Leadership * 5.2 Women

* 5.3 Rank structure

* 5.3.1 Commissioned officers * 5.3.2 Warrant officers * 5.3.3 Enlisted

* 5.4 Military Occupational Specialty * 5.5 Initial training

* 6 Uniforms

* 7 Culture

* 7.1 Official traditions and customs * 7.2 Unofficial traditions and customs * 7.3 Veteran Marines
* 7.4 Martial arts program

* 8 Equipment

* 8.1 Infantry
weapons * 8.2 Ground vehicles * 8.3 Aircraft

* 9 Relationship with other services

* 9.1 United States Navy
United States Navy
* 9.2 United States Army
United States Army
* 9.3 United States Air Force
United States Air Force
* 9.4 United States Coast Guard
United States Coast Guard

* 10 Budget * 11 See also * 12 Notes * 13 References * 14 Further reading * 15 External links


The USMC serves as an expeditionary force-in-readiness. As outlined in 10 U.S.C. § 5063 and as originally introduced under the National Security Act of 1947 , it has three primary areas of responsibility:

* Seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and other land operations to support naval campaigns ; * Development of tactics, technique, and equipment used by amphibious landing forces in coordination with the Army and Air Force; and * Such other duties as the President or Department of Defense may direct.

A Marine Corporal and Lance Corporal of 3rd Battalion, 6th Marines
engaging the enemy during Operation Moshtarak in Afghanistan's Helmand Province .

This last clause, while seemingly redundant given the President's position as Commander-in-chief
, is a codification of the expeditionary responsibilities of the Marine Corps. It derives from similar language in the Congressional acts "For the Better Organization of the Marine Corps" of 1834, and "Establishing and Organizing a Marine Corps" of 1798. In 1951, the House of Representatives\' Armed Services Committee called the clause "one of the most important statutory – and traditional – functions of the Marine Corps." It noted that the Corps has more often than not performed actions of a non-naval nature, including its famous actions in Tripoli
, the War of 1812
War of 1812
, Chapultepec , and numerous counter-insurgency and occupational duties (such as those in Central America), World War
I, and the Korean War
Korean War
. While these actions are not accurately described as support of naval campaigns nor as amphibious warfare, their common thread is that they are of an expeditionary nature, using the mobility of the Navy to provide timely intervention in foreign affairs on behalf of American interests. A U.S. Marine security guard reviews a security system at a U.S. embassy in December 2004.

In addition to its primary duties, the Marine Corps conducts Visit, Board, Search, and Seizure (VBSS) operations, as well as missions in direct support of the White House
White House
and the State Department . The Marine Band , dubbed the "President's Own" by Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
, provides music for state functions at the White House. Marines
from Ceremonial Companies A to the latter end, their quarters on ship were often strategically positioned between the officers' quarters and the rest of the vessel. Continental Marines
manned raiding parties, both at sea and ashore. America's first amphibious assault landing occurred early in the Revolutionary War
on 3 March 1776 as the Marines
gained control of Fort Montague and Fort Nassau, a British ammunition depot and naval port in New Providence , the Bahamas. The role of the Marine Corps has expanded significantly since then; as the importance of its original naval mission declined with changing naval warfare doctrine and the professionalization of the naval service, the Corps adapted by focusing on formerly secondary missions ashore. The Advanced Base Doctrine of the early 20th century codified their combat duties ashore, outlining the use of Marines
in the seizure of bases and other duties on land to support naval campaigns.

Throughout the late 19th and 20th centuries, Marine detachments served aboard Navy cruisers, battleships and aircraft carriers. Marine detachments (generally one platoon per cruiser, a company for battleships or carriers) served in their traditional duties as a ship's landing force, manning the ship's weapons and providing shipboard security. Marine detachments were augmented by members of the ship's company for landing parties, such as in the First Sumatran Expedition of 1832, and continuing in the Caribbean and Mexican campaigns of the early 20th centuries. Marines
would develop tactics and techniques of amphibious assault on defended coastlines in time for use in World War
II. During World War
II, Marines
continued to serve on capital ships. They often were assigned to man anti-aircraft batteries. When gun cruisers were retired by the 1960s, the remaining Marine detachments were only seen on battleships and carriers. Its original mission of providing shipboard security finally ended in the 1990s as the battleships were retired and nuclear weapons were withdrawn from deployment on aircraft carriers.


U.S. Marines
from the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit training in amphibious warfare during Operation Talisman Sabre at Shoalwater Bay in Australia.

The Marine Corps fulfills a vital role in national security as an amphibious , expeditionary , air-ground combined arms task force, capable of forcible entry from the air, land, and sea. It is capable of asymmetric warfare with conventional , irregular , and hybrid forces .

While the Marine Corps does not employ any unique combat arms, as a force it can rapidly deploy a combined-arms task force to almost anywhere in the world within days. The basic structure for all deployed units is a Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) that integrates a ground combat element , an aviation combat element and a logistics combat element under a common command element . While the creation of joint commands under the Goldwater–Nichols Act has improved inter-service coordination between each branch, the Corps' ability to permanently maintain integrated multi-element task forces under a single command provides a smoother implementation of combined-arms warfare principles.

The close integration of disparate Marine units stems from an organizational culture centered on the infantry. Every other Marine capability exists to support the infantry. Unlike some Western militaries, the Corps remained conservative against theories proclaiming the ability of new weapons to win wars independently. For example, Marine aviation has always been focused on close air support and has remained largely uninfluenced by air power theories proclaiming that strategic bombing can single-handedly win wars. Play media Bravo Battery, 1st Battalion, 11th Marines
, a.k.a. the Beastmasters fight off Iraqi unit on 26 March 2003.

This focus on the infantry is matched with the doctrine of "Every Marine a rifleman", a focus of Commandant Alfred M. Gray, Jr. , emphasizing the infantry combat abilities of every Marine. All Marines, regardless of military specialization, receive training as a rifleman ; and all officers receive additional training as infantry platoon commanders. For example, at Wake Island , when all of the Marine aircraft were shot down, pilots continued the fight as ground officers, leading supply clerks and cooks in a final defensive effort. As a result, a large degree of initiative and autonomy is expected of junior Marines, particularly the NCOs (corporals and sergeants ), as compared with many other military organizations. The Marine Corps emphasizes authority and responsibility downward to a greater degree than the other military services. Flexibility of execution is implemented via an emphasis on "commander\'s intent " as a guiding principle for carrying out orders; specifying the end state but leaving open the method of execution.

The amphibious assault techniques developed for World War II
World War II
evolved, with the addition of air assault and maneuver warfare doctrine, into the current "Operational Maneuver from the Sea" doctrine of power projection from the seas. The Marines
are credited with the development of helicopter insertion doctrine and were the earliest in the American military to widely adopt maneuver-warfare principles, which emphasize low-level initiative and flexible execution. In light of recent warfare that has strayed from the Corps' traditional missions, it has renewed an emphasis on amphibious capabilities. Machine gunner from 1st Platoon, Company B, 1st Battalion, 23rd Marine Regiment in cold weather gear armed with a Squad Automatic Weapon taking part in a security patrol around Ramadi, Iraq, 27 December 2006.

The Marine Corps relies on the Navy for sealift to provide its rapid deployment capabilities. In addition to basing a third of the Fleet Marine Force in Japan, Marine Expeditionary Units (MEU) are typically stationed at sea so they can function as first responders to international incidents. The United States Army
United States Army
maintains light infantry units capable of rapid worldwide deployment, but those units do not match the combined-arms integration of an MAGTF and lack the logistics that the Navy provides. Therefore, the Marine Corps is often assigned to non-combat missions such as the evacuation of Americans from unstable countries and providing humanitarian relief during natural disasters. In larger conflicts, Marines
act as a stopgap, to get into and hold an area until larger units can be mobilized. The Corps performed this role in World War I
World War I
and the Korean War
, where Marines
were the first significant combat units deployed from the United States and held the line until the country could mobilize for war. To aid rapid deployment, the Maritime Pre-Positioning System was developed: fleets of container ships are positioned throughout the world with enough equipment and supplies for a Marine Expeditionary Force to deploy for 30 days.

The USMC is planning to reduce its logistical requirements and by 2025 eliminate all liquid fuel use for Marine Expeditionary Forces, except for highly efficient vehicles.


Two small manuals published during the 1930s would establish USMC doctrine in two areas. The Small Wars Manual laid the framework for Marine counter-insurgency operations from Vietnam to Iraq and Afghanistan while the Tentative Landing Operations Manual established the doctrine for the amphibious operations of World War
II. "Operational Maneuver from the Sea" is the current doctrine of power projection.


Main article: History of the United States Marine Corps


Continental Marines
land at New Providence during the Battle of Nassau , the first amphibious landing of the Marine Corps, during the revolution.

The United States Marine Corps
United States Marine Corps
traces its institutional roots to the Continental Marines
of the American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War
, formed by Captain Samuel Nicholas
Samuel Nicholas
by a resolution of the Second Continental Congress on 10 November 1775, to raise two battalions of Marines. That date is regarded and celebrated as the date of the Marine Corps' birthday . At the end of the American Revolution, both the Continental Navy and Continental Marines
were disbanded in April 1783. The institution itself would not be resurrected until 11 July 1798. At that time, in preparation for the Quasi-War with France , Congress created the United States Marine Corps. Marines
had been enlisted by the War
Department as early as August 1797 for service in the new-build frigates authorized by the Congressional "Act to provide a Naval Armament" of 18 March 1794, which specified the numbers of Marines
to recruit for each frigate. British and American troops garrisoned aboard Hornet and Penguin exchanging small arms musket fire with Tristan da Cuna in the background during the final engagement between British and American forces of the war .

The Marines' most famous action of this period occurred during the First Barbary War
First Barbary War
(1801–1805) against the Barbary pirates , when William Eaton and First Lieutenant
Presley O\'Bannon led eight Marines and 500 mercenaries in an effort to capture Tripoli
. Though they only reached Derna , the action at Tripoli
has been immortalized in the Marines\' hymn and the Mameluke Sword carried by Marine officers.

During the War of 1812
War of 1812
, Marine naval detachments took part in some of the great frigate duels that characterized the war, which were the first and last engagements of the conflict. Their most significant contribution, however, was holding the center of General Jackson 's defensive line at the Battle of New Orleans
Battle of New Orleans
, the final major battle and one of the most one-sided engagements of the war. With widespread news of the battle and the capture of HMS Cyane, HMS Levant and HMS Penguin , the final engagements between British and American forces, the Marines
had acquired a well-deserved reputation as expert marksmen , especially in defensive and ship-to-ship actions.

After the war, the Marine Corps fell into a malaise that ended with the appointment of Archibald Henderson
Archibald Henderson
as its fifth Commandant in 1820. Under his tenure, the Corps took on expeditionary duties in the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
, Key West , West Africa, the Falkland Islands , and Sumatra
. Commandant Henderson is credited with thwarting President Jackson's attempts to combine and integrate the Marine Corps with the Army. Instead, Congress passed the Act for the Better Organization of the Marine Corps in 1834, stipulating that the Corps was part of the Department of the Navy as a sister service to the Navy. This would be the first of many times that the existence of the Corps was challenged. U.S. Marines
storming Chapultepec castle under a large American flag, paving the way for the fall of Mexico City.

Commandant Henderson volunteered the Marines
for service in the Seminole Wars
Seminole Wars
of 1835, personally leading nearly half of the entire Corps (two battalions) to war. A decade later, in the Mexican–American War
Mexican–American War
(1846–1848), the Marines
made their famed assault on Chapultepec Palace in Mexico City, which would be later celebrated as the "Halls of Montezuma" in the Marines' hymn. In the 1850s, the Marines
would see further service in Panama and Asia, escorting Matthew Perry\'s East India Squadron on its historic trip to the Far East.

* Enlisted:

* A * MC * N * AF * CG

* Warrant officers

* Officer:

* A * MC * N * AF * CG * PHS * NOAA


* Oath:

* Enlistment * Office

* Creeds border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* A

* MC:

* vehicles * weapons * other

* N * AF * CG


* Individual weapons * Crew-served weapons * Vehicles (active )


* All watercraft

* Ships:

* A * N (active ) * AF * CG * MSC * NOAA

* Weapons:

* N * CG

* Aircraft:

* N * CG * NOAA

* Reactors


* Aircraft

* World War I
World War I
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Legend A = Army MC = Marine Corps N = Navy AF = Air Force CG = Coast Guard PHS = Public Health Service NOAA = National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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U.S. Marine Corps
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United States Navy
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* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 153063409 * LCCN : n78095328 * ISNI : 0000 0004 0405 1577 * GND : 1029267-6 * SUDOC : 08019544X * BNF : cb119366070 (data) * MusicBrainz
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