A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme. The central government may create (or abolish) administrative divisions (sub-national units). Such units exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to regional or local governments by statute, the central government may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail (or expand) their powers. A large majority of the world's states (166 of the 193 UN member states) have a unitary system of government. Unitary states stand in contrast with federations, also known as federal states. In federations, the provincial governments share powers with the central government as equal actors through a written constitution, to which the consent of both is required to make amendments. This means that the sub-national units have a right of existence and powers that cannot be unilaterally changed by the central government. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland is an example of a unitary state. Scotland, Wales
Wales and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland have a degree of autonomous devolved power, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution (England does not have any devolved power). Similarly in the Kingdom of Spain, the devolved powers are delegated through the central government. Many unitary states have no areas possessing a degree of autonomy. In such countries, sub-national regions cannot decide their own laws. Examples are Romania, the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland and the Kingdom of Norway.
The pathway of regional integration or separation
Territorial organization of some European countries. Among European
Union states, Austria,
Separation Associated state Dominion Chiefdom
Federalism Federation Confederation Devolution
Integration Empire Hegemony Unitary state
Democracy(power of many) Direct Representative Liberal Social Demarchy Others
Oligarchy(power of few) Anocracy Aristocracy Corporatocracy Plutocracy Kleptocracy Kakistocracy Kraterocracy Stratocracy Synarchy Timocracy Meritocracy Technocracy Geniocracy Gerontocracy Noocracy Kritarchy Particracy Ergatocracy Netocracy Capitalist state Socialist state Theocracy
Autocracy(power of one) Despotism Dictatorship Military dictatorship Tyranny
Anarchism(power of none) Anarchy Free association Stateless
Monarchy vs. republic(socio-political ideologies) Absolute Legalist Constitutional Parliamentary Directorial Semi-presidential Presidential
Authoritarian vs. libertarian(socio-economic ideologies) Tribalism Despotism Feudalism Colonialism Distributism Anarchism Socialism Communism Totalitarianism
Global vs. local(geo-cultural ideologies) Commune City-state National government Intergovernmental organisation World government
Politics portalvte Contents
1 List of unitary republics and unitary kingdoms
1.1 Unitary republics 1.2 Unitary monarchies
2 See also 3 References 4 External links
List of unitary republics and unitary kingdoms Italics: States with limited recognition from other sovereign states or intergovernmental organizations.
Central African Republic
People's Republic of
Andorra Antigua and Barbuda Bahrain The Bahamas Barbados Belize Bhutan Brunei Cambodia Denmark Eswatini Grenada Gibraltar Jamaica Japan Jordan Kuwait Lesotho Liechtenstein Luxembourg Monaco Morocco Netherlands New Zealand Norway Oman Papua New Guinea Qatar Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saudi Arabia Solomon Islands Spain Sweden Thailand Tonga Tuvalu United Kingdom Vatican City
See also Centralized government Constitutional economics Political economy Regional state Rule according to higher law Unicameralism Unitary authority References
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^ "Democracy". www.un.org. 2015-11-20. Retrieved 2019-02-22.
^ Ghai, Yash; Regan, Anthony J. (September 2006). "Unitary state, devolution, autonomy, secession: State building and nation building in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea". The Round Table. 95 (386): 589–608. doi:10.1080/00358530600931178. ISSN 0035-8533.
^ "unitary system government". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
^ Roy Bin Wong.
^ "Story: Nation and government – From colony to nation". The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Manatū Taonga Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
^ "Social policy in the UK". An introduction to Social Policy. Robert Gordon University – Aberdeen Business School. Archived from the original on 4 July 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
External links Open University – The UK model of devolution Open University – Devolu