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A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme. The central government may create (or abolish) administrative divisions (sub-national units).[1] Such units exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to regional or local governments by statute, the central government may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail (or expand) their powers. A large majority of the world's states (165 of the 193 UN member states) have a unitary system of government.[2] Unitary states stand in contrast with federations, also known as federal states. In federations, the sub-national governments share powers with the central government as equal actors through a written constitution, to which the consent of both is required to make amendments. This means that the sub-national units have a right of existence and powers that cannot be unilaterally changed by the central government.[3] The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is an example of a unitary state. Scotland, Wales
Wales
and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
have a degree of autonomous devolved power, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution (England does not have any devolved power). Similarly in the Kingdom of Spain, the devolved powers are delegated through the central government.[4] Many unitary states have no areas possessing a degree of autonomy.[5] In such countries, sub-national regions cannot decide their own laws. Examples are Romania, the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
and the Kingdom of Norway.[6]

The pathway of regional integration or separation Territorial organization of some European countries. Among European Union states, Austria, Belgium
Belgium
and Germany
Germany
are federal states. Part of the Politics seriesBasic forms of government Power structure

Separation Associated state Dominion Chiefdom

Federalism Federation Confederation Devolution

Integration Empire Hegemony Unitary state

Administrative division

Power source

Democracy(power of many) Direct Representative Liberal Social Demarchy Others

Oligarchy(power of few) Anocracy Aristocracy Plutocracy Kleptocracy Kakistocracy Kraterocracy Stratocracy Synarchy Timocracy Meritocracy Technocracy Geniocracy Gerontocracy Noocracy Kritarchy Particracy Ergatocracy Netocracy Capitalist state Socialist state Theocracy

Autocracy(power of one) Despotism Dictatorship Military dictatorship Tyranny

Anarchism(power of none) Anarchy Free association Stateless

Power ideology

Monarchy vs. republic(socio-political ideologies) Absolute Legalist Constitutional Parliamentary Directorial Semi-presidential Presidential

Authoritarian vs. libertarian(socio-economic ideologies) Tribalism Despotism Feudalism Colonialism Distributism Anarchism Socialism Communism Totalitarianism

Global vs. local(geo-cultural ideologies) Commune City-state National government Intergovernmental organisation World government

Politics portalvte Contents

1 List of unitary republics and unitary kingdom

1.1 Unitary republics 1.2 Unitary monarchies

2 See also 3 References 4 External links

List of unitary republics and unitary kingdom[edit] Italics: States with limited recognition from other sovereign states or intergovernmental organizations.

Unitary republics[edit]

 Afghanistan  Albania  Algeria  Angola  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Bangladesh  Belarus  Benin  Bolivia  Botswana  Bulgaria  Burkina Faso  Burundi  Cameroon  Central African Republic  Chad  Chile  People's Republic of China
China
[7]  Republic of China
China
(Taiwan)  Colombia  Democratic Republic of the Congo  Republic of the Congo  Costa Rica  Croatia  Cuba  Cyprus  Czech Republic  Djibouti  Commonwealth of Dominica  Dominican Republic  East Timor  Ecuador  Egypt  El Salvador  Equatorial Guinea  Eritrea  Estonia  Fiji  Finland  France  Gabon  The Gambia  Georgia  Ghana  Greece  Guatemala  Guinea  Guinea-Bissau  Guyana  Haiti  Honduras  Hungary  Iceland   Indonesia
Indonesia
(federation 1949–1950)  Iran  Ireland  Israel  Italy  Ivory Coast  Kazakhstan  Kenya  Kiribati  North Korea   South Korea
South Korea
(federation before 1960)  Kosovo  Kyrgyzstan  Laos  Latvia  Lebanon  Liberia  Libya  Lithuania  Luhansk People's Republic  North Macedonia  Madagascar  Malawi  Maldives  Mali  Malta  Marshall Islands  Mauritania  Mauritius  Moldova  Mongolia  Montenegro  Mozambique  Myanmar  Namibia  Nauru  Nicaragua  Niger  Northern Cyprus  Palau  Palestine  Panama  Paraguay  Peru  Philippines  Poland  Portugal  Romania  Rwanda  Samoa  San Marino  São Tomé and Príncipe  Senegal  Serbia  Seychelles  Sierra Leone  Singapore  Slovakia  Slovenia  Somaliland  South Africa  Sri Lanka  Suriname  Syria  Tajikistan  Tanzania  Togo  Transnistria  Trinidad and Tobago  Tunisia  Turkey  Turkmenistan  Uganda  Ukraine  Uruguay  Uzbekistan  Vanuatu  Vietnam  Yemen  Zambia  Zimbabwe

Unitary monarchies[edit]

 Andorra  Antigua and Barbuda  Bahrain  The Bahamas  Barbados  Belize  Bhutan  Brunei  Cambodia  Denmark  Eswatini  Grenada  Gibraltar  Jamaica  Japan  Jordan  Kuwait  Lesotho  Liechtenstein  Luxembourg  Monaco  Morocco  Netherlands  New Zealand[8]  Norway  Oman  Papua New Guinea  Qatar  Saint Lucia  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  Saudi Arabia  Solomon Islands  Spain  Sweden  Thailand  Tonga  Tuvalu  United Kingdom[9]   Vatican City

See also[edit] Centralized government Constitutional economics Political economy Regional state Rule according to higher law Unicameralism Unitary authority References[edit]

^ "What is a Unitary State?". WorldAtlas. Retrieved 2019-02-22..mw-parser-output cite.citation font-style:inherit .mw-parser-output .citation q quotes:"""""""'""'" .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration color:#555 .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output code.cs1-code color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error display:none;font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format font-size:95% .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left padding-left:0.2em .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right padding-right:0.2em

^ "Democracy". www.un.org. 2015-11-20. Retrieved 2019-02-22.

^ Ghai, Yash; Regan, Anthony J. (September 2006). "Unitary state, devolution, autonomy, secession: State building and nation building in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea". The Round Table. 95 (386): 589–608. doi:10.1080/00358530600931178. ISSN 0035-8533.

^ Devolution
Devolution
within a unitary state, like federalism may be symmetrical, with all sub-national units having the same powers and status, or asymmetric, with sub-national units varying in their powers and status.

^ "unitary system government". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-08-11.

^ Svalbard
Svalbard
has even less autonomy than the mainland. It is directly controlled by the government and has no local rule.

^ Roy Bin Wong. China
China
Transformed: Historical Change and the Limits of European Experience. Cornell University Press.

^ "Story: Nation and government – From colony to nation". The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Manatū Taonga Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014.

^ "Social policy in the UK". An introduction to Social Policy. Robert Gordon University – Aberdeen Business School. Archived from the original on 4 July 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.

External links[edit] Open University – The UK model of devolution Open University – Devolu

.