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The Union of European Federalists
Union of European Federalists
(UEF) is a European non-governmental organisation, campaigning for a Federal Europe. It consists of 20 constituent organisations and it has been active at the European, national and local levels since 1946.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Presidents 1.2 Secretaries General

2 Organization

2.1 Congress 2.2 Federal Committee 2.3 Bureau 2.4 Conference of Representatives 2.5 President 2.6 Treasurer 2.7 Secretary-General 2.8 Arbitration Board

3 Member organisations 4 Mission 5 See also 6 Further reading 7 External links

History[edit] The foundation of the UEF goes back to the meeting of 78 representatives of federalist movements from 16 European countries
European countries
in September 1946 in Hertenstein, near Zürich
Zürich
in Switzerland. These groups held the common belief that only a European Federation
European Federation
based on the idea of unity in diversity could prevent a repetition of the suffering and destruction of the two world wars, so they adopted a declaration-programme which was based on this idea. Federalists believed that only a common effort of European citizens working towards this goal could create a peaceful and democratic Europe guaranteeing freedom and the protection of human rights. At a second meeting in Luxembourg
Luxembourg
these groups agreed on establishing a permanent European secretariat in Paris and another one in New York City for global federalists. But it was in Paris, on 15 and 16 December 1946 that UEF was officially brought into life, its function being to co-ordinate and intensify the activities of the different movements and to organise them into a federal structure. After getting a legal status UEF campaigned for the European Federal Pact. It consisted of an attempt to transform the Advisory Assembly of the Council of Europe
Council of Europe
into the Constituent Assembly of the European Federation. The fundamental tool was a petition, signed by thousands of citizens across Europe and a large number of eminent people in political, intellectual and scientific life, which asked the Advisory Assembly to draw up a text for a federal pact, and recommend its ratification to the member states of the Council of Europe. UEF also campaigned for the ratification of the European Defence Community
European Defence Community
and for the establishment of a political community. After rejection of the EDC project the federalists became increasingly divided as to the strategy to be followed by the U.E.F. between those who, following Altiero Spinelli
Altiero Spinelli
(1907–1986), favoured the constitutional approach, and those who preferred a step-by-step approach. The former could not be satisfied with a mere common market; the latter fully supported it. This conflict led to a split of the UEF in July 1956 and its division into two organisations: the "Mouvement Fédéraliste Européen" (M.F.E.), formed from militants of the former constitutional persuasion, and the "Action Européenne Fédéraliste" (A.E.F.) bringing together those of the latter. But once the customs union had been established, bringing with it the prospect of developing into an economic and monetary union, the two federalist organisations came to agree on the desirability of coming together to relaunch their political activities, built around the campaign for direct elections to the European Parliament. This strategic idea, propounded by the Italian federalists, quickly became the joint platform of all the federalist organisations that met in April 1973, thus recreating UEF. The next most important activities of UEF were a lot of public demonstrations attracting thousands of participants. For example, the demonstration in conjunction with the European Council
European Council
in Rome in December 1975, where it was decided that the European election would be held even without the participation of the United Kingdom and Denmark
Denmark
(although in the end, they did take part), a demonstration with 5,000 participants in Strasbourg on 17 July 1979 in front of the seat of the European Parliament, to coincide with its first session after its election in June the demonstration coinciding with the European Council
European Council
in Fontainebleau
Fontainebleau
on 25 June 1984 and the spectacular demonstration in Milan
Milan
– its 100,000 participants make it the biggest popular demonstration in the history of the federalist struggle – in conjunction with the European Council
European Council
of 28 and 29 June 1985, where the majority decided to call an Intergovernmental Conference to review to Community treaties. The fall of the Berlin Wall, the end of the cold war, German reunification and the ratification of the Maastricht Treaty
Maastricht Treaty
led to the UEF campaign for European Democracy which included the desire to eliminate border controls between the countries of the European Union, parallelism between widening and deepening, strengthening of the roles of the European Parliament
European Parliament
and the European Commission, extension of majority voting and the removal of governmental monopoly over the constituent function. The most important part of the history of UEF in the last decade[year needed] was the Campaign for the Federal European Constitution in Nice in which 10,000 people, including hundreds of local administrators, participated. Presidents[edit]

Presidents of the Executive Board

Hendrik Brugmans 1947–1949 Henry Frenay
Henry Frenay
1950–1952 Altiero Spinelli
Altiero Spinelli
1955–1956 Grégoire Gafenco 1956 Alexandre Marc 1957 Raymond Rifflet 1959–1964 Mario Albertini 1966

Presidents (until 1966 of the "Presidents of the Central Committee")

Henri Genet 1947 Henry Frenay
Henry Frenay
1948–1949 Hendrik Brugmans 1950 Eugen Kogon
Eugen Kogon
1950–1952 Henry Frenay
Henry Frenay
1955 Grégoire Gafenco 1956 Enzo Giacchero 1957 Enzo Giacchero 1959–1962 Etienne Hirsch 1964–1972 Etienne Hirsch – J.H.C Molenaar 1972 Mario Albertini 1975–1982 John Pinder 1984–1987 Francesco Rossolillo 1989–1994 Jo Leinen
Jo Leinen
1997–2004 Mercedes Bresso
Mercedes Bresso
2006–2008 Andrew Duff
Andrew Duff
2008-2013 Elmar Brok
Elmar Brok
since 2013

Secretaries General[edit]

Raymond Silva 1947–1948 Albert Lohest 1949–1950 Guglielmo Usellini 1950–1957 André Delmas 1959–1962 Orio Giarini 1962–1967 Ludo Dierickx 1969 Caterina Chizzola 1972–1989 Gérard Vissels 1992–1994 Bruno Boissière 1997–2004 Friedhelm Frischenschlager
Friedhelm Frischenschlager
2005–2006 Joan Marc Simon 2007–2010 Christian Wenning 2010-2014 Paolo Vacca since 2014

Organization[edit] UEF consists of constituent organisations that are autonomous centres of UEF activities, reaching the EU citizens and spreading the UEF message to them by organising various activities in their countries. Constituent organisations are free to take up any activities within the general political framework of UEF at the European level. Congress[edit] The Congress is the 'general assembly' of UEF. It meets every two years; it consists of delegates of the UEF constituent organisations. It determines the policy of UEF, elects the UEF president, modifies provisions of the Statutes and elects half of the Federal Committee members. Federal Committee[edit] The FC consists of members of whom 50% are elected directly by the UEF Congress and 50% by the constituent organisations. The members are elected to serve until the next UEF Congress. The FC determines the UEF political direction and activities between the Congresses. It organises the Congress, approves the annual budget and final account balances, draws up the rules of procedure of UEF, and elects the UEF Bureau and Treasurer. Bureau[edit] Elected by the Federal Committee for a period of two years, the Bureau carries out the decisions of and is accountable to the Federal Committee. Conference of Representatives[edit] It is convened upon the request of the UEF Bureau or at least two constituent organisations. The Conference gathers the representatives of the constituent organisations and of UEF supranational (namely, the President, Secretary-General and Treasurer). It presents its proposals to the Federal Committee and has an advisory and co-ordinating role. The Conference also determines the membership fee. President[edit] The UEF president is elected by the UEF Congress by absolute majority vote. He is also the President of the Federal Committee and of the UEF Bureau. Currently the UEF president is Elmar Brok, member of European Parliament. Treasurer[edit] Elected by the Federal Committee on the nomination of the Bureau, They are responsible for the management of the funds. They are accountable to the Federal Committee. The current UEF Treasurer is Kolja Bienerts. Secretary-General[edit] The UEF Secretary-General is responsible for running the UEF secretariat and carrying out the decisions delegated to them by the organs of UEF. They participate in the meetings of the organs of UEF without the right to vote. They are appointed by the Federal Committee on recommendation of the Bureau. Currently the UEF Secretary-General is Paolo Vacca. Arbitration Board[edit] Consists of seven members elected by the Congress. It ensures the application of the Statutes and serves as an arbiter in case of disputes within the organisation. Member organisations[edit]

States with member organisations of the Union of European Federalists in 2017

Europäische Föderalistische Bewegung Österreich(UEF Austria) U.E.F. België / U.E.F. Belgique U.E.F. Balgarija(UEF Bulgaria) Unie evropských federalistů v České republice (U.E.F. Czech Republic) European Federalist Movement of Cyprus (UEF Cyprus) Europa-Union Deutschland
Europa-Union Deutschland
(UEF Germany) Eurooppafederalistit (U.E.F. Finland) European Federalist Movement Greece (UEF Greece) Union des fédéralistes européens (U.E.F. France) Európai Föderalisták Uniója (UEF Hungary) Movimento Federalista Europeo (UEF Italy) Europos federalistai Lietuvoje (UEF Lithuania) UEF Luxembourg UEF Crna Gora (UEF Montenegro) UEF Portugal(UEF Portugal) UEF Romania Únia európskych federalistov (UEF Slovakia) Unión de Europeístas y Federalistas de España (UEF Spain) Unija evropskih federalista (UEF Serbia) Europafederalisterna (UEF Sweden) Nouveau Mouvement Europeen - Schweiz / Suisse (UEF Switzerland) Federal Union
Federal Union
(UEF United Kingdom) UEF Europe Groupe

Mission[edit] The mission of the UEF is the following:

To raise the awareness of the public about European issues, the UEF is organising public debates, seminars, info stands, campaign and street actions on key European issues and developments. To exercise pressure on the like-minded politicians by lobbying actions, establishing Platforms (aiming to spread the understanding of federalism) and initiating debates in the European and national parliaments. To spread the ideas through a strong communication via press releases, the UEF website and newsletter and other policy statements to the widest European public and actors. To cooperate with others non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and especially of the European Civil Society like the Young European Federalists (JEF) and the European Movement
European Movement
and finally to put pressure on politicians by organising public manifestations.

See also[edit]

Jeunes Européens Fédéralistes Federal Europe The Spinelli Group European Movement Non-Conformist Movement Federalist flag Centre for Studies on Federalism World Federalist Movement

Further reading[edit]

Sergio Pistone (2008) (in German), The Union of European Federalists, Milan: Giuffrè Editore, ISBN 88-14-14251-3 

External links[edit]

Official website UEF Belgique Archives of the Union of European Federalists
Union of European Federalists
at the Historical Archives of EU in Florence Movimento Federalista Europeo Europa-Union Deutschland The Federalist Debate The Federalist·Le Fédéraliste·Il Federalista

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 130431307 BNF:

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