Umbundu
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Umbundu, or South Mbundu (autonym umb, úmbúndú), one of many
Bantu languages The Bantu languages (English: , Proto-Bantu: *bantʊ̀) are a large family of languages In human society, family (from la, familia) is a group of people related either by consanguinity (by recognized birth) or affinity (by marriage or o ...
, is the most widely-spoken autochthonous language of Angola. Its speakers are known as ''
Ovimbundu The Ovimbundu, also known as the Southern Mbundu, are a Bantu peoples, Bantu ethnic group who live on the Bié Plateau of central Angola and in the coastal strip west of these highlands. As the largest ethnic group in Angola, they make up almos ...
'' and are an ethnic group constituting a third of Angola's population. Their homeland is the Central Highlands of Angola and the coastal region west of these highlands, including the cities of Benguela and Lobito. Because of recent internal migration, there are now also large communities in the capital Luanda and its Luanda Province, surrounding province, as well as in Lubango.


Phonology


Consonants


Vowels


Tone

Umbundu has two tone (linguistics), tones: low and high. The first acute accent (á) in a word represents a high tone. The low tone is represented by a grave accent (à). Unmarked syllables carry the same tone as the preceding syllable.


Vocabulary

*Welcome – ('The guest has come') *Hello – (sg); (pl) *How are you? – (sg); (pl) *I'm fine thanks, and you? – ('I'm fine'); ('We're fine') *What's your name? – (frm); (inf) *My name is... – *Where are you from? – ('Where is your country?') *I'm from... – ('My country is...') *Good morning – *Good afternoon – *Good evening – *Good night – ('Sleep well') *Goodbye – ('I went') *Do you speak English? – *Do you speak Umbundu? – *Sorry – (sg); (pl) *Please – ('Give me pity') *Thank you – (sg); (pl) *Reply –


Sample text

Translation: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)


References


Further reading

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External links


Educação
– Umbundu lessons at Nação Ovimbundu

– alphabet at omniglot.com
Dictionary Umbundu – Medical
Hospital Nossa Senhora da Paz, Cubal, Angola. Southern Mbundu, Bantu languages Languages of Angola Languages of Namibia {{Bantu-lang-stub