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Umberto II (Italian: Umberto Nicola Tommaso Giovanni Maria di Savoia; 15 September 1904 – 18 March 1983), was the last King
King
of Italy. He reigned for 34 days,[1] from 9 May 1946 to 12 June 1946, although he had been de facto head of state since 1944, and was nicknamed the May King
King
(Italian: Re di Maggio). Umberto was the only son of the five children of King
King
Victor Emmanuel III and Queen Elena. In an effort to repair the monarchy's image after the fall of Benito Mussolini's regime, Victor Emmanuel transferred his powers to Umberto in 1944 while retaining the title of king. As a referendum was in preparation on the abolition of the monarchy in 1946, Victor Emmanuel abdicated his throne in favour of Umberto in the hope his exit might bolster the monarchy. However, the referendum passed, Italy was declared a republic, and Umberto lived out the rest of his life in exile in Cascais, on the Portuguese Riviera.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Marriage and issue 3 Career as Prince of Piedmont

3.1 State visit to South America, 1924 3.2 Military positions and attempted assassination 3.3 Visit to Italian Somaliland 3.4 During the Second World War 3.5 Regency

4 King
King
of Italy 5 Private life 6 In exile 7 Titles, styles and honours

7.1 Titles and styles 7.2 Honours

7.2.1 National honours 7.2.2 Foreign honours

8 Ancestry

8.1 Patrilineal ancestry

9 See also 10 References 11 Additional reading 12 External links

Early life[edit]

Photo of Umberto, Prince of Piedmont, prior to the First World War

Umberto was born at the Castle of Racconigi
Castle of Racconigi
in Piedmont. He was the third child, and the only son, of King
King
Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and his wife, Elena of Montenegro. As such, he became heir apparent upon his birth, since the Italian throne was limited to male-line descendants only. He was the first cousin of King
King
Alexander I of Yugoslavia. He was accorded the title of Prince of Piedmont, which was formalised by Royal Decree on 29 September.[2] Marriage and issue[edit] Umberto was married in Rome on 8 January 1930 to Marie José of Belgium
Belgium
(1906–2001), daughter of King
King
Albert I of Belgium
Albert I of Belgium
and his wife Queen Elisabeth, née Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria. They had four children:

Princess Maria Pia (born 1934) Prince Vittorio Emanuele (born 1937) Princess Maria Gabriella (born 1940) Princess Maria Beatrice (born 1943)

Career as Prince of Piedmont[edit] State visit to South America, 1924[edit]

Prince Umberto during his visit to Chile, in 1924

As Prince of Piedmont, Umberto visited South America, between July and September 1924. With his preceptor, Bonaldi, he went to Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina and Chile. This trip was part of the political plan of Fascism to link the Italian people living outside of Italy with their mother country and the interests of the regime.

The Prince and the Princess of Piedmont in 1930

Military positions and attempted assassination[edit] The Prince of Piedmont
Prince of Piedmont
was educated for a military career and in time became the commander in chief of the Northern Armies, and then of the Southern ones. However, his role was merely formal, the de facto command belonging to Benito Mussolini. By mutual agreement, Umberto and Mussolini always kept a distance. An attempted assassination of the prince took place in Brussels
Brussels
on 24 October 1929, the day of the announcement of his betrothal to Princess Marie José. The prince was about to lay a wreath on the Tomb of the Belgian Unknown Soldier at the foot of the Colonne du Congrès. With a cry of 'Down with Mussolini!', the culprit, Fernando de Rosa, fired a single shot that missed the Prince of Piedmont. De Rosa was arrested and, under interrogation, claimed to be a member of the Second International, who had fled Italy to avoid arrest for his political views. His trial became a major political event, and although he was found guilty of attempted murder, he was given a light sentence of five years in prison. This sentence caused a political uproar in Italy and a brief rift in Belgian-Italian relations. However, Prince Umberto himself in March 1932 took the step of asking for a pardon for his would-be assassin, who was released after having served slightly less than half of his sentence and was eventually killed in the Spanish Civil War. Following the Savoyards' tradition ("Only one Savoy reigns at a time"), he kept apart from active politics until he was finally named Lieutenant General of the Realm. He made an exception when Adolf Hitler asked for a meeting. This action was not considered proper, given the international situation; thereafter Umberto was more rigorously excluded from political events.

King
King
Umberto II of Italy
Umberto II of Italy
visiting Cairo

Visit to Italian Somaliland[edit] In 1928, after the colonial authorities in Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland
built the Mogadishu Cathedral
Mogadishu Cathedral
(Cattedrale di Mogadiscio), Umberto made his first publicized visit to Mogadishu, the territory's capital.[3][4] Umberto would make his second publicized visit to Italian Somaliland in October 1934.[3] During the Second World War[edit] At the beginning of World War II, Umberto commanded Army Group West, made up of the First, Fourth and the Seventh Army (kept in reserve), which attacked French forces during the Italian invasion of France. After the capitulation of France, Umberto was kept inactive as Army commander by Mussolini. Nevertheless, on 29 October 1942, he was awarded the rank of Marshal of Italy
Marshal of Italy
(Maresciallo d'Italia). In 1943, the Crown Princess Marie José involved herself in vain attempts to arrange a separate peace treaty between Italy and the United States, and her interlocutor from the Vatican was Monsignor Giovanni Battista Montini, a senior diplomat who later became Pope Paul VI.[citation needed] Her attempts were not sponsored by the king and Umberto was not (directly, at least) involved in them. After her failure – she never met the American agents – she was sent with her children to Sarre, in Aosta Valley, and isolated from the political life of the Royal House.[citation needed] Regency[edit] As the Allies freed more and more of Italy from the Salò regime, it became apparent that Victor Emmanuel was too tainted by his previous support of Fascism to have any further role. Accordingly, in April 1944, he transferred most of his powers to Umberto. This status was formalized after Rome was liberated in June, when Victor Emmanuel transferred his remaining constitutional powers to Umberto, naming his son Lieutenant General of the Realm. However, Victor Emmanuel retained the title of King. King
King
of Italy[edit] Umberto earned widespread praise for his role in the following three years. In hopes of influencing public opinion ahead of a referendum on the continuation of the monarchy, Victor Emmanuel formally abdicated in favour of Umberto on 9 May 1946. Many[who?] Italian monarchists expressed doubts about the legitimacy of the referendum, claiming that millions of voters, many of them pro-monarchist, were unable to vote because they had not yet been able to return to their own local areas to register.[citation needed] Nor had the issue of Italy's borders been settled definitively, so the voting rights of those in disputed areas had not been satisfactorily clarified. Other allegations were made about voter manipulation, and even the issue of how to interpret the votes became controversial, as it appeared that not just a majority of those validly voting but of those votes cast (including spoiled votes), was needed to reach an outcome in the event the monarchy lost by a tight margin. In the 2 June referendum, a decisive majority voted to make Italy a republic. The republic was formally proclaimed four days later, ending Umberto's brief 34-day reign as king. Many observers believe that had Victor Emmanuel abdicated sooner, the monarchy might have survived.[citation needed] Having promised to accept the election results, Umberto accepted deposition, urging his now former subjects to serve the new republic. The monarchy of the House of Savoy
House of Savoy
formally ended on 12 June 1946, and Umberto left the country. Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi
Alcide de Gasperi
assumed office as Italy's interim Head of State. Private life[edit] Umberto and Marie José separated in exile; it had been an arranged marriage of state, following a long tradition of royal families. However, they never divorced, partly for political reasons. Some academics[5] have explored Umberto's possible homosexuality. As early as the 1920s, Mussolini had collected a dossier on his private life for purposes of blackmail. Certainly during the war, newspapers asserted that Umberto was homosexual, and information continued to be spread in the lead-up to the post-war referendum on the monarchy in the hope of influencing the outcome. It is, however, unclear to what extent such rumours could be substantiated. Umberto's custom of giving a fleur-de-lis made of precious stones to favoured young officials in his entourage was well known, and Umberto's lovers may have included Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
and Jean Marais;[6] there was a former army lieutenant who published details of Umberto's advances to him.[7] Except for public appearances, Umberto and Maria José generally lived apart.[8] In exile[edit] Umberto II lived for 37 years in exile, in Cascais, Portugal. He never set foot in his native land again; the 1948 constitution of the Italian Republic not only forbade amending the constitution to restore the monarchy, but until 2002 barred all male heirs to the defunct Italian throne from ever returning to Italian soil. Female members of the Savoy family were not barred, except queens consort. He traveled extensively during exile, and was often to be seen in Mexico visiting his daughter Maria Beatrice. At the time when Umberto was dying, in 1983, President Sandro Pertini wanted the Italian Parliament to allow Umberto to return to his native country. Ultimately, however, Umberto died in Geneva
Geneva
and was interred in Hautecombe Abbey, for centuries the burial place of the members of the House of Savoy. No representative of the Italian government attended his funeral. Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Styles of King
King
Umberto II

Reference style His Majesty

Spoken style Your Majesty

Alternative style Sir

Titles and styles[edit]

15 September 1904 – 29 September 1904: His Royal Highness Prince Umberto of Savoy 29 September 1904 – 9 May 1946: His Royal Highness The Prince of Piedmont 9 May 1946 – 12 June 1946: His Majesty The King
King
of Italy 12 June 1946 – 18 March 1983: His Majesty King
King
Umberto II of Italy

At birth, Umberto was granted the traditional title of Prince of Piedmont. This was formalised by Royal Decree on 29 September 1904.[2] Honours[edit] National honours[edit]

House of Savoy: Sovereign Knight Grand Collar of the Royal Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation[9][10][9][11][12][13] House of Savoy: Sovereign Knight Grand Cordon of the Royal Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus[10][11][12][13][14] House of Savoy: Sovereign Knight Grand Cordon of the Royal Order of the Crown[10][11][12][13] House of Savoy: Sovereign Knight Grand Cordon of the Royal Military Order of Savoy[15] House of Savoy: Sovereign Knight Grand Cordon of the Royal Civil Order of Savoy House of Savoy: Sovereign Knight Grand Cordon of the Royal Order of the Star of Italy[12][13][16] House of Savoy: Sovereign Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of Merit for Labour House of Savoy: Sovereign Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the Roman Eagle

  Vatican: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre[17]

 Holy See: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Christ[18]

 Sovereign Military Order of Malta: Bailiff Knight Grand Cross of Justice of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Special Class[10][11][12][13][19][20]  Sovereign Military Order of Malta: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit Two Sicilian Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Royal Order of Saint Januarius[21] Two Sicilian Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of Justice of the Two Sicilian Royal Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George[21] Tuscan Grand Ducal Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Saint Stephen Tuscan Grand Ducal Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Saint Joseph

Foreign honours[edit]

 Belgium: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold I[12][22] Bulgarian Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius[23] Bulgarian Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Royal Order of Saint Alexander Knight of the Order of the Elephant German Imperial and Royal Family: Knight Grand Cordon with Collar of the Imperial and Royal Order of the Black Eagle

Hessian Grand Ducal Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Royal Order of the Golden Lion

Thailand : Knight of the Most Illustrious Order of the Royal House of Chakri Greek Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Redeemer[24] Greek Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Royal Order of Saints George and Constantine[24] Montenegrin Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Prince Danilo I, Special
Special
Class Portuguese Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Royal Order of the Tower and Sword[25]  Kingdom of Romania: Knight Grand Officer of the Order of Michael the Brave, 1st Class Romanian Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Royal Order of Carol I  Spain: Knight of the Spanish Royal Order of the Golden Fleece[24][26] Russian Imperial Family: Knight Grand Cordon with Collar of the Imperial Order of Saint Andrew[27]

Georgian Royal Family: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Eagle of Georgia

 Spain: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Charles III[24]  United Kingdom: Recipient of the Royal Victorian Chain[23] Yugoslavian Royal Family: Knight Grand Cordon of the Royal Order of the Star of Karađorđe[23]

Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Umberto II of Italy

16. Charles Albert of Sardinia

8. Victor Emmanuel II of Italy

17. Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria

4. Umberto I of Italy

18. Archduke Rainer Joseph of Austria

9. Archduchess Adelaide of Austria

19. Princess Elisabeth of Savoy

2. Victor Emmanuel III of Italy

20. Charles Albert of Sardinia
Charles Albert of Sardinia
(= 16)

10. Prince Ferdinand, Duke of Genoa

21. Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria (= 17)

5. Princess Margherita of Savoy

22. John of Saxony

11. Princess Elisabeth of Saxony

23. Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria

1. Umberto II of Italy

24. Serdar Sava Petrović-Njegoš

12. Mirko Petrović-Njegoš, Veliki Vojvoda of Grahovo

25. Angelika Radamović

6. Nicholas I of Montenegro

26. Serdar Drago Martinović

13. Anastasija Martinović

27. Anastasia Ludović

3. Princess Elena of Montenegro

28. Serdar Petar Perkov Vukotić

14. Vojvoda Petar Vukotić

29. Stania Milić

7. Milena Vukotić

30. Tadija Voivodić

15. Jelena Voivodić

31. Milica Pavićević

Patrilineal ancestry[edit]

Humbert I of Savoy, 980–1047 Otto of Savoy, 1015–1057 Amadeus II of Savoy, 1039–1080 Humbert II of Savoy, 1070–1103 Amadeus III of Savoy, 1095–1148 Humbert III of Savoy, 1135–1189 Thomas I of Savoy, 1176–1233 Thomas II, Count of Piedmont, 1199–1259 Amadeus V, Count of Savoy, 1251–1323 Aimone, Count of Savoy, 1291–1343 Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy, 1334–1383 Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy, 1360–1391 Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy, 1383–1451 Louis, Duke of Savoy, 1402–1465 Philip II, Duke of Savoy, 1438–1497 Charles III, Duke of Savoy, 1486–1553 Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, 1528–1580 Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, 1562–1630 Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano, 1596–1656 Emmanuel Philibert, Prince of Carignano, 1628–1709 Victor Amadeus I, Prince of Carignano, 1690–1741 Louis Victor, Prince of Carignano, 1721–1778 Victor Amadeus II, Prince of Carignano, 1743–1780 Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Carignano, 1770–1800 Charles Albert of Sardinia, 1798–1849 Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, 1820–1878 Umberto I of Italy, 1844–1900 Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, 1869–1947 Umberto II of Italy, 1904–1983[28]

See also[edit]

Benito Mussolini Italian constitutional referendum, 1946 List of shortest reigning monarchs of all time

References[edit]

^ Ian Locke (1999). Magnificent Monarchs. MacMillan. p. 16. ISBN 978-0330-374965. Fact Attack series  ^ a b [1][dead link] ^ a b R. J. B. Bosworth. Mussolini's Italy: Life Under the Fascist Dictatorship, 1915-1945. p. 48. Retrieved 2014-04-06.  ^ Peter Bridges. Safirka: An American Envoy. p. 71. Retrieved 2014-04-06.  ^ Giovanni Dall'Orto in Aldrich, Robert; Wotherspoon, Garry Who's Who in Contemporary Gay and Lesbian History: From World War II to the Present Day, Routledge, London 2001, p452 ^ A. Petacco, Regina: La vita e i segreti di Maria Jose, Milan, 1997 ^ Enrico Montanari, La lotta di liberazione, cited in: Silvio Rossi, Il vizio segreto di Umberto di Savoia, Extra, I 1971 n. 4 (25 March), pp. 1–4. ^ S. Bertoldi, L'ultimo re, l'ultima regina, Milan, 1992 ^ a b "Photographic image" (JPG). 2.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ a b c d " King
King
Umberto wearing 4 Italian Orders" (JPG). S-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ a b c d " King
King
Umberto as heir wearing 4 Italian Orders". Media.gettyimages.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ a b c d e f " King
King
Umberto wearing 5 Italian and 1 Belgian Order(s)". 2.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ a b c d e " King
King
Umberto wearing 5 Italian orders" (JPG). C7.alamy.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). 2.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). S-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). C7.alamy.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). Farm8.staticflickr.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). S-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). 1.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). Farm8.staticflickr.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ a b "The Constantinian Order's Relationship with the Savoy Dynasty of Italy - Sacred Military Constantinian Order of St. George". Constantinian.org.uk. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). C7.alamy.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ a b c " King
King
Umberto wearing Bulgarian, Yugoslavian and British Orders" (JPG). S-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ a b c d " King
King
Umberto wearing Greek and Spanish Orders" (JPG). 40.media.tumblr.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). 1.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). S-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). I022.radikal.ru. Retrieved 13 December 2017.  ^ "Umberto I Biancamano, conte di Savoia". Geneall.net. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 

Additional reading[edit]

Smith, Denis Mack (1 March 1992). Italy and Its Monarchy. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0300051322.  Katz, Robert (31 August 1972). The Fall of the House of Savoy
House of Savoy
(1st ed.). George Allen & Unwin Ltd. ISBN 978-0049450110. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Umberto II of Italy.

Genealogy of recent members of the House of Savoy a portrait of his Website with Information on Italian Royal news stories

Umberto II of Italy House of Savoy Born: 15 September 1904 Died: 19 March 1983

Regnal titles

Preceded by Vittorio Emanuele III King
King
of Italy 9 May 1946 – 12 June 1946 Monarchy abolished Alcide da Gasperi as interim head of state

Titles in pretence

Monarchy abolished — TITULAR — King
King
of Italy 12 June 1946 – 18 March 1983 Reason for succession failure: monarchy abolished Succeeded by Vittorio Emanuele

v t e

Kings of Italy between 1861 and 1946

Victor Emmanuel II (1861–1878) Umberto I (1878–1900) Victor Emmanuel III (1900–1946) Umberto II (1946)

v t e

Pretenders to the Italian throne since 1946

1946–1983

King
King
Umberto II

1983–present

Amedeo, Duke of Aosta Victor Emmanuel, Prince of Piedmont

Current heir

Prince Aimone, Duke of Apulia Emanuele Filiberto, Prince of Venice and Piedmont

See also House of Savoy

v t e

List of Italian First Marshals and Marshals of Italy

First Marshal of the Empire (Primo Maresciallo dell'Impero)

King
King
Victor Emmanuel III Benito Mussolini

Marshals (Maresciallo d'Italia)

Regio Esercito  

Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta Pietro Badoglio Enrico Caviglia Gaetano Giardino Guglielmo Pecori Giraldi Emilio De Bono Rodolfo Graziani Ugo Cavallero Ettore Bastico Umberto, Prince of Piedmont Giovanni Messe

Grand Admiral (Grande Ammiraglio)

Regia Marina  

Paolo Thaon di Revel

Marshal of the Air Force (Maresciallo dell'Aria)

Regia Aeronautica  

Italo Balbo

v t e

Princes of Piedmont

Charles (1456–1471) Emmanuel Philibert (1536–1553) Charles Emmanuel I (1562–1580) Philip Emmanuel (1586–1605) Victor Amadeus I (1587–1630) Francis Hyacinth (1632–1637) Victor Amadeus II (1666–1675) Victor Amadeus (1699–1715) Charles Emmanuel III (1715–1730) Charles Emmanuel IV (1751–1796) Umberto I (1844–1878) Victor Emmanuel III (1878–1900) Umberto II (1904–1947)

Held in pretense:

Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples
Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples
(*1937) Umberto of Savoy-Aosta (*2009)

*denotes titular Prince      †dispute over succession

v t e

Princes of Savoy

1st Generation

None

2nd Generation

Prince Anthony Prince Anthony Louis, Duke of Savoy Amadeus, Prince of Piemont Philip, Prince of Achaea

3rd Generation

Amadeus, Duke of Savoy Louis, Count of Geneva Prince Giovanni Philip, Duke of Savoy Giano, Count of Faucigny and Geneva Pietro, Bishop of Geneva Prince Aimone Prince Giacomo Giovanni Ludovico, Bishop of Geneva Jacques, Count of Romont

4th Generation

Prince Luigi Carlo, Prince of Piedmont Philibert, Duke of Savoy Prince Bernardo Charles, Duke of Savoy James Louis, Count of Genevois Prince Gian Claudio Galeazzo Prince Girolamo Philibert, Duke of Savoy Charles, Duke of Savoy Prince Louis Philippe, Duke of Nemours Prince Assolone Prince Giovanni Amedeo Prince Emanuele Filiberto Adriano Prince Louis Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy

5th Generation

Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy Jacques, Duke of Nemours

6th Generation

Filippo Emanuele, Prince of Piedmont Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy Charles Emmanuel, Duke of Nemours Henri, Prince de Genevois Prince Louis Prince François Paul Henri, Duke of Nemours Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano Maurice, Cardinal of Savoy Prince Emmanuel Filibert

7th Generation

Prince Louis Amadeus Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy Emmanuel Philibert, Prince of Carignano Joseph Emmanuel, Count of Soissons Eugene Maurice, Count of Soissons

8th Generation

Victor Amadeus II, King
King
of Sardinia Victor Amadeus, Prince of Carignano Louis Thomas, Count of Soissons Emanuel Philibert, Count of Dreux Prince Philippe Prince Eugene Prince Louis Jules

9th Generation

Victor Amadeus, Prince of Piedmont Charles Emmanuel III, King
King
of Sardinia Emanuele Philibert, Duke of Chablais Louis Victor, Prince of Carignano Eugenio, Count of Villafranca Prince Tommaso Emmanuel Thomas, Count of Soissons

10th Generation

Victor Amadeus, Duke of Aosta Victor Amadeus III, King
King
of Sardinia Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta Carlo, Duke of Chablais Carlo, Duke of Aosta Benedetto, Duke of Chablais Victor Amadeus II, Prince of Carignano Prince Tommaso Eugene Jean, Count of Soissons Giuseppe Maria, Count of Villafranca

11th Generation

Charles Emmanuel IV, King
King
of Sardinia Amedeus Alexander, Duke of Montferrat Victor Emmanuel I, King
King
of Sardinia Maurizio, Duke of Montferrat Charles Felix, King
King
of Sardinia Giuseppe, Count of Asti Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Carignano Eugenio, Duke of Carignano

12th Generation

Charles Albert, King
King
of Sardinia

13th Generation

King
King
Victor Emmanuel II of Italy Ferdinand, Duke of Genoa

14th Generation

King
King
Umberto I of Italy King
King
Amadeo I of Spain Oddone, Duke of Montferrat Tommaso, Duke of Genoa**

15th Generation

King
King
Victor Emmanuel III of Italy Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta*** Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Turin*** Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi*** Umberto, Count of Salemi*** Ferdinando, Duke of Genoa** Filiberto, Duke of Genoa** Adalberto, Duke of Bergamo** Eugenio, Duke of Genoa**

16th Generation

King
King
Umberto II of Italy Amedeo, Duke of Aosta*** Aimone, Duke of Aosta***

17th Generation

Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples Amedeo, Duke of Aosta***

18th Generation

Emanuele Filiberto, Prince of Venice and Piedmont Aimone, Duke of Apulia***

19th generation

Prince Umberto of Savoy-Aosta, Prince of Piedmont*** Prince Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi***

* member of a cadet branch of the House of Savoy ** Prince of Savoy-Genoa *** Prince of Savoy-Aosta

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 41859462 LCCN: n79038457 ISNI: 0000 0001 1025 5101 GND: 119442922 SUDOC: 059071540 BNF:

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