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The Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party (UUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.[5] Having gathered support in Northern Ireland during the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, the party governed Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
between 1921 and 1972. It was supported by most unionist voters throughout the conflict known as the Troubles, during which time it was often referred to as the Official Unionist Party (OUP).[6][7] Between 1905 and 1972 its MPs took the Conservative whip at Westminster. It is currently the fourth-largest party in Northern Ireland, having been overtaken in 2003 by the DUP and Sinn Féin, and in 2017 by the SDLP. At the 2015 general election, the party won two seats in the House of Commons, Fermanagh and South Tyrone and South Antrim. At the 2017 snap election, the party lost these two seats, and made no gains. In 2016, the UUP, the SDLP and the Alliance Party decided not to accept the seats on the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Executive to which they would have been entitled and to form an official opposition to the executive. This marked the first time since 1921 that a devolved government in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
did not include the UUP. The party was led by Mike Nesbitt, but on 3 March 2017 he announced his resignation following the party's poor performance at that year's assembly election.[8]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1880s to 1921 1.2 The Stormont era: Part of the Conservative Party

1.2.1 1920–1963 1.2.2 1963–72

1.3 1972–1995 1.4 Trimble leadership 1.5 Empey leadership 1.6 Since 2011

2 Leaders 3 Structure

3.1 Youth wing

4 Representatives

4.1 Parliament of the United Kingdom 4.2 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly 4.3 European Parliament

5 Party leadership

5.1 Party spokesmen 5.2 Party officers

6 Electoral performance

6.1 Westminster 6.2 Stormont 6.3 Local government 6.4 European Parliament

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] 1880s to 1921[edit] See also: Irish Unionist Alliance The Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party traces its formal existence back to the foundation of the Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Council in 1905. Before that, however, there had been a less formally organised Irish Unionist Alliance (IUA) since the late 19th century, usually dominated by unionists from Ulster. Modern organised unionism properly emerged after William Ewart Gladstone's introduction in 1886 of the first of three Home Rule Bills in response to demands by the Irish Parliamentary Party. The IUA was an alliance of Irish Conservatives and Liberal Unionists, the latter having split from the Liberal Party over the issue of home rule. It was the merger of these two parties in 1912 that gave rise to the current name of the Conservative and Unionist Party, to which the UUP was formally linked (to varying degrees) until 1985. From the beginning, the party had a strong association with the Orange Order, a Protestant
Protestant
fraternal organisation. The original composition of the Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Council was 25% Orange delegates,[9] however this was reduced through the years. Although most unionist support was based in the geographic area that became Northern Ireland, there were at one time unionist enclaves throughout southern Ireland. Unionists in County Cork
County Cork
and Dublin
Dublin
were particularly influential. The initial leadership of the Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party all came from outside what would later become Northern Ireland; men such as Colonel Saunderson, Viscount (later the Earl of) Midleton and the Dubliner Edward Carson, all members of the Irish Unionist Alliance. However, after the Irish Convention failed to reach an understanding on home rule and with the partition of Ireland under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, Irish unionism in effect split. Many southern unionist politicians quickly became reconciled with the new Irish Free State, sitting in its Seanad or joining its political parties. The existence of a separate Ulster Unionist Party became entrenched as the party took control of the new government of Northern Ireland.

Carson inspecting the UVF, F.E.Smith walking behind him, pre-1914

The leadership of the UUP was taken by Sir Edward Carson
Edward Carson
in 1910. Throughout his 11-year leadership he fought a sustained campaign against Irish Home Rule, including being involved in the formation of the Ulster
Ulster
Volunteers (UVF) in 1912. In the 1918 general election, Carson switched constituencies from his former seat of Dublin University to Belfast
Belfast
Duncairn. Carson strongly opposed the partition of Ireland and the end of unionism as an all-Ireland political force, so he refused the opportunity to be Prime Minister of Northern Ireland or even to sit in the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
House of Commons, citing a lack of connection with the place. The leadership of the UUP and, subsequently, Northern Ireland, was taken by Sir James Craig. The Stormont era: Part of the Conservative Party[edit] 1920–1963[edit] Until almost the very end of its period of power in Northern Ireland, the UUP was led by a combination of landed gentry (Basil Brooke, 1st Viscount Brookeborough, Hugh MacDowell Pollock and James Chichester-Clark), aristocracy (Terence O'Neill) and gentrified industrial magnates ( James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon
James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon
and John Miller Andrews – nephew of William Pirrie, 1st Viscount Pirrie). Only its last Prime Minister, Brian Faulkner, was from a middle-class background. During this era, all but 11 of the 149 UUP Stormont MPs were members of the Orange Order, as were all Prime Ministers.[10] James Craig governed Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
from its inception until his death in 1940 and is buried with his wife by the east wing of Parliament Buildings. His successor, J. M. Andrews, was heavily criticised for appointing octogenarian veterans of Craigavon's administration to his cabinet. His government was also believed to be more interested in protecting the statue of Carson at the Stormont Estate than the citizens of Belfast
Belfast
during the Belfast
Belfast
blitz. A backbench revolt in 1943 resulted in his resignation and replacement by Sir Basil Brooke (later Viscount Brookeborough), although he was recognised as leader of the party until 1946. Brookeborough, despite having felt that Craigavon had held on to power for too long, was Prime Minister for one year longer. During this time he was on more than one occasion called to meetings of the Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland to explain his actions, most notably following the 1947 Education Act which made the government responsible for the payment of National Insurance
National Insurance
contributions of teachers in Catholic Church-controlled schools. Ian Paisley
Ian Paisley
called for Brookeborough's resignation in 1953 when he refused to sack Brian Maginess and Clarence Graham, who had given speeches supporting re-admitting Catholics to the UUP.[11] He retired in 1963 and was replaced by Terence O'Neill, who emerged ahead of other candidates, Jack Andrews and Faulkner. 1963–72[edit]

Captain O'Neill

In the 1960s, identifying with the civil rights movement of Martin Luther King and encouraged by attempts at reform under O'Neill, various organisations campaigned for civil rights, calling for changes to the system for allocating public housing and the voting system for the local government franchise, which was restricted to (disproportionately Protestant) rate payers.[12][13][14][15] O'Neill had pushed through some reforms but in the process the Ulster Unionists became strongly divided. At the 1969 Stormont General Election UUP candidates stood on both pro- and anti-O'Neill platforms. Several independent pro-O'Neill unionists challenging his critics, while the Protestant
Protestant
Unionist Party of Ian Paisley
Ian Paisley
mounted a hard-line challenge. The result proved inconclusive for O'Neill, who resigned a short time later. His resignation was probably caused by a speech of James Chichester-Clark
James Chichester-Clark
who stated that he disagreed with the timing, but not the principle, of universal suffrage at local elections. Chichester-Clark won the leadership election to replace O'Neill and swiftly moved to implement many of O'Neill's reforms. Civil disorder continued to mount, culminating in August 1969 when Catholic Bogside residents clashed with the Royal Ulster
Ulster
Constabulary in Derry
Derry
because of an Apprentice Boys of Derry
Derry
march, sparking days of riots. Early in 1971, Chichester-Clark flew to London to request further military aid following the 1971 Scottish soldiers' killings.[citation needed] When this was all but refused, he resigned to be replaced by Brian Faulkner. Faulkner's government struggled though 1971 and into 1972. After Bloody Sunday, the British Government threatened to remove control of the security forces from the devolved government. Faulkner reacted by resigning with his entire cabinet, and the British Government suspended, and eventually abolished, the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Parliament, replacing it with Direct Rule. The liberal unionist group, the New Ulster
Ulster
Movement, which had advocated the policies of Terence O'Neill, left and formed the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
in April 1970, while the emergence of Ian Paisley's Protestant
Protestant
Unionist Party continued to draw off some working-class and more Ulster
Ulster
loyalist support. 1972–1995[edit]

Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party, 1974. Troubled Images Exhibition, Linen Hall Library, Belfast, August 2010

In June 1973 the UUP won a majority of seats in the new Northern Ireland Assembly, but the party was divided on policy. The Sunningdale Agreement, which led to the formation of a power-sharing Executive under Ulster
Ulster
Unionist leader Brian Faulkner, ruptured the party. In the 1973 elections to the Executive the party found itself divided, a division that did not formally end until January 1974 with the triumph of the anti-Sunningdale faction. Faulkner was then overthrown, and he set up the Unionist Party of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(UPNI). The Ulster Unionists were then led by Harry West from 1974 until 1979. In the February 1974 general election, the party participated in the United Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Coalition (UUUC) with Vanguard and the Democratic Unionist Party, successor to the Protestant
Protestant
Unionist Party. The result was that the UUUC won 11 out of 12 parliamentary seats in Northern Ireland on a fiercely anti-Sunningdale platform, although they barely won 50% of the overall popular vote. This result was a fatal blow for the Executive, which soon collapsed. Up until 1972 the UUP sat with the Conservative Party at Westminster, traditionally taking the Conservative parliamentary whip. To all intents and purposes the party functioned as the Northern Ireland branch of the Conservative Party. In 1972, in protest over the prorogation of the Parliament of Northern Ireland, the Westminster Ulster
Ulster
Unionist MPs withdrew from the alliance.[16][17] The party remained affiliated to the National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, but in 1985, withdrew from it as well, in protest over the Anglo-Irish Agreement. Subsequently, the Conservative Party has organised separately in Northern Ireland, with little electoral success. Under West's leadership, the party recruited Enoch Powell, who became Ulster
Ulster
Unionist MP for South Down in October 1974 after defecting from the Conservatives. Powell advocated a policy of 'integration', whereby Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
would be administered as an integral part of the United Kingdom. This policy divided both the Ulster
Ulster
Unionists and the wider unionist movement, as Powell's ideas conflicted with those supporting a restoration of devolved government to Northern Ireland. The party also made gains upon the break-up of the Vanguard Party and its merger back into the Ulster
Ulster
Unionists. The separate United Ulster Unionist Party (UUUP) emerged from the remains of Vanguard but folded in the early 1980s, as did the UPNI. In both cases the main beneficiaries of this were the Ulster
Ulster
Unionists, now under the leadership of James Molyneaux
James Molyneaux
(1979–95). Trimble leadership[edit] David Trimble
David Trimble
led the party between 1995 and 2005. His support for the Belfast
Belfast
Agreement caused a rupture within the party into pro-agreement and anti-agreement factions. Trimble served as First Minister of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
in the power-sharing administration created under the Belfast
Belfast
Agreement. Unusually for a unionist party, the UUP had a Roman Catholic Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) (the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Legislative Assembly), Sir John Gorman until the 2003 election. In March 2005, the Orange Order
Orange Order
voted to end its official links with the UUP, while still maintaining the same unofficial links as other interest groups. Trimble faced down Orange Order
Orange Order
critics who tried to suspend him for his attendance at a Catholic funeral for a young boy killed by the Real IRA in the Omagh bombing. In a sign of unity, Trimble and President of Ireland
President of Ireland
Mary McAleese
Mary McAleese
walked into the church together.

Wikinews has related news: UUP leader loses seat in 2005 UK General Election

In the 2001 general election, the Ulster
Ulster
Unionists lost a number of seats belonging to UUP stalwarts; for example, John Taylor, the former deputy leader of the party, lost his seat of Strangford
Strangford
to Iris Robinson. The party's misfortunes continued at the 2005 election. The party held six seats at Westminster immediately before the 2005 general election, down from seven after the previous general election following the defection of Jeffrey Donaldson
Jeffrey Donaldson
in 2004. The election resulted in the loss of five of their six seats. The only seat won by an Ulster Unionist was North Down, by Sylvia Hermon, who had won the seat in the 2001 general election from Robert McCartney of United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Unionist Party. Only the Labour Party lost more seats in 2005. David Trimble himself lost his seat in Upper Bann and resigned as party leader soon after. The ensuing leadership election was won by Reg Empey. Empey leadership[edit] In May 2006 UUP leader Reg Empey
Reg Empey
attempted to create a new assembly group that would have included Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) leader David Ervine. The PUP is the political wing of the illegal Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF).[18][19][20][21][22] Many in the UUP, including the last remaining MP, Sylvia Hermon, were opposed to the move.[23][24] The link was in the form of a new group called the ' Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party Assembly Group' whose membership was the 24 UUP MLAs and Ervine. Empey justified the link by stating that under the d'Hondt method for allocating ministers in the Assembly, the new group would take a seat in the Executive from Sinn Féin. Following a request for a ruling from the DUP's Peter Robinson, the Speaker ruled that the UUPAG was not a political party within the meaning of the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000.[25] The party did poorly in the 2007 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly election. The party retained 18 of its seats within the assembly.[26] Empey was the only leader of one of the four main parties not to be re-elected on first preference votes alone in the Assembly elections of March 2007. In July 2008, the UUP and Conservative Party announced that a joint working group had been established to examine closer ties. On 26 February 2009, the Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Executive and area council of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Conservatives agreed to field joint candidates in future elections to the House of Commons and European Parliament
European Parliament
under the name " Ulster
Ulster
Conservatives and Unionists – New Force". The agreement meant that Ulster
Ulster
Unionist MPs could have sat in a Conservative Government, renewing the relationship that had broken down in 1974 over the Sunningdale Agreement
Sunningdale Agreement
and in 1985 over the Anglo-Irish Agreement.[27][28][29] The UUP's sole remaining MP at the time, Sylvia Hermon, opposed the agreement, stating she would not be willing to stand under the UCUNF banner.[30] In February 2010, Hermon confirmed that she would not be seeking a nomination as a Conservative/UUP candidate for the forthcoming general election.[31] On 25 March 2010, she formally resigned from the party and announced that she would be standing as an independent candidate at the general election.[32] As a result, the UUP were left without representation in the House of Commons for the first time since the party's creation. At the 2010 General Election, UCUNF won no seats in Northern Ireland (while Hermon won hers as an independent). The Ulster
Ulster
Conservatives and Unionists – New Force label was not used again. Following the election, Sir Reg Empey
Reg Empey
resigned as leader. He was replaced by Tom Elliott as party leader in the subsequent leadership election. During the leadership election, it emerged that a quarter of the UUP membership came from Fermanagh and South Tyrone, an area with about 6% of Northern Ireland's population, the constituency of Tom Elliott.[33] The Dublin-based political magazine, the Phoenix, described Elliott as a "blast from the past" and said that his election signified "a significant shift to the right" by the UUP.[34] Shortly after his election, three 2010 general election candidates resigned: Harry Hamilton, Paula Bradshaw and Trevor Ringland.[35] Bradshaw and Hamilton subsequently joined the Alliance Party.[36] Since 2011[edit] The party further declined in the 2011 Assembly elections (standing again as the UUP). It lost two seats and won fewer votes than the nationalist Social Democratic and Labour Party
Social Democratic and Labour Party
(SDLP) (although it won more seats than the SDLP) and two of its candidates, Bill Manwaring and Lesley Macaulay, subsequently joined the Conservative Party. In addition, east of the Bann, it lost seats to the Alliance Party. It was also overtaken by Alliance on Belfast
Belfast
City Council.[37] In November 2011, the Conservative Party chairman, Lord Feldman, wrote to Elliott to propose a formal and permanent merger of the two parties. The proposal, which had the backing of David Cameron, would have seen the UUP form the backbone of a new party called the Northern Ireland Conservative and Unionist Party (NICUP). Elliott rejected the merger and called the proposed dissolution of the UUP "unacceptable".[38] Tom Elliott was criticised for comments he made in his victory speech where he described elements of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
as "scum".[39] Elliott resigned in March 2012 saying some people had not given him a 'fair opportunity' to develop and progress many party initiatives.[40] Mike Nesbitt was elected leader on 31 March 2012, beating the only other candidate, John McCallister, by 536 votes to 129.[41] The Conservatives and the UUP went their separate ways again,[42] with the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Conservatives relaunching as a separate party on 14 June 2012.[43] Although their MEP seat, held by Jim Nicholson, had its vote percentage decreased slightly in the 2014 European election, the party managed to make gains in the local elections of that same day. They increased their share by 0.9%, making it the only party to increase its vote share, and gaining 15 seats as a result. At the 2015 general election, the UUP returned to Westminster, gaining the South Antrim seat from the DUP and Fermanagh & South Tyrone (where they had an electoral pact with the DUP not standing) from Sinn Féin.[44] At the 2017 general election the UUP lost both of its Commons seats, losing South Antrim to the DUP and Fermanagh & South Tyrone to Sinn Féin.[45] The party, which saw a significant decrease in its vote share, failed to take any other seats. As such the UUP currently has no representation in the House of Commons. Leaders[edit]

Image Name Tenure Notes

Colonel Edward Saunderson 1905 1906 Also leader of the Irish Unionist Parliamentary Party

Walter Hume Long 1906 1910 Also leader of the Irish Unionist Parliamentary Party

Sir Edward Carson 1910 1921 Also leader of the Irish Unionist Parliamentary Party

The Viscount Craigavon 1921 1940 1st Prime Minister of Northern Ireland

John Miller Andrews 1940 1943 2nd Prime Minister of Northern Ireland

The Viscount Brookeborough 1943 1963 3rd Prime Minister of Northern Ireland

Captain Terence O'Neill 1963 1969 4th Prime Minister of Northern Ireland

James Chichester-Clark 1969 1971 5th Prime Minister of Northern Ireland

Brian Faulkner 1971 1974 6th and final Prime Minister of Northern Ireland

Harry West 1974 1979

James Molyneaux 1979 1995

David Trimble 1995 2005 First Minister of Northern Ireland

Sir Reg Empey 2005 2010

Tom Elliott 2010 2012

Mike Nesbitt 2012 2017

Robin Swann 2017

Structure[edit] The UUP is still organised around the Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Council, which was from 1905 until 2004 the only legal representation of the party. Following the adoption of a new Constitution in 2004, the UUP has been an entity in its own right, however the UUC still exists as the supreme decision making body of the Party.[citation needed] In autumn 2007 the delegates system was done away with, and today all UUP members are members of the Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Council, with entitlements to vote for the Leader, party officers and on major policy decisions.[citation needed] Each constituency in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
forms the boundary of a UUP constituency association, which is made up of branches formed along local boundaries (usually district electoral areas). There are also four 'representative bodies', the Ulster
Ulster
Women's Unionist Council, the Ulster
Ulster
Young Unionist Council, the Westminster Unionist Association (the party's Great Britain branch) and the Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Councillors Association. Each constituency association and representative body elects a number of delegates to the Executive Committee, which governs many areas of party administration such as membership and candidate selection.[citation needed] The UUP maintained a formal connection with the Orange Order
Orange Order
from its foundation until 2005, and with the Apprentice Boys of Derry
Derry
until 1975.[citation needed] While the party was considering structural reforms, including the connection with the Order, it was the Order itself that severed the connection in 2004. The connection with the Apprentice Boys was cut in a 1975 review of the party's structure as they had not taken up their delegates for several years beforehand.[citation needed] Youth wing[edit] The UUP's youth wing is the Young Unionists, first formed in 2004 as a rebrand of the Ulster
Ulster
Young Unionist Council, which formed in 1946. Many of its members have stayed with the party, such as the present leader of the UUP. Others have left to start other Unionist parties. Having disbanded twice, in 1974 and 2004, the Council was re-constituted by young activists in March 2004. This resulted in the Young Unionists
Young Unionists
(YU) becoming a representative body of the UUP and subject to its revamp of their Constitution. Representatives[edit] Parliament of the United Kingdom[edit] Members of the House of Commons as of June 2017: The UUP lost its two seats in the 2017 election. South Antrim went to the DUP while Fermanagh and South Tyrone went to Sinn Féin Members of the House of Lords
House of Lords
as of June 2017:

Lord Empey of Shandon Lord Rogan of Lower Iveagh

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly[edit] Members of the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly as elected in March 2017:

Andy Allen - Belfast
Belfast
East Roy Beggs, Jr. - East Antrim Steve Aiken OBE - South Antrim Alan Chambers MBE - North Down Doug Beattie MC - Upper Bann Mike Nesbitt - Strangford John Stewart - East Antrim Rosemary Barton - Fermanagh and South Tyrone Robin Swann
Robin Swann
- North Antrim Robbie Butler - Lagan Valley

European Parliament[edit] Members elected in 2014:

Jim Nicholson - MEP for Northern Ireland

Party leadership[edit] Party spokesmen[edit] The current Party spokesman are:[46]

Responsibility Name

Executive Office Mike Nesbitt MLA

Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs Robin Swann
Robin Swann
MLA

Communities Andy Allen MLA

Education Rosemary Barton MLA

Economy Alan Chambers MLA

Finance Steve Aiken MLA

Health Roy Beggs Jnr MLA

Infrastructure John Stewart MLA

Justice Doug Beattie MC MLA

Mental Health Robbie Butler MLA

Policing Alan Chambers MLA

Party officers[edit] The current party officers are:

Classification Name

Leader Robin Swann
Robin Swann
MLA

Party President May Steele

Party Chairman Lord Empey

Party Vice Chairman Rodney McCune

Assembly Group Leader Steve Aiken MLA

Westminster Leader Lord Rogan

Party Treasurer Ald Mark Cosgrove

Chairman of the Councillors' Association Cllr Trevor Wilson

Member of the European Parliament Jim Nicholson MEP

Leader's Nominee Tom Elliott MP

Leader's Nominee Jenny Palmer

Members' Nominee George White

Members' Nominee Cllr Alexander Redpath

Members' Nominee Sandra Overend

Electoral performance[edit] Westminster[edit]

Map showing seat results in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Westminster elections 1997–2017

Election House of Commons Share of votes Seats +/- Outcome

1922 32 !32nd

10 / 13

10 Government (with Cons.)

1923 33 !33rd

10 / 13

Opposition

1924 34 !34th

10 / 13

Government (with Cons.)

1929 35 !35th

9 / 13

1 Opposition

1931 36 !36th

11 / 13

2 National Government

1935 37 !37th

9 / 13

2 National Government

1945 38 !38th 61.0%

9 / 13

Opposition

1950 39 !39th 62.8%

10 / 12

1 Opposition

1951 40 !40th 59.4%

9 / 12

1 Government (with Cons.)

1955 41 !41st 68.5%

10 / 12

1 Government (with Cons.)

1959 42 !42nd 77.2%

12 / 12

2 Government (with Cons.)

1964 43 !43rd 63.2%

12 / 12

Opposition

1966 44 !44th 61.8%

9 / 12

3 Opposition

1970 45 !45th 54.3%

8 / 12

Government (with Cons.) until end of 1973, when whip and alliance with Cons. withdrawn

1974 (Feb) 46 !46th 32.3%

7 / 12

1 Opposition

1974 (Oct) 47 !47th 36.5%

6 / 12

1 Opposition

1979 48 !48th 36.6%

5 / 12

1 Opposition

1983 49 !49th 34.0%

11 / 17

6 Opposition

1987 50 !50th 37.8%

9 / 17

2 Opposition

1992 51 !51st 34.5%

9 / 17

Opposition

1997 52 !52nd 32.7%

10 / 18

1 Opposition

2001 53 !53rd 26.7%

6 / 18

2 Opposition

2005 54 !54th 17.7%

1 / 18

5 Opposition

2010 55 !55th 15.2%

0 / 18

1 N/A

2015 56 !56th 16.0%

2 / 18

2 Opposition

2017 57 !57th 10.3%

0 / 18

2 N/A

Stormont[edit]

Election Body First preference votes Vote % Seats Outcome

1921 09 !1st Parliament 343,347 66.9%

40 / 52

UUP Majority

1925 09 !2nd Parliament 211,662 55.0%

32 / 52

UUP Majority

1929 09 !3rd Parliament 148,579 50.8%

37 / 52

UUP Majority

1933 09 !4th Parliament 73,791 43.5%

36 / 52

UUP Majority

1938 09 !5th Parliament 187,684 56.8%

39 / 52

UUP Majority

1945 09 !6th Parliament 180,342 50.4%

33 / 52

UUP Majority

1949 09 !7th Parliament 237,411 62.7%

37 / 52

UUP Majority

1953 09 !8th Parliament 125,379 48.6%

38 / 52

UUP Majority

1958 09 !9th Parliament 106,177 44.0%

37 / 52

UUP Majority

1962 09 !10th Parliament 147,629 48.8%

34 / 52

UUP Majority

1965 09 !11th Parliament 191,896 59.1%

36 / 52

UUP Majority

1969 09 !12th Parliament 269,501 48.2%

36 / 52

UUP Majority

1973 09 !1973 Assembly 258,790 35.8%

31 / 78

Largest party; Coalition

1975 Constitutional Convention 167,214 25.4%

19 / 78

Largest party

1982 1982 Assembly 188,277 29.7%

26 / 78

Largest party

1996 Forum 181,829 24.2%

30 / 110

Largest party

1998 1st Assembly 172,225 21.3%

28 / 108

Largest party; Coalition

2003 2nd Assembly 156,931 22.7%

27 / 108

Direct rule

2007 3rd Assembly 103,145 14.9%

18 / 108

Coalition

2011 4th Assembly 87,531 13.2%

16 / 108

Coalition

2016 5th Assembly 87,302 12.6%

16 / 108

Opposition

2017 6th Assembly 103,314 12.9%

10 / 90

TBD

Local government[edit]

Election First Preference Vote Vote % Seats

1973 255,187 17.0%

194 / 517

1977 166,971 30.0%

176 / 526

1981 175,965 26.4%

151 / 526

1985 188,497 29.5%

189 / 565

1989 193,064 31.3%

194 / 565

1993 184,082 29.0%

197 / 582

1997 175,036 28.0%

185 / 575

2001 181,336 23.0%

154 / 582

2005 126,317 18.0%

115 / 582

2011 100,643 15.2%

99 / 583

2014 101,385 16.1%

88 / 462

European Parliament[edit]

Election First Preference Vote Vote % Seats

1979 125,169 21.9%

1 / 3

1984 147,169 21.5%

1 / 3

1989 118,785 22.0%

1 / 3

1994 133,459 22.8%

1 / 3

1999 119,507 17.6%

1 / 3

2004 91,164 16.6%

1 / 3

2009 82,892 17.0%

1 / 3

2014 83,438 13.3%

1 / 3

See also[edit]

Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party politicians List of Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party Peers List of Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party MPs Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Chief Whip Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party Presidents and General Secretaries

References[edit]

^ a b c "NORTHERN IRELAND / UK". Parties and Elections in Europe.  ^ "Nesbitt says NI needs liberal progressive politicians". Belfast Newsletter.  ^ Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). pp. 394–. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4.  ^ "Local Council Political Compositions". Open Council Date UK. 7 January 2018. Retrieved 7 January 2018.  ^ "NI parties step on election trail". BBC
BBC
News. 5 April 2005. Retrieved 9 April 2010.  ^ "Abstracts of Organisations - 'U'". Conflict Archive on the Internet. University of Ulster. 23 September 2015. Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party (UUP). Retrieved 17 June 2016.  ^ " Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party". Politics 97. BBC. 1997. Retrieved 17 June 2016.  ^ " Ulster
Ulster
Unionist leader Mike Nesbitt is to resign". BBC. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.  ^ John Harbinson (1973) The Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party, 1882–1973. Belfast: Blackstaff Press ISBN 0-85640-007-6 ^ http://www.sneps.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/1-Dominant-Ethnicity-demography-and-conflict_revision-Dec2010.pdf ^ "A Tragedy of Errors".  ^ https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/ira/conflict/civil.html ^ "Human Rights as War by Other Means".  ^ "Northern Ireland".  ^ " BBC
BBC
- History - The Troubles, 1963 to 1985".  ^ Dan Keohane (2000), Security in British Politics 1945-99, p. 183 ^ Stuart Bell and Anthony Seldon, The Heath Government 1970-74: A Reappraisal ^ "What is the UVF?". BBC
BBC
News. 14 September 2005. Retrieved 9 April 2010.  ^ McDonald, Henry (8 January 2007). "David Ervine". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 9 April 2010.  ^ Federation of American Scientists Archived 5 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ McKittrick, David (26 July 2005). "Feuding loyalists bring the fear back to Belfast". The Independent. London. Retrieved 9 April 2010.  ^ "MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base".  ^ "Row as Ervine joins UUP grouping". BBC
BBC
News. 15 May 2006. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2010.  ^ "MP 'distressed' over Ervine move". BBC
BBC
News. 17 May 2006. Retrieved 9 April 2010.  ^ "UUP-PUP link 'against the rules'". BBC
BBC
News. 11 September 2006. Retrieved 9 April 2010.  ^ DUP top in NI assembly election, BBC
BBC
News Online, 12 March 2007 ^ "Lady Hermon under 'no pressure'". BBC
BBC
News. 27 February 2009. Retrieved 27 March 2010.  ^ Devenport, Mark (12 May 2009). "Profile: Jim Nicholson". BBC
BBC
News Online. Retrieved 30 May 2009.  ^ David Cameron
David Cameron
launches biggest Conservative shake-up for decades The Daily Telegraph (London), 23 July 2008 ^ Hermon: why she rejected Tory deal Belfast
Belfast
Telegraph, 14 May 2009 ^ UUP MP Lady Sylvia Hermon
Sylvia Hermon
rejects UCUNF candidacy BBC
BBC
News, 23 February 2010 ^ MP Lady Sylvia Hermon
Sylvia Hermon
quits Ulster
Ulster
Unionists BBC
BBC
News, 25 March 2010 ^ "Legal threat to the UUP leadership race ebbs". Belfast
Belfast
Telegraph. 17 September 2010. Retrieved 16 January 2015.  ^ "Phoenix Magazine - Subscriber - Login" (PDF).  ^ "Troubled backdrop to UUP conference".  ^ "Queen tribute singer Harry Hamilton with Alliance Party". BBC
BBC
News. 14 January 2011.  ^ "'Magnificent' council result for Alliance". u.tv.  ^ "Conservatives want UUP to disband and form new Tory-led party". BBC News. 11 November 2011.  ^ "DUP and Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
top polls in NI Assembly elections". The Irish Times. 5 May 2011.  ^ Purdy, Martina (9 March 2012). "UUP leader Tom Elliott quitting as party leader". BBC
BBC
News Online. Retrieved 11 January 2016.  ^ " Mike Nesbitt is new Ulster
Ulster
Unionist leader". BBC
BBC
News Online. 31 March 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2016.  ^ "Can rebranded Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Conservatives deliver?". BBC
BBC
News. 14 June 2012.  ^ Polley, Owen (14 June 2012). " NI Conservatives
NI Conservatives
launch as fresh, centre-right party, in Belfast". NI Conservatives. Belfast. Retrieved 15 June 2012.  ^ "Election 2015 results: Northern Ireland". BBC
BBC
News. 6 May 2015.  ^ "Election 2017 results: Northern Ireland". BBC
BBC
News. 9 June 2017.  ^ Our People - MLAs Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party

External links[edit]

Official website

v t e

Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party

Leaders

Saunderson Long Carson Craigavon Andrews Brookeborough O'Neill Chichester-Clark Faulkner West Molyneaux Trimble Empey Elliott Nesbitt Swann

Deputy Leaders

McCusker Taylor Empey & Beggs Kennedy McCallister Currently vacant

Chairman

Rogan Cooper Campbell Empey

President

Hamilton Craig J. M. Andrews Dixon Brooke Graham Andrews J. G. Cunningham Clark Cunningham Smyth Rogan White Steele

General Secretary

Gibson Bates Hungerford Douglas Bailie Hutton Millar Wilson Boyd Patterson Rea Corry Wilson C. McCusker

Leadership elections

1969 1971 1974 1979 March 1995 September 1995 2000 2004 2005 2010 2012 2017

Organisational structure

Young Unionists

History and related organisations

Progenitor: Irish Unionist Alliance Allies: Labour Unionists/Liberal Unionist/Conservatives Offshoot: Vanguard (1973-78) Electoral alliance: UCUNF (2009)

Lists

List of Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party MPs Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party Presidents and General Secretaries List of Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party Peers

Other topics

Chief Whip Election results Electoral history

Links to related articles

v t e

Political parties in Northern Ireland

Assembly seats (90)

Unionist

Democratic Unionist Party
Democratic Unionist Party
(28) Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party (10) Traditional Unionist Voice (1) Independent (1)

Nationalist

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(27) Social Democratic and Labour Party
Social Democratic and Labour Party
(12)

Other

Alliance Party of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(8) Green Party in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(2) People Before Profit Alliance (1)

Other national and regional parties

Unionist

Conservative and Unionist Party National Front Progressive Unionist Party UK Independence Party

Nationalist

Fianna Fáil Irish Republican Socialist Party Workers' Party of Ireland

Other

Animal Welfare Party CISTA Cross-Community Labour Alternative Labour Party in Northern Ireland Socialist Party

v t e

Political parties in the United Kingdom

House of Commons (650)

Conservative (317) Labour (259, including Labour Co-operative)* Scottish National (35) Liberal Democrats (12) Democratic Unionist (10) Sinn Féin† (7) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(4) Green (E&W) (1) Independent (5)

House of Lords
House of Lords
(785)

Conservative (245) Labour (191) Crossbenchers (181) Liberal Democrats (98) Democratic Unionist (3) UKIP (3) Ulster
Ulster
Unionist (2) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(1) Green (E&W) (1) Non-affiliated & independent (33) Lords Spiritual
Lords Spiritual
(25)

Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
(129)

Scottish National (62) Conservatives (31) Labour (24) Scottish Green (6) Liberal Democrats (5) Independent (1)

National Assembly for Wales
National Assembly for Wales
(60)

Labour (29) Conservatives (11) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(10) UKIP (5) Independent (4) Liberal Democrats (1)

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly (90)

Democratic Unionist (28) Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(27) Social Democratic and Labour (12) Ulster
Ulster
Unionist (10) Alliance (8) Green (NI) (2) People Before Profit Alliance (1) Traditional Unionist Voice (1) Independent Unionist (1)

London Assembly
London Assembly
(25)

Labour (12) Conservative (8) Green (E&W) (2) UKIP (2) Liberal Democrats (1)

European Parliament
European Parliament
(73 of 751)

Conservative (ECR, 20) Labour (S&D, 20) UKIP (EFDD, 20) Green (E&W) (Greens/EFA, 3) Independent (Non-inscrits, 2; ENF, 1) Scottish National (Greens/EFA, 2) Democratic Unionist (Non-inscrits, 1) Liberal Democrats (ALDE, 1) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(Greens/EFA), 1) Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(GUE/NGL, 1) Ulster
Ulster
Unionist (ECR, 1)

Other national and regional parties

Britain First British Democratic British National English Democrats Independent Community and Health Concern Liberal Mebyon Kernow National Health Action National Liberal Progressive Unionist Scottish Socialist Solidarity§ UK European People's Party Yorkshire Party

* Co-operative Party
Co-operative Party
candidates stand jointly with the Labour Party. † Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
have elected members and offices at Westminster, but as abstentionists do not take their seats. §Some candidates stand as "Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition" candidates.

Portal:Politics List of political parties by representation Politics of the United Kingdom

v t e

Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists
European Conservatives and Reformists
(AECR)

Parliamentary group: European Conservatives and Reformists

Parties

Member parties (EU)

HKS KA ODS PS DI NA LLRA ADR PiS NR OKS SaS NOVA Con UUP

Member parties (Non-EU)

ԲՀԿ BHK PP KDM SKP Independence Party PzP AKP

Regional Partners

Lib Con Ḥizb Al-Istiqlāl/حزب الإستقلال National GOP

Party Presidents

Derk Jan Eppink Jan Zahradil

European Parliament Group Presidents

Timothy Kirkhope Michał Kamiński Jan Zahradil Martin Callanan Syed Kamall see European Parliament

European Commissioners

Jonathan Hill (Financial Stability Financial Services and Capital Markets Union) see Juncker Commission

Heads of government at the European Council

Beata Szydło
Beata Szydło
(Poland) Theresa May
Theresa May
(United Kingdom) see European Council

Eurofoundation: New Direction

v t e

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Alternative Vote referendum, 2011

Results

Referendum question

"At present, the UK uses the “first past the post” system to elect MPs to the House of Commons. Should the “alternative vote” system be used instead?"

Legislation

Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011

Parties

For a "Yes" vote

Alliance Party of Northern Ireland Christian Party Christian Peoples Alliance English Democrats Green Party of England and Wales Liberal Democrats Liberal Party Mebyon Kernow Pirate Party UK Plaid Cymru Scottish Green Party Scottish National Party SDLP Sinn Féin UKIP Libertarian Party

Neutral/split

Labour Party Socialist Party of Great Britain Official Monster Raving Loony Party

For a "No" vote

British National Party Communist Party Conservative Party Democratic Unionist Party England First Party Green Party in Northern Ireland Respect Party Socialist Party Traditional Unionist Voice Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party

Advocacy groups

Advocating a "Yes" vote

YES! To Fairer Votes

Advocating a "No" vote

NOtoAV

Print media

For a "Yes" vote

The Guardian The Independent Financial Times Daily Mirror

For a "No" vote

The Sun Daily Mail The Times Daily Express The Daily Telegraph The Economist London Evening Standard

Politics Portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 146682040 GND: 4250426-

.