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Ulsan
Ulsan
(Korean pronunciation: [ul.s͈an]), officially the Ulsan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's seventh-largest metropolis with a population of over 1.1 million inhabitants.[1] It is located in the south-east of the country, neighboring Busan
Busan
to the south and facing Gyeongju
Gyeongju
to the north. Ulsan
Ulsan
is the industrial powerhouse of South Korea, forming the heart of the Ulsan
Ulsan
Industrial District. It has the world's largest automobile assembly plant operated by the Hyundai Motor
Hyundai Motor
Company;[2] the world's largest shipyard, operated by Hyundai Heavy Industries;[3] and the world's third largest oil refinery, owned by SK Energy.[4] In 2017, Ulsan
Ulsan
had a GDP per capita
GDP per capita
of $65,093, the highest of any region in South Korea.

Contents

1 Administrative divisions 2 Economy

2.1 Shipping 2.2 Automotive 2.3 Lithium-ion battery
Lithium-ion battery
manufacture

3 Transportation 4 Sports 5 Geography

5.1 Climate

6 Tourist attractions 7 In media 8 Twin towns – sister cities 9 Notable people 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Administrative divisions[edit] Ulsan
Ulsan
is divided into four gu (districts) and one gun (county):

Buk District (북구; 北區) Dong District (동구; 東區) Jung District (중구; 中區) Nam District (남구; 南區) Ulju County
Ulju County
(울주군; 蔚州郡 ) Seo District

Economy[edit]

Ulsan
Ulsan
Central market entrance

As the centre of the Ulsan
Ulsan
Industrial District, the city is the corporate base of the multinational Hyundai conglomerate. Up to 1962, Ulsan
Ulsan
operated as a fishing port and market centre. As part of South Korea's first five-year economic plan, Ulsan
Ulsan
became an open port. Additionally, the government encouraged development of major industrial plants and factories: an oil refinery, fertiliser plants, automobile production, and heavy industries all were developed here. The shipbuilding port Bangeojin was annexed by the city in 1962. Shipping[edit] The city has the world's largest shipyard, operated by Hyundai Heavy Industries;[3] and the world's second largest[citation needed] oil refinery, owned by SK Energy.[4] Automotive[edit] Ulsan
Ulsan
is the home of the world's largest automobile assembly plant, operated by Hyundai Motor.[2] Its integrated design of related functions was inspired by the Ford River Rouge Complex
Ford River Rouge Complex
in Dearborn, Michigan. Lithium-ion battery
Lithium-ion battery
manufacture[edit] In November 2011, SB LiMotive
SB LiMotive
opened an advanced lithium-ion battery production plant in Ulsan. SB LiMotive
SB LiMotive
was a 50-50 consortium of Samsung SDI
Samsung SDI
and Robert Bosch GmbH.[5][6][7] In September 2012, Samsung SDI purchased the Robert Bosch GmbH
Robert Bosch GmbH
portion of SB LiMotive
SB LiMotive
for $95 million to gain 100% ownership of the Ulsan
Ulsan
production facility.[8] The Ulsan
Ulsan
plant is one of Samsung SDI's trio of advanced car-battery production facilities. [9][10] Transportation[edit] The city transport department plans to build a light-rail line. The public transportation system is as good as any other major Korean city. The bus system shows a specific ETA at most bus stops.[11] Ulsan
Ulsan
Airport, constructed in 1970 and expanded in 1997, has more than 20 flights per day to and from Seoul's Gimpo International Airport
Gimpo International Airport
and 4 flights per week to and from Jeju International Airport. In November 2010, Korea's high-speed train network, the KTX, was extended to Ulsan.[12] This provides a high-speed link to Seoul, with a running time of just over 2 hours. The new KTX
KTX
station ( Ulsan
Ulsan
Station) is in nearby Eonyang, with a series of express buses (5001-5004), as well as some city buses serving the new station.[13] The original city station has been renamed Taehwa River Station.[12] Sports[edit] The city hosts the K League Classic football club Ulsan
Ulsan
Hyundai FC. After the 2002 FIFA World Cup, they relocated from their former stadium in Jung-gu, which is now a municipal ground, to the Munsu Stadium, which hosted several matches during the 2002 World Cup. Ulsan was home to another football team, Ulsan
Ulsan
Hyundai Mipo Dolphin FC, which played in the Korea National League
Korea National League
until 2016, when it was dissolved. It is also home to the University of Ulsan
University of Ulsan
and its sports programs. Ulsan
Ulsan
also hosts Korean Basketball League
Korean Basketball League
team Ulsan
Ulsan
Hyundai Mobis Phoebus. Their home ground is Dongchun Gymnasium, which located in jung-gu ulsan.[14] Geography[edit] Ulsan
Ulsan
is bounded on the east by the East Sea. Busan
Busan
is 70 km to the south. Climate[edit] Ulsan
Ulsan
has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa/Cwa), with cold but dry winters, and hot, humid summers. Monthly means range from 2.0 °C (35.6 °F) in January to 25.9 °C (78.6 °F) in August, with diurnal temperature ranges generally low. Its location on the Korean peninsula results in a seasonal lag. The warmest days occur in August and averaging very near 30 °C (86 °F). Precipitation
Precipitation
is relatively low in the winter months, but there is high rainfall from April to September.

Climate data for Ulsan
Ulsan
(1981–2010, extremes 1931–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 19.3 (66.7) 24.2 (75.6) 25.4 (77.7) 31.0 (87.8) 34.7 (94.5) 35.5 (95.9) 38.2 (100.8) 38.8 (101.8) 35.6 (96.1) 29.8 (85.6) 27.5 (81.5) 22.4 (72.3) 38.8 (101.8)

Average high °C (°F) 7.3 (45.1) 9.2 (48.6) 13.2 (55.8) 19.2 (66.6) 23.4 (74.1) 26.0 (78.8) 28.9 (84) 30.0 (86) 25.9 (78.6) 21.9 (71.4) 15.8 (60.4) 9.9 (49.8) 19.2 (66.6)

Daily mean °C (°F) 2.0 (35.6) 3.9 (39) 7.9 (46.2) 13.5 (56.3) 17.9 (64.2) 21.4 (70.5) 25.0 (77) 25.9 (78.6) 21.5 (70.7) 16.2 (61.2) 9.9 (49.8) 4.3 (39.7) 14.1 (57.4)

Average low °C (°F) −2.3 (27.9) −0.7 (30.7) 3.2 (37.8) 8.2 (46.8) 12.8 (55) 17.3 (63.1) 21.8 (71.2) 22.7 (72.9) 17.9 (64.2) 11.5 (52.7) 5.1 (41.2) −0.3 (31.5) 9.8 (49.6)

Record low °C (°F) −14.3 (6.3) −12.5 (9.5) −9.6 (14.7) −2.6 (27.3) 3.6 (38.5) 6.8 (44.2) 13.9 (57) 13.4 (56.1) 7.9 (46.2) 0.4 (32.7) −7.8 (18) −12.4 (9.7) −14.3 (6.3)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 34.3 (1.35) 42.6 (1.677) 65.8 (2.591) 91.1 (3.587) 108.1 (4.256) 176.8 (6.961) 232.3 (9.146) 240.3 (9.461) 168.2 (6.622) 53.5 (2.106) 41.1 (1.618) 23.0 (0.906) 1,277.1 (50.28)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.3 6.3 8.1 8.4 9.2 10.0 13.5 12.1 10.3 5.7 5.1 3.9 97.9

Average snowy days 1.7 2.1 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.1 6.1

Average relative humidity (%) 49.6 51.9 57.6 60.3 66.1 73.3 78.9 77.7 75.7 67.2 59.9 52.4 64.2

Mean monthly sunshine hours 190.7 176.4 187.5 207.2 215.4 172.7 151.5 167.3 150.0 193.7 182.0 194.6 2,188.8

Percent possible sunshine 61.2 57.4 50.6 52.8 49.5 39.6 34.2 40.0 40.3 55.3 58.8 64.0 49.2

Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[15][16][17] (percent sunshine and snowy days)[18]

Tourist attractions[edit] Yeongnam Alps There are seven tall mountains (Gajisan, Sinbulsan, Ganwolsan, Cheonhwangsan, Yeongchuksan, Goheonsan, Jaeyaksan) over 1,000m above sea level. Sinbulsan (MT.) Ridge, where grasses turn silver in autumn, is one of the best sights to see in the Yeongnam Alps. Eoksae festival is held every early October in Ganwoljae, which is best known for its colony of silver grass. Oegosan Onggi
Onggi
village Korea's largest traditional folk Onggi
Onggi
(earthware) village is Oegosan. The traditional Onggi
Onggi
(earthware) manufacturing process is carried on here and is open to tourists, including Onggi
Onggi
workshops and kilns. The Ulsan
Ulsan
Onggi
Onggi
museum offers a variety of information related to Onggi and displays a diversity of this earthware. Jangsaengpo Whale museum & Whale Ecological Experience Hall As the only whale museum in Korea, Jangsaengpo whale museum collects, maintains and displays whaling-related artifacts. They have become more rare since 1986, when whaling was internationally prohibited in order to protect the species. The museum provides a variety of information related to whales and marine ecosystems; it is a space for education, research and experience. Whale cruises depart from Jangsaengpo port. Grand Parks

Ulsan
Ulsan
Grand Park: This is claimed as the best ecology park in a downtown area in Korea, boasting a vast area of 3,640,000 m2 (39,180,634 sq ft). "Natural, Clean and Comfortable" are the main themes, and it is a place for urbanites to seek nature. It sponsors a variety of events and festivals for families. it is a pleasant place for relaxaion where you can breathe in nature during daily life. In particular, the Rose Festival every June presents a feast for the eyes and nose. Taehwagang River Grand Park : Simnidaesup (bamboo grove), one of the 12 scenic beauties of Ulsan, was restored; now the river and the bamboo grove are connected. This space expresses the related ecology of the area, showing the importance of nature and environment. It allows visitors the chance to observe and experience wildlife in its natural environment and to relax while being one of nature.

Industrial tour Ulsan
Ulsan
Industry Park has been leading the Pacific Rim industry in the 21st century. Ulsan
Ulsan
has Hyundai Motor
Hyundai Motor
Company, with the world's largest single-purpose plant; Hyundai Heavy Industries, the biggest heavy industry leader in the world; Hyundai Mipo Shipbuilding, and Petrochemical Park, leaders in Korea's chemistry industry. Coast trip Ulsan
Ulsan
has beautiful beaches (Jinha, Ilsan). Daewangam Park
Daewangam Park
features a lush, hundred-year-old pine forest. Ganjeolgot Cape is noted as the first place to see the sunrise from the Korean peninsula. A sunrise festival is held every New Year's Day.

Twilight view of Taehwa River and downtown area

Industrial Complex area in Ulsan

In media[edit] Ulsan
Ulsan
is one of the filming locations of the Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation 2012 South Korean television melodrama series May Queen, starring Han Ji-hye, Kim Jae-won, and Jae Hee. Twin towns – sister cities[edit] [19][20]

City Region Country Year

Hagi Yamaguchi Prefecture  Japan 1981

Portland Oregon  United States 1987

Changchun Jilin  China 1994

Kocaeli Province  Turkey 2002

Santos São Paulo  Brazil 2002

Khánh Hòa Province  Vietnam 2002

Tomsk Tomsk
Tomsk
Oblast  Russia 2003

Wuxi Jiangsu  China 2006

Montevideo Montevideo
Montevideo
Department  Uruguay 2012

Chennai Tamil Nadu  India 2016

Mandalay Mandalay
Mandalay
Region  Myanmar 2017

Notable people[edit]

Kim Tae-hee Han Chae-ah Oh Yoon-ah Raina, After School and Orange Caramel
Orange Caramel
member Tei Seo In-guk Yura, Girl's Day's member

See also[edit]

Bangudae Petroglyphs List of cities in South Korea List of Korea-related topics List of oil refineries List of South Korean regions by GDP

References[edit]

^ "SOUTH KOREA: Cities (registered population)". Citypopulation. Retrieved 21 August 2013.  ^ a b (in Korean) 연합뉴스 : 바른언론 빠른뉴스. Yonhapnews.co.kr (2009-10-16). Retrieved on 2013-07-12. ^ a b 천혜 절경 바닷가가 세계 최대 조선소로 변모 - 오마이뉴스. Ohmynews.com (2013-01-18). Retrieved on 2013-07-12. ^ a b http://pda.ulsan.go.kr/Common/Detail.neo?id=U0010711%5B%5D ^ "SB Limotive Starts Production of Lithium-Ion Cells". EngeryTrend. November 11, 2010. Retrieved May 15, 2017.  ^ Lee, Eun-joo (November 10, 2010). " SB LiMotive
SB LiMotive
starts lithium-ion battery plant". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved May 15, 2017.  ^ Kim, Tae-gyu (June 13, 2011). "Bosch plans to expand joint venture with Samsung". Korea Times. Retrieved May 15, 2017.  ^ "Bosch and Samsung SDI
Samsung SDI
disbanding the SB LiMotive
SB LiMotive
Li-ion joint venture". Green Car Congress. September 5, 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2017.  ^ "SB Limotive Starts Production of Lithium-Ion Cells". Energy Trend. November 11, 2011. Retrieved May 15, 2017.  ^ Morris, Charles (March 9, 2015). "Sources say Samsung to provide battery packs for BMW X5". Charged. Yonhap. Retrieved May 15, 2017.  ^ "Welcome to Ulsan
Ulsan
Metropolitan City - News and Notice". Ulsan
Ulsan
City Council. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-02-18.  ^ a b Ulsan- Seoul
Seoul
high-speed train service to start in November. Koreatimes.co.kr (2010-10-05). Retrieved on 2013-07-12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2010-12-10.  ^ ulsan mobis phoebus basketball team, ulsan mobis phoebus basketball team (2016-04-14). "ulsan mobis phoebus basketball team".  ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010) 울산(152)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 23 December 2016.  ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 울산(152)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 23 December 2016.  ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 울산(152)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 23 December 2016.  ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2016.  ^ " Ulsan
Ulsan
Metropolitan City". ulsan.go.kr. Archived from the original on 2014-01-03.  ^ " Mandalay
Mandalay
and Ulsan". 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ulsan.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ulsan.

Ulsan
Ulsan
Metropolitan City official site (in English) Ulsan
Ulsan
Metropolitan City official site (in Korean) Ulsan : Official Site of Korea Tourism Org Ulsan's Foreigner Living Site

v t e

Metropolitan city of Ulsan

Districts

Buk Dong Jung Nam

County

Ulju

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of South Korea

Regions

Sudogwon (Capital area) Gwandong

Yeongdong Yeongseo

Hoseo

Daejeon-Sejong-Chungnam Chungbuk

Honam Yeongnam

Daegu-Gyeongbuk Busan-Ulsan-Gyeongnam Southeastern MIR

Jeju

Provinces

North Chungcheong South Chungcheong Gangwon Gyeonggi North Gyeongsang South Gyeongsang North Jeolla South Jeolla

Special
Special
self-governing province

Jeju

Special
Special
city

Seoul

Special
Special
self-governing city

Sejong

Metropolitan cities

Busan Daegu Daejeon Gwangju Incheon Ulsan

The Committee for the Five Northern Korean Provinces

North Hamgyeong South Hamgyeong Hwanghae North Pyeongan South Pyeongan

v t e

Cities in South Korea

Special
Special
city

Seoul

Metropolitan city

Busan Daegu Daejeon Gwangju Incheon Ulsan

Metropolitan autonomous city

Sejong

Provincial capital

Andong ChangwonB CheongjuB Chuncheon HongseongC JeonjuB JejuD MuanC SuwonB

Specific city

Ansan Anyang BucheonE Cheonan GimhaeE Goyang HwaseongE NamyangjuE Pohang Seongnam Yongin

Municipal city

Anseong Asan Boryeong Chungju Dangjin Dongducheon Donghae Gangneung Geoje Gimcheon Gimje Gimpo Gongju Gumi Gunpo Guri Gunsan Gwacheon Gwangju Gwangmyeong Gwangyang Gyeongju Gyeongsan Gyeryong Hanam Icheon Iksan Jecheon Jeongeup Jinju Miryang Mokpo Mungyeong Namwon Naju Nonsan Osan Paju Pocheon Pyeongtaek Sacheon Samcheok Sangju Seosan Siheung Sokcho Suncheon Taebaek Tongyeong Uijeongbu Uiwang Wonju Yangju Yangsan Yeoju Yeongcheon Yeongju Yeosu

Administrative city

Seogwipo

Note: A also a provincial capital; B also designated as a special-status city; C a county, not a city; D also designated as an administrative city; and E does not have gus

Coordinates: 35°33′N 129°19′E / 35.550°N 129.317°E / 35.550; 129.317

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 236605733 GN

.