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ULSAN ( Hangul : 울산; Hanja : 蔚山; Korean pronunciation: ), officially the ULSAN METROPOLITAN CITY, is South Korea
South Korea
's seventh largest metropolis with a population of over 1.1 million. It is located in the south-east of the country, neighboring Busan
Busan
to the south and facing Gyeongju to the north.

Ulsan
Ulsan
is the industrial powerhouse of South Korea, forming the heart of the _ Ulsan
Ulsan
Industrial District_, which is home to the world's largest automobile assembly plant operated by the Hyundai Motor Company , the world's largest shipyard operated by Hyundai Heavy Industries and the world's second largest oil refinery , owned by SK Energy . In 2012, Ulsan
Ulsan
had a GDP per capita
GDP per capita
of $79,623, the highest of any region in South Korea.

CONTENTS

* 1 Administrative divisions * 2 Economy * 3 Transportation * 4 Sports

* 5 Geography

* 5.1 Climate

* 6 Tourist attractions * 7 In media * 8 Twin towns – Sister cities * 9 Notable People * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Ulsan
Ulsan
is divided into four _gu _ (districts) and one _gun _ (county):

* Buk District (북구; 北區) * Dong District (동구; 東區) * Jung District (중구; 中區) * Nam District (남구; 南區) * Ulju County (울주군; 蔚州郡 )

ECONOMY

Ulsan
Ulsan
Central market entrance

As the centre of the _ Ulsan
Ulsan
Industrial District_, the city is the corporate base of the multinational Hyundai conglomerate. Up to 1962, Ulsan
Ulsan
operated as a fishing port and market centre. As part of South Korea 's first five-year economic plan, Ulsan
Ulsan
became an open port. Additionally, major industrial plants and factories were developed, including in particular an oil refinery , fertiliser plants, automobile production and heavy industries. The shipbuilding port Bangeojin became part of the city in 1962.

Ulsan
Ulsan
is currently the home of the world's largest automobile assembly plant operated by Hyundai Motor , the world's largest shipyard , operated by Hyundai Heavy Industries
Hyundai Heavy Industries
and the world's second largest oil refinery owned by SK Energy .

In November 2011, SB LiMotive opened an advanced Lithium-Ion battery production plant in Ulsan. SB LiMotive was a 50-50 consortium of Samsung SDI and Robert Bosch GmbH . In September 2012, Samsung SDI purchased the Robert Bosch GmbH portion of SB LiMotive for $95 million to gain 100% ownership of the Ulsan
Ulsan
production facility. The Ulsan plant is one of Samsung SDI's triangle of advanced car battery production facilities: another is in Xian, China, and the other is at Göd , 25 kilometers north of Budapest, Hungary , which was a former Austria-based battery pack division of Magna Steyr and was acquired by Samsung SDI in 2015. In 2016-2017, the Samsung SDI Ulsan
Ulsan
plant trained several employees for the Samsung SDI Hungary plant. The Samsung SDI Ulsan
Ulsan
plant supplies Hyundai and other automotive producers with advanced batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles. The Ulsan
Ulsan
plant had supplied the BMW i3, but the Samsung SDI Hungary plant will provide the BMW i3, i5, and X5 with advanced Li-ion batteries.

TRANSPORTATION

The city transport department plans to build a light-rail line and the public transportation system is as good as any other major Korean city. The bus system shows a particular ETA at most bus stops. Ulsan Airport , constructed in 1970 and expanded in 1997, has more than 20 flights per day to and from Seoul
Seoul
's Gimpo International Airport and 4 flights per week to and from Jeju International Airport
Jeju International Airport
. In November 2010, Korea's high-speed train network, the KTX, was extended to Ulsan. This provides a high-speed link to Seoul, with a running time of just over 2 hours. The new KTX station ( Ulsan
Ulsan
Station) is in nearby Eonyang, with a series of express buses (5001-5004) as well as some city buses serving the new station. The original city station has been renamed Taehwa River Station.

SPORTS

The city hosts the K League Classic football club Ulsan Hyundai FC , who, after the 2002 FIFA World Cup , relocated from their former stadium in Jung-gu , which is now a municipal ground, to the Munsu Stadium , which hosted several matches during the 2002 World Cup. Ulsan
Ulsan
was home to another football team, Ulsan
Ulsan
Hyundai Mipo Dolphin FC , which played in the Korea National League
Korea National League
until 2016, when it was dissolved. It is also home to the University of Ulsan . Ulsan
Ulsan
also hosts Korean Basketball League team Ulsan Mobis Phoebus
Ulsan Mobis Phoebus
. Their home ground is Dongchun Gymnasium , which located in jung-gu ulsan.

GEOGRAPHY

Ulsan
Ulsan
is bounded on the east by the Sea of Japan (East Sea). Busan
Busan
is 70 km to the south.

CLIMATE

Ulsan
Ulsan
has a monsoon -influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen _Cfa_/_Cwa_), with somewhat cold but dry winters, and hot, humid summers. Monthly means range from 2.0 °C (35.6 °F) in January to 25.9 °C (78.6 °F) in August, with diurnal temperature ranges generally low. Its location on the Korean peninsula results in a seasonal lag, with the warmest days being in August and averaging very near 30 °C (86 °F). Precipitation
Precipitation
is relatively low in the winter months, but is made up by the high rainfall falling from April to September.

CLIMATE DATA FOR ULSAN (1981–2010, EXTREMES 1931–PRESENT)

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 19.3 (66.7) 24.2 (75.6) 25.4 (77.7) 31.0 (87.8) 34.7 (94.5) 35.5 (95.9) 38.2 (100.8) 38.8 (101.8) 35.6 (96.1) 29.8 (85.6) 27.5 (81.5) 22.4 (72.3) 38.8 (101.8)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 7.3 (45.1) 9.2 (48.6) 13.2 (55.8) 19.2 (66.6) 23.4 (74.1) 26.0 (78.8) 28.9 (84) 30.0 (86) 25.9 (78.6) 21.9 (71.4) 15.8 (60.4) 9.9 (49.8) 19.2 (66.6)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 2.0 (35.6) 3.9 (39) 7.9 (46.2) 13.5 (56.3) 17.9 (64.2) 21.4 (70.5) 25.0 (77) 25.9 (78.6) 21.5 (70.7) 16.2 (61.2) 9.9 (49.8) 4.3 (39.7) 14.1 (57.4)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −2.3 (27.9) −0.7 (30.7) 3.2 (37.8) 8.2 (46.8) 12.8 (55) 17.3 (63.1) 21.8 (71.2) 22.7 (72.9) 17.9 (64.2) 11.5 (52.7) 5.1 (41.2) −0.3 (31.5) 9.8 (49.6)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −14.3 (6.3) −12.5 (9.5) −9.6 (14.7) −2.6 (27.3) 3.6 (38.5) 6.8 (44.2) 13.9 (57) 13.4 (56.1) 7.9 (46.2) 0.4 (32.7) −7.8 (18) −12.4 (9.7) −14.3 (6.3)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 34.3 (1.35) 42.6 (1.677) 65.8 (2.591) 91.1 (3.587) 108.1 (4.256) 176.8 (6.961) 232.3 (9.146) 240.3 (9.461) 168.2 (6.622) 53.5 (2.106) 41.1 (1.618) 23.0 (0.906) 1,277.1 (50.28)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM) 5.3 6.3 8.1 8.4 9.2 10.0 13.5 12.1 10.3 5.7 5.1 3.9 97.9

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS 1.7 2.1 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.1 6.1

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 49.6 51.9 57.6 60.3 66.1 73.3 78.9 77.7 75.7 67.2 59.9 52.4 64.2

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 190.7 176.4 187.5 207.2 215.4 172.7 151.5 167.3 150.0 193.7 182.0 194.6 2,188.8

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 61.2 57.4 50.6 52.8 49.5 39.6 34.2 40.0 40.3 55.3 58.8 64.0 49.2

Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (percent sunshine and snowy days)

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

YEONGNAM ALPS

There are 7 tall mountains (Gajisan, Sinbulsan, Ganwolsan, cheonhwangsan, yeongchuksan, Goheonsan, Jaeyaksan) over 1,000m above sea level. Sinbulsan (MT.) Ridge, which changes to a fantastic silver grass field in autumn, is one of the best sights to see in the Yeongnam Alps. Eoksae festival is held every early October in Ganwoljae which is best known for its colony of silver grass.

OEGOSAN ONGGI VILLAGE

Korea's largest traditional folk Onggi (earthware) village creates a unique scene as the whole village is made of earthware. You can see the first-hand traditional Onggi (earthware) manufacturing process including Onggi workshops and kilns. Try your hand at making Onggi. The Ulsan
Ulsan
Onggi museum offers a variety of information related to Onggi and displays a diversity of this eathware.

JANGSAENGPO WHALE MUSEUM ">

Twilight view of Taehwa River and downtown area *

Industrial Complex area in Ulsan
Ulsan

IN MEDIA

Ulsan
Ulsan
is one of the filming locations of the Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation 2012 South Korean television melodrama series _May Queen _, starring Han Ji-hye , Kim Jae-won and Jae Hee .

TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES

CITY REGION COUNTRY YEAR

Hagi Yamaguchi Prefecture
Yamaguchi Prefecture
Japan
Japan
1981

Portland Oregon
Oregon
United States
United States
1987

Changchun
Changchun
Jilin
Jilin
China
China
1994

Kocaeli Province Turkey
Turkey
2002

Santos São Paulo
São Paulo
Brazil
Brazil
2002

Khánh Hòa Province Vietnam
Vietnam
2002

Tomsk
Tomsk
Tomsk
Tomsk
Oblast Russia
Russia
2003

Wuxi Jiangsu
Jiangsu
China
China
2006

Montevideo
Montevideo
Montevideo
Montevideo
Department Uruguay
Uruguay
2012

Chennai
Chennai
Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
India
India
2016

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Calvin Park , All American Track and Field Athlete * Kim Tae-hee * Han Chae-ah * Oh Yoon-ah * Tei * Seo In-guk * Yura , Girl\'s Day 's member

SEE ALSO

* Bangudae Petroglyphs * List of cities in South Korea
South Korea
* List of Korea-related topics * List of oil refineries * List of South Korean regions by GDP

REFERENCES

* ^ "SOUTH KOREA: Cities (registered population)". Citypopulation. Retrieved 21 August 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ (in Korean) 연합뉴스 : 바른언론 빠른뉴스. Yonhapnews.co.kr (2009-10-16). Retrieved on 2013-07-12. * ^ _A_ _B_ 천혜 절경 바닷가가 세계 최대 조선소로 변모 - 오마이뉴스. Ohmynews.com (2013-01-18). Retrieved on 2013-07-12. * ^ _A_ _B_ http://pda.ulsan.go.kr/Common/Detail.neo?id=U0010711 * ^ "SB Limotive Starts Production of Lithium-Ion Cells". _EngeryTrend_. November 11, 2010. Retrieved May 15, 2017. * ^ Lee, Eun-joo (November 10, 2010). " SB LiMotive starts lithium-ion battery plant". _ Korea JoongAng Daily _. Retrieved May 15, 2017. * ^ Kim, Tae-gyu (June 13, 2011). "Bosch plans to expand joint venture with Samsung". _ Korea Times _. Retrieved May 15, 2017. * ^ "Bosch and Samsung SDI disbanding the SB LiMotive Li-ion joint venture". _Green Car Congress _. September 5, 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2017. * ^ "Samsung Plans to Install Battery Factory in Former Hungary Plant". _dailynewshungary.com_. March 24, 2017. Retrieved May 15, 2017. * ^ Jin, Hyunjoo (August 30, 2016). "UPDATE 1- Samsung SDI to build $358 mln car battery plant in Hungary by 2018". _ Reuters
Reuters
_. Retrieved May 15, 2017. * ^ " Samsung SDI launches construction of its plant for battery production in Hungary". _Samsung SDI_. August 31, 2016. Retrieved May 15, 2017. * ^ "Press Release - Magna Announces Second Quarter and Year to Date Results". _Magna International website_. August 7, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2017. * ^ "Very Special
Special
Korean Experience by Employees of Samsung SDI Hungary Office". _Samsung SDI_. February 10, 2017. Retrieved May 15, 2017. * ^ Jin, Hyunjoo (August 30, 2016). " Samsung SDI will build EV battery plant in Hungary". _ Automotive News Europe _. Reuters. Retrieved May 15, 2017. * ^ "SB Limotive Starts Production of Lithium-Ion Cells". _Energy Trend_. November 11, 2011. Retrieved May 15, 2017. * ^ Morris, Charles (March 9, 2015). "Sources say Samsung to provide battery packs for BMW X5". _Charged_. Yonhap . Retrieved May 15, 2017. * ^ "Welcome to