Ulhasnagar is a town located in the
Thane district of Maharashtra
Konkan division. This city is part of
Region managed by MMRDA. It had an estimated population of 506,098 at
the 2011 Census.
Ulhasnagar is a municipal town and the
headquarters of the Tahsil bearing the same name. It is a railway
station on the Mumbai-
Pune route of the Central Railway.
Ulhasnagar, a colony of migrants in the aftermath of Partition, is
situated 58 km from Mumbai. The once-barren land has developed into a
rich town of
Thane district. Originally, known as
Ulhasnagar was set up especially to accommodate 6,000
soldiers and 30,000 others during World War II. There were 2,126
barracks and about 1,173 housed personals. The majority of barracks
had large central halls with rooms attached to either end. The camp
had a deserted look at the end of the war and served as a ready and
ideal ground for Partition victims. Sindhis, in particular, began life
anew in the new land. On August 8, 1949 the first and last
Governor-General of India, C. Rajagopalachari, laid the foundation
stone. The population of the town which was 80,861 as per the Census
of 1961 and more than doubled to 1,68,462 as per the Census of 1971.
As per Census of 2001 it is 4,72,943.
Included in the functional category of industry, the town covers an
area of 13 square kilometers and is divided into 285 blocks. It is a
centre for the production of rayon silk, dyes, ready-made garments,
electrical / electronic appliances & confectionaries. The total
length of existing Roads & Streets in the town measures 352
kilometers. The town is served by underground & open-surface
drainage, night soil being disposed of by septic tank latrines. The
town gets a protected water supply through MIDC. Sanctioned Water
Quota at various tapping points is 112 MLD. Fire-fighting service is
also available in the town. 60 private hospitals with a total
bed-strength of 840 beds 3 Government hospitals with total
bed-strength of 356 beds, 255 dispensaries / clinics, 100 RMP and a
family planning centre cater to the curative and preventive health
needs of the town population. Educational facilities are provided by
129 primary schools, 56 Secondary Schools, 9 Higher Secondary schools,
3 colleges and 2 Technical Colleges. Entertainment facilities are
provided by one stadium and nine cinema theatres besides five
auditorium-cum-drama halls. Nine Public Libraries are located in the
Ulhasnagar is considered as one of the largest denim jeans
manufacturer. It has number of small businesses, manufacturing quality
denims with an effective cheap labour. Some of the manufacturers
export jeans worldwide from Ulhasnagar. The city is also famous for
its furniture market, cloth market and electronic market.
2.1 Business and Corruption
4 Education Institutes
6 External links
Religions in Ulhasnagar
Distribution of religions
†Includes some errors in making this table Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists
According to the 2011 Census of India,
Ulhasnagar had a population
of 506,098. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%.
Among minority languages, Sindhi is spoken by 34.47% of the population
Hindi by 19.63%.
Ulhasnagar is a municipal city and the headquarters of the Tehsil
(taluka) bearing the same name. It is a railway station on the
Pune route of the Central Railway. Ulhasnagar, a colony of
migrants in the aftermath of the Partition of
India (1947), is 68
years old. Situated 58 km from Mumbai, the once-barren land has
developed into an urban town of
Thane district. Originally, known as
Kalyan Military transit camp,
Ulhasnagar was set up especially to
accommodate 6,000 soldiers and 30,000 others during World War II.
There were 2,126 barracks and about 1,173 housed personals. The
majority of barracks had large central halls with rooms attached to
either end. The camp had a deserted look at the end of the war and
served as a ready and commercial ideal ground for Partition victims.
Sindhis, in particular, began life anew in the new land.
After the partition of India, over 1,00,000 Sindhi-speaking Hindu
refugees from the newly created
West Pakistan were relocated to the
deserted military camps five kilometres from Kalyan. The area was
converted into a township in 1949 and foundation ceremony took place
on 8 August 1949. The Governor-general of India, C. Rajagopalachari
named the town
Ulhasnagar (literally 'city of joy'; ulhas=joy;
nagar=city) and he also laid the foundation stone for the township.
Not actually, it was called Ulhasnagar, because of its close proximity
to Ulhas Plateau and its valley.
A suburban railway station was built in 1955. In January 1960,
Ulhasnagar Municipality was formed, with Arjun K. Ballani as first
chief, and a municipal council was nominated. In 1965, elections were
first held in this council. Now this 28 square kilometre area has
389,000 people of Sindhi descent, the largest enclave of
India. The town lies outside
Mumbai city but within the Mumbai
Conurbation. In 2010, the estimated population of Sindhi
Ulhasnagar was 400,000.
Ulhasnagar is one of the major exporter of
jeans, clothes, School Bags and fabrics not just in
India but all over
the world. Monthly production of jeans here is more than 500 million.
Apart from this
Ulhasnagar has various Small Scale Manufacturing units
which produces Confectinary, Textile Weaving, Furniture, Printing
Ulhasnagar is also famous for Chaliya Sahib Temple in
Business and Corruption
In the late 1970s,
Ulhasnagar was a town settled mainly by Sindhi
refugees. There are a number of criminal gangs in town working
under the patronage of political parties. Also for many illegal
building projects in 1990s, politicians started to charge money to
look the other way.
Ulhasnagar railway station
One can reach
Ulhasnagar by road or railway.
station is on the Central Line of the
Mumbai Suburban Railway. One can
Ulhasnagar by alighting at either of
which are near camp 1 and 2 or
Stations which are close to 3 and 4 or
Ulhasnagar and Ambernath
Railway Stations are near to camp 4 and 5. The city
is serviced by City Bus and autorickshaw for travel from Mumbai,
Thane as well. Recently "
Ulhasnagar Municipal Transport
Service" was launched in 2010 wherein mini buses ply from Kalyan
Railway Station to kailash Colony in ulhasnagar-5 near David's Cottage
covering almost full Ulhasnagar. There are auto rickshaws and
municipality buses for transportation. Since Mid of
2013 the bus service launched became almost inoperative and to travel
Ulhasnagar the only option is auto rickshaws.
Smt. Chandibai Himmatmal Mansukhani College (C. H. M. College)
Established in 1965 CHM Campus also house 5 more college buildings
Principal K M Kundnani Pharmacy Polytechnique 
Institute of Technology 
Dr L. H. Hiranandani College of Pharmacy 
H and G H Mansukhani Institute of Management 
Nari Gursahani Law College 
Also there is
Ulhasnagar Girls College started in 1961 which later converted to R K
Talreja College 
Nari Gursahani Law College an undergraduate law college affiliated to
the University of
Mumbai is located in Ulhasnagar.
^ Dionne Bunsha (17 December 2004). "The States:
Ulhasnagar in a new
role". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 May 2007.
^ "About Ulhasnagar, Introduction of Ulhasnagar,
www.ulhasnagaronline.in. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
^ "51st REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA"
(PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. 15 July 2015.
p. 151. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
^ Sindhi conversions in
Ulhasnagar raise a storm
^ Girish Kuber (2007-01-09). "Pappu's
Ulhasnagar gambit may backfire".
Economic Times. Retrieved 2007-05-24.
^ Ghosh, S.K. (1991). The Indian mafia. New Delhi: Ashish Pub. House.
p. 56. ISBN 9788170243786. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
^ Yogesh Pawar (3 March 1999). "Three Ps rule Ulhas: Pelf, Politicians
& Pappu.and his most trusted man shamsher ansari
mainly distributed in 5 areas namely ulhasnagar 1,2,3,4 and 5". Indian
Express. Retrieved 24 May 2007.
^  Smt. Chandibai Himmatmal Mansukhani College
^  Principal K M Kundnani Pharmacy Polytechnique]]
^  Institute of Technology
^  Dr L. H. Hiranandani College of Pharmacy
^  H and G H Mansukhani Institute of Management
^  Nari Gursahani Law College
^  R K Talreja College
^ "About NGLC". Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved
13 August 2017.
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