Uitenhage (/ˈjuːtɪnheɪɡ/; Afrikaans: [œitənˈɦɑːχə])
is a South African town in the
Eastern Cape Province. It is well known
Volkswagen factory located there, which is the biggest car
factory on the African continent. Along with the city of Port
Elizabeth and the small town of Despatch, it forms the Nelson Mandela
3 Notable people from Uitenhage
4 Notable animals from Uitenhage
5 Coats of arms
8 External links
Uitenhage was founded on 25 April 1804 by landdrost (district
Jacob Glen Cuyler and named in honour of the Cape's
Jacob Abraham Uitenhage de Mist
Jacob Abraham Uitenhage de Mist by the Dutch Cape
Colony governor, Jan Willem Janssens.
Uitenhage formed from part of
the district of
Graaff Reinet (shortly after its short-lived
Cape Colony received a degree of independence when "Responsible
Government" was declared in 1872. In 1875, the Cape government of John
Molteno took over the rudimentary
Uitenhage railway site, incorporated
it into the
Cape Government Railways
Cape Government Railways (CGR), and began construction of
the lines connecting
Port Elizabeth and the Southern
African interior. Two years later, in 1877,
Uitenhage was declared a
Nearly a hundred years later, as part of the Republic of South Africa,
Uitenhage became a centre for resistance against apartheid. In 1985,
police opened fire on a funeral procession in Uitenhage, killing a
number of unarmed people, in an event that became notorious as an
example of police oppression in
South Africa under apartheid.
In 2001 it was incorporated with
Port Elizabeth and Despatch into the
Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality.
Uitenhage is known for the large industries situated there. The
largest of these industries are the
Volkswagen and Goodyear factories.
An automotive supplier park, Alexander Park Industrial, has also been
created directly next to the
Volkswagen factory, thus allowing
automotive component manufacturers to construct their manufacturing
plants close by.
Notable people from Uitenhage
Allan Hendrickse - Preacher-teacher-politician from apartheid
Balthazar Johannes Vorster - South African Prime Minister 1966 - 1978
Carel Fourie - Springbok rugby wing; from Die Brandwag Hoërskool.
Charles Robert Redcliffe - Labour Party politician,
community leader and anti-apartheid activist.
Christo van Rensburg - South African tennis player, ATP-ranked singles
#19 in 1988 and doubles #5 in 1987
Deshun Deysel - international business coach and mountaineer.
Deon Kayser - rugby player.
Enoch Sontonga - composer of
Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika
Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika which is now part
of the national anthem.
Garth Wright - Springbok rugby scrum-half from
Muir College in the
late 80s and early 90s
James Wide - Double leg amputee railway signalman and owner of Jack
Jean-Paul (JP) Biko Keyter - RSG Radio Presenter, TV Sport
Presenter/Writer on eNuus at etv, Kyknet, SABC Sport and Actor
Joseph Petrus Hendrik Crowe
Joseph Petrus Hendrik Crowe -
British Army officer who was awarded the
Johan van der Merwe - Springbok rugby centre 1969/70 British tour;
from Die Brandwag Hoërskool.
Lee-Roy Wright - South African actor and television presenter
Linky Boshoff - South African Tennis player; Won US Open Doubles Title
at Forest Hills with Ilana Kloss 1976, Ranked no 1 Doubles 1976,
reached 1/4 finals singles French Open 1977 and Wimbledon 1974 and 3rd
round US Open 1975; from Riebeek College Girls High School.
Loyiso Bala - South African R&B singer; part of Bala Brothers
ground and TKZee
Mcebisi Jonas, former deputy Finance Minister. He remains an active
member of ANC's
Nantie Hayward - South African cricketer who now plays in the Indian
Okkert Brits - Olympic pole vaulter
Polla Fourie - Springbok rugby flank; brother of Carel; from Die
Sean Burke - musician, composer currently based in Randburg,
Smuts Ngonyama - ANC National Spokesman during Thabo Mbeki's Era.
Recently appointed South African Ambassador to Spain
The Invaders - popular South African music group from the 1960s
Ton Vosloo - Journalist; previous editor of Beeld (1977-1983),
managing director Naspers Ltd 1984-1992, chair Naspers Ltd
(1992-1997), Non-executive chair Naspers Ltd (1992-April 2015), Board
Member of Multichoice
South Africa and a director of Media24; from Die
Pierre Terblanche - Previous director of design at Ducati, Italy; from
Die Brandwag Hoërskool.
Notable animals from Uitenhage
Jack - A chacma baboon trained as double leg amputee signalman James
Coats of arms
Drostdy — In 1804, the Cape colonial government assigned the shield
of Jacob Abraham
Uitenhage de Mist's arms to the new Uitenhage
drostdy. The arms were Sable, a cross moline Argent, i.e. a silver
cross moline on a black shield. An anchor was placed behind the
shield. The British authorities discontinued the drostdy seals in
1814, and replaced them with the royal coat of arms.
Municipality — In 1881, the
Uitenhage municipal council adopted the
De Mist arms, complete with a crest consisting of a cross moline
issuing from a gold coronet. The arms were registered with the
Cape Provincial Administration in September 1956 and at the Bureau
of Heraldry in June 1994.
Divisional council — The
Uitenhage divisional council (the local
authority for the rural areas outside the town) assumed a coat of arms
in 1968. The arms were granted by the provincial administrator in
August 1968 and registered at the
Bureau of Heraldry
Bureau of Heraldry in June
The arms were : Or, a triple crowned tree Vert, the trunk
entwined with the Batavian tricolour; on a chief wavy Sable a cross
moline between dexter a pickaxe and hammer in saltire, handles
downwards and sinister two scrolls in saltire, Argent. In layman's
terms, the design was a golden shield displaying, from top to bottom,
a crossed pickaxe and hammer, a cross moline and two crossed scrolls
on a black horizontal strip with a wavy edge, and a triple-crowned
tree with a Batavian Republic flag wrapped around it.
The crest was an elephant, and the motto Per laborem ad honorem.
Sellick, W.S.J. (1904). Uitenhage, past and present : souvenir of
the Centenary, 1804-1904.
^ "Chronological order of town establishment in
South Africa based on
Floyd (1960:20-26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii.
^ a b c d "Main Place Uitenhage". Census 2011.
Uitenhage is founded". sahistory. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
^ Burman, Jose (1984), Early Railways at the Cape. Cape Town: Human
& Rousseau, p.66. ISBN 0-7981-1760-5
^ Thornton, R. J. (1990). "The Shooting at Uitenhage, South Africa,
1985: The Context and Interpretation of Violence". American
Ethnologist. 17 (2): 217–236. doi:10.1525/ae.1990.17.2.02a00020.
^ McGregor, Liz (21 March 2005). "Obituary: The Rev Allan Hendrickse".
UD News. Uitenhage. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
Christo van Rensburg - South African Airways ATP Rankings History
^ Combrinck, Heilie (30 June 2016). "First local TEDx conference hosts
famous guests". UD News. Uitenhage. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
^ Biyela, Lunga (3 April 2014). "Kayser happy to share". The Witness.
Durban. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
^ The Captain's Table: Panel: Garth Wright
^ "Lee-Roy Wright". tvsa.co.za.
^ "Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality : Loyiso Bala".
^ Reporter, Citizen. "Details: How
Mcebisi Jonas could make his
political comeback". The Citizen. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
^ Artist hits home with Consciousness Hip Hop
^ Gedye, Lloyd (22 November 2008). "Rise of The Invaders". The M&G
Online. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
^ Pama, C. (1965) Lions and Virgins.
^ Cape Town Gazette 418 (15 January 1814).
^ The arms were depicted on a cigarette card issued in 1931.
^ Cape of Good Hope Official Gazette 2833 (28 September 1956).
^ a b National Archives of South Africa : Data of the Bureau of
^ Cape of Good Hope Official Gazette 3470 (9 August 1968).
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Uitenhage.
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article
Places adjacent to Uitenhage
Kirkwood 54 km
Addo 45 km
Hankey 73 km
Despatch 9 km, Coega
Humansdorp 88 km
Skoenmakerskop 44 km
Port Elizabeth 31 km
Note: Distances by tarred road as per SA Explorer – Uitenhage
Municipalities and communities of Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan
Municipality, Eastern Cape
District seat: Port Elizabeth
Cities and towns