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Uitenhage
Uitenhage
(/ˈjuːtɪnheɪɡ/; Afrikaans: [œitənˈɦɑːχə]) is a South African town in the Eastern Cape
Eastern Cape
Province. It is well known for the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
factory located there, which is the biggest car factory on the African continent. Along with the city of Port Elizabeth and the small town of Despatch, it forms the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality.

Contents

1 History 2 Industries 3 Notable people from Uitenhage 4 Notable animals from Uitenhage 5 Coats of arms 6 Bibliography 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Uitenhage
Uitenhage
was founded on 25 April 1804 by landdrost (district magistrate) Jacob Glen Cuyler and named in honour of the Cape's Commissioner-General
Commissioner-General
Jacob Abraham Uitenhage de Mist
Jacob Abraham Uitenhage de Mist
by the Dutch Cape Colony governor, Jan Willem Janssens.[3] Uitenhage
Uitenhage
formed from part of the district of Graaff Reinet
Graaff Reinet
(shortly after its short-lived secession). The Cape Colony
Cape Colony
received a degree of independence when "Responsible Government" was declared in 1872. In 1875, the Cape government of John Molteno took over the rudimentary Uitenhage
Uitenhage
railway site, incorporated it into the Cape Government Railways
Cape Government Railways
(CGR), and began construction of the lines connecting Uitenhage
Uitenhage
to Port Elizabeth
Port Elizabeth
and the Southern African interior. Two years later, in 1877, Uitenhage
Uitenhage
was declared a municipality.[4] Nearly a hundred years later, as part of the Republic of South Africa, Uitenhage
Uitenhage
became a centre for resistance against apartheid. In 1985, police opened fire on a funeral procession in Uitenhage, killing a number of unarmed people, in an event that became notorious as an example of police oppression in South Africa
South Africa
under apartheid.[5][6] In 2001 it was incorporated with Port Elizabeth
Port Elizabeth
and Despatch into the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality. Industries[edit] Uitenhage
Uitenhage
is known for the large industries situated there. The largest of these industries are the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
and Goodyear factories. An automotive supplier park, Alexander Park Industrial, has also been created directly next to the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
factory, thus allowing automotive component manufacturers to construct their manufacturing plants close by. Notable people from Uitenhage[edit]

Allan Hendrickse - Preacher-teacher-politician from apartheid politics[7] Balthazar Johannes Vorster - South African Prime Minister 1966 - 1978 Carel Fourie - Springbok rugby wing; from Die Brandwag Hoërskool. Charles Robert Redcliffe[citation needed] - Labour Party politician, community leader and anti-apartheid activist. Christo van Rensburg - South African tennis player, ATP-ranked singles #19 in 1988 and doubles #5 in 1987[8] Deshun Deysel - international business coach and mountaineer.[9] Deon Kayser - rugby player.[10] Enoch Sontonga - composer of Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika
Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika
which is now part of the national anthem. Garth Wright - Springbok rugby scrum-half from Muir College in the late 80s and early 90s[11] James Wide - Double leg amputee railway signalman and owner of Jack the signal-baboon. Jean-Paul (JP) Biko Keyter - RSG Radio Presenter, TV Sport Presenter/Writer on eNuus at etv, Kyknet, SABC Sport and Actor Joseph Petrus Hendrik Crowe
Joseph Petrus Hendrik Crowe
- British Army
British Army
officer who was awarded the Victoria Cross Johan van der Merwe - Springbok rugby centre 1969/70 British tour; from Die Brandwag Hoërskool. Lee-Roy Wright - South African actor and television presenter[12] Linky Boshoff - South African Tennis player; Won US Open Doubles Title at Forest Hills with Ilana Kloss 1976, Ranked no 1 Doubles 1976, reached 1/4 finals singles French Open 1977 and Wimbledon 1974 and 3rd round US Open 1975; from Riebeek College Girls High School. Loyiso Bala - South African R&B singer; part of Bala Brothers ground and TKZee[13] Mcebisi Jonas, former deputy Finance Minister. He remains an active member of ANC's Uitenhage
Uitenhage
branch[14] Nantie Hayward - South African cricketer who now plays in the Indian Cricket League Okkert Brits
Okkert Brits
- Olympic pole vaulter Polla Fourie - Springbok rugby flank; brother of Carel; from Die Brandwag Hoërskool. Sean Burke - musician, composer currently based in Randburg, Gauteng[15] Smuts Ngonyama - ANC National Spokesman during Thabo Mbeki's Era. Recently appointed South African Ambassador to Spain The Invaders[16] - popular South African music group from the 1960s Ton Vosloo - Journalist; previous editor of Beeld (1977-1983), managing director Naspers Ltd 1984-1992, chair Naspers Ltd (1992-1997), Non-executive chair Naspers Ltd (1992-April 2015), Board Member of Multichoice South Africa
South Africa
and a director of Media24; from Die Brandwag Hoërskool. Pierre Terblanche - Previous director of design at Ducati, Italy; from Die Brandwag Hoërskool.

Notable animals from Uitenhage[edit]

Jack - A chacma baboon trained as double leg amputee signalman James Wide's assistant.

Coats of arms[edit] Drostdy — In 1804, the Cape colonial government assigned the shield of Jacob Abraham Uitenhage
Uitenhage
de Mist's arms to the new Uitenhage drostdy. The arms were Sable, a cross moline Argent, i.e. a silver cross moline on a black shield. An anchor was placed behind the shield.[17] The British authorities discontinued the drostdy seals in 1814, and replaced them with the royal coat of arms.[18] Municipality — In 1881, the Uitenhage
Uitenhage
municipal council adopted the De Mist arms, complete with a crest consisting of a cross moline issuing from a gold coronet.[19] The arms were registered with the Cape Provincial Administration in September 1956[20] and at the Bureau of Heraldry in June 1994.[21] Divisional council — The Uitenhage
Uitenhage
divisional council (the local authority for the rural areas outside the town) assumed a coat of arms in 1968. The arms were granted by the provincial administrator in August 1968[22] and registered at the Bureau of Heraldry
Bureau of Heraldry
in June 1972.[21] The arms were : Or, a triple crowned tree Vert, the trunk entwined with the Batavian tricolour; on a chief wavy Sable a cross moline between dexter a pickaxe and hammer in saltire, handles downwards and sinister two scrolls in saltire, Argent. In layman's terms, the design was a golden shield displaying, from top to bottom, a crossed pickaxe and hammer, a cross moline and two crossed scrolls on a black horizontal strip with a wavy edge, and a triple-crowned tree with a Batavian Republic flag wrapped around it. The crest was an elephant, and the motto Per laborem ad honorem. Bibliography[edit]

Sellick, W.S.J. (1904). Uitenhage, past and present : souvenir of the Centenary, 1804-1904. 

References[edit]

^ "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa
South Africa
based on Floyd (1960:20-26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii.  ^ a b c d "Main Place Uitenhage". Census 2011.  ^ " Uitenhage
Uitenhage
is founded". sahistory. Retrieved 14 February 2010.  ^ Burman, Jose (1984), Early Railways at the Cape. Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, p.66. ISBN 0-7981-1760-5 ^ Thornton, R. J. (1990). "The Shooting at Uitenhage, South Africa, 1985: The Context and Interpretation of Violence". American Ethnologist. 17 (2): 217–236. doi:10.1525/ae.1990.17.2.02a00020. JSTOR 645077.  ^ http://www.doj.gov.za/trc/hrvtrans/uiten/bucwa.htm ^ McGregor, Liz (21 March 2005). "Obituary: The Rev Allan Hendrickse". UD News. Uitenhage. Retrieved 30 August 2016.  ^ Christo van Rensburg - South African Airways ATP Rankings History ^ Combrinck, Heilie (30 June 2016). "First local TEDx conference hosts famous guests". UD News. Uitenhage. Retrieved 30 August 2016.  ^ Biyela, Lunga (3 April 2014). "Kayser happy to share". The Witness. Durban. Retrieved 7 October 2017.  ^ The Captain's Table: Panel: Garth Wright ^ "Lee-Roy Wright". tvsa.co.za.  ^ "Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality : Loyiso Bala". nelsonmandelabay.gov.za.  ^ Reporter, Citizen. "Details: How Mcebisi Jonas could make his political comeback". The Citizen. Retrieved 2018-03-02.  ^ Artist hits home with Consciousness Hip Hop ^ Gedye, Lloyd (22 November 2008). "Rise of The Invaders". The M&G Online. Retrieved 2015-07-16.  ^ Pama, C. (1965) Lions and Virgins. ^ Cape Town Gazette 418 (15 January 1814). ^ The arms were depicted on a cigarette card issued in 1931. ^ Cape of Good Hope Official Gazette 2833 (28 September 1956). ^ a b National Archives of South Africa : Data of the Bureau of Heraldry ^ Cape of Good Hope Official Gazette 3470 (9 August 1968).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Uitenhage.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Uitenhage.

Places adjacent to Uitenhage

Baviaanskloof Kirkwood 54 km Addo 45 km

Hankey 73 km

Uitenhage

Despatch 9 km, Coega

Humansdorp
Humansdorp
88 km Skoenmakerskop
Skoenmakerskop
44 km Port Elizabeth
Port Elizabeth
31 km

Note: Distances by tarred road as per SA Explorer – Uitenhage Distances

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality, Eastern Cape

District seat: Port Elizabeth

Cities and towns

Beachview Bethelsdorp Colchester Despatch Ibhayi Motherwell New Brighton Port Elizabeth Redhouse Seaview Skoenmakerskop Swartkops Uitenhage Van Stadensriviermond

Authority control

WorldCat Identiti

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