Uffizi Gallery (Italian: Galleria degli Uffizi,
pronounced [ɡalleˈriːa deʎʎ ufˈfittsi]) is a prominent art
museum located adjacent to the
Piazza della Signoria
Piazza della Signoria in the Historic
Florence in the region of Tuscany, Italy. One of the most
important Italian museums, and the most visited, it is also one of the
largest and best known in the world, and holds a collection of
priceless works, particularly from the period of the Italian
After the ruling house of Medici died out, their art collections were
gifted to the city of
Florence under the famous Patto di famiglia
negotiated by Anna Maria Luisa, the last Medici heiress. The
one of the first modern museums. The gallery had been open to visitors
by request since the sixteenth century, and in 1765 it was officially
opened to the public, formally becoming a museum in 1865.
Uffizi is one of the most popular tourist attractions of
Florence and one of the most visited art museums in the world. The
Uffizi hosted over two million visitors in 2016, making it the most
visited art gallery in Italy. In high season (particularly in
July), waiting times can be up to five hours. Tickets are available
on-line in advance, however, to significantly reduce the waiting
time. The museum is being renovated to more than double the number
of rooms used to display artwork.
2 Modern times
3 Key works
4 Selected highlights
5 See also
6 External links
Michelangelo painting Doni Tondo.
Uffizi is ranked
as the 25th on the most visited art museums in the world, with around
2 million visitors annually.
The building of
Uffizi complex was begun by
Giorgio Vasari in 1560 for
Cosimo I de' Medici so as to accommodate the offices of the Florentine
magistrates, hence the name uffizi, "offices". The construction was
later continued by Alfonso Parigi and Bernardo Buontalenti; it was
completed in 1581. The top floor was made into a gallery for the
family and their guests and included their collection of Roman
The cortile (internal courtyard) is so long and narrow, and open to
Arno at its far end through a Doric screen that articulates the
space without blocking it, that architectural historians treat it
as the first regularized streetscape of Europe. Vasari, a painter and
architect as well, emphasised its perspective length by the matching
facades' continuous roof cornices, and unbroken cornices between
storeys and the three continuous steps on which the palace-fronts
stand. The niches in the piers that alternate with columns filled with
sculptures of famous artists in the 19th century.
Cosimo de' Medici
Cosimo de' Medici by Luigi Magi and Andrea Di Cione (Orcagna) by
Uffizi brought together under one roof the administrative offices
and the Archivio di Stato, the state archive. The project commissioned
Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany was intended to display
prime art works of the Medici collections on the piano nobile; the
plan was carried out by his son, Grand Duke Francesco I. He
commissioned the architect Buontalenti to design of the Tribuna degli
Uffizi that would display a series of masterpieces in one room,
including jewels; it became a highly influential attraction of a Grand
Tour. The octagonal room was completed in 1584.
Over the years, more sections of the palace were recruited to exhibit
paintings and sculpture collected or commissioned by the Medici.
According to Vasari, who was not only the architect of the
also the author of Lives of the Artists, published in 1550 and 1568,
artists such as
Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci and
Michelangelo gathered at the
Uffizi "for beauty, for work and for recreation."
For many years, 45 to 50 rooms were used to display paintings from the
13th to 18th century. The major modernization project, New Uffizi,
had increased that to 101 rooms by late 2016 by expanding into areas
previously used by the
Florence State Archive. The
Uffizi is the
6th of the top ten art museums based on data collected by
Because of its huge collection, some of its works have in the past
been transferred to other museums in Florence—for example, some
famous statues to the Bargello. A project was finished in 2006 to
expand the museum's exhibition space some 6,000 metres²
(64,000 ft²) to almost 13,000 metres² (139,000 ft²),
allowing public viewing of many artworks that have usually been in
On 27 May 1993, the
Sicilian Mafia carried out a car bomb explosion in
Via dei Georgofili and damaged parts of the palace, killing five
people. The blast destroyed five pieces of art and damaged another 30.
Some of the paintings were fully protected by bulletproof glass.
The most severe damage was to the
Niobe room and classical sculptures
and neoclassical interior (which have since been restored), although
its frescoes were damaged beyond repair.
In early August 2007,
Florence experienced a heavy rainstorm. The
Gallery was partially flooded, with water leaking through the ceiling,
and the visitors had to be evacuated. There was a much more
significant flood in 1966 which damaged most of the art collections in
Florence severely, including some of the works in the Uffizi.
Uffizi (New Uffizi) renovation project which started in 1989
was progressing well in 2015 to 2017. It was intended to modernize
all of the halls and more than double the display space. As well, a
new exit is planned and the lighting, air conditioning and security
systems are being updated. During construction, the museum remains
open, although rooms are closed as necessary with the artwork
temporarily moved to another location. For example, the Botticelli
rooms and two others with early Renaissance paintings were closed for
15 months but reopened in October 2016.
Santa Trinita Maestà
Duccio: Rucellai Madonna
Giotto: Ognissanti Madonna, Badia Polyptych
Simone Martini: Annunciation with St. Margaret and St. Ansanus
Ambrogio Lorenzetti: Presentation at the Temple
Gentile da Fabriano, Adoration of the Magi
Paolo Uccello: The Battle of San Romano
Rogier van der Weyden, Lamentation of Christ
Fra Filippo Lippi: Madonna and Child, Coronation of the Virgin
Piero della Francesca: Diptych of Duke
Federico da Montefeltro
Federico da Montefeltro and
Sforza of Urbino
Andrea del Verrocchio: The Baptism of Christ
Hugo van der Goes: Portinari Triptych
Sandro Botticelli: Primavera, The Birth of Venus, Adoration of the
Magi of 1475 and others
Michelangelo: The Holy Family (Doni Tondo)
Leonardo da Vinci: The Annunciation, Adoration of the Magi
Piero di Cosimo: Perseus Freeing Andromeda
Albrecht Dürer: Adoration of the Magi
Raphael: Madonna of the Goldfinch, Portrait of Leo X
Titian: Flora, Venus of Urbino
Parmigianino: Madonna with the Long Neck
Caravaggio: Bacchus, Sacrifice of Isaac, Medusa
Artemisia Gentileschi: Judith and Holofernes
Rembrandt: Self-portrait as a Young Man, Self-portrait as an Old Man,
Portrait of an Old Man
The collection also contains some ancient sculptures, such as the
Arrotino and the Two Wrestlers.
Annunciation, 305 × 265 cm
Giotto di Bondone
Ognissanti Madonna, 325 × 204 cm.
Gentile da Fabriano
Adoration of the Magi, 300 × 282 cm.
Coronation of the Virgin, 112 × 114 cm
The Madonna and St. Anna, 175 × 103 cm.
Adoration of the Magi, 115 × 177 cm.
Birth of Venus, 173 × 279 cm.
La Primavera, 203 × 314 cm.
Adoration of the Magi, 108 × 173 cm.
Adoration of the Magi, 111 × 134 cm.
Piero della Francesca
Dukes of Urbino, 47 × 66 cm.
Madonna and Child with Angel, 95 × 64 cm.
Leonardo da Vinci
Adoration of the Magi, 243 × 246 cm.
Leonardo da Vinci
Annunciation, 98 × 217 cm.
Verrocchio and Leonardo da Vinci
Baptism of Christ, 177 × 151 cm.
Sacred Allegory, 73 × 119 cm.
Piero di Cosimo
Perseus Freeing Andromeda, 70 × 123 cm
Adoration of the Magi, 86 × 162 cm.
Madonna of Long Neck, 216 × 132 cm.
Venus of Urbino, 119 × 165 cm.
Flora, 80 × 64 cm.
Madonna of the Goldfinch, 107 × 77 cm.
Doni Tondo, Diameter 120 cm.
Pope Leo X and Family, 154 × 119 cm.
Judgement of Solomon, 89 × 72 cm.
Battle of San Romano, 182 × 220 cm.
Moses Trial, 89 × 72 cm.
Sacrifice of Isaac, 104 × 135 cm
Medusa, Diameter 55 cm.
Rest on Flight to Egypt, 124 × 107 cm.
Rogier van der Weyden
Lamentation of Christ, 96 × 110 cm.
Adoration of the Magi, 99 × 114 cm.
Madonna and Angels, 76 x60 cm.
Portrait of María Teresa, 83 × 62 cm.
Pieter Paul Rubens
Triumph of Henry IV in Paris, 380 × 692 cm.
Self Portrait, 104 × 83 cm.
Young Bacchus, 95 × 85 cm.
Portrait of Eleanor of Toledo, 115 × 96 cm.
Portrait of an Old Man, possibly a depiction of John Amos Comenius,
102 × 83 cm.
Self-Portrait, 74 × 55 cm.
Hugo van der Goes
Portinari Triptych, 253 × 304 cm.
Martyrdom of St Florian, 76 × 67 cm.
Anthony van Dyck
Portrait of Charles V, 191 × 123 cm.
Martyrdom of Saint Justina, 103 × 113 cm.
St. John and St. Francis, 110 × 86 cm.
Collections of the Uffizi
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
Uffizi – Google Art Project
^ a b "Official Italian visitor figures, 2016" (PDF).
^ Top 100 Art Museum Attendance, The Art Newspaper, 2014, p. 15.
Retrieved on 25 July 2014.
Uffizi Gallery Tickets - Museums Tickets
^ "L'Esperienza dei primi diretorri dei musei autonom".
www.beniculturali.it. 13 November 2017.
^ a b "
Uffizi Gallery Tickets - Museums Tickets
^ a b "New Uffizi: The Botticelli & Early Renaissance Rooms
Reopen". 19 October 2016.
^ "History of
Uffizi Gallery". www.uffizi.com.
^ Sigfried Giedion, Space, Time and Architecture (1941) 1962 fig.17.
^ "Tribuna :: Hall n. 18 ► Virtual Uffizi". Virtual Uffizi
^ Fossi, Gloria. The Uffizi. (Giuniti, 1999), p. 8.
^ "Top 10 art museums in the world". 29 February 2008 – via
^ Cowell, Alan (28 May 1993). "Bomb Outside
Florence Kills 6
and Damages Many Works" – via www.nytimes.com.
Florence still lives in fear of the flood". The Independent. 3
^ "Discover the New Halls at Uffizi". Virtual
^ "History". uffizi.org.
^ "New Uffizi: The Botticelli & Early Renaissance Rooms Reopen".
uffizi.org. 19 October 2016.
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Coordinates: 43°46′06″N 11°15′20″E / 43.7684°N