UEHLFELD is a municipality in the district of Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad
Windsheim in the administrative region of
Middle Franconia in northern
* 1 Geography
* 2 History
* 2.1 Local council (Marktgemeinderat)
* 3 Economics and Infrastructure
* 4 References
Uehlfeld is located in the valley of the Aisch. The neighbouring
municipalities are (from the north in clockwise direction):
Höchstadt an der Aisch ,
Vestenbergsgreuth . The municipality
has 12 boroughs: Demantsfürth, Egelsbach, Eselsmühle, Gottesgab,
Hohenmühle, Nonnenmühle, Peppenhöchstädt, Rohensaas,
Tragelhöchstädt , Voggendorf und Wallmershof.
Uehlfeld was probably founded in the 6th century, at the time
Francia expanded to the east and so took possession of the Aischgrund.
It is likely that one of the seven Slavonian churches founded by
Charlemagne within the Aischgrund stood in Uehlfeld.
The first documented notice of
Uehlfeld is from 1123. The village was
named _Oulentevelt_. Later the name changed to _Ulletenvelt_ (1127),
_Uelevelt_ (1154), _Ulfeldium_ (1158) or _Ulefelt_ (1181).
Like other villages,
Uehlfeld was devastated by several great fires.
The last of them occurred in 1888.
Wars have left their marks on Uehlfeld. In the German Peasants\' War
(1524–1525) the village's castle was destroyed. In the Second
Margrave War (1552) the boroughs of Nonndorf and Rothenberg were
destroyed and were not rebuilt. The Thirty Years\' War left its mark
with the actions of Colonel Kehraus, whose troops raided and burned
In 1649 Veit-vom-Berg was assigned pastor of the village. He was born
in 1612 in
Baudenbach . He held his inaugural speech in front of 31
persons (10 men, 15 women and 6 children), the last inhabitants after
a time full of privation.
Before Thirty Years' War.
Uehlfeld had 600 inhabitants. Veit-vom-Berg
Uehlfeld in 1675. Today the elementary and secondary schools
and a street are named after him. The number of inhabitants did not
again reach 600 until the mid-19th century.
During the 19th century many
Jewish salesmen came as new citizens to
Uehlfeld, so trade and business developed. The Jews built a synagogue
, opened a school, and established a graveyard, the tombstones of
which are still to be seen today. In 1837 the Jews of Uehlfeld
numbered 300, or about half the population, but by 1933, after the
anti-semitic campaigns of the
Nazi holocaust began, there were only 50
Jewish people left in the town.
The former headmaster of the elementary and secondary schools, Karl
Schmer, compiled the history of
Uehlfeld into three almanacs, which
can be purchased from the municipality office.
Uehlfeld Main road
LOCAL COUNCIL (MARKTGEMEINDERAT)
Election March 2014:
* CSU 3 seats
* SPD 1 seat
* Alliance 90/The Greens 3 seats
* Freie Wählergruppe Bürgerblock 4 seats
* Überparteiliche Wählergruppe Schornweisach 3 seats
* Wählergemeinschaft Peppenhöchstädt-Gottesgab-Rohensaas 2 seats
ECONOMICS AND INFRASTRUCTURE
Several companies have their head office in Uehlfeld. There are also
two breweries, one of them founded in 1639, which makes it the oldest
brewery in the Aischgrund.
Federal highway B 470 is directed from north to south through the
From July 12, 1904, until May 30, 1976, there was a railway from
Neustadt (Aisch) to Demantsfürth-
Uehlfeld called _Aischtalbahn_ which
led to the railway Nuremberg Würzburg. It was broken down and since
then only busses connect
Uehlfeld with the surrounding areas. The
lines belong to the pay scale area of VGN.
* ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". _Bayerisches
Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung _ (in German). June
* ^ History of Uehlfeld
* ^ From Kronach to Nördlingen, page 117, footnote 73
Wikimedia Commons has media related to UEHLFELD _.
Towns and municipalities in
Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim