Minister of the Right (右大臣, Udaijin) was a government
Japan in the late Nara and Heian periods. The position was
consolidated in the
Taihō Code of 702. The
Asuka Kiyomihara Code of
689 marks the initial appearance of the udaijin in the context of a
central administrative body called the
Daijō-kan (Council of State).
Daijō-kan was composed of the three ministers—the
daijō-daijin (Chancellor), the sadaijin (Minister of the Left) and
The udaijin was the Junior Minister of State, overseeing all branches
of the Daijō-kan. He would be the deputy of the sadaijin.
The post of udaijin, along with the rest of the
gradually lost power over the 10th and 11th centuries, as the Fujiwara
came to dominate politics more and more. The system was essentially
powerless by the end of the 12th century, when the Minamoto, a warrior
clan and branch of the imperial family, seized control of the country
from the court aristocracy (kuge). However, it is not entirely clear
Daijō-kan system was formally dismantled prior to the
Sesshō and Kampaku
List of Daijō-daijin
Imperial Household Agency
^ Kenkyusha's New Japanese-English Dictionary, Kenkyusha Limited,
^ Hall, John Whitney et al. (1993). The Cambridge History of Japan, p.
^ Shin-meikai-kokugo-jiten, Sanseido Co., Ltd., Tokyo 1974
(in Japanese) Asai, T. (1985). Nyokan Tūkai. Tokyo: Kōdansha.
Dickenson, Walter G. (1869). Japan: Being a Sketch of the History,
Government and Officers of the Empire. London: W. Blackwood and Sons.
Hall, John Whitney, Delmer M. Brown and Kozo Yamamura. (1993). The
Cambridge History of Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ozaki, Yukio. (2001). The Autobiography of Ozaki Yukio: The Struggle
for Constitutional Government in Japan. [Translated by Fujiko Hara].
Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-05095-3 (cloth)
(in Japanese) Ozaki, Yukio. (1955). Ozak Gakudō Zenshū. Tokyo:
Sansom, George (1958). A
History of Japan
History of Japan to 1334. Stanford: Stanford
Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh
and Japan, 1779–1822. London: Routledge Curzon.
(in French) Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi
Gahō, 1652], Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du
Japon. Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland.
Varley, H. Paul, ed. (1980). [ Kitabatake Chikafusa, 1359], Jinnō
Shōtōki ("A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns:
Jinnō Shōtōki of
Kitabatake Chikafusa" translated by H. Paul Varley). New York:
Columbia University Press. ISBN&