USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships
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The USA Track & Field Outdoor Championships is an annual track and field competition organized by USA Track & Field, which serves as the American national championships for the sport. Since the year 1992, in the years which feature a Summer Olympics, World Athletics Championships or an IAAF Continental Cup, the championships serve as a way of selecting the best athletes for those competitions.


History

The history of the competition starts in 1876, when the New York Athletic Club (NYAC) decided to organize a national championships. Having previously held the NYAC Spring and Fall Games. The seventh, eight, and ninth edition of the Fall Games became the country's first, second and third national track and field championships. The Amateur Championship of America (prior to N.A.A.A.) 1876 to 1878 were all held in Mott Haven, New York. April 22, 1879 N.A.A.A. was formed. The National Association of Amateur Athletes of America (N.A.A.A.), began sponsoring the meeting in 1879, and organized the championships up to 1887. Past N.A.A.A. presidents were 1879 George W Carr was elected president, 1880 & 1881 & 1882 A. H. Curtis was elected president, 1883 & 1884 & 1885 Gilbert H Badeu elected president, and 1887 Walter Storm was elected. At this point, the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU), a more powerful athletic organization, began to hold their own version of the national championships. Two national championships were held in 1888, but the NAAA disbanded after this. The NAAA Championships 1879 to 1888 were all held in New York. Sept 19, 1888 the First AAU Outdoor Championship was held in Detroit, MI. Sept 14, 1889 Second Annual AAU T&F Championship competition was held at Travers Island, NY.  Oct 11, 1890 Third Annual AAU T&F National Championship competition was held at Washington, DC. The AAU was the sole organizer of the event for the next ninety years.The United States' National Championships In Track & Field Athletics: Introduction
'' Track and Field News''. Retrieved on 2009-09-19.
In 1923, the AAU also sponsored the first American Track & Field championships for women. As a result of the Amateur Sports Act of 1978, the AAU had no longer power over Olympic sports in the United States. A spin-off group, The Athletics Congress, held its first national track and field championships in 1980. The Athletics Congress was renamed USA Track & Field in 1993, and they have organized the annual championships ever since.


2020 Olympic Trials Held 2021

United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee (USOPC), and the TrackTown USA Local Organizing Committee announced the release of the updated competition schedule for the 2020 U.S. Olympic Team Trials – Track and Field, that will take place June 18-27, 2021, at Hayward Field in Eugene, Oregon.


Events

The following athletics events are currently featured on the national championships' program: * Sprint: 100 m, 200 m, 400 m * Middle distance track events: 800 m, 1500 m * Long distance track events: 5000 m, 10,000 m * Hurdles: 100 m hurdles, 110 m hurdles, 400 m hurdles, 3000 m steeplechase * Jumps: long jump, triple jump, high jump, pole vault * Throws: shot put, discus, hammer, javelin * Combined events: heptathlon, decathlon * Walks: 20 km walk (road) / 20000 m walk (track) In earlier editions before 1974, running distances were often measured in yards. All races were in yards until 1928. From then on, races were measured in meters for Olympic years and yards for other years, except 1933 to 1951 inclusive and 1959. In the early years, the 220 yard hurdles were included for many years in lieu of the 440 yard hurdles. The 220 yard hurdles were first included 1887 through 1962. USATF website lists Past Outdoor Champions (all events) on the statistic section of their website. The cover page of the 1888 Program states "First Annual Championship Games Amateur Athletic Union of the United States".


Editions


Split gender editions

Note that the track surface changed over these years. Synthetic tracks were used in the men's editions in 1963 (rubber), 1965, 1969, 1971, 1972 and from 1974 on. The tracks in the other years were cinders, sometimes with a mix of brick (1967, 1970 and 1973). 1923 was the First AAU Women’s National Championship.


Men only editions


NAAA National Championships (prior to AAU) 1879 to 1888

In 1888 there was both a NAAA and AAU Championships. Competitions were held at various athletic clubs grounds. 1888 Manhattan AC grounds, New York city Oct. 13, 1888 1887 Manhattan AC grounds, New York city Sept 17, 1887 1886-2 NYAC grounds, Mott Haven, NY Sept 18, 1886 1886-1 Staten Island AC grounds, West Brighton, Staten Island June 26, 1886 1885 Manhattan AC grounds, New York city June 13 or 18, 1885 1884 Williamsburg AC grounds, Brooklyn Sept 28, 1884 1883 NYAC grounds, Mott Haven, NY June 3, 1883 1882 Polo grounds, New York city June 10, 1882 1881 NYAC grounds, Mott Haven, NY Sept 24, 1881 1880 NYAC grounds, Mott Haven, NY Sept 25, 1880 1879 NYAC grounds, Mott Haven, NY Sept 27, 187


Amateur National Championships (prior to NAAA) 1876 to 1879

In 1879 the meet doubled at the 1st AAU Championship. 1878 Mott Haven, NY Oct 12, 1878 1877 Mott Haven, NY Sept 8, 1877 1876 Mott Haven, NY Sept 30, 1876

The 1876 Amateur Championship included the following winners: Frederick C Saportas (100), Edward Merritt (440), Harold Lambe (Canadian) (880 and mile), George Hitchcock (120 hurdles), H Edwards Fickens (HJ), Isaiah Frazier (LJ), Harry Buermeyer (SP), William Buckingham Curtis(HT), and D M Stern & Charles Connor (Walks).Archive

Retrieved Dec 16, 2020


Records


Most successful athletes


By event


See also

* USA Track & Field Indoor Championships * United States Olympic Trials (track and field) * USA Marathon Championships * USA Half Marathon Championships * USA Cross Country Championships


References

;Champions
United States Championships (Women)
GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2015-06-28.

* ttp://www.gbrathletics.com/nc/usa2.htm United States Championships (Men 1943-). GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2015-06-28.


External links


Official website
from USATF
A brief history of the US national championship
from '' Track & Field News''
Past results
from '' Track & Field News''

Past Champions from USATF

Past Locations of Championships (Back pages of USATF Outdoor Champions PDF). {{DEFAULTSORT:Usa Outdoor Track And Field Championships USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships, Track and field competitions in the United States United States athletics (track and field) championships Track and field National athletics competitions Recurring sporting events established in 1876