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Total incarceration in the United States by year

The United States has the highest documented incarceration rate and largest prison population in the world.[352] As of 2020, the Prison Policy Initiative reported that there were some 2.3 million people incarcerated.World Health Organization Mortality Database from 2010 showed that United States homicide rates "were 7.0 times higher than in other high-income countries, driven by a gun homicide rate that was 25.2 times higher."[350] In 2016, the U.S. murder rate was 5.4 per 100,000.[351]

The United States has the highest documented incarceration rate and largest prison population in the world.[352] As of 2020, the Prison Policy Initiative reported that there were some 2.3 million people incarcerated.[353] According to the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the majority of inmates held in federal prisons are convicted of drug offenses.[354] The imprisonment rate for all prisoners sentenced to more than a year in state or federal facilities is 478 per 100,000 in 2013.[355] About 9% of prisoners are held in privatized prisons,[353] a practice beginning in the 1980s and a subject of contention.[356]

Capital punishment is sanctioned in the United States for certain federal and military crimes, and at the state level in 28 states, though three states have moratoriums on carrying out the penalty imposed by their governors.[357][358][359] In 2019, the country had the sixth-highest number of executions in the world, following China, Iran,