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The United Paramount Network
Paramount Network
(UPN) was an American broadcast television network that launched on January 16, 1995. The network was originally owned by Chris-Craft Industries/United Television; then Viacom
Viacom
(through its Paramount Television
Paramount Television
unit, which produced most of the network's series) turned the network into a joint venture in 1996 after acquiring a 50% stake in the network, and then purchased Chris-Craft's remaining stake in 2000. In December 2005, UPN
UPN
was spun off to CBS Corporation
CBS Corporation
when CBS
CBS
and Viacom
Viacom
split up into two separate companies. CBS Corporation
CBS Corporation
and Time Warner
Time Warner
jointly announced on January 2006 that the companies would shut down UPN
UPN
and competitor The WB
The WB
to launch a new joint venture network later that year.[4] UPN
UPN
ceased broadcasting on September 15, 2006, and The WB
The WB
ended two days later. Select programs from both networks moved to the new network, The CW, when it launched on September 18, 2006.[4][5] On January 18, 2018, Spike TV was rebranded as the Paramount Network. It practically serves it as a revival of UPN, although "United" in the name is dropped.

Contents

1 History

1.1 1949–1993: Origins of network 1.2 1995–1999: Launch and early years 1.3 1999-2005: Viacom
Viacom
era and decline 1.4 2005–2006: CBS
CBS
era and network closure

2 Programming

2.1 News programming 2.2 Children's programming 2.3 Television movies 2.4 Shows that almost aired on UPN

3 Affiliates

3.1 Station standardization

4 See also 5 Notes 6 External links

History[edit] 1949–1993: Origins of network[edit] Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
had played a pivotal role in the development of network television. It was a partner in the DuMont Television Network, and the Paramount Theaters chain, which was spun off from the corporate/studio parent, merged with ABC in a deal that helped cement that network's status as a major network. The Paramount Television Network was launched in 1949,[6] but dissolved in the 1950s. In the wake of the successful Universal Studios
Universal Studios
ad hoc syndication package Operation Prime Time, which first featured a miniseries adaptation of John Jakes' novel The Bastard and went on to air several more productions, Paramount had earlier contemplated its own television network with the Paramount Television
Paramount Television
Service. Set to launch in early 1978, it would have run its programming for only one night a week. Thirty "Movies of the Week" would have followed Star Trek: Phase II on Saturday nights. Plans for the new network were scrapped when sufficient advertising slots could not be sold, though Paramount would contribute some programs to Operation Prime Time, such as the mini-series A Woman Called Golda, and the weekly pop music program, Solid Gold. Star Trek: Phase II was reworked as the theatrical film, Star Trek: The Motion Picture, absorbing the costs already incurred from the aborted television series. Paramount, and its eventual parent Viacom
Viacom
(which bought the studio's then-parent, Paramount Communications, in 1994), continued to consider launching their own television network. Independent stations, even more than network affiliates, were feeling the growing pressure of audience erosion to cable television in the 1980s and 1990s; there were unaffiliated commercial television stations in most of the major television markets, even after the foundation of Fox in 1986. Meanwhile, Paramount, which had long been successful in syndication with repeats of Star Trek, launched several first-run syndicated series by the 1990s, including Entertainment Tonight, The Arsenio Hall Show, Friday the 13th: The Series, War of the Worlds, Star Trek: The Next Generation and Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. In 1993, Time Warner
Time Warner
and Chris-Craft Industries entered into a joint venture to distribute programs via a prime time programming service, the Prime Time Entertainment Network
Prime Time Entertainment Network
(PTEN). PTEN can be seen as the ancestor of both UPN
UPN
and The WB:[citation needed] Chris-Craft later became a partner in UPN, and Time Warner
Time Warner
launched The WB
The WB
in a joint venture with the Tribune Company at roughly the same time. 1995–1999: Launch and early years[edit]

The UPN
UPN
colorful shapes logo, used from 1995 to 1997, and in various iterations from 1997 to 2002 (though the "primary colors" variant continued on some affiliates and in print advertising until 2002).

Silver variant of UPN
UPN
logo, used from 1997 to 2002.

Paramount formed the Paramount Stations Group
Paramount Stations Group
in 1991 when it purchased the assets of the TVX Broadcast Group, which owned several independent stations in major markets. This was not unlike the purchase of the Metromedia
Metromedia
stations by News Corporation
News Corporation
five years earlier, which were used as the nuclei for Fox. In another parallel, 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
(the News Corporation
News Corporation
subsidiary behind the FOX network, which was spun off with the company's other entertainment assets to 21st Century Fox
21st Century Fox
in July 2013), like Paramount, had long been a powerhouse in television syndication. All indicators suggested that Paramount was about to launch a network of its own. On October 27, 1993, Paramount and Chris-Craft announced the formation of a new television network, later to be named the United Paramount Network, with initial plans to run two hours of programming in prime time for two nights per week.[7] The new network would be owned by Chris-Craft Industries, while most of its shows were to be produced by Paramount Television. Originally, the network was to simply be called "U", but the "U Network" trademark was held by the now-defunct National Association of College Broadcasters (NACB), which had been operating a satellite television programming network featuring largely college student-produced programs since 1991. The founder and first head of UPN, Lucy Salhany, approached NACB with an offer of US$50,000 to transfer the name. Due to the costs related to rebranding the student network, and under the advice of its then-volunteer legal counsel, Mr. Cary Tepper, the non-profit association countered with a request of $100,000, which Ms. Salhany refused. Ultimately, the "U" in UPN
UPN
stood for Chris-Craft subsidiary United Television, which owned the network's two largest stations, WWOR-TV
WWOR-TV
in New York City
New York City
and KCOP-TV in Los Angeles; the "P" represented Paramount Television, the studio that formed a programming partnership with Chris-Craft to create the network. Chris-Craft and Paramount/ Viacom
Viacom
each owned independent stations in several large and mid-sized U.S. cities, and these stations formed the nuclei of the new network. UPN
UPN
launched on Monday, January 16, 1995, initially carrying programming only on Monday and Tuesday nights from 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Eastern and Pacific Time.[8] The first telecast, the two-hour pilot episode of Star Trek: Voyager, was an auspiciously widely viewed start – being watched by 21.3 million viewers; however, Voyager would never achieve such viewership levels again, nor would any of the series debuting on UPN's second night of broadcasting survive the season. In contrast, The WB
The WB
debuted one week earlier, on January 11, with four series – only one of which, Muscle, would not survive its first season. The first comedy series to debut on UPN
UPN
were Platypus Man, starring Richard Jeni, and Pig Sty, with both shows airing Monday nights in the 9:00 p.m. hour; both received mixed reviews, and neither lasted long.[9] Other early UPN
UPN
programs included the action series Nowhere Man, starring Bruce Greenwood
Bruce Greenwood
and Marker, starring Richard Grieco; the comic western Legend starring Richard Dean Anderson; the science-fiction themed action series, The Sentinel; and Moesha, a sitcom starring Brandy Norwood. Of the network's early offerings, only Star Trek: Voyager, Moesha
Moesha
and The Sentinel would last longer than one season. As a result of the lack of viewership, UPN
UPN
operated on a loss and had lost $800 million by 2000.[10] Within nearly two years of the network's launch, on December 8, 1996, Paramount/ Viacom
Viacom
purchased a 50% stake in UPN
UPN
from Chris-Craft for approximately $160 million.[11][12] Like Fox had done nine years earlier, UPN
UPN
started with a few nights of programming each week, with additional nights of primetime shows gradually being added over the course of several seasons. Because of this, UPN's affiliates were basically independent stations for all intents and purposes during the network's early years, with these stations airing either syndicated programs or movies during primetime on nights when the network did not provide programming. The first expansion of its prime time lineup came with the addition of programming on Wednesday nights on March 6, 1996 (during the second half of the 1996–97 season); that expansion also saw UPN
UPN
assume the broadcast rights to the Blockbuster Entertainment Awards, which aired its inaugural broadcast on CBS
CBS
the year prior. UPN
UPN
ordered 36 science fiction films to air as part of its weekly movie presentations beginning in 1998; the films were supplied by four production companies, with most of the titles coming from Paramount. Some titles would be shown on Showtime first, which allowed the premium cable channel to cooperate in advertising the movies.[13] UPN
UPN
completed its prime time expansion in the 1998–99 season, with Thursdays and Fridays as the last nights of programming to be added to the network's evening slate. That season saw the debut of The Secret Diary of Desmond Pfeiffer, a sitcom set during the Civil War that centered on a black English nobleman who becomes the valet to Abraham Lincoln; even before its debut, the series was riddled by controversy and protests from several African American
African American
activist groups (including the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
chapter of the NAACP, who picketed outside Paramount Studios one week before the originally scheduled pilot episode) and some advertisers for its perceived lighthearted take on American slavery in the 19th century, protested against the premise of the series. Despite what publicity Desmond received from its controversial topicality, the series suffered from low ratings (with the first episode on October 5, 1998 placing 116th out of 125 programs aired that week on network television) and was cancelled after four episodes.[14][15][16][17][18] 1999-2005: Viacom
Viacom
era and decline[edit]

Proposed logo for the stillborn Paramount Network.

Six months after the company announced its $36 billion merger with (the original) CBS
CBS
Corporation, in March 1999, Viacom
Viacom
exercised a contractual clause that would – within a 45-day grace period – force Chris-Craft to either buy Viacom
Viacom
out of UPN, or have the former sell its ownership stake in the network to Viacom. Three days later on February 8, Chris-Craft subsequently filed a lawsuit against Viacom
Viacom
in the New York Supreme Court
New York Supreme Court
to block the latter's merger with CBS, claiming that a pact signed between the two partners in 1997 had prevented either from owning "any interest, financial or otherwise" in "any competing network," including CBS, for a four-year period through January 2001. On March 17, New York Supreme Court
New York Supreme Court
judge Herman Cahn ruled against Chris-Craft's move for a permanent injunction to curtail the Viacom- CBS
CBS
merger and the enforcement of Viacom's ultimatum.[19][20][21] Unable to find a suitable partner, on March 20, Chris-Craft allowed Viacom
Viacom
to buy out its 50% stake for $5 million, giving Viacom
Viacom
full control of the network.[22][23][24] This gave UPN
UPN
the rare distinction of being one of the only broadcast networks to not have had owned-and-operated stations (O&O) in the three largest media markets, New York City, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and Chicago
Chicago
(with The WB
The WB
– the only network never to have had an O&O – being the only other, as minority owner Tribune Broadcasting
Tribune Broadcasting
owned most of its charter affiliates including those in all three markets, while majority owner Time Warner
Time Warner
only owned an independent station that originated then-superstation TBS). With Viacom
Viacom
taking full ownership control of UPN, KCOP-TV and WWOR-TV
WWOR-TV
lost their statuses as O&Os and automatically became affiliates of the network. In addition, neither Chris-Craft or Viacom
Viacom
had ever held ownership of Chicago
Chicago
affiliate WPWR-TV, which had been the largest UPN
UPN
station that was not owned-and-operated by the network prior to the Viacom
Viacom
buyout. As a result of Viacom
Viacom
assuming Chris-Craft's interest, the network's largest owned-and-operated station became Philadelphia
Philadelphia
outlet WPSG (now the flagship station of The CW). Shortly afterward, Viacom
Viacom
shortened the network's official name from the "United Paramount Network" to the three-letter initialism, "UPN". Viacom
Viacom
also proposed a rebranding of UPN
UPN
into the "Paramount Network", using a prototype logo based on Paramount Pictures' mountain logo, which served as the basis for the "P" triangle in the network's original logo that was used until September 2002.[25][26][27] This idea was abandoned after many affiliates protested, citing that the rebranding might confuse viewers and result in ratings declines. Viacom's purchase of CBS
CBS
a few months before (which resulted in the merger of that network's owned-and-operated stations into Viacom's Paramount Stations Group
Paramount Stations Group
unit), created duopolies between CBS
CBS
and UPN stations in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
( KYW-TV
KYW-TV
and WPSG), Boston
Boston
( WBZ-TV
WBZ-TV
and WSBK-TV), Miami
Miami
( WFOR-TV
WFOR-TV
and WBFS-TV), Dallas–Fort Worth ( KTVT
KTVT
and KTXA), Detroit
Detroit
( WWJ-TV
WWJ-TV
and WKBD-TV) and Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
( KDKA-TV
KDKA-TV
and WNPA). Viacom's purchase of CBS
CBS
was said to be the "death knell" for the Federal Communications Commission's longtime ban on television station duopolies. Further transactions added San Francisco
San Francisco
( KPIX-TV
KPIX-TV
and KBHK, the latter of which was traded to Viacom/ CBS
CBS
by Fox Television Stations) and Sacramento ( KOVR
KOVR
and KMAX-TV, the former of which was sold to Viacom/ CBS
CBS
by the Sinclair Broadcast Group) to the mix. At the time of UPN's launch, the network's flagship station was Chris-Craft-owned WWOR-TV
WWOR-TV
in Secaucus, New Jersey
Secaucus, New Jersey
(which serves the New York City
New York City
market). Even after Chris-Craft sold its share in the network to Viacom, WWOR was still commonly regarded as the flagship of the network since it had long been common practice for this status to be associated with a network's New York station. For this reason, some doubt was cast on UPN's future after Fox Television Stations
Fox Television Stations
bought most of Chris-Craft's television stations for $5.5 billion on August 12, 2000, which included several UPN
UPN
affiliates (including WWOR and West Coast flagship KCOP).[28] Fox later bought the third-largest UPN affiliate, Chicago's WPWR-TV, through a separate deal with Newsweb Corporation for $450 million in June 2002.[29][30] Despite the uncertainty of the network's future following the Fox purchases, UPN reached a four-year affiliation agreements with Fox Television Stations' nine UPN
UPN
affiliates on September 24, 2003.[31] In 2001, UPN
UPN
entered into a public bidding war to acquire two series from The WB, Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Buffy the Vampire Slayer
and Roswell, from producing studio 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Television. UPN
UPN
eventually outbid The WB
The WB
for the shows and aired them together on Tuesday nights until Roswell ended its run in 2002, Buffy ended its run the following year. New shows began to breathe life into the network starting in the fall of 2003 with America's Next Top Model
America's Next Top Model
and sitcom All of Us (which was produced by Will and Jada Pinkett Smith), followed up by the fall 2004 premiere of the mystery series Veronica Mars
Veronica Mars
and the fall 2005 premiere of the Chris Rock-produced and narrated sitcom Everybody Hates Chris. 2005–2006: CBS
CBS
era and network closure[edit] See also: 2006 United States
United States
broadcast TV realignment On June 14, 2005, Viacom
Viacom
announced that it would be split into two companies due to declining performance of the company's stock; both the original Viacom
Viacom
– which was renamed CBS Corporation
CBS Corporation
– and a new company that took the Viacom
Viacom
name would be controlled by the original Viacom's parent National Amusements
National Amusements
(controlled by Sumner Redstone). UPN
UPN
became part of CBS
CBS
Corporation, while the new Viacom kept Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
among other holdings each company acquired in the deal.[32][33] The split was consummated on January 1, 2006. On Tuesday, January 24, 2006, UPN
UPN
parent CBS Corporation
CBS Corporation
and Time Warner, the majority owner of The WB, announced that they would shut down the two respective networks and launch a new broadcast network that would be operated as a joint venture between both companies, The CW, which incorporated UPN
UPN
and The WB's higher-rated programs with newer series produced exclusively for The CW. The new network immediately signed 10-year affiliation agreements with 16 stations affiliated with The WB
The WB
(out of 19 stations that were affiliated with the network) that were owned by that network's part-owner, the Tribune Company – including stations in the coveted markets of New York City, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and Chicago
Chicago
– and 11 UPN
UPN
stations that were owned by CBS
CBS
Corporation.[4][34] Fox Television Stations' nine UPN affiliates were passed over for affiliations as a result, and the company responded two days later by removing all UPN
UPN
branding from those stations and ceasing promotion of the network's programs. One month later on February 22, Fox announced the formation of MyNetworkTV, a new network that would also debut in September 2006 that would use the company's soon-to-be former UPN
UPN
affiliates as the nuclei.[35] Over the next eight months, determinations were made as to which shows from the two networks would cross over to The CW, as well as which of UPN
UPN
and The WB's affiliate stations would be selected to become affiliates of the new network. Programming-wise, six UPN
UPN
shows – America's Next Top Model
America's Next Top Model
(which was the last surviving series from UPN
UPN
that remained on The CW's schedule until it moved to VH1
VH1
in 2016), Veronica Mars, Everybody Hates Chris, Girlfriends, All of Us and WWE Smackdown – were chosen to move to The CW
The CW
for its inaugural 2006–07 fall schedule. UPN
UPN
quietly went off the air on Friday, September 15, 2006, at 9:59 PM EDT, ending the network's existence after 11 years. Unlike The WB, which closed its operations with a special called "The Night of Favorites and Farewells", however, there was no promotion of UPN's signing off; rather, the network merely faded to black at the end of a WWE SmackDown
WWE SmackDown
telecast without any fanfare. However, the Fox-owned UPN stations disaffiliated from the network on August 31; as a result, UPN's last two weeks of programming did not air in ten markets where Fox owned a UPN
UPN
affiliate that was set to become an owned-and-operated station of MyNetworkTV, when that network launched on September 5, along with other markets where the UPN
UPN
station affiliated with MyNetworkTV
MyNetworkTV
or terminated their UPN
UPN
affiliation during the summer. WWE SmackDown, however, aired in those markets on Tribune's WB stations, including those that would join The CW
The CW
shortly afterward. With the exception of SmackDown, all of the programs that aired during the network's final three months were reruns. After the network's official closure, UPN's website was redirected to The CW
The CW
website, and then to CBS's website. On February 9, 2017, Viacom
Viacom
announced that cable television channel Spike would take on the new branding of the Paramount Network
Paramount Network
in early 2018, as the company switches to a focus on six prime networks with most of the company's backing and resources.[36] This would be the fourth attempt at creating a network entity with the Paramount name, after the ad hoc Paramount Television
Paramount Television
Network in the early age of television, the 1978 Paramount Television
Paramount Television
Service, which was planned and never launched, and an attempt in 2000 by Viacom
Viacom
to rebrand the broadcast United Paramount Network
Paramount Network
as the Paramount Network
Paramount Network
alone after joint partner United Television sold their interest back to Viacom
Viacom
after selling their television stations to Fox Television Stations, an effort aborted after affiliate rejection. The name change officially took place on January 18, 2018. Programming[edit] Main article: List of programs broadcast by UPN At the time of its shutdown, UPN
UPN
ran only two hours of primetime network programming on Monday through Fridays (compared to the three primetime hours on Monday through Saturdays and four hours on Sundays offered by the Big Three networks, ABC, NBC
NBC
and CBS). UPN
UPN
never carried any weekend primetime programming throughout the network's run (though it did offer children's programming on weekend mornings until 2003, and a movie package to its affiliates on weekend afternoons until 2000, when the latter was replaced with a two-hour repeat block of UPN
UPN
programs); as a result, affiliates held the responsibility of programming their Saturday and Sunday evening schedules with syndicated programs, sports, movies or network programs that were preempted from earlier in the week due to special programming, in the 8:00–10:00 p.m. (Eastern and Pacific Time) time period. This primetime scheduling allowed for many of the network's affiliates to air local newscasts during the 10:00–11:00 p.m. (Eastern and Pacific Time) time period. Most of UPN's programming through the years was produced by Paramount Television or a Viacom-owned sister company ( Viacom
Viacom
Productions, Big Ticket Entertainment, Spelling Television
Spelling Television
or CBS
CBS
Productions). UPN's first official program was Star Trek: Voyager, with the first comedy shows to debut being two short-lived series: Richard Jeni starring vehicle Platypus Man, and Pig Sty. Other notable UPN
UPN
programs during the network's existence included The Sentinel, Moesha, Star Trek: Enterprise, WWE
WWE
SmackDown, America's Next Top Model, Girlfriends, the Moesha
Moesha
spin-off The Parkers, Veronica Mars, Everybody Hates Chris, and Dilbert. In the summer of 2005, UPN aired R U the Girl, in which R&B group TLC searched for a woman to join them on a new song. The network also produced some special programs, including 2001's Iron Chef USA. Much of UPN's comedy programming between 1996 and 2006 (particularly those that aired as part of the network's Monday evening lineup) was largely aimed at African American
African American
audiences, with minor exceptions in shows such as Clueless, DiResta and Head Over Heels. UPN
UPN
occasionally acquired series cancelled by the other broadcast networks, including former WB series Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Buffy the Vampire Slayer
and Roswell (both of which moved to UPN
UPN
in 2001, Buffy was picked up after The WB
The WB
chose not to renew it due to skyrocketing license fees while Roswell joined UPN
UPN
after that same network also cancelled the series),[37] and former ABC series Clueless and The Hughleys. The first program that UPN
UPN
acquired from another network was In the House, which moved to the network from NBC
NBC
(which cancelled the LL Cool J sitcom after its second season) in 1996. In its later years, as part of the network's desire to maintain its own identity with its own unique shows, UPN
UPN
instituted a policy of "not picking up other networks' scraps", which was a strong argument when fan pressure was generated in 2004 for them to pick up Angel, the spin-off of Buffy the Vampire Slayer which had been dropped from The WB. UPN
UPN
aired only one regular sports event program: the much-hyped XFL
XFL
in 2001, airing Sunday evening games as part of a package from co-creator and WWE
WWE
founder Vince McMahon, which also included what was then WWF SmackDown!, and the only time the network carried programming officially outside of weeknights.[38] UPN
UPN
had planned to air a second season of the XFL
XFL
in 2002, but it also demanded that SmackDown! be reduced by 30 minutes; McMahon did not agree to the change and the football league folded not long afterward.[39] News programming[edit] Like The WB
The WB
and Fox, UPN
UPN
never aired national morning or evening newscasts; however, several of its affiliates and owned-and-operated stations did produce their own local news programs. Several UPN affiliates ran a local newscast in the 10:00–11:00 p.m. Eastern and Pacific (9:00–10:00 p.m. Central and Mountain Time) timeslot at some point during or throughout their affiliations with the network; there were also a few stations that produced a weekday morning newscast, although early evening newscasts were largely absent on most of these stations. The UPN
UPN
affiliate body had fewer news-producing stations in comparison to stations aligned with the Big Three television networks (NBC, ABC and CBS) and considerably fewer than Fox and especially The WB. In several markets, the local UPN affiliate either outsourced news programming to an NBC, ABC or CBS station in the market (either due to insufficient funds or studio space for production of their own newscasts, or in later years after the FCC permitted duopolies in markets with at least eight unique station owners in 2000, the station being operated through a legal duopoly or management agreement with a major network affiliate); other affiliates opted to carry syndicated programming in the hour following UPN's primetime programming lineup. When the network launched in January 1995, UPN
UPN
automatically gained six affiliates with functioning news departments through Chris-Craft/United Television and Viacom's respective affiliation deals with the network, all of those stations started their news operations as either independent stations or during prior affiliations with other networks: WWOR-TV/ Secaucus, New Jersey
Secaucus, New Jersey
(New York City), KCOP-TV/Los Angeles, WKBD-TV/Detroit, KPTV/Portland, Oregon, KMSP-TV/ Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and WTOG/Tampa, Florida. Two more stations would join them later on: KSTW/Seattle, also owned by Viacom
Viacom
at the time, after it affiliated with UPN
UPN
in 1997 through the reversal of a 1995 affiliation switch with CBS
CBS
affiliate KIRO-TV
KIRO-TV
(which also kept its news department as a UPN
UPN
affiliate), and KMAX-TV/Sacramento, which joined UPN
UPN
after being acquired by Viacom
Viacom
in 1998 and began producing newscasts shortly after its 1995 affiliation with The WB. KSTW
KSTW
and WTOG's news departments were shut down in 1998 due to cost-cutting measures mandated by Viacom.[40][41] Not all of UPN's news-producing stations were owned by the two companies that formed the nuclei of the network's affiliate group; WUAB/Cleveland, which started its news department in 1988, also continued its 10:00 p.m. newscast as a UPN
UPN
affiliate (it would begin producing newscasts for sister station WOIO-TV
WOIO-TV
in February 1995, after that station became a CBS
CBS
affiliate; though WOIO eventually took over production of the newscast by 2002). Harrisburg affiliate WLYH-TV briefly continued its newscasts after switching to UPN
UPN
from CBS
CBS
in 1995, until WHP-TV
WHP-TV
began operating the station under a local marketing agreement that fall. WFTC/ Minneapolis
Minneapolis
continued to produce a late evening newscast after Fox Television Stations
Fox Television Stations
(which acquired KMSP-TV through the Chris-Craft purchase, and converted it into a Fox O&O) acquired the station from Clear Channel Communications
Clear Channel Communications
and switched the station to UPN
UPN
– it was moved to 10:00 p.m. to avoid competing with KMSP's 9:00 p.m. newscast until the WFTC
WFTC
newscast was cancelled in June 2006.[42] Outside of KPTV
KPTV
and KMSP, which are both now Fox stations, none of the former UPN
UPN
affiliates that produced newscasts during their affiliation with the network continue to maintain an independent news department (despite license requirements imposed by the station's 1983 transfer of its license to Secaucus, New Jersey
Secaucus, New Jersey
from New York City
New York City
to cover New Jersey issues, WWOR-TV
WWOR-TV
– which continued to produce news programming after coming under common ownership with Fox O&O WNYW
WNYW
– shut down its news department in July 2013 and replaced its lone 10:00 p.m. newscast with an outside produced program called Chasing New Jersey, a move that resulted in calls by state politicians for the FCC to revoke Fox's license to operate the station;[43][44][45] KTTV
KTTV
took over production of sister station KCOP's newscasts in 2007, before discontinuing news programming on that station in 2013;[46][47] KMAX's news department has since been merged with that of KOVR
KOVR
although it still produces a morning newscast separate from that station; and WKBD shut down its news department in 2003, with its 10:00 p.m. newscast being replaced by a short-lived program produced by ABC affiliate WXYZ-TV).[48] Children's programming[edit] Main articles: UPN Kids and Disney's One Too When the network launched in January 1995, UPN
UPN
debuted a weekend morning cartoon block called UPN Kids (later called "The UPN
UPN
Kids Action Zone" during the 1998–99 season). In 1997, UPN
UPN
added two teen-oriented series to the lineup with reruns of the syndicated Sweet Valley High (based on the young adult book series by Francine Pascal) and a new series, Breaker High
Breaker High
(which co-starred a then-unknown Ryan Gosling); both shows filled the weekday morning block for the 1997–98 season, while they were also included alongside the animated series on Sunday mornings. Unlike other networks, UPN
UPN
gave its affiliates the option of running its weekend children's program block on either Saturdays or Sundays. In January 1998, the network entered into a deal with Saban Entertainment
Saban Entertainment
to program the Sunday morning block (with shows such as The Incredible Hulk, X-Men and Spider-Man joining the lineup).[49][50][51] In 1999, UPN
UPN
contracted the rights to the network's children's programming lineup to The Walt Disney Company; as a result, the teen-oriented and animated series were replaced with a new block called Disney's One Too, which debuted on September 6, 1999, and featured select programs seen on ABC's Disney's One Saturday Morning lineup (such as Recess and Sabrina: The Animated Series).[52] Many UPN affiliates at the network's launch were already airing The Disney Afternoon, a block supplied by Disney-owned syndication distributor Buena Vista Television; however, that block would be discontinued in August 1997. The addition of Disney's One Too
Disney's One Too
expanded UPN's children's program block back to two hours, running on Sunday mornings and weekday afternoons. In 2002, Digimon: Digital Monsters moved to UPN
UPN
from Fox Kids, due to Disney's acquisition of Fox's children's program inventory as well as the Fox Family Channel, which was renamed ABC Family the previous year. By early 2003, the "One Too" branding was dropped due to the rebranding of ABC's Saturday morning lineup from One Saturday Morning to ABC Kids (though the block was unofficially referred to as Disney's Animation Weekdays outside the network). Subsequently, UPN
UPN
chose not to renew its contract with Disney, with the network dropping all children's programming on August 31, 2003.[53][54] This left UPN
UPN
as one of only two major broadcast networks that did not air a children's programming block (the other being Pax TV, which discontinued its Pax Kids lineup in 2000, before reviving children's programming as Ion Television
Ion Television
through the 2007 launch of Qubo). Incidentally, UPN's successor The CW
The CW
carried over the Kids' WB
Kids' WB
Saturday morning lineup from fellow successor The WB, resulting in UPN
UPN
affiliates that joined The CW
The CW
in September 2006 carrying network-supplied children's programming for the first time since the One Too block ended. Some Fox stations that declined to carry 4Kids TV
4Kids TV
passed on that block to an affiliate of UPN
UPN
or The WB, or an independent station, in order for the Fox affiliate to air general entertainment programming or local newscasts on Saturday mornings (for example, WFLD
WFLD
in Chicago moved the 4Kids TV
4Kids TV
schedule to co-owned then- UPN
UPN
affiliate WPWR-TV, while WFLD
WFLD
aired infomercials). Television movies[edit] Main article: List of television films produced for UPN During the late 1990s, UPN
UPN
produced a number of television movies under the umbrella brand Blockbuster Shockwave Cinema, in conjunction with sponsor (and then-sister company) Blockbuster Video, almost all of which were science fiction films. From UPN's inception until 2000, the network also offered a hosted movie series called the UPN
UPN
Movie Trailer to its stations. The weekend block featured mostly older theatrically released action and comedy films, often those from the Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
film library. The Movie Trailer block was discontinued in 2000 to give stations that opted for them room for a two-hour block of select UPN
UPN
series that aired in primetime during the previous week. There were also three Paramount-branded blocks that aired on Viacom's UPN
UPN
owned-and-operated stations between 1995 and 2000: the Paramount Teleplex as the main brand for movies at any given timeslot, the Paramount Prime Movie for primetime features, and the Paramount Late Movie for films airing in late night timeslots. Shows that almost aired on UPN[edit]

According to Simon Cowell's biography and Bill Carter's book Desperate Networks, UPN
UPN
was offered the rights to develop the U.S. version of Pop Idol, American Idol, but turned it down. The program would subsequently be picked up by FOX, where it experienced major success. The series ended in 2016, but has been revived by ABC for the 2017-2018 television season.[55] As part of its contract to take over the broadcast rights to Buffy the Vampire Slayer, UPN
UPN
was obligated to pick up Angel if The WB
The WB
cancelled that series during the period while UPN
UPN
was still airing Buffy. Despite a large fan campaign, UPN
UPN
declined to pick up Angel after The WB cancelled the series in 2004, the year after Buffy ended its UPN run, in 2003. Firefly was offered to UPN
UPN
after the science fiction series was cancelled by Fox in 2002, but UPN
UPN
declined to order a second season of the series.[56] Malcolm in the Middle
Malcolm in the Middle
was originally developed for UPN
UPN
before being picked up by Fox,[57] where it lasted for seven seasons. Talkshow with Spike Feresten
Talkshow with Spike Feresten
was reportedly originally developed for UPN; it instead debuted on Fox as part of its Saturday late night lineup one day after UPN's closure, and ran for three seasons until it was cancelled in 2009. After the failure of the 2002 Nancy Drew pilot, a weekly series was offered to UPN, but the network declined to pick it up. According to The TV IV, nine new scripts for a third season of The Critic were written for UPN;[58][59] had it been picked up, UPN
UPN
would have been the third network to have aired the series as it was originally picked up by ABC and then moved to Fox for its second and final season.

Affiliates[edit] Main article: List of UPN
UPN
affiliates UPN
UPN
had approximately 143 full-power owned-and-operated or primary affiliate stations in the U.S., and another 65 stations aired some UPN programming as secondary affiliates. Although it was considered a major network by Nielsen for ratings purposes, UPN
UPN
was not available in every American television market. In some areas, UPN
UPN
programming was shown off-pattern by affiliates of other networks (airing immediately after programming from their primary network on some Fox and WB stations, or during overnight timeslots on major network affiliates) or by otherwise independent stations, such as in the case of KIKU-TV in Honolulu, Hawaii. Some affiliates were also known to extensively preempt network programming in order to broadcast local sporting events. By 2003, UPN
UPN
had an estimated audience reach of 85.98% of all U.S. households (equivalent to 91,689,290 households with at least one television set). In contrast, The WB
The WB
was viewable in 91.66% of all U.S. television homes. This is mainly because UPN
UPN
did not have wide distribution in areas ranked below the top 100 Nielsen-designated media markets, whereas The WB
The WB
operated The WB
The WB
100+ Station Group – a cable-only station group that was launched by the network in September 1998 – to provide broad coverage to those markets (from January 1995 to October 1999, The WB's programming was carried over the superstation feed of the network's Chicago
Chicago
affiliate WGN-TV
WGN-TV
through a programming agreement with its owner Tribune Broadcasting). Despite the fact that UPN
UPN
would not be able to have extensive small-market coverage at launch due to a lack of commercial television stations in those areas, Paramount Television
Paramount Television
denied Advance Entertainment Corporation permission from distributing the network's programming over the WWOR EMI Service, the superstation feed of New York City affiliate WWOR-TV, preventing the network from reaching markets without an exclusive or secondary UPN
UPN
affiliate. The network proposed launching a cable-originated service to increase its distribution to markets without an over-the-air affiliate in July 1998; however, the service – which was to have been named UPN
UPN
Plus – never launched.[60] UPN
UPN
did have one cable-only affiliate in its station body, WNFM-TV
WNFM-TV
in Fort Myers, Florida, which joined the network in 1998. In markets where Viacom
Viacom
had a CBS/ UPN
UPN
duopoly after its 2000 merger with CBS, the UPN
UPN
station was used to air CBS
CBS
network programs in the event that local sporting events or extended breaking news coverage would air on the CBS
CBS
station, sometimes resulting in UPN
UPN
programs being pre-empted outright, as the CBS-owned outlets were usually the senior partner in the duopolies (the only exception being Detroit, where WKBD-TV
WKBD-TV
is considered the senior partner to WWJ-TV
WWJ-TV
due to WKBD being longer-established). One such event occurred on September 26, 2004, when Hurricane Jeanne
Hurricane Jeanne
forced a scheduled NFL game between the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Steelers and Miami
Miami
Dolphins in Miami
Miami
to be postponed from its scheduled start time of 1:00 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. Eastern Time; the game aired locally on KDKA-TV
KDKA-TV
and WFOR-TV
WFOR-TV
while their respective UPN
UPN
sister stations, WNPA-TV and WBFS-TV, aired CBS's regular Sunday night programming instead. These factors led to the network struggling in the ratings over much of UPN's existence, with its later Star Trek
Star Trek
franchise, Star Trek: Enterprise, perhaps suffering the most and ultimately being cancelled by the network in a controversial decision in February 2005. The most consistent ratings performer for the network was WWE
WWE
SmackDown. During the 2004-2005 season, the network was getting consistently better ratings than The WB, much of this thanks to its carriage of the WWE.[61] Station standardization[edit] When the network launched, UPN
UPN
began having most of its stations branded using a combination of "UPN" or "Paramount" (the latter having been used only by the network's Viacom-owned stations, some of whom adopted the "Paramount" branding prior to UPN's launch), and the affiliated station's channel number. By the late 1990s, affiliates were simply branded under the " UPN
UPN
(channel number or city)" scheme (for example, Chicago
Chicago
affiliate WPWR-TV
WPWR-TV
called itself " UPN
UPN
Chicago" and New York City
New York City
O&O-turned-affiliate WWOR-TV
WWOR-TV
was referred to as " UPN
UPN
9", until The CW's launch was announced in January 2006). However, most of the UPN
UPN
owned-and-operated stations under Viacom/CBS Corporation branded themselves by the network/city conventions (for example, KBHK/ San Francisco
San Francisco
was branded as " UPN
UPN
Bay Area," WKBD/ Detroit
Detroit
was branded as " UPN
UPN
Detroit" and WUPL/ New Orleans
New Orleans
was branded as " UPN
UPN
New Orleans"). That type of branding did not always apply though, as for example, WSBK-TV/ Boston
Boston
was branded " UPN
UPN
38" and KMAX-TV/Sacramento was branded " UPN
UPN
31". WNPA/ Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
originally branded itself as " UPN
UPN
19", but rebranded itself as " UPN
UPN
Pittsburgh" soon after the network introduced its second and final logo in September 2002, making it one of the few that had carried both standardization styles. Many UPN-affiliated stations followed the same branding scheme (for example, KFVE/Honolulu used the brand "UPN Hawaii"). This would be a continuation of the trend of networks using such naming schemes, which originated at Fox (and even earlier by CBC Television in Canada), and was also predominately used at CBS
CBS
(which has most of its owned-and-operated stations, with a few exceptions, brand using a combination of the network's name and over-the-air channel number) and The WB
The WB
(with the exception of its Tribune Broadcasting-owned affiliates in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and Chicago, and certain other stations); NBC
NBC
and ABC also use similar branding schemes, but not to the same universal level outside their O&Os. While the "Big Three" networks do not require their affiliates to have such naming schemes (though some affiliates choose to adopt it anyway) and only on the network's O&Os is the style required, UPN
UPN
mandated it on all stations – though in one case, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
affiliate WCGV branded as "Channel 24" from 1998 to 2001, excluding UPN
UPN
imagery from its station branding (WCGV, which previously branded as " UPN
UPN
24", had disaffiliated from the network for eight months in 1998 due to a compensation dispute[62][63]). See also[edit]

The CW List of United States
United States
over-the-air television networks Weekday cartoon 2006 United States
United States
broadcast TV realignment

Notes[edit]

^ Sallie Hofmeister (September 26, 1997). "Sullivan to Leave UPN's No. 2 Spot". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Times Mirror Company. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Sallie Hofmeister (October 4, 1997). "Nunan to Head UPN Entertainment". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Times Mirror Company. Archived from the original on September 28, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ a b Josef Adalian (January 22, 2002). "Dawn's breaking at UPN". Variety. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015.  ^ a b c Crupi, Anthony (January 24, 2006). "UPN, WB to Merge Into CW Network". AdWeek. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 12, 2017.  ^ Seid, Jessica (January 24, 2006). "'Gilmore Girls' meet 'Smackdown'; CW Network to combine WB, UPN
UPN
in CBS-Warner venture beginning in September". CNNMoney.com. Time Warner. Archived from the original on March 16, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017.  ^ Superstations. PediaPress. Archived from the original on 2017-09-16.  ^ Bill Carter (October 27, 1993). "Paramount Plans a TV Network". The New York Times. The New York Times
The New York Times
Company. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Bill Carter (January 9, 1995). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; 2 Would-Be Networks Get Set for Prime Time". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Lawrie Mifflin (May 18, 1995). " UPN
UPN
Network Cancels 3 of Its 4 Programs". The New York Times. The New York Times
The New York Times
Company. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ James Surowiecki (April 3, 2000). "Why Won't Anyone Pull the Plug on UPN?". The New Yorker. Advance Publications. Archived from the original on December 18, 2008. Retrieved January 17, 2010.  ^ "VIACOM BUYS 50 PERCENT STAKE IN UPN
UPN
NETWORK". The New York Times. The New York Times
The New York Times
Company. December 5, 1996. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Steve McClellan; Lynette Rice (December 9, 1996). " Viacom
Viacom
to buy half of UPN: is investing $160 million in fledgling network". Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. Archived from the original on October 11, 2013. Retrieved June 22, 2013 – via HighBeam Research.  ^ Segrave, Kerry (1999). Movies at home : how Hollywood came to television. Jefferson, NC [u.a.]: McFarland. p. 144. ISBN 0786406542. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved January 8, 2016.  ^ Howard Rosenberg (October 2, 1998). "Racism Is Not 'Diary's' Crime". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Times Mirror Company. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Greg Braxton (October 13, 1998). "Candy Maker Pulls Its Ads From Controversial Comedy". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Times Mirror Company. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Greg Braxton (October 1, 1998). "300 Protest at Studio Against TV Comedy Set in Slavery Era". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Times Mirror Company. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Greg Braxton (October 7, 1998). "They Vote by Remote: As UPN
UPN
debuts 'Desmond Pfeiffer,' viewers tune in other channels". Los Angeles Times. Times Mirror Company. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Greg Braxton (November 7, 1998). "'Desmond Pfeiffer' Is Deep-Sixed". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Times Mirror Company. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ " Viacom
Viacom
Makes 2 Offers to BHC on TV Venture". The New York Times. The New York Times
The New York Times
Company. February 4, 2000. Archived from the original on November 3, 2017.  ^ Sallie Hofmeister (February 9, 2000). "BHC Sues UPN
UPN
Partner Viacom Over CBS
CBS
Deal". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Times Mirror Company. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ "Chris-Craft Loses UPN
UPN
Ruling". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. March 17, 2000. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Bill Carter (March 21, 2000). " Viacom
Viacom
Buys Chris-Craft's Stake in UPN
UPN
For $5 Million". The New York Times. The New York Times
The New York Times
Company. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ " Viacom
Viacom
wins UPN
UPN
so let the digestion begin". Media Life Magazine. March 2000. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved May 4, 2013.  ^ Melissa Grego; Joe Schlosser (April 10, 2000). " UPN
UPN
deal done; Viacom
Viacom
buys out Chris-Craft share". Broadcasting & Cable. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on June 11, 2014. Retrieved June 22, 2013 – via HighBeam Research.  ^ Jim Rutenberg (July 31, 2000). "Media Talk; UPN
UPN
Will Become Paramount Network". The New York Times. The New York Times
The New York Times
Company. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Greg Braxton (July 26, 2000). " UPN
UPN
Network Will Carry On Without Its 'U'". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Tribune Publishing. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ "UPN's Name in 2001: Paramount Network". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Tribune Publishing. Associated Press. July 26, 2000. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Steve McClellan (August 21, 2000). "Fox in the UPN
UPN
house". Broadcasting & Cable. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2013.  ^ Steve McClellan (June 30, 2002). "Fox duops in Chicago". Broadcasting & Cable. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Kathy Bergen (August 16, 2002). "Fox Takeover to Bring Changes to Chicago-Area Television Station". Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News. Retrieved September 2, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.  ^ "COMPANY NEWS; NINE FOX-OWNED STATIONS WILL REMAIN UPN
UPN
AFFILIATES". The New York Times. The New York Times
The New York Times
Company. September 25, 2003. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Geraldine Fabrikant (June 15, 2005). " Viacom
Viacom
Board Agrees to Split of Company". The New York Times. The New York Times
The New York Times
Company. Archived from the original on March 6, 2014.  ^ Paul R. La Monica (December 19, 2005). "SpongeBob or Survivor?". CNNMoney.com. Time Warner. Archived from the original on April 4, 2013.  ^ Bill Carter (January 24, 2006). " UPN
UPN
and WB to Combine, Forming New TV Network". The New York Times. The New York Times
The New York Times
Company. Archived from the original on October 17, 2015.  ^ "News Corp. to launch new mini-network for UPN
UPN
stations". USA Today. Gannett Company. Associated Press. February 22, 2006. Retrieved January 21, 2013.  ^ Andreeva, Nellie (February 9, 2017). "Spike President On Channel's Rebranding As The Paramount Network". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on February 10, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017.  ^ Josef Adalian; Michael Schneider (March 21, 2001). " UPN
UPN
makes bid for 'Buffy'". Variety. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015.  ^ Paula Bernstein; Michael Schneider (May 19, 2000). " UPN
UPN
kicks off Sundays with extreme football". Variety. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ John Dempsey (May 12, 2001). "It's sudden death for XFL". Variety. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Dan Trigoboff (December 7, 1998). "News not Paramount". Broadcasting & Cable. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ " WTOG to shutter news operation". Tampa Bay Business Journal. American City Business Journals. July 7, 1998. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Deborah Caulfield Rybak (June 2, 2006). " WFTC
WFTC
drops newscast at 10; KMSP adds it". Star Tribune. Star Tribune Media
Tribune Media
Company LLC. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Alexi Friedman (July 3, 2013). "Fox ends MY9 News, will replace it with an interview show". The Star-Ledger. Advance Publications. Archived from the original on July 5, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2013.  ^ Peggy McGlone (July 9, 2013). "Criticism continues over WWOR's cancellation of N.J. newscast". The Star-Ledger. Advance Publications. Retrieved July 11, 2013.  ^ Sergio Bichao (July 9, 2013). "'Chasing New Jersey' news show fails to win over Channel 9 critics". Courier News. Gannett Company. Archived from the original on December 29, 2014. Retrieved July 10, 2013.  ^ Kevin Eck (August 9, 2013). "KCOP Cutting News From its Lineup". TVSpy. Mediabistro Holdings. Archived from the original on September 22, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Kevin Roderick (August 10, 2013). "KCOP to drop news from the lineup". LA Observed. Archived from the original on October 10, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Dan Trigoboff (November 24, 2002). " CBS
CBS
Drops News in Detroit". Broadcasting & Cable. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ Hontz, Jenny (January 27, 1998). " UPN
UPN
kids pick Nick, not Mouse". Variety. Archived from the original on December 11, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2009.  ^ Katz, Richard (January 29, 1998). "Marvel, Saban set kids shows for UPN". Variety. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2009.  ^ Katz, Richard (February 24, 1998). " UPN
UPN
serves up superheroes". Variety. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2009.  ^ Pursell, Chris (July 19, 1999). "Mouse brands UPN
UPN
kidvid". Variety. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved August 17, 2009.  ^ "Disney Drops UPN
UPN
Programming Deal". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Tribune Publishing. Associated Press. February 14, 2003. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ " UPN
UPN
to ax Disney kids shows in fall". Chicago
Chicago
Sun-Times. Hollinger International. February 15, 2003. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.  ^ Koblin, John (9 May 2017). "'American Idol' Is Coming Back to Television". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 January 2018.  ^ Sean "Elysium" Sands. "Firefly Dead". Gamers With Jobs. Archived from the original on 2012-09-06.  ^ Alan Sepinwall (May 11, 2006). "Lessons in Launching". Variety. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on October 3, 2015.  ^ "The Critic". The TV IV. Archived from the original on 2009-11-07.  ^ "The Critic/Season Two". The TV IV. Archived from the original on 2012-05-31.  ^ John Dempsey; Jenny Hontz (July 22, 1998). " UPN
UPN
working on 24-hour cable channel". Variety. Cahners Business Information. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ John Consoli (October 23, 2004), "UPN's Start-of-Week Blues", Mediaweek  ^ Joe Schlosser (January 5, 1998). "Sinclair pulling more UPN affiliations". Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.  ^ Steve McClellan (August 3, 1998). "UPN, Sinclair make up". Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015 – via HighBeam Research. 

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UPN
on RetroJunk.com

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1990s

America's Greatest Pets Breaker High The Burning Zone Clueless Deadly Games Dilbert DiResta Family Rules Good News Grown Ups Guys Like Us Head Over Heels Hitz Home Movies Homeboys in Outer Space In the House Live Shot Legacy Legend The Love Boat: The Next Wave Malcolm & Eddie Marker Mercy Point Moesha Nowhere Man The Parkers Pig Sty Platypus Man Power Play Reunited The Secret Diary of Desmond Pfeiffer The Sentinel Seven Days Shasta McNasty Social Studies Sparks Star Trek: Voyager The Strip Swift Justice The Watcher WWE
WWE
SmackDown

2000s

Abby All of Us All Souls America's Next Top Model Amish in the City As If The Bad Girl's Guide The Beat Britney & Kevin: Chaotic Buffy the Vampire Slayer Chains of Love Cuts Eve Everybody Hates Chris Freedom Game Over Gary & Mike Get This Party Started Girlfriends Half & Half Haunted The Hughleys I Dare You: The Ultimate Challenge Iron Chef USA Jake 2.0 Kevin Hill Level 9 Love, Inc. Manhunt The Mullets One on One The Outer Limits Platinum The Player R U the Girl The Random Years The Road to Stardom with Missy Elliott Rock Me Baby Roswell Secret Agent Man Sex, Love & Secrets South Beach Special
Special
Unit 2 Star Trek: Enterprise The Twilight Zone Under One Roof Veronica Mars XFL

Affiliates

Affiliate list BHC Communications/United Television/Chris-Craft Television (part owner; 1995–2000) Paramount Stations Group
Paramount Stations Group
(1995–2006)

Related networks

Paramount Television
Paramount Television
Network Paramount Television
Paramount Television
Service

Hughes Television Network

The CW MyNetworkTV

Miscellaneous topics

Paramount Television CBS
CBS
Television Distribution Season Finale: The Unexpected Rise and Fall of The WB
The WB
and UPN Financial Interest and Syndi

.