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The UNITED NATIONS MISSION IN SIERRA LEONE (UNAMSIL) was a United Nations peacekeeping operation in Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
from 1999 to 2006. It was created by the United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
in October 1999 to help with the implementation of the Lomé Peace Accord , an agreement intended to end the Sierra Leonean civil war . UNAMSIL expanded in size several times in 2000 and 2001. It concluded its mandate at the end of 2005, the Security Council having declared that its mission was complete.

The mandate was notable for authorizing UNAMSIL to protect civilians under imminent threat of physical violence (albeit "within its capabilities and areas of deployment") - a return to a more proactive style of UN peacekeeping.

UNAMSIL replaced a previous mission, the United Nations
United Nations
Observer Mission in Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
(UNOMSIL).

According to Security Council Resolution 1270 of 22 October 1999 which established the operation, UNAMSIL had the following mandate:

* To cooperate with the Government of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
and the other parties to the Peace Agreement in the implementation of the Agreement * To assist the Government of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
in the implementation of the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration plan * To that end, to establish a presence at key locations throughout the territory of Sierra Leone, including at disarmament/reception centres and demobilization centres * To ensure the security and freedom of movement of United Nations personnel * To monitor adherence to the ceasefire in accordance with the ceasefire agreement (whose signing was witnessed by Jesse Jackson ) * To encourage the parties to create confidence-building mechanisms and support their functioning * To facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance * To support the operations of United Nations
United Nations
civilian officials, including the Special
Special
Representative of the Secretary-General and his staff, human rights officers and civil affairs officers * To provide support, as requested, to the elections, which are to be held in accordance with the present constitution of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone

In February 2000 the mandate had been revised to include the following tasks:

* To provide security at key locations and Government buildings, in particular in Freetown , important intersections and major airports, including Lungi airport * To facilitate the free flow of people, goods and humanitarian assistance along specified thoroughfares * To provide security in and at all sites of the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programme * To coordinate with and assist, the Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
law enforcement authorities in the discharge of their responsibilities * To guard weapons, ammunition and other military equipment collected from ex-combatants and to assists in their subsequent disposal or destruction

Upon withdrawal, the remaining staff in Freetown were transferred to United Nations
United Nations
Integrated Office in Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
(UNIOSIL).

REFERENCES

* ^ United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
Resolution 1610. S/RES/1610(2005) page 1. (2005) Retrieved 2007-11-13. * ^ United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
Verbotim Report 5334. S/PV/5334 page 2. Mr. Mwakawago 20 December 2005. Retrieved 2007-11-13. * ^ United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
Verbotim Report 4099. S/PV/4099 page 6. Mr. Fowler Canada
Canada
7 February 2000. Retrieved 2007-11-13. * ^ United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
Document 585. S/1999/585 18 May 1999. Retrieved 2007-11-13. * ^ United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
Resolution 1270. S/RES/1270(1999) page 2. 22 October 1999. Retrieved 2007-11-13. * ^ United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
Resolution 1289. S/RES/1289(2000) page 3. 7 February 2000. Retrieved 2007-11-13. * ^ United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
Verbotim Report 5334. S/PV/5334 page 2. Mr. Mwakawago 20 December 2005. Retrieved