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The U.S. Grant Bridge
U.S. Grant Bridge
is the name of the two bridges that carry and have carried traffic on U.S. Route 23
U.S. Route 23
between Portsmouth, Ohio
Portsmouth, Ohio
and South Portsmouth, Kentucky
South Portsmouth, Kentucky
across the Ohio River
Ohio River
in the United States. The original suspension bridge was closed and demolished in 2001 and the replacement cable-stayed bridge opened on October 16, 2006.

Contents

1 Current U.S. Grant Bridge 2 Original U.S. Grant Bridge 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Current U.S. Grant Bridge[edit]

U.S. Grant Bridge
U.S. Grant Bridge
under construction on June 21, 2005

Aerial view of the bridge and surroundings

Contracts for the new U.S. Grant Bridge
U.S. Grant Bridge
were given in the spring of 2001. Construction was expected to be complete in June 2004, but work fell behind schedule due to inclement weather, unusual flooding of the Ohio River, and the partial sinking of a floating construction barge which carried one of the cranes used to work on the center span of the bridge. The date of completion was moved to October 16, 2006. In addition, many downtown business owners were upset over the delays and often criticized the construction company, C.J. Mahan Construction Company, for delays on days when it was sunny and the river levels were average. It should be noted[according to whom?] that the bridge was critically underdesigned and not constructible until C.J. Mahan stopped construction and awaited a near complete redesign by the design consultant.[citation needed] Another complaint was that this is the first major bridge project the construction company that was awarded the construction contract has worked on.[citation needed] However, C.J. Mahan has constructed other large bridges in Ohio and West Virginia. Local business owners demanded that ODOT pay local businesses $8 million in lost profit. Original U.S. Grant Bridge[edit]

U.S. Grant Bridge

1930s postcard

Coordinates

38°43′50″N 82°59′49″W / 38.73056°N 82.99694°W / 38.73056; -82.99694

General U.S. Grant Bridge

U.S. National Register of Historic Places

Show map of Kentucky

Show map of the US

Location Ohio R.-Chillicothe and Second St., South Portsmouth, Kentucky

Coordinates 38°43′29″N 82°59′53″W / 38.72472°N 82.99806°W / 38.72472; -82.99806

Built 1927

Architect Robinson and Steinman; et al.

Architectural style Cable suspension bridge

NRHP reference # 01000560[1]

Added to NRHP May 31, 2001

Carries 2 lanes of US 23

Crosses Ohio River

Locale Portsmouth, Ohio
Portsmouth, Ohio
and South Portsmouth, Kentucky

Maintained by Ohio Department of Transportation

Characteristics

Design Suspension bridge

History

Opened 1927

Closed 2001

Statistics

Toll tolls dropped in 1974

The original U.S. Grant Bridge
U.S. Grant Bridge
was a suspension bridge. The bridge opened to traffic as a toll bridge in 1927. It wasn't until 1974 when the Ohio Department of Transportation
Ohio Department of Transportation
bought the bridge from the Ohio Bridge Commission and removed the tolls.[2] After an inspection found serious deterioration of its suspension cables, the U.S. Grant Bridge closed for repairs over a 18-month period from 1978 to 1979. In order to improve capacity and to add redundancy for vehicular traffic to cross the Ohio River
Ohio River
at Portsmouth, a new bridge was proposed downstream from the U.S. Grant Bridge.[3] The bridge proposed would be called the Carl Perkins Bridge
Carl Perkins Bridge
and opened to traffic in 1988. A bridge upstream from the U.S. Grant Bridge
U.S. Grant Bridge
opened to traffic in 1984 and was called the Jesse Stuart Memorial Bridge. In 1992, ODOT initiated a long-range study to determine whether to continue to rehabilitate the existing bridge or construct a new span. ODOT had spent $9 million from 1977 to 1996 by the time the study was completed to rehabilitate portions of the bridge. According to the study, rehabilitating the span would add only 20 useful years to the suspension bridge before rehabilitation would need to occur again and would cost nearly $30 million. It was found not cost-efficient to continuously rehabilitate the suspension bridge when a new structure would be cheaper in the long-run. The bridge continued to age and once again closed from repairs in 1994. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
on May 31, 2001 as General U.S. Grant Bridge.[1] It was deemed "significant as it represents the first private toll bridge across the Ohio River
Ohio River
between Wheeling, West Virginia and Cincinnati, Ohio, and as such provided a strategic vehicular transportation link between southern Ohio and northeastern Kentucky. The U.S. Grant Bridge
U.S. Grant Bridge
was also Ohio's first north-south automobile link crossing the Ohio River
Ohio River
between Cincinnati and Ironton and today stands as an important engineering achievement associated with the development of early motoring and interstate commerce." It was also deemed notable for "the role the General U. S. Grant Bridge design occupies in the career of David B. Steinman. Steinman, a principal in the engineering consulting firm of Robinson and Steinman, ranked among the nation's prominent early 20th century suspension bridge design firms. Steinman achieved national renown as a bridge designer and author during his long career from 1914 until his death in 1960. His General U. S. Grant Bridge was the second American suspension bridge built with a continuous stiffening truss and the first American suspension bridge with towers of the rocker type (ENR, pp. 622-623). The sand-filled anchorages were equally innovative."[4] On July 3, 2001, the original suspension bridge was permanently closed to traffic and the entire structure was torn down within a few months. See also[edit]

Ohio portal Kentucky portal Bridges portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to U.S. Grant Bridge.

List of crossings of the Ohio River

References[edit]

^ a b National Park Service
National Park Service
(2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.  ^ "Gilligan Signs Legislation To Free U.S. Grant Bridge". Portsmouth Daily Times. February 28, 1974. p. 1. Retrieved March 10, 2018 – via https://newspaperarchive.com/.  ^ Environmental Impact Statement: New Bridge Over the Ohio River
Ohio River
Near Portsmouth, Ohio
Portsmouth, Ohio
and South Shore, Kentucky. Kentucky Department of Transportation Office of Planning and Programming Division of Highway Systems. 1981. Retrieved March 9, 2018.  ^ Martha Appel Burt (April 2000). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: General U.S. Grant Bridge
U.S. Grant Bridge
/ Fullerton-Portsmouth Bridge (Structural No. 7300018)" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved December 13, 2017.  With photos.

External links[edit]

C.J. Mahan Construction Company, contractors for the new U.S. Grant Bridge U.S. Grant Bridge
U.S. Grant Bridge
at Bridges & Tunnels U.S. Grant Bridge
U.S. Grant Bridge
(Demolished) at Bridges & Tunnels

Bridges of the Ohio River

Upstream Sciotoville Bridge CSX Transportation U.S. Grant Bridge

Downstream C

.