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The Type 35 Rifle
Rifle
(三十五年式) was created from the Type 30 rifle for the Imperial Japanese Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy
as a replacement for their aging Type 22 Murata rifles and to try to correct the deficiencies of the Type 30 rifle. The 35 referred to the adoption date, the Year 35 (1902) in the Meiji period
Meiji period
according to the Japanese calendar.

Contents

1 History and development 2 Variants 3 Accessories 4 Users 5 References

History and development[edit] Not long after the Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
adopted the Type 30 rifle, the Imperial Japanese Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy
realized they needed a modern rifle to replace their obsolete Type 22 Murata rifles currently in use by their Special
Special
Naval Landing Forces.[2] Furthermore, the Tokyo Artillery Arsenal stopped manufacturing the black powder in use by the 8mm Murata cartridge. Army Captain Kijirō Nambu of the Tokyo Artillery Arsenal was appointed leader of the commission assigned correct the issues of the Type 30 rifle
Type 30 rifle
that had arisen in the field with the Type 30.[3] The minor modifications, intended to overcome some of the defects of the Type 30, including converting the gun-sight's rear sight leaf (rear sight ladder) from slide-out to a "fan out" (扇転式, ōten shiki), and adding a dust cover (遊底覆, yūteifuku). Unlike the Type 38 rifle
Type 38 rifle
bolt action, the crudely designed dust cover was not connected to the bolt action, and had to be manually moved before and after firing.[4] However, the modified design was unable to overcome the shortcomings of the Type 30, and it was superseded by the Type 38 rifle. The dust cover design, slightly modified, was also used on the Type 46 rifles and Type 47 carbines made for Siam
Siam
that was also made at the Tokyo Artillery Arsenal around the same time.[5] Variants[edit] Type Hiroki Sub-caliber Training Device The Type Hiroki Sub-caliber Training Device was system designed to be temporarily fastened to a cannon barrel. The device was used to train Imperial Japanese Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy
gun crews in basic cannon fire control operation. The device was formed around a stripped down Type 35 action made for this specific purpose. The Type 35 action is like the standard Type 35 rifles, including the stamped Imperial Chrysanthemum, except it's lacking a serial number stamped on the action itself and is lacking the manually actuated dust cover.[6] Some of these rifles, stripped from the rest of its device, may have been made into some of the "02/45" rifles.[7] 02/45 rifle Little is known about these rifles, including its official designation, if it ever had one at all. Its name is what collectors refer to them as: 02 as in 1902 when the Type 35s were adopted and 45 as in 1945 when the rifles were supposedly made. The maker is thought, but not confirmed, to be Izawa Firearms Manufactory in Osaka as the company was extensively involved in the making of training rifles and machine guns of the type that parts were used in the making of "02/40" rifles. Pre-production Type 35 models, barreled actions from Hiroki Sub-caliber Training Devices, and uncompleted rifles that were left in storage were mated with Type 99 long rifle training rifle stocks and parts to make functional rifles for the ever-desperate Japanese war effort. Most do not have serial numbers and dust covers. Some of the barrels used in construction of these rifles have reject stamps on them and some of the Type 35 receivers have markings indicating they were scrapped or decommissioned. After using up all the Type 35, 38 and 30 barrels they had on hand, the makers started using training machine gun barrels.[8] Some of these rifles were reported to have been used on Okinawa [9] Accessories[edit] Type 35 bayonet. The Type 35 bayonet was a slightly modified Type 30 bayonet made specifically for the Type 35 rifle. The dimensions of the bayonet is almost exactly the same as the Type 30 bayonet. The only real difference between the two is the added addition of a sprung catch that hooks into the scabbard when it's not in use.[10] Users[edit]

  Empire of Japan
Empire of Japan
Imperial Japanese Navy.   Russian Empire
Russian Empire
Bought from Japan during World War I.[11]   Finland
Finland
A few captured from Red Finns and/or left behind in Finland
Finland
during World War I. Later used by the Civil Guard.[12] Siam
Siam
A few supplied for testing or as sale samples.[13]

References[edit]

Honeycutt Jr., Fred L. and Anthony, Patt F. Military Rifles of Japan. Fifth Edition, 2006. Julin Books, U.S.A. ISBN 0-9623208-7-0. Allan, Francis C.; White, Doss H.; Zielinkski, Dr. Stanley. The Early Arisakas 2006. AK Enterprises, U.S.A. ISBN 0-9614814-5-5.

^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 71 ^ Honeycutt & Anthony p. 34-35 ^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 65 ^ Key. "三五年式海軍銃 (Type 35 marine rifle)". Keyのミリタリーなページ. Retrieved Feb 2013.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 66 ^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 70 ^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 80-82 ^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 80-88 ^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 95 ^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 78 ^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 90-95 ^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 93-94 ^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 64

v t e

Japanese Infantry Weapons of World War II

Swords

Guntō

Bayonets

Type 30 Type 2

Handguns

Type 26 Type 14 North China Type 19 Sugiura Type Type 94 Type 1 Type 2

Rifles

Arisaka

Type 30 Type 30 Carbine Type 35 Type 38 Type 38 Carbine Type 44 Carbine Type 97 Sniper Rifle Type 99 Type 99 Sniper Rifle TERA

Other

Type 4 Automatic Rifle Type 97 Automatic Cannon Type I Type Mo

Submachine guns

Experimental Model 1 Experimental Model 2 Type 100 MP 34 Beretta Model 38

Light machine guns

Type 11 Type 92 Type 96 Type 99

Heavy machine guns

Type 3 Type 92 Type 97 Type 1

Hand grenades

Type 10 Type 91 Type 97 Type 98 Type 99 Type 3 Type 4

Grenade launchers

Grenade Launcher

Type 10 Type 89

Rifle
Rifle
Grenade

Type 100 Type 2

Rocket launchers

Experimental Type 4 Experimental Type 5

Flamethrowers

Number 1 Number 2 Type 93 Type 95 Type 100

Cartridges

Rifle

6.5×50mmSR Type 30 6.5×50mmSR Type 38 7.7×58mmSR Type 89 7.7×58mmSR Type 92 7.7×58mm Type 97 7.7×58mm Type 99 .303 British

Handgun

9×22mmR Type 26 8×22mm Type 14 7

.