The Type 35
Rifle (三十五年式) was created from the Type 30 rifle
Imperial Japanese Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy as a replacement for their aging Type
22 Murata rifles and to try to correct the deficiencies of the Type 30
rifle. The 35 referred to the adoption date, the Year 35 (1902) in the
Meiji period according to the Japanese calendar.
1 History and development
History and development
Not long after the
Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army adopted the Type 30 rifle,
Imperial Japanese Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy realized they needed a modern rifle to
replace their obsolete Type 22 Murata rifles currently in use by their
Special Naval Landing Forces. Furthermore, the Tokyo Artillery
Arsenal stopped manufacturing the black powder in use by the 8mm
Murata cartridge. Army Captain
Kijirō Nambu of the Tokyo Artillery
Arsenal was appointed leader of the commission assigned correct the
issues of the
Type 30 rifle
Type 30 rifle that had arisen in the field with the Type
30. The minor modifications, intended to overcome some of the
defects of the Type 30, including converting the gun-sight's rear
sight leaf (rear sight ladder) from slide-out to a "fan out"
(扇転式, ōten shiki), and adding a dust cover (遊底覆,
yūteifuku). Unlike the
Type 38 rifle
Type 38 rifle bolt action, the crudely
designed dust cover was not connected to the bolt action, and had to
be manually moved before and after firing. However, the modified
design was unable to overcome the shortcomings of the Type 30, and it
was superseded by the Type 38 rifle.
The dust cover design, slightly modified, was also used on the Type 46
rifles and Type 47 carbines made for
Siam that was also made at the
Tokyo Artillery Arsenal around the same time.
Type Hiroki Sub-caliber Training Device The Type Hiroki Sub-caliber
Training Device was system designed to be temporarily fastened to a
cannon barrel. The device was used to train
Imperial Japanese Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy gun
crews in basic cannon fire control operation. The device was formed
around a stripped down Type 35 action made for this specific purpose.
The Type 35 action is like the standard Type 35 rifles, including the
stamped Imperial Chrysanthemum, except it's lacking a serial number
stamped on the action itself and is lacking the manually actuated dust
cover. Some of these rifles, stripped from the rest of its device,
may have been made into some of the "02/45" rifles.
02/45 rifle Little is known about these rifles, including its official
designation, if it ever had one at all. Its name is what collectors
refer to them as: 02 as in 1902 when the Type 35s were adopted and 45
as in 1945 when the rifles were supposedly made. The maker is thought,
but not confirmed, to be Izawa Firearms Manufactory in Osaka as the
company was extensively involved in the making of training rifles and
machine guns of the type that parts were used in the making of "02/40"
rifles. Pre-production Type 35 models, barreled actions from Hiroki
Sub-caliber Training Devices, and uncompleted rifles that were left in
storage were mated with Type 99 long rifle training rifle stocks and
parts to make functional rifles for the ever-desperate Japanese war
effort. Most do not have serial numbers and dust covers. Some of the
barrels used in construction of these rifles have reject stamps on
them and some of the Type 35 receivers have markings indicating they
were scrapped or decommissioned. After using up all the Type 35, 38
and 30 barrels they had on hand, the makers started using training
machine gun barrels. Some of these rifles were reported to have
been used on Okinawa 
Type 35 bayonet. The Type 35 bayonet was a slightly modified Type 30
bayonet made specifically for the Type 35 rifle. The dimensions of the
bayonet is almost exactly the same as the Type 30 bayonet. The only
real difference between the two is the added addition of a sprung
catch that hooks into the scabbard when it's not in use.
Empire of Japan
Empire of Japan Imperial Japanese Navy.
Russian Empire Bought from Japan during World War I.
Finland A few captured from Red Finns and/or left behind in
Finland during World War I. Later used by the Civil Guard.
Siam A few supplied for testing or as sale samples.
Honeycutt Jr., Fred L. and Anthony, Patt F. Military Rifles of Japan.
Fifth Edition, 2006. Julin Books, U.S.A. ISBN 0-9623208-7-0.
Allan, Francis C.; White, Doss H.; Zielinkski, Dr. Stanley. The Early
Arisakas 2006. AK Enterprises, U.S.A. ISBN 0-9614814-5-5.
^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 71
^ Honeycutt & Anthony p. 34-35
^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 65
^ Key. "三五年式海軍銃 (Type 35 marine rifle)".
Keyのミリタリーなページ. Retrieved Feb 2013. Check
date values in: access-date= (help)
^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 66
^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 70
^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 80-82
^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 80-88
^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 95
^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 78
^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 90-95
^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 93-94
^ Allan; White; Zielinkski. p. 64
Japanese Infantry Weapons of World War II
North China Type 19
Type 30 Carbine
Type 38 Carbine
Type 44 Carbine
Type 97 Sniper Rifle
Type 99 Sniper Rifle
Type 4 Automatic Rifle
Type 97 Automatic Cannon
Experimental Model 1
Experimental Model 2
Beretta Model 38
Light machine guns
Heavy machine guns
Experimental Type 4
Experimental Type 5
6.5×50mmSR Type 30
6.5×50mmSR Type 38
7.7×58mmSR Type 89
7.7×58mmSR Type 92
7.7×58mm Type 97
7.7×58mm Type 99
9×22mmR Type 26
8×22mm Type 14