In zoological nomenclature, a type species (species typica) is the species name with which the name of a genus or subgenus is considered to be permanently taxonomically associated, i.e., the species that contains the biological type specimen(s). A similar concept is used for suprageneric groups called a type genus. In botanical nomenclature, these terms have no formal standing under the code of nomenclature, but are sometimes borrowed from zoological nomenclature. In botany, the type of a genus name is a specimen (or, rarely, an illustration) which is also the type of a species name. The species name that has that type can also be referred to as the type of the genus name. Names of genus and family ranks, the various subdivisions of those ranks, and some higher-rank names based on genus names, have such types. In bacteriology, a type species is assigned for each genus. Every named genus or subgenus in zoology, whether or not currently recognized as valid, is theoretically associated with a type species. In practice, however, there is a backlog of untypified names defined in older publications when it was not required to specify a type.
1 Use in zoology 2 Citing 3 See also 4 References
Use in zoology See also: Types in zoology A type species is both a concept and a practical system that is used in the classification and nomenclature (naming) of animals. The "type species" represents the reference species and thus "definition" for a particular genus name. Whenever a taxon containing multiple species must be divided into more than one genus, the type species automatically assigns the name of the original taxon to one of the resulting new taxa, the one that includes the type species. The term "type species" is regulated in zoological nomenclature by article 42.3 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, which defines a type species as the name-bearing type of the name of a genus or subgenus (a "genus-group name"). In the Glossary, type species is defined as
"The nominal species that is the name-bearing type of a nominal genus or subgenus".
The type species permanently attaches a formal name (the generic name)
to a genus by providing just one species within that genus to which
the genus name is permanently linked (i.e. the genus must include that
species if it is to bear the name). The species name in turn is fixed,
in theory, to a type specimen.
For example, the type species for the land snail genus
Glossary of scientific naming Genetypes – genetic sequence data from type specimens. Holotype Paratype Principle of Typification Type (and type specimen) Type genus
^ a b "International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Fourth Edition,
adopted by the International Union of Biological Sciences".
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1999.
^ a b International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants
(ICN) articles 7 through 10 (Melbourne Code, 2012)
^ "Chapter 3: Rules of Nomenclature with Recommendations; Section 4.
Nomenclatural Types and Their Designation", International Code of
Nomenclature of Bacteria: Bacteriological Code, 1990 Revision
^ ICZN Code Glossary
^ Claude Dupuis (1974). "
Pierre André Latreille