HOME
The Info List - Tyne And Wear


--- Advertisement ---



Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
(/taɪn ... wɪər/) is a metropolitan county in the North East region of England
England
around the mouths of the rivers Tyne and Wear. It came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. It consists of the five metropolitan boroughs of South Tyneside, North Tyneside, City of Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead and City of Sunderland. It is bounded on the east by the North Sea, and has borders with Northumberland
Northumberland
to the north and County Durham
County Durham
to the south. Prior to the 1974 reforms, the territory now covered by the county of Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
straddled the border between the counties of Northumberland
Northumberland
and Durham, the border being marked by the river Tyne; that territory also included five county boroughs. Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
County Council was abolished in 1986, and so its districts (the metropolitan boroughs) are now unitary authorities. However, the metropolitan county continues to exist in law and as a geographic frame of reference,[2][3][4] and as a ceremonial county.

Contents

1 History 2 Local government 3 Climate & Environment

3.1 Green belt

4 Politics 5 Settlements 6 Places of interest 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] The Local Government Act 1888
Local Government Act 1888
constituted Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead
Gateshead
and Sunderland as county boroughs (Newcastle had "county corporate" status as the "County and Town of Newcastle upon Tyne" since 1400). Tynemouth
Tynemouth
joined them in 1904. Between the county boroughs, various other settlements also formed part of the administrative counties of Durham and of Northumberland. The need to reform local government on Tyneside
Tyneside
was recognised by the government as early as 1935, when a Royal Commission to Investigate the Conditions of Local Government on Tyneside
Tyneside
was appointed.[5] The three commissioners were to

examine the system of local government in the areas of local government north and south of the river Tyne from the sea to the boundary of the Rural District of Castle Ward and Hexham in the County of Northumberland
Northumberland
and to the Western boundary of the County of Durham, to consider what changes, if any, should be made in the existing arrangements with a view to securing greater economy and efficiency, and to make recommendations.

The report of the Royal Commission, published in 1937,[6] recommended the establishment of a Regional Council for Northumberland
Northumberland
and Tyneside
Tyneside
(to be called the " Northumberland
Northumberland
Regional Council") to administer services that needed to be exercised over a wide area, with a second tier of smaller units for other local-government purposes. The second-tier units would form by amalgamating the various existing boroughs and districts. The county boroughs in the area would lose their status. Within this area, a single municipality would be formed covering the four county boroughs of Newcastle, Gateshead, Tynemouth, South Shields
South Shields
and other urban districts and boroughs.[7] A minority report proposed amalgamation of Newcastle, Gateshead, Wallsend, Jarrow, Felling, Gosforth, Hebburn
Hebburn
and Newburn
Newburn
into a single "county borough of Newcastle-on-Tyneside". The 1937 proposals never came into operation: local authorities could not agree on a scheme and the legislation of the time did not allow central government to compel one.[8] Tyneside
Tyneside
(excluding Sunderland) was a Special
Special
Review Area under the Local Government Act 1958. The Local Government Commission for England came back with a recommendation to create a new county of Tyneside based on the review area, divided into four separate boroughs. This was not implemented. The Redcliffe-Maud Report proposed a Tyneside unitary authority, again excluding Sunderland, which would have set up a separate East Durham unitary authority. The White Paper that led to the Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
proposed as "area 2" a metropolitan county including Newcastle and Sunderland, extending as far south down the coast as Seaham and Easington, and bordering "area 4" (which would become Cleveland). The Bill as presented in November 1971 pruned back the southern edge of the area, and gave it the name "Tyneside". The name "Tyneside" proved controversial on Wearside, and a government amendment changed the name to "Tyne and Wear" at the request of Sunderland County Borough Council.[9]

post-1974 pre-1974

Metropolitan county Metropolitan borough County boroughs Non-county boroughs Urban districts Rural districts

Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
amalgamates 24 former local government districts, including five county boroughs.

Gateshead Gateshead - Blaydon • Felling • Ryton • Whickham • Chester-le-Street

Newcastle upon Tyne Newcastle upon Tyne - Gosforth • Newburn • Castle Ward •

North Tyneside Tynemouth Wallsend • Whitley Bay • Longbenton • Seaton Valley • -

South Tyneside South Shields Jarrow Boldon • Hebburn • -

Sunderland Sunderland - Washington• Houghton-le-Spring• Hetton-le-Hole• Easington •

Local government[edit] Although the metropolitan county council was abolished in 1986, several joint bodies exist to run certain services on a county-wide basis. Most notable is the Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
Passenger Transport Authority, which co-ordinates transport policy. Through its passenger transport executive, known as Nexus, it owns and operates the Tyne and Wear Metro light rail system, and the Shields ferry service and the Tyne Tunnel, linking communities on either side of the River Tyne. Also through Nexus, the authority subsidises socially necessary transport services (including taxis) and operates a concessionary fares scheme for the elderly and disabled. The Passenger Transport Authority is a "precepting authority", raising funds by imposing a levy on the Council Tax
Council Tax
of the five constituent authorities of Tyne and Wear. In April 2014 Nexus became an executive body of the new North East Combined Authority. Other joint bodies include the Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
Fire and Rescue Service and Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums, which was created from the merger of the Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
Archives Service and Tyne and Wear Museums. These joint bodies are administered by representatives of all five of the constituent councils. In addition the Northumbria Police force, which covers the whole of Northumberland
Northumberland
and Tyne and Wear, is one of several joint forces in England
England
spanning two or more counties. The force was created in 1974, and so is not a by-product of the abolition of the county council. Climate & Environment[edit] Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
either has or closely borders two official Met Office stations, neither located in one of the major urban centres. The locations for those are in marine Tynemouth
Tynemouth
where Tyne meets the North Sea east of Newcastle and inland Durham in County Durham
County Durham
around 20 kilometres (12 mi) south-west of Sunderland. There are some clear differences between the stations temperature and precipitation patterns even though both have a cool-summer and mild-winter oceanic climate.

Climate data for Tynemouth
Tynemouth
33m asl, 1981–2010

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 7.2 (45) 7.3 (45.1) 9.0 (48.2) 10.3 (50.5) 12.7 (54.9) 15.6 (60.1) 18.1 (64.6) 18.1 (64.6) 16.1 (61) 13.2 (55.8) 9.7 (49.5) 6.4 (43.5) 12.1 (53.8)

Average low °C (°F) 2.2 (36) 2.2 (36) 3.3 (37.9) 4.8 (40.6) 7.2 (45) 10.0 (50) 12.3 (54.1) 12.3 (54.1) 10.4 (50.7) 7.7 (45.9) 4.9 (40.8) 2.5 (36.5) 6.7 (44.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 45.5 (1.791) 37.8 (1.488) 43.9 (1.728) 45.4 (1.787) 43.2 (1.701) 51.9 (2.043) 47.6 (1.874) 59.6 (2.346) 53.0 (2.087) 53.6 (2.11) 62.8 (2.472) 53.9 (2.122) 597.2 (23.512)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.1 81.6 117.7 149.9 191.7 183.0 185.7 174.9 174.1 106.2 70.4 51.9 1,515

Source: Met Office[10]

Climate data for Durham 102m asl, 1981–2010, extremes 1850–

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 16.7 (62.1) 17.4 (63.3) 21.7 (71.1) 24.1 (75.4) 27.8 (82) 30.6 (87.1) 31.0 (87.8) 32.5 (90.5) 30.0 (86) 25.0 (77) 19.4 (66.9) 15.9 (60.6) 32.5 (90.5)

Average high °C (°F) 6.6 (43.9) 7.2 (45) 9.5 (49.1) 11.9 (53.4) 15.0 (59) 17.6 (63.7) 20.1 (68.2) 19.8 (67.6) 17.2 (63) 13.3 (55.9) 9.4 (48.9) 6.7 (44.1) 12.9 (55.2)

Average low °C (°F) 0.9 (33.6) 0.9 (33.6) 2.3 (36.1) 3.7 (38.7) 6.1 (43) 9.0 (48.2) 11.1 (52) 11.0 (51.8) 9.0 (48.2) 6.3 (43.3) 3.4 (38.1) 1.1 (34) 5.4 (41.7)

Record low °C (°F) −17.2 (1) −18.3 (−0.9) −15 (5) −11.1 (12) −4.4 (24.1) −1.1 (30) 1.1 (34) 0.6 (33.1) −1.1 (30) −5.5 (22.1) −8.8 (16.2) −16.6 (2.1) −18.3 (−0.9)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 52.3 (2.059) 41.8 (1.646) 44.6 (1.756) 52.7 (2.075) 44.2 (1.74) 55.4 (2.181) 54.0 (2.126) 60.8 (2.394) 55.4 (2.181) 60.9 (2.398) 72.0 (2.835) 57.0 (2.244) 651.1 (25.634)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.6 80.3 115.5 150.3 181.7 164.8 172.3 167.3 134.5 102.8 66.4 51.2 1,445.4

Source #1: Met Office[11][12][13]

Source #2: NEForum[14]

Green belt[edit] Further information: North East Green Belt Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
contains green belt interspersed throughout the county, mainly on the fringes of the Tyneside/ Wearside
Wearside
conurbation. There is also an inter-urban line of belt helping to keep the districts of South Tyneside, Gateshead, and Sunderland separated. It was first drawn up from the 1950s. All the county's districts contain some portion of belt. Politics[edit] See also: List of Parliamentary
Parliamentary
constituencies in Tyne and Wear Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
is divided into 13 Parliamentary
Parliamentary
constituencies. Historically, the area has been a Labour stronghold; South Shields
South Shields
is the only Parliamentary
Parliamentary
constituency that has never returned a Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons since the Reform Act of 1832.

General Election 2010 : Tyne and Wear

Labour Liberal Democrats Conservative BNP UKIP Others Green National Front Trade Union & Socialist Christian Party Turnout

239,211 +7,338 106,380 +9,129 105,117 +30,595 23,740 +20,071 8,731 +4,876 3,766 +59 3,186 +1,932 599 –398 266 N/A 131 N/A 491,304 +73,971

Overall Number of seats as of 2010

Labour Liberal Democrats Conservative BNP UKIP Others Green National Front Trade Union & Socialist Christian Party

13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

At the level of local government, three of the region's five unitary authorities were controlled by Labour in 2005, the exceptions being Newcastle City Council and North Tyneside
North Tyneside
Council. Since an upset result in the local elections of 2004, the former has been controlled by the Liberal Democrats. No one party has overall control of North Tyneside
Tyneside
Council: while the Conservatives hold the greatest number of seats, 28, they lack an overall majority, there are 32 other councillors. North Tyneside
North Tyneside
is the only authority in the area with a directly elected Mayor. Currently a Labour member. Settlements[edit] See also: List of Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
settlements by population For a complete list of all villages, towns and cities see the list of places in Tyne and Wear.

Borough/City Locality Authority

Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead Low Fell Blaydon Sheriff Hill Gateshead Rowlands Gill Ryton Whickham

Gateshead
Gateshead
Metropolitan Borough Council

City of Newcastle upon Tyne Byker Gosforth North Kenton Blakelaw Fenham Elswick Newburn Walbottle Westerhope Jesmond West Moor Heaton Newcastle upon Tyne Throckley Walker

Newcastle upon Tyne
Newcastle upon Tyne
City Council

Metropolitan Borough of North Tyneside Backworth Benton Cullercoats Earsdon Forest Hall Killingworth Longbenton Monkseaton North Shields Preston Tynemouth Wallsend Whitley Bay Wideopen

North Tyneside
North Tyneside
Metropolitan Borough Council

Metropolitan Borough of South Tyneside Boldon Cleadon Hebburn Jarrow South Shields Whitburn

South Tyneside
South Tyneside
Metropolitan Borough Council

City of Sunderland Castletown Fulwell Hendon Herrington Hetton-le-Hole Houghton-le-Spring Hylton Red House Newbottle Penshaw Rainton Ryhope Seaburn Silksworth Shiney Row South Hylton Southwick Springwell Village Sunderland Washington Warden Law

Sunderland City Council

Places of interest[edit]

Gateshead

Angel of the North Beamish Museum, which crosses the Gateshead/ Chester-le-Street
Chester-le-Street
boundary BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art Gateshead
Gateshead
International Stadium Gateshead
Gateshead
Millennium Bridge Gibside MetroCentre Saltwell Park Tanfield Railway, Sunniside (crosses boundary into Derwentside) The Sage Gateshead

Newcastle upon Tyne

Discovery Museum
Discovery Museum
(previously Museum of Science & Engineering) Hadrian's Wall Hancock Museum Jesmond
Jesmond
Dene public park Newcastle Castle Keep St James' Park Leazes Park Centre for Life Town Moor Tyneside
Tyneside
cinema Chinatown, Newcastle Quayside Metro Radio Arena Laing Art Gallery Theatre Royal Northumberland
Northumberland
Street Grey Street Grey's Monument The Biscuit Factory Tyne Bridge

North Tyneside

Segedunum
Segedunum
Roman Fort & Museum, Wallsend St Mary's Island bird reserve Tynemouth
Tynemouth
Castle

South Tyneside

Arbeia
Arbeia
Roman Fort & Museum, South Shields Marsden Rock
Marsden Rock
bird reserve Souter Point Lighthouse Bede's World, Jarrow

Sunderland

The Museum and Winter Gardens Mowbray Park Seaburn
Seaburn
Beach and Roker
Roker
Beach Barnes Park The National Glass Hylton Castle Penshaw
Penshaw
Monument St. Peter's Church Stadium of Light The Empire Theatre Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art

See also[edit]

North East England
England
portal

List of Lord Lieutenants of Tyne and Wear List of High Sheriffs of Tyne and Wear Tyne–Wear derby

References[edit]

^ Rogers, Simon (18 May 2011). "The ethnic population of England
England
and Wales broken down by local authority". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 October 2017.  ^ Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
- Gazetteer of the old and new geographies of the United Kingdom, p48. URL accessed 12 March 2007. ^ Metropolitan Counties and Districts Archived 6 June 2002 at the UK Government Web Archive, Beginners' Guide to UK Geography, Office for National Statistics, 17 September 2004. URL accessed 12 March 2007. ^ North East England
England
Counties, The Boundary Commission for England. URL accessed 12 March 2007. ^ London Gazette, 10 May 1935 ^ Local Government in the Tyneside
Tyneside
Area (Cmd.5402) ^ Government of Tyneside : a Regional Council. The Times. 19 March 1937. ^ Local Government on Tyneside. Sir K. Wood and Report of Commission. The Times. 22 September 1937. ^ Hansard, 6 July 1972, column 909 ^ " Tynemouth
Tynemouth
climate information". Met Office. Retrieved 13 August 2015.  ^ "Durham climate information". Met Office. 1981–2010. Retrieved 11 August 2015.  ^ "Exceptional warmth, December 2015". Met Office. 27 January 2016. Retrieved 2017-10-19.  ^ Kendon, Mike; McCarthy, Mark; Jevrejeva, Svetlana; Legg, Tim (2015). "State of the UK Climate 2015" (PDF). Met Office. Retrieved 29 March 2018.  ^ "Local Extremes at Durham since 1850". North East Forum. 2004. Retrieved 29 March 2018. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tyne and Wear.

Images of Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
at the English Heritage Archive Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

v t e

Ceremonial county of Tyne and Wear

North East England
England
Portal

Metropolitan districts

City of Newcastle upon Tyne City of Sunderland Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead Metropolitan Borough of North Tyneside Metropolitan Borough of South Tyneside

Major settlements

Birtley Blaydon-on-Tyne Gateshead Hebburn Hetton-le-Hole Houghton-le-Spring Jarrow Killingworth Newcastle upon Tyne North Shields Ryton South Shields Sunderland Tynemouth Wallsend Washington Whickham Whitley Bay See also: List of civil parishes in Tyne and Wear

Topics

Museums Parliamentary
Parliamentary
constituencies People Places Population of major settlements SSSIs

v t e

Places in Tyne and Wear

Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead

Gateshead

Bensham Birtley Blaydon Carr Hill Chopwell Deckham Dunston Felling Kibblesworth Lamesley Low Fell Pelaw Rowlands Gill Ryton Sheriff Hill Team Valley Whickham Windy Nook

City of Newcastle upon Tyne

Gosforth Newcastle upon Tyne

Arthurs Hill Battlefield Benwell Black Callerton Blakelaw Blucher Brunswick Byker Chapel House City Centre Cochrane Park Cowgate Coxlodge Dene Denton Denton Burn Dinnington East Denton Elswick Fairways Fawdon Fenham Great Park Haymarket Hazlerigg Heaton High Heaton Jesmond Kenton Kingston Park Lemington Manors Newburn North Kenton Ouseburn Parklands Sandyford Scotswood Shieldfield Slatyford South Gosforth Spital Tongues Throckley Walbottle Walker Walkergate Walkerville West Denton West Jesmond Westerhope Westgate Wingrove Woolsington

Metropolitan Borough of North Tyneside

North Shields Wallsend Whitley Bay

Backworth Beaumont Park Benton Burradon Cullercoats Earsdon Forest Hall Howdon Killingworth Longbenton Monkseaton Murton New York Preston Seaton Burn Shiremoor St Mary's Island Tynemouth Wellfield Whitley Lodge Wideopen Willington Quay

Metropolitan Borough of South Tyneside

Hebburn Jarrow South Shields

The Boldons Cleadon Harton Marsden Monkton Whitburn

City of Sunderland

Hetton-le-Hole Houghton-le-Spring Sunderland Washington

Ashbrooke Barnes Bishopwearmouth Burdon Carley Hill Castletown Claxheugh Cox Green Downhill Doxford Park Easington Lane East Rainton Elstob Farm Farringdon Fatfield Fence Houses Ford Estate Fulwell Gilley Law Grangetown Grindon Harraton Hastings Hill Hendon Herrington High Moorsley Hill View Hollycarrside Humbledon Hylton Castle Leechmere Marley Pots Millfield Monkwearmouth Newbottle North Haven North Hylton Pallion Pennywell Penshaw Plains Farm Rickleton Redhouse Roker Ryhope Seaburn Seaburn
Seaburn
Dene Shiney Row Silksworth South Bents South Hylton Southwick Springwell Springwell Village Sunniside Town End Farm Thorney Close Tunstall Warden Law Witherwack

v t e

Districts of North East England

County Durham

County Durham

Northumberland

Northumberland

Tyne and Wear

Gateshead Newcastle upon Tyne North Tyneside South Tyneside Sunderland

Tees Valley

Middlesbrough Redcar and Cleveland Darlington Hartlepool Stockton-on-Tees

v t e

1974–1996 ←   Ceremonial counties of England   → current

Bedfordshire Berkshire Bristol Buckinghamshire Cambridgeshire Cheshire Cornwall Cumbria Derbyshire Devon Dorset Durham East Riding of Yorkshire East Sussex Essex Gloucestershire Greater London Greater Manchester Hampshire Herefordshire Hertfordshire Isle of Wight Kent Lancashire Leicestershire Lincolnshire City of London Merseyside Norfolk Northamptonshire Northumberland North Yorkshire Nottinghamshire Oxfordshire Rutland Shropshire Somerset South Yorkshire Staffordshire Suffolk Surrey Tyne and Wear Warwickshire West Midlands West Sussex West Yorkshire Wiltshire Worcestershire

v t e

Metropolitan counties

Greater Manchester Merseyside South Yorkshire Tyne and Wear West Midlands West Yorkshire

Coordinates: 54°58′26″N 1°36′48″W / 54.974°N 1.6132°W

.