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The twenty-foot equivalent unit (abbreviated TEU or teu) is an inexact unit of cargo capacity, often used for container ships and container ports.Rowlett, 2004. It is based on the volume of a intermodal container, a standard-sized metal box which can be easily transferred between different modes of transportation, such as ships, trains, and trucks. The container is defined by its length, although the height is not standardized and ranges between and , with the most common height being . It is common to designate a container as 2 TEU, rather than 2.25 TEU.


Forty-foot equivalent unit


The standard intermodal container is designated as twenty feet long (6.1m) and wide. Additionally there is a standard container with the same width but a doubled length of forty feet called a 40-foot (12.2m) container, which equals one forty-foot equivalent unit (often FEU or feu) in cargo transportation (considered to be two TEU, see below). In order to allow stacking of these types a forty-foot intermodal container has an exact length of , while the standard twenty-foot intermodal container is slightly shorter having an exact length of . The twistlocks on a ship are put at a distance so that two standard twenty-foot containers have a gap of three inches which allows a single forty-foot container to be put on top. The forty-foot containers have found wider acceptance, as they can be pulled by semi-trailer truck. The length of such a combination is within the limits of national road regulations in many countries, requiring no special permission. As some road regulations allow longer trucks, there are also variations of the standard forty-foot container — in Europe and most other places a container of may be pulled as a trailer. Containers with a length of or are restricted to road transport in the United States. Although longer than 40 feet, these variants are put in the same class of forty-foot equivalent units. thumb|center|upright=3.3|The officially carries (14 tons gross each)

Equivalence

The carrying capacity of a ship is usually measured by mass (the deadweight tonnage) or by volume (the net register tonnage). Deadweight tonnage is generally measured now in metric tons (''tonnes''). Register tons are measured in cu. ft, with one register ton equivalent to . As the TEU is an inexact unit, it cannot be converted precisely into other units. The related unit ''forty-foot equivalent unit'', however, is defined as two TEU. The most common twenty-foot container occupies a space long, wide, and high, with an allowance externally for the corner castings; the internal volume is . However, both ''High cube'' and ''half height'' containers are also reckoned as 1 TEU. This gives a volume range of for one TEU. While the TEU is not itself a measure of mass, some conclusions can be drawn about the maximum mass that a TEU can represent. The maximum gross mass for a dry cargo container is . Subtracting the tare mass of the container itself, the maximum amount of cargo per TEU is reduced to approximately . Similarly, the maximum gross mass for a dry cargo container (including the cube container) is . After correcting for tare weight, this gives a cargo capacity of . Twenty-foot, "heavy tested" containers are available for heavy goods such as heavy machinery. These containers allow a maximum weight of , an empty weight of , and a net load of .

See also

* Container ship * Container terminal * Containerization * List of unusual units of measurement * Panama Canal toll system * Shipping ton

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* * * * * {{DEFAULTSORT:Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit Category:Imperial units Category:Nautical terminology Category:Intermodal containers Category:Port infrastructure Category:Ship measurements Category:Equivalent units