TUTBURY is a large village and civil parish of about 3,076 residents
in the English county of
It is surrounded by the agricultural countryside of both
Derbyshire . The site has been inhabited for over
3,000 years, with Iron Age defensive ditches encircling the main
defensive hill, upon which now stand ruins of a Norman castle. These
ditches can be seen most clearly at the Park pale and at the top of
the steep hills behind Park Lane.
Tutbury probably derives from a Scandinavian settler and
subsequent chief of the hill-fort, Totta, _bury_ being a corruption of
_burh_ the Anglo-Saxon name for 'fortified place'. It is 5 miles (8.0
km) north of
Burton upon Trent and 20 miles (32 km) south of the Peak
Tutbury once produced alabaster which was used in the
carving of Nottingham
Tutbury Crystal, a manufacturer of high-quality cut glass
products, was based in the village. However production was transferred
Stoke-on-Trent as the existing factory was very old and was thought
to be too small for the modern company's requirements. The old factory
was demolished and flats were built on the site, but a factory shop
still operates in the village. Despite this, the tourism trade
survives thanks to the long and distinguished history of the Norman
Priory Church and medieval
Tutbury Castle where
Mary, Queen of Scots ,
was once imprisoned.
Tutbury Castle at dusk West front of
St Mary's Church (circa 1160)
Tutbury Castle became the headquarters of
Henry de Ferrers
Henry de Ferrers and was
the centre of the wapentake of Appletree, which included Duffield
Frith . With his wife Bertha, he endowed
Tutbury Priory with two
manors in about 1080. It would seem that
Tutbury at that time was a
dependency of the Norman abbey of St Pierre‑sur‑Dives. One of the
Royal Studs was established in the area round the castle by Henry VIII
but had to be abandoned after the Civil War .
Until the 18th century,
Tutbury was the site of an annual court of
minstrels . There was even a "King of the Minstrels".
There are some fine Georgian and Regency buildings and the
half-timbered Dog and Partridge Hotel. There are antique and craft
shops in the village some of which have been run by the same families
for many years.
Tutbury and Hatton railway station , was opened by the North
Staffordshire Railway on 11 September 1848. It then closed during the
1960s to reopen in 1989. It is on the
Crewe to Derby Line .
Tutbury Priory Church, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary , has a
unique west door with the only known
Alabaster Arch (circa 1160) in
_The Natural History of Tutbury_ describing the fauna and flora of
the district surrounding
Tutbury and Burton on Trent, by Sir Oswald
Mosley and Edwin Brown, was published in 1863.
The village of
Tutbury was featured in the
Most Haunted spin-off
series Most Haunted: Midsummer Murders where the team investigated a
murder over hidden treasure.
* ^ Marios Costambeys, 'Ferrers, Henry de (d. 1093x1 100)’,
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept
2004; online edn, May 2007
* ^ "Some Notes on Foundation Breeders and Early Running Horses".
Thoroughbred Heritage. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
* ^ Mosley, Oswald, Sir . _History of the Castle, Priory and Town
of Tutbury, in the county of Stafford_.
* ^ "About
Tutbury Priory Church". _www.tutburystmarys.org.uk_.
Retrieved 25 July 2017.
* ^ Mosley, Oswald; Brown, Edwin (1863). _The Natural History of