HOME
The Info List - Turkish President


--- Advertisement ---



Lua error in Module:Navbar at line 66: Tried to write global div. The President of the Republic of Turkey
Turkey
(Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı) is the head of state of the Republic of Turkey. In this capacity, the President represents the Republic of Turkey, and the unity of the Turkish nation, as well as ensuring the implementation of the Constitution of Turkey
Turkey
and the organized and harmonious functioning of the organs of state. The articles from 101 to 106 of the Constitution establish all the requirements, election, duties, and responsibilities for the office of the President. The office of the President of Turkey
Turkey
was established with the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey
Turkey
on October 29, 1923. The President of Turkey
Turkey
is often informally referred to as the Cumhurbaşkanı, meaning 'President of the People'.[1][2] The current office-holder is the 12th President, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
since August 28, 2014. For most of the time since 1950, the Presidency has been mostly a ceremonial office. However, in a 2017 referendum, the Turkish people narrowly voted to make the Presidency an executive post, effective with the 2019 presidential election.

Contents

1 Qualifications 2 Election 3 Term of office 4 Duties and responsibilities

4.1 Legislative functions 4.2 Executive functions 4.3 Judiciary functions

5 Accountability and non-accountability 6 Acting President 7 Living former Presidents 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Qualifications[edit] In order to become the President of Turkey, the candidate must have completed higher education, and be at least forty years of age. If they are a member of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, they must resign their seat. Turkish presidents were in the past required to sever all relations, if any, with their political party.[3] Election[edit] The election of the President must begin at least 30 days before the term of office of the incumbent president expires or 10 days after the presidency falls vacant, and must be completed within 30 days of the beginning of the election. Candidates must be declared to the bureau of the parliament within the first 10 days of this period, and elections must be completed within the remaining 20 days. Formerly, the President was elected by the members of the Turkish Parliament. According to an amendment that was drafted in 2007, the future Presidents shall be elected by the citizens through a public vote. The candidates must be over forty years old and must have completed their higher education. They can either be members of the Turkish Parliament, or common Turkish citizens who fulfill these requirements and who are eligible to become members of parliament. Term of office[edit]

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
during a meeting, with the presidential seal and Turkish flag

The President is selected for a term of office of five years, and can be re-elected only once. The term of office of the incumbent president continues until the President-elect takes office. On assuming office, the president takes the following oath before the parliament:

In my capacity as President of the Republic, I swear upon my honor and repute before the great Turkish nation and before history to safeguard the existence and independence of the state, the indivisible integrity of country and nation, and the sovereignty of the nation without restriction or stipulation; to abide by the Constitution, the rule of law, democracy, the principles and reforms of Atatürk, and the principle of a secular republic; not to deviate from the ideal of all enjoying human rights and basic freedoms in peace, prosperity and in a spirit of national solidarity and justice; to preserve and enhance the glory and honor of the Republic of Turkey
Turkey
and to work with all my strength to perform with impartiality the functions that I have assumed.

[citation needed] Duties and responsibilities[edit] Legislative functions[edit]

to deliver, if he deems it necessary, the opening address of the parliament on the first day of the legislative year, to summon the parliament to meet, when necessary, to promulgate laws, to return laws to the parliament to be reconsidered, to submit to referendum, if he deems it necessary, legislation regarding amendment of the constitution, to appeal to the Constitutional Court for the annulment of certain provisions or the entirety of laws, decrees having the force of law, and the Rules of Procedure of the parliament on the grounds that they are unconstitutional in form or in content, to call new elections for the parliament and presidency to deliver budget to TBMM Budget Commission

Executive functions[edit]

to appoint and dismiss ministers to appoint vice president to accredit representatives of the Turkish State to foreign states, and to receive the representatives of foreign states appointed to the Republic of Turkey, to ratify and promulgate international treaties, to represent the Supreme Military Command of the Turkish Armed Forces on behalf of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, to decide on the mobilization of the Turkish Armed Forces, to appoint the Chief of the General Staff, to call the National Security Council to meet, to preside over the National Security Council, to proclaim martial law or state of emergency,and send to TBMM to get parliamentary approval,in state of emergency every decree president issues will need parliamentary approval to sign executive decrees, to appoint the members and the chairman of the State Supervisory Council, to instruct the State Supervisory Council to carry out inquiries, investigations and inspections,

Judiciary functions[edit]

to appoint the members of the Constitutional Court, one-fourth of the members of the Council of State, the Chief Public Prosecutor and the Deputy Chief Public Prosecutor of the Higher Court of Appeals, the members of the Military High Court of Appeals, the members of the Supreme Military Administrative Court and the members of the Supreme Council of Judges and Public Prosecutors.

The president performs also the duties of selection and appointment, and other duties conferred by the constitution and laws. Accountability and non-accountability[edit]

This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (April 2017)

All presidential decrees, except those which the president is empowered to enact on his own, must be signed by the prime minister and the minister concerned, in accordance with the provisions of the constitution and other laws. Thus the prime minister and the concerned ministers are accountable for these decrees. The decisions and orders signed by the president on his own initiatives may not be appealed against to any judicial authority, including the Constitutional Court. The president may be impeached for high treason on the proposal of at least one-third of the total number of the members of the parliament, and by the decision of at least three-fourths of the total number of the members. Acting President[edit]

The official Seal of the Presidency, used on documents.

In the event of a temporary absence of the President on account of illness, travel abroad or similar circumstances, the Vice President (or TBMM Speaker until 2019) serves as Acting President, and exercises the powers of the President until the Presidents comes back. If the Presidents resigns or dies, the TBMM Speaker serves as Acting President, and exercises the powers of the President until the new election happens in 45 days. Living former Presidents[edit] There are two living former Turkish Presidents:

Ahmet Necdet Sezer (2000–2007) (1941-09-13) September 13, 1941 (age 76)

Abdullah Gül (2007–2014) (1950-10-29) October 29, 1950 (age 67)

See also[edit]

Air transports of heads of state and government Official state car Presidential Palace, Ankara
Presidential Palace, Ankara
– New Presidential Palace Compound of the Republic of Turkey List of Presidents of Turkey Presidential Guard Regiment

References[edit]

^ http://www.nedirnedemek.com/reisicumhur-nedir-reisicumhur-ne-demek ^ http://www.tdk.gov.tr/index.php?option=com_gts&arama=gts&kelime=cumhurbaşkanı&guid=TDK.GTS.511fbdf0949d06.48464753 ^ Shaheen, Kareem (2017-05-02). "Erdoğan rejoins Turkey's ruling party in wake of referendum on new powers". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-05-03. 

External links[edit]

President's website

v t e

Turkey articles

History

Pre-Turkish era

Prehistory of Anatolia
Prehistory of Anatolia
& Thrace Classical Anatolia
Classical Anatolia
& Thrace Neo-Assyrian Empire Byzantine Anatolia

Seljuq era

Sultanate of Rum Mongol invasions of Anatolia Ilkhanate

Ottoman era

Osman's Dream Rise

Interregnum Conquest of Constantinople

Classical Age Transformation

Sultanate of Women Köprülü era

Old Regime

Tulip period

Decline and modernization

Tanzimat First Constitutional Era

Defeat and dissolution

Second Constitutional Era Partition

Republican era

War of Independence One-party period Multi-party period

By topic

Ancient Anatolians Constitutional Economic Military Thracians Timeline of Turkish history Turkic migration

Geography

Capes Cities Districts Earthquakes Environmental issues Gulfs and bays Islands Lakes Metropolitan municipalities Mountains Peninsulas Provinces Regions Rivers

Places

Anatolia Thrace (Eastern) Turkish Riviera Çukurova

Politics

Cabinet Elections Foreign relations Military Parliament President Prime Minister

Legal system

Constitution Constitutional Court Law enforcement Official gazette

Controversies

Deep state Conspiracy theories in Turkey EU accession Kemalism Neo-Ottomanism Ottomanism Political parties Secularism Northern Syria Security Belt Northern Cyprus

Economy

Banks

central bank

Borsa Istanbul
Borsa Istanbul
(stock exchange) Companies EU Customs Union Industries Lira (currency) Southeastern Anatolia
Anatolia
Project Tourism Transport

aviation railways

Rankings

Society

Crime Education Languages

Turkish

Culture

Architecture

Ottoman architecture

Art Cinema Cuisine

wine

Dance Drama (TV) Festivals Folklore Human rights

LGBT

Literature Media

newspapers radio stations TV

Music Names Public holidays Religion

Islam

Smoking Sport Theatre

Demographics

Turkish people

list

Population

diaspora immigration Muhacir

Minorities

Arabs Armenians Bosniaks Circassians Kurds

Symbols

Anthem Emblem Flag Motto Presidential seal

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

v t e

Presidents of Turkey
Turkey
(List)

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk İsmet İnönü Celâl Bayar Cemal Gürsel Cevdet Sunay Fahri Korutürk Kenan Evren Turgut Özal Süleyman Demirel Ahmet Necdet Sezer Abdullah Gül Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

v t e

Heads of state of the Group of 20

Macri Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
(Governor-General: Cosgrove) Temer Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
(Governor General: Payette) Xi Tusk Macron Steinmeier Kovind Jokowi Mattarella Akihito Peña Nieto Putin Salman Ramaphosa Moon Erdoğan Elizabeth II Trump

v t e

Heads of state and government of Europe

Heads of state

UN members   and observers

Albania Andorra Armenia1 Austria Azerbaijan1 Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus1 Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia1 Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Kazakhstan1 Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation1 San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Sovereign Military Order of Malta Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey1 Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican City

Partially recognised2

Abkhazia1 Kosovo Northern Cyprus1 South Ossetia1

Unrecognised states3

Artsakh1 Transnistria

Former countries

Czechoslovakia East Germany Serbia and Montenegro Soviet Union1 Yugoslavia

Heads of government

UN members   and observers

Albania Andorra Armenia1 Austria Azerbaijan1 Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus1 Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia1 Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Kazakhstan1 Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation1 San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Sovereign Military Order of Malta Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey1 Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican City

Partially recognised2

Abkhazia1 Kosovo Northern Cyprus1 South Ossetia1

Unrecognised states3

Artsakh1 Transnistria

Former countries

Czechoslovakia East Germany Serbia and Montenegro Soviet Union1 Yugoslavia

1. Partially or entirely in Asia, depending on geographical definition. 2. Recognised by at least one United Nations member. 3. Not recognised by any Unite

.