Turin (/tjʊəˈrɪn, ˈtʊərɪn/; Italian: Torino
[toˈriːno] ( listen); Piemontese:
Turin [tyˈɾiŋ]) is
a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern
Italy. It is the capital city of the
Metropolitan City of Turin
Metropolitan City of Turin (an
administrative division of Italy) and of the
Piedmont region, and was
the first capital city of
Italy from 1861 to 1865. The city is located
mainly on the western bank of the Po River, in front of Susa Valley,
and is surrounded by the western Alpine arch and
Superga Hill. The
population of the city proper is 886,837 (31 December 2016) while the
population of the urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be
1.7 million inhabitants. The
Turin metropolitan area
Turin metropolitan area is estimated
by the OECD to have a population of 2.2 million.
In 1997 a part of the historical center of
Turin was inscribed in the
World Heritage List under the name Residences of the Royal House of
The city has a rich culture and history, being known for its numerous
art galleries, restaurants, churches, palaces, opera houses, piazzas,
parks, gardens, theatres, libraries, museums and other venues. Turin
is well known for its Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Neo-classical, and
Art Nouveau architecture.
Many of Turin's public squares, castles, gardens and elegant palazzi
such as the
Palazzo Madama, were built between the 16th and 18th
The city used to be a major European political center. From 1563, it
was the capital of the Duchy of Savoy, then of the Kingdom of Sardinia
ruled by the Royal House of Savoy, and the first capital of the
Italy (the Kingdom of Italy) from 1861 to 1865.
Turin is sometimes called "the cradle of Italian liberty" for having
been the birthplace and home of notable individuals who contributed to
the Risorgimento, such as Cavour.
The city currently hosts some of Italy's best universities, colleges,
academies, lycea and gymnasia, such as the University of Turin,
founded in the 15th century, and the
Turin Polytechnic. In addition,
the city is home to museums such as the Museo Egizio and the Mole
Antonelliana. Turin's attractions make it one of the world's top 250
tourist destinations and the tenth most visited city in
Even though much of its political significance and importance had been
lost by World War II,
Turin became a major European crossroad for
industry, commerce and trade, and is part of the famous "industrial
triangle" along with
Milan and Genoa.
Turin is ranked third in Italy,
Milan and Rome, for economic strength. With a GDP of
Turin is the world's 78th richest city by purchasing
power. As of 2010, the city has been ranked by
GaWC as a Gamma
Turin is also home to much of the Italian automotive
Turin is well known as the home of the Shroud of Turin, the football
Juventus F.C. and Torino F.C., the headquarters of automobile
Lancia and Alfa Romeo, and as host of the 2006
1.1 Ancient origins
1.2 Roman times
1.3 Middle Ages
1.4 Early modern
1.5 Late modern and contemporary
4 Main sights
4.1 City centre
4.2 San Salvario
4.5 Cit Turin
4.6 San Donato
4.9 Main churches
4.10 Villas, parks and gardens
7.2 The Opera Houses
Turin Public Transportation Statistics
10 Notable people
11 International relations
12 See also
15 External links
See also: Timeline of Turin
The Roman Palatine Towers.
Roman Republic 58–27 BC
Roman Empire 27 BC–285 AD
Roman Empire 285–476
Ostrogothic Kingdom 493–553
Roman Empire 553-569
Lombard Kingdom 569–773
Carolingian Empire 773–888
March of Ivrea 888–941
March of Turin 941–1046
County of Savoy
County of Savoy 1046–1416
Duchy of Savoy
Duchy of Savoy 1416–1792
First French Republic
First French Republic 1792–1804
First French Empire
First French Empire 1804–1814
Kingdom of Sardinia
Kingdom of Sardinia 1814–1861
Italian Social Republic
Italian Social Republic 1943–1945
Italian Republic 1946–present
Taurini were an ancient Celto-Ligurian Alpine people, who
occupied the upper valley of the Po River, in the center of modern
Siege of Turin.
In 218 BC, they were attacked by
Hannibal as he was allied with their
long-standing enemies, the Insubres. The
Taurini chief town (Taurasia)
was captured by Hannibal's forces after a three-day siege. As a
people they are rarely mentioned in history. It is believed that a
Roman colony was established in 27 BC under the name of Castra
Taurinorum and afterwards Julia Augusta Taurinorum (modern Turin).
Both Livy and Strabo mention the Taurini's country as
including one of the passes of the Alps, which points to a wider use
of the name in earlier times.
In the 1st century BC (probably 28 BC), the Romans created a military
camp (Castra Taurinorum), later dedicated to
Taurinorum). The typical Roman street grid can still be seen in the
modern city, especially in the neighborhood known as the Quadrilatero
Romano (Roman Quadrilateral). Via Garibaldi traces the exact path of
the Roman city's decumanus which began at the Porta Decumani, later
incorporated into the Castello or
Palazzo Madama. The Porta Palatina,
on the north side of the current city centre, is still preserved in a
park near the Cathedral. Remains of the Roman-period theater are
preserved in the area of the Manica Nuova.
Turin reached about 5,000
inhabitants at the time, all living inside the high city walls.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the town was conquered by
Heruli and the Ostrogoths, recaptured by the Romans, but then
conquered again by the
Lombards and then the
Franks of Charlemagne
(773). The Contea di Torino (countship) was founded in the 940s and
was held by the Arduinic dynasty until 1050. After the marriage of
Adelaide of Susa
Adelaide of Susa with Humbert Biancamano's son Otto, the family of the
Counts of Savoy gained control. While the title of count was held by
the Bishop as count of
Turin (1092–1130 and 1136–1191) it was
ruled as a prince-bishopric by the Bishops. In 1230–1235 it was a
lordship under the Marquess of Montferrat, styled Lord of Turin. At
the end of the 13th century, when it was annexed to the Duchy of
Savoy, the city already had 20,000 inhabitants. Many of the gardens
and palaces were built in the 15th century when the city was
University of Turin
University of Turin was also founded during this
Turin in the 17th century.
Emmanuel Philibert, also known under the nickname of Iron Head (Testa
'd Fer), made
Turin the capital of the
Duchy of Savoy
Duchy of Savoy in 1563. Piazza
Piazza San Carlo today) and Via Nuova (current Via Roma)
were added along with the first enlargement of the walls, in the first
half of the 17th century; in the same period the
Palazzo Reale (Royal
Palace of Turin) was also built. In the second half of that century, a
second enlargement of the walls was planned and executed, with the
building of the arcaded Via Po, connecting
Piazza Castello with the
bridge on the Po through the regular street grid.
In 1706, during the Battle of Turin, the French besieged the city for
117 days without conquering it. By the
Treaty of Utrecht
Treaty of Utrecht the Duke of
Savoy acquired Sicily, soon traded for Sardinia, and part of the
former Duchy of Milan, and was elevated to king; thus
Turin became the
capital of a European kingdom. The architect
Filippo Juvarra began a
major redesign of the city;
Turin had about 90,000 inhabitants at the
Late modern and contemporary
A view of
Turin in the late 19th century. In the background, the Mole
Antonelliana under construction.
Turin, like the rest of Piedmont, was annexed by the French Empire in
1802. The city thus became the seat of the prefecture of Pô
department until the fall of Napoleon in 1814, when the Kingdom of
Sardinia was restored with
Turin as its capital. In the
following decades, the Kingdom of Piedmont-
Sardinia led the struggle
towards the unification of Italy. In 1861,
Turin became the capital of
the newly proclaimed united Kingdom of Italy until 1865, when the
capital was moved to Florence, and then to
Rome after the 1870
conquest of the Papal States. The 1871 opening of the Fréjus Tunnel
Turin an important communication node between
Italy and France.
The city in that period had 250,000 inhabitants. Some of the most
iconic landmarks of the city, like the Mole Antonelliana, the Egyptian
Museum, the Gran Madre di Dio church and
built in this period. The late 19th century was also a period of rapid
industrialization, especially in the automotive sector: in 1899 Fiat
was established in the city, followed by
Lancia in 1906. The Universal
Exposition held in
Turin in 1902 is often regarded as the pinnacle of
Art Nouveau design, and the city hosted the same event in 1911. By
Turin had grown to 430,000 inhabitants.
Gran Madre di Dio.
After World War I, harsh conditions brought a wave of strikes and
workers' protests. In 1920 the
Fiat factory was occupied. The
Fascist regime put an end to the social unrest, banning trade unions
and jailing socialist leaders, notably Antonio Gramsci. On the other
Benito Mussolini largely subsidized the automotive industry, to
provide vehicles to the army.
Turin was then a target of Allied
strategic bombing during World War II, being heavily damaged in its
industrial areas by the air raids. The Allied's campaign in Italy
started off from the South and slowly moved northwards in the
following two years, leaving the northern regions occupied by Germans
and collaborationist forces for several years.
Turin was not captured by the Allies until the end of Spring Offensive
of 1945. By the time the vanguard of the armoured reconnaissance units
Brazilian Expeditionary Force
Brazilian Expeditionary Force reached the city, it was already
freed by the Italian Partisans, that had begun revolting against the
Germans on 25 April 1945. Days later, troops from the US Army's 1st
Armored and 92nd Infantry Divisions came to substitute the
In the postwar years,
Turin was rapidly rebuilt. The city's automotive
industry played a pivotal role in the
Italian economic miracle
Italian economic miracle of the
1950s and 1960s, attracting hundred of thousands of immigrants to the
city, particularly from the rural southern regions of Italy. The
number of immigrants was so big that
Turin was said to be "the third
southern Italian city after
Naples and Palermo". The population soon
reached 1 million in 1960 and peaked at almost 1.2 million in 1971.
The exceptional growth gains of the city gained it the nickname of the
Automobile Capital of
Italy and the
Turin has been
Detroit since 1998). In the 1970s and 1980s, the oil
and automotive industry crisis severely hit the city, and its
population began to sharply decline, losing more than one-fourth of
its total in 30 years. The long population decline of the city has
begun to reverse itself only in recent years, as the population grew
from 865,000 to slightly over 900,000 by the end of the century. In
Turin hosted the Winter Olympic Games.
Turin is located in northwest Italy. It is surrounded on the western
and northern front by the
Alps and on the eastern front by a high hill
that is the natural continuation of the hills of Monferrato. Four
major rivers pass through the city: the Po and three of its
Dora Riparia (once known as Duria Minor by the
Romans, from the Celtic noun duria meaning "water"), the Stura di
Lanzo and the Sangone.
Turin is located on the humid subtropical climate zone (Köppen
climate classification Cfa) in contrast to the Mediterranean climate
characteristic of the coast of Italy.
Winters are moderately cold but dry, summers are mild in the hills and
quite hot in the plains. Rain falls mostly during spring and autumn;
during the hottest months, otherwise, rains are less frequent but
heavier (thunderstorms are frequent). During the winter and autumn
months banks of fog, which are sometimes very thick, form in the
plains but rarely on the city because of its location at the end
of the Susa Valley.
Its position on the east side of the
Alps makes the weather drier than
on the west side because of the föhn wind effect.
The highest temperature ever recorded was 37.1 °C
(98.8 °F), while the lowest was −21.8 °C
Climate data for Torino, Giardini Reali, 1971–2000, extremes
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source: Italian Air Force Meteorological Service
Closer bird-eye view to the city
See also: List of mayors of Turin
Turin is split up into 10 boroughs, locally called circoscrizioni;
these do not necessarily correspond to the historical districts of the
city, which are rather called quartieri, rioni, borghi, borgate or
The following list numerates the present day boroughs and today's
location of the historical districts inside them:
Circoscrizione 1: Centro – Crocetta
Circoscrizione 2: Santa Rita – Mirafiori Nord
Circoscrizione 3: San Paolo – Cenisia – Pozzo Strada – Cit Turin
– Borgata Lesna
Circoscrizione 4: San Donato – Campidoglio – Parella
Circoscrizione 5: Borgo Vittoria –
Madonna di Campagna
Madonna di Campagna – Lucento
Circoscrizione 6: Barriera di Milano – Regio Parco – Barca –
Bertolla – Falchera – Rebaudengo – Villaretto
Circoscrizione 7: Aurora – Vanchiglia – Sassi – Madonna del
Circoscrizione 8: San Salvario – Cavoretto – Borgo Po
Circoscrizione 9: Nizza Millefonti –
Lingotto – Filadelfia
Circoscrizione 10: Mirafiori Sud
The mayor of
Turin is directly elected every five years. The current
mayor of the city is Chiara Appendino:
Name of the Mayor: Chiara Appendino
Date of election: 20 June 2016
Party: Five Star Movement
Turin's City Council is composed of 50 members.
See also: Residences of the Royal House of Savoy
Turin's historical architecture is predominantly
Baroque and was
developed under the Kingdom of Savoy. Nonetheless the main street of
the city centre, Via Roma, was built during the Fascist era (from 1931
to 1937) as an example of Italian Rationalism, replacing former
buildings already present in this area.
Via Roma runs between
Piazza Carlo Felice and
Buildings on the portion between
Piazza Carlo Felice and
Carlo were designed by rationalist architect Marcello Piacentini.
These blocks were built into a reticular system, composed by austere
buildings in clear rationalist style, such as the impressive Hotel
Principi di Piemonte and the former Hotel Nazionale in
Porches are built in a continuous entablature and marked with double
columns, to be consistent with those of
Piazza San Carlo. The section
of the street between
Piazza San Carlo and
Piazza Castello was built
in eclectic style, with arcades characterised by Serliana-type arches.
To this day Via Roma is the street featuring the most fashionable
boutiques of the city.
Piazza San Carlo and the Caval 'd Brons (Bronze Horse in Piedmontese
language) equestrian monument to Emmanuel Philibert.
Via Roma crosses one of the main squares of the city: the
Piazza San Carlo, built by
Carlo di Castellamonte in
the 17th century. In the middle of the square stands the equestrian
monument to Emmanuel Philibert, also known as Caval ëd Brons in local
dialect ("Bronze Horse"); the monument depicts the Duke sheathing his
sword after the Battle of St. Quentin.
Piazza San Carlo arcades host
the most ancient cafés of the city, such as Caffé Torino and Caffé
Piazza Castello with
Palazzo Reale (Royal Palace) in the background.
On the northern edge of Via Roma stands
Piazza Castello, regarded as
the heart of the city. The half-pedestrianized square hosts some
significant buildings such as
Palazzo Reale (Former Savoy Royal
Palazzo Madama (which previously hosted the Savoy senate
and, for few years, the Italian senate after Italian unification), the
Teatro Regio di Torino
Teatro Regio di Torino (rebuilt in modern style in the
1960s, after being destroyed by fire) and the Royal Library of Turin
which hosts the Leonardo da Vinci self-portrait. Moreover, Piazza
Castello hosts a Fascist era building, the Torre Littoria, a sort of
skyscraper which was supposed to become the headquarters of the
Fascist party, although it never served as such. The building's style
is quite different from the
Baroque style of
Piazza Castello. The
square regularly hosts the main open space events of the city, live
Porta Nuova main railway station, in front of
Piazza Carlo Felice
square (before restyling).
As for the southern part of the street, Via Roma ends in
Felice and in its Giardino Sambuy, a wide fenced garden right in the
middle of the square. Across from
Piazza Carlo Felice stands the
monumental façade of Porta Nuova railway station, the central station
of the city built between 1861 and 1868 by the architect Alessandro
Mazzucchetti. The passengers building was renovated to host a shopping
mall and more efficient passenger service offices. However, it is
still an example of monumental architecture, with its stately foyer
Baroque sights, such as the Sala Reale (the former Royal
Piazza Castello converge some of the main streets of the city
centre. Among them one of the most significant is the arcaded Via Po,
Amedeo di Castellamonte in 1868 and featuring some
interesting buildings, such as the first and original building of the
University of Turin
University of Turin and the historical Caffè Fiorio, which was the
favourite café of the 19th-century politicians. Via Po ends in Piazza
Veneto (simply called
Piazza Vittorio locally), the largest
Baroque square in Europe and today heart of
Turin nightlife. Piazza
Vittorio features the most fashionable bars and not far from here,
along the Po riverfront, the Murazzi quays used to host several bars
and nightclubs open till the morning until a few years ago.
Baroque façade of
Palazzo Carignano, the Museum of the Risorgimento.
Parallel to Via Roma, other two popular pedestrian streets, namely Via
Lagrange and Via Carlo Alberto, cross the old town from Via Po to
Corso Vittorio Emanuele II. Their recent pedestrianisation has
improved their original commercial vocation. In particular, Via
Lagrange has recently increased the presence of luxury boutiques. This
street also hosts the Egyptian Museum of Turin, home to what is
regarded as one of the largest collections of Egyptian antiquities
outside of Egypt.
Via Lagrange and Via Carlo Alberto cross two significant squares of
the city, respectively. The former crosses
Piazza Carignano, well
known mainly for the undulating “concave – convex – concave”
Baroque façade of
Palazzo Carignano. This building used to host the
Parlamento Subalpino (the “Subalpine Parliament”, Parliament of
Kingdom of Sardinia
Kingdom of Sardinia which also became the Italian Parliament for a
few years, after the Italian unification) and today houses the Museum
of the Risorgimento. The square also features the Teatro Carignano, a
Baroque theatre. Via Carlo Alberto crosses
Alberto, a big square hosting the rear façade of
in eclectic style. On the other side stands the monumental Biblioteca
Nazionale (National Library).
Mole Antonelliana some years ago.
Not far from Via Po stands the symbol of Turin, namely the Mole
Antonelliana, so named after the architect who built it, Alessandro
Antonelli. Construction began in 1863 as a Jewish synagogue. Nowadays
it houses the
National Museum of Cinema
National Museum of Cinema and it is believed to be the
tallest museum in the world at 167 metres (548 feet). The building is
depicted on the Italian 2-cent coin.
Piazza Castello stands the
Turin Cathedral, dedicated to
Saint John the Baptist, which is the major church of the city. It was
built during 1491–1498 and is adjacent to an earlier bell tower
(1470). Annexed to the cathedral is the Chapel of the Holy Shroud, the
current resting place of the Shroud of Turin. The Chapel was added to
the structure in 1668–1694, designed by Guarini. The Basilica of
Corpus Domini was built to celebrate an alleged miracle which took
place during the sack of the city in 1453, when a soldier was carrying
off a monstrance containing the Blessed Sacrament; the monstrance fell
to the ground, while the host remained suspended in air. The present
church, erected in 1610 to replace the original chapel which stood on
the spot, is the work of Ascanio Vitozzi.
Next to the
Turin Cathedral stand the Palatine Towers, an ancient
Roman-medieval structure that served as one of four Roman city gates
along the city walls of Turin. This gate allowed access from north to
the cardo maximus, the typical second main street of a Roman town. The
Palatine Towers are among the best preserved Roman remains in northern
Italy. Close to this site, the 51,300-square-metre
Piazza della Repubblica plays host to the
biggest open market in Europe, locally known as mercato di Porta
Palazzo or Porta Pila are the historical and local
names of this area).
West of the Porte Palatine stands the Quadrilatero Romano (Roman
Quadrilateral), the old medieval district recently renewed. The
current neighbourhood is characterised by its tiny streets and its
several medieval buildings and today it is popular for its aperitivo
bars and its small shops run by local artisans. The hub of the
Piazza Emanuele Filiberto.
South of the Quadrilatero Romano stands Via Garibaldi, another popular
street of the city. It is a 1 km (0.6 mi) pedestrian street
Piazza Castello and
Piazza Statuto which features some of the
old shops of the city. Large
Piazza Statuto is another example of
Baroque square with arcades.
Porta Susa railway station.
Another main street of downtown is Via Pietro Micca, which starts in
Piazza Castello and ends in the large
Piazza Solferino. The street
continues in Via Cernaia up to
Piazza XXV Dicembre, which features the
Porta Susa passengers building, relocated in 2012 a little more
southward. The new and larger passengers building is situated between
Bolzano and Corso Inghilterra and is an example of contemporary
architecture, being a 300-metre-long (980-foot) and 19-metre-high
(62-foot) glass and steel structure.
Porta Susa is currently the
international central station of the city (high speed trains to Paris)
and it is becoming the central hub of railway transportation of the
city, being the station in which local trains (so-called Ferrovie
Metropolitane), national trains and high-speed national and
international trains converge.
Close to Via Cernaia stands the Cittadella (Citadel), located in the
Andrea Guglielminetti garden. What remains of the old medieval and
modern fortress of the city, it is a starting point for a tour into
the old underground tunnels below the city.
Castello del Valentino
Castello del Valentino in Parco del Valentino.
Southeast of the city centre stands San Salvario district, which
extends from Corso Vittorio Emanuele II to Corso Bramante and is
delimited by the Turin-
Genoa railway on the west side and by the Po
river on the east side. Home to an increasing immigrants' community,
the district is an example of integration among different cultures; it
also features an incremented nightlife after the opening of several
low-cost bars and restaurants.
San Salvario is crossed by two main roads, Via Nizza and Via Madama
Cristina, and just as the city centre it is characterized by the grid
plan typical of Turin's old neighbourhoods. The hub of the district is
Piazza Madama Cristina which hosts a big open market, while several
commercial activities flourish around it.
Parco del Valentino
Parco del Valentino is situated in the east side of San
Salvario and, albeit not in downtown, it represents kind of central
park of Turin. Thanks to the vicinity to the city centre, the park is
very popular among the local people, during the day but also at night,
because of the several bars and nightclubs placed here. From the
terraces of Parco del Valentino, many sights of the hills on the other
side of the river can be appreciated.
In the centre of the park stands the Castello del Valentino, built in
the 17th century. This castle has a horseshoe shape, with four
rectangular towers, one at each angle, and a wide inner court with a
marble pavement. The ceilings of the false upper floors are in
transalpino (i.e. French) style. The façade sports the huge coat of
arms of the House of Savoy.
Another cluster of buildings in the park is the Borgo Medievale
(Medieval village), a replica of medieval mountain castles of Piedmont
Aosta Valley, built for the 1884 International Exhibition.
Other buildings in Corso Massimo d'
Azeglio include the Torino
Esposizioni complex (Turin's exhibition hall built in the 1930s)
featuring a monumental entrance with a large full height porch, the
circular building which hosts a night club, and the Teatro Nuovo, a
theatre mostly focused on ballets exhibitions. Another building is the
largest synagogue of the city, located in Piazzetta
Primo Levi square.
Its architecture stands in the main sight of the city, as
characterised by four large towers – 27 metres (89 feet) high –
topped by four onion-shaped domes.
Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II
Institute of Technology
Institute of Technology Politecnico
The Spina Centrale is a new under-construction boulevard built over
the undergrounded railway. It is already completed in Crocetta
South of Centro stands the Crocetta district, considered one of the
most exclusive districts of the city, because of high rated
residential buildings. Heart of the district is the partially
pedestrianized area crossed by Corso Trieste, Corso
Trento and Corso
Duca D'Aosta, plenty of some notable residential buildings in
eclectic, neo-Gothic and
Art Nouveau style. The area was built between
1903 and 1937 replacing the old parade ground, which was moved in the
Southern part of the city.
North of this area stands the GAM (Galleria d'Arte Moderna), one of
the two Museum of Modern Arts of the
Turin Metro area (the second and
largest one is hosted in Castello di Rivoli, a former Savoy Royal
castle in the suburbs). The Museum stands in front a huge monument
situated in the centre of the roundabout between Corso Vittorio
Emanuele II and Corso Galileo Ferraris: the Monument to Vittorio
Emanuele II, a King of Savoy statue situated on a 39-meters high
column. Next to the Museum, another significant residential building
hosts the head office of Juventus, one of the two main
West of this area the main building of Polytechnic University of Turin
stands along Corso Duca Degli Abruzzi. The 1958 building, a
122,000-square-metre (1,313,197-square-foot) complex, hosts
approximately 30,000 students and is considered one of the major
Institutes of Technology of the country – mainly due to the vocation
of the city for the industrialization, pushed by the automotive
sector. This institute recently expanded in the western district of
Cenisia with additional modern buildings.
Crocetta is crossed by large and modern avenues, such as Corso Duca
degli Abruzzi, Corso Galileo Ferraris, and Corso Einaudi. These
avenues feature endless rows of trees which are a symbol of Turin's
typical urbanity. However, the most popular avenue is Corso De
Gasperi, which, albeit smaller than other avenues of the district,
hosts one of the most fashionable open markets of the city, the
so-called Mercato della Crocetta, in which it is possible to find some
discounted branded clothing among the more popular ones.
The Western border of Crocetta is instead an example of contemporary
architecture. The huge avenue, made up of Corso Mediterraneo and Corso
Castelfidardo, is part of Spina Centrale boulevard and was recently
built over the old railway (now undergrounded): as a result, the
avenue is very large (up to 60 metres (200 feet)) and modern, having
been rebuilt with valuable materials, including a characteristic
lighting system supported by white high poles. This avenue hosts some
examples of contemporary art, such as Mario Merz's Igloo fountain or
the Per Kirkeby's Opera per Torino monument in Largo Orbassano.
The East side of the district is also known as Borgo San Secondo and
was so named after the church of the same name standing in Via San
Secondo, a major street in the neighbourhood. This area is located
near Porta Nuova railway station and is actually older than the rest
of the district, featuring several apartment buildings from the late
19th century. A local open market is held in
Piazza San Secondo and
along Via Legnano. The market square also hosts the former washhouse
and public baths of the neighbourhood, among the oldest examples of
their kind in
One of the main thoroughfares crossing Borgo San Secondo is Via
Sacchi, which serves as an ideal gate to the city centre: its Serlian
arcades on the west side of the street (the east side is enclosed by
Porta Nuova railway station service buildings) host some significant
boutiques and hotels, such as the historic Pfatisch pastry shop and
Turin Palace Hotel (totally refurbished and reopened in 2015).
South of Via Sacchi, Ospedale Mauriziano is one of the ancient and
major hospitals of the city. Going further southwards, it is possible
to appreciate an interesting residential cluster of old public housing
gravitating around Via Arquata.
General Motors Turinese headquarters
Bordered by Corso Castelfidardo, Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, Corso
Trapani and Corso Peschiera, this small district is mainly significant
for hosting the recent expansion of Turinese Institute of Technology
Politecnico. The expansion was possible after under-grounding the
railway under Corso Castelfidardo and the subsequent disposal of the
old buildings dedicated to the train maintenance present in this area
(so called Officine Grandi Riparazioni or OGR). Politecnico expanded
its facilities trough two huge overpass buildings over the avenue,
linked to new buildings on the west side. This cluster of buildings
forms an evocative square with a unique architectural style. The main
building on the west side hosts a
General Motors research centre, the
General Motors Global Propulsion Systems (formerly known as General
Motors Powertrain Europe). Politecnico area extends till Via Boggio
with further facilities hosted in the former OGR facilities. The
Institute plans to further build new facilities in the current parking
North of Politecnico facilities, the main building of the OGR former
cluster, which consists in three 180-meters long joint parallel
buildings, became recently a big open space which hosts temporary
exhibitions and during the hot seasons, its external spaces became a
fashionable site to have a typical Italian aperitivo.
North of OGR, a former prison complex called Le Nuove is a significant
example of old European prison building. The complex was built between
1857 and 1869 during the reign of Victor Emmanuel II. After being
disposed of during the 1990s, the complex was changed into a museum
and it is possible to visit its facilities.
An example of contemporary art is the heating plant in Corso Ferrucci,
which has been covered with aluminium panels. Another building (19th
century), now abandoned, is the former Westinghouse factory of train
brakes situated in Via Borsellino.
The remaining part of the district is mainly formed by residential
buildings with not significant architectural value. The district had
its development mainly after the World War II, following the
industrial development of the town – in particular, the expansion of
Lancia automotive factories in the Borgo San Paolo neighbourhood,
culminated in the construction of
Lancia in 1954, the
company's former headquarters. Industrialization led to consequent
population growth in the nearby areas, including Cenisia. Main avenues
which are crossing the district are Corso Ferrucci and Corso
Racconigi. This last one is hosting a huge daily open market, the
Mercato di Corso Racconigi.
Casa della Vittoria
The smallest district of the city is Cit
Turin ("Little Turin" in
Piedmontese language). This small triangle surrounded by Corso
Vittorio Emanuele II, Corso Francia and Corso Inghilterra hosts some
high rated residential buildings and is regarded as a prestigious
residential neighbourhood by local people.
Intesa Sanpaolo banking group headquarters
The district features many buildings in Art Nouveau,
Art Deco and
Neo-Gothic style. Among them, one of the most impressive and
well-known is the Casa Della Vittoria (architect Gottardo Gussoni).
Another notable example is Casa Fenoglio-Lafleur. Both buildings face
The district is well known for its commercial vocation mainly in its
two main streets, Via Duchessa Jolanda and Via Principi d'Acaja,
ideally crossing each other among the gardens Giardino Luigi Martini,
Piazza Benefica, which hosts a popular open market.
The district is also characterised by two massive recent buildings:
Palazzo di Giustizia, Turin's new courthouse built in the 1990s
(in a 350-metre long facility), and the first real skyscraper of
Turin, the Torre Intesa Sanpaolo, which house the headquarters of
one of the major Italian private banks.
Chiesa di Nostra Signora del Suffragio e Santa Zita
San Donato district is located between Corso Francia, Corso Lecce,
Corso Potenza, Via Nole, the Parco Dora and Corso Principe Oddone. It
was populated since the medieval era, but becomes bigger during the
19th century, prospering around the canal Canale di San Donato, which
does not exist any more, currently replaced by the central street of
the district, Via San Donato. Buildings in the district are relatively
recent (around 1820), except for the oldest group of small houses
located in the area of Brusachœr (
Palazzo Forneris building) located
along Via Pacinotti near the small
Piazza Paravia. The conservation of
the street and of this old building influences the straightness of Via
San Donato, which makes a slight curve to result in parallel with Via
Pacinotti before ending in central
Piazza Statuto square.
Main church of the district is the Chiesa di Nostra Signora del
Suffragio e Santa Zita, which with its 83 metres (272 feet) height of
its bell tower, is well known to be the fifth tallest structure in the
city of Turin, after the Mole Antonelliana, the Intesa-Sanpaolo
Torre Littoria and the two pennons of the Juventus
Stadium. The church is hosting the Istituto Suore Minime di Nostra
Signora del Suffragio and it was promoted and designed by Francesco
Faà di Bruno. The legend says, that he wanted to build the tallest
bell tower of the town and put a clock on the top, to all the poor
people to know the time for free. The small building near the church,
is what remains of Casa Tartaglino, a small residential building which
was also extended and modified by Faa di Bruno.
Villino Cibrario in Via Saccarelli is another significant building
designed by Barnaba Panizza in 1842. The building was equipped with a
large garden which was eliminated to host the street. The
neighbourhood has a high concentration of historic buildings in Art
Nouveau style designed by architect Pietro Fenoglio (among the others,
the prestigious Villino Raby in Corso Francia 8). Other significant
buildings are the Villa Boringhieri in Via San Donato, and other Art
Neo-Gothic buildings are situated in Via Piffetti and Via
Among the modern buildings of the district, the most significant one
is of course the Torre BBPR Tower (which took the name from the
architecture office who designed it). The building is representing the
post-rationalism Italian architecture (same style of the better known
Torre Velasca tower in the city of Milan). Tower is facing the central
Piazza Statuto square. District is crossed by some significant
avenues: on Corso Svizzera, which crosses the district from North To
South, faces the Business Centre Piero Della Francesca, where the
offices of Tuttosport, one of the three national sports daily
newspapers has its head offices. Also on Corso Svizzera, stands one of
the oldest hospitals of the city, the Ospedale Amedeo di Savoia,
specialised in infectious diseases. Other major avenues are Corso
Umbria and Corso Tassoni.
Another big avenue, which border the district on its East, is Corso
Principe Oddone, which in the past was along the railway to Milan.
Currently the railway has been under-grounded: the avenue will be
enlarged and have same architecture style of southern Corso
Inghilterra in downtown, becoming one of the major avenue of Turin.
Northern part of the district was part of the former industrial
district of Turin, recently reconverted to a park called Parco Dora.
Mainly, in San Donato the portion reconverted was the one occupied by
the plant of
Michelin (west of Via Livorno) and
FIAT ironwork plants
(on the East). Differently for other portions of Parco Dora, this part
has been totally reconverted to park without letting any evidence of
the industrial area except for the cooling tower which stands along
Umbria and became a symbol of the park. Works are completed in
the western area, where Corso Mortara has been closed to traffic and
moved just a bit northern and covered by an artificial tunnel. It is
possible to access the southern shore of the Dora river. South of the
Park, an interesting architecture of different levels is hosting a new
shopping mall called Centro Commerciale Parco Dora. East of Via
Livorno, works are still partially in progress, with the Dora river
still to be uncovered by a big slab, on which the
FIAT plants used to
stand). West of Via Livorno, the Environment Park is a research centre
for renewable energy.
Cortile del Maglio
Tiny streets of Borgo Dora
Aurora is one of the most ancient districts which developed out of the
medieval city walls, north of the historical city centre. It stretches
from downtown northern boundaries in Corso Regina Margherita (an
extended and important thoroughfare of Turin) up to Corso Vigevano and
Novara in the North Side (namely the old excise boundary till
the early 20th century); the western boundary is Corso Principe Oddone
(now part of the Spina Centrale boulevard) and the eastern border is
the Dora river.
The district was named Aurora after the so-called cascina Aurora, an
old farmstead lying north of the Dora river, right at the intersection
between Corso Giulio Cesare and Corso Emilia. The farmstead has long
been demolished and the area has been converted to office buildings,
hosting the Turinese textile company Gruppo Finanziario Tessile (GFT)
headquarters until the early 21st century.
The historical hub of the district is Borgo Dora (The "Dora Borough"),
a small neighbourhood next to Porta
Palazzo and enclosed by Corso
Regina Margherita, Via Cigna, the Dora river and Corso Giulio Cesare.
Once known as Borgo del Pallone (literally "Ball Borough") or Balon in
Piedmontese dialect (locally [baˈlun]), this neighbourhood is
famous for its mercatino del Balon or simply Balon, the Turinese flea
market that opens every Saturday in its tiny and twisted streets.
Borgo Dora hosts several remarkable places, such as: Piccola Casa
della Divina Provvidenza ("Little House of the Divine Providence"),
also known as Cottolengo, a well-known charitable organization which
has been operating for almost 200 years in the city; Arsenale della
Pace ("Arsenal of Peace"), a former weapons factory that currently
hosts the headquarters of SERMIG (Servizio Missionario Giovani), a
nonprofit association which assists poor and homeless people; Caserma
Cavalli ("Cavalli Barracks"), one of the most representative buildings
of the district, a former barracks topped by a clock tower which now
hosts Scuola Holden, a storytelling and performing arts school; the
evocative Cortile del Maglio ("Mallet Courtyard"), a covered
pedestrian area featuring bars and clubs. Across from Cortile del
Maglio and Arsenale della Pace stands a wide pedestrian area which
features a hot air balloon, a clear allusion to the neighbourhood's
old name Balon: recently installed, the balloon is open to public
which can now take an interesting view of the city from this new high
Caserma Cavalli, a former barracks now hosting Storytelling and
Performing Arts Scuola Holden School
Disused Porta Milano railway station
Right at the borders of Borgo Dora stands part of Porta
market which hosts the New Exhibition Hall, designed by the Italian
architect Massimiliano Fuksas. The building has replaced the Clothes
Market, one of the four covered pavilions of Porta
Palazzo market, but
unfortunately this glass green-shaded building has been highly
criticized because of its lack of usability for commercial activities,
albeit an example of contemporary architecture.
Another interesting building at the borders of the neighbourhood is
Porta Milano (a.k.a. stazione della Ciriè-Lanzo), a former 19th
century railway station that marked the terminus of Ciriè-Lanzo
railway line until the 1980s. To this day, the station is no longer in
use as well as the rails up to
Piazza Baldissera. The station building
was recently renovated and now hosts some old locomotives, even though
it is not open to the public. Unfortunately, the old rails crossing
the district are totally disused and neglected, adding decay to the
Borgo Dora, as many other pockets of Aurora, is characterized by the
marked multi-ethnicity of its population, being home to a large
community of immigrants from emerging countries.
Santuario di Maria Ausiliatrice
West of Borgo Dora stands
Rione Valdocco ("Valdocco neighbourhood"),
enclosed by Via Cigna, Corso Regina Margherita, Corso Principe Oddone
and the Dora river. This neighbourhood hosts the significant
architecture of Santuario di Maria Ausiliatrice ("Maria Ausiliatrice
Sanctuary") in the homonymous square and behind the church stands San
Pietro in Vincoli old cemetery.
Overall, the main thoroughfares of the West side of Aurora are Via
Cigna, which crosses the district from North to South, Corso Vercelli,
a historical avenue starting north of the Dora river, and Corso
Principe Oddone, part of the long Spina Centrale boulevard that will
be built over the undergrounded Turin-
Milan railway. However, the
Spina Centrale project is proceeding slowly because of the lack of
funds and the boulevard is still occupied by a large worksite along
its span. Once completed, Aurora district will be connected to Eastern
San Donato, thanks to a better connection among the roads of the two
adjacent districts (i.e. Corso Ciriè will continue in Corso Gamba and
Strada del Fortino in Corso Rosai).
As for the rest of Aurora, the district is crossed by an important
thoroughfare named Corso Giulio Cesare, a long boulevard that extends
Palazzo up to Turin-
Trieste motorway entrance in the
Northern urban fringe of Turin. Other significant roads are Corso
Bologna and Corso Regio Parco, mostly in the East side of
Aurora which is known as Borgo Rossini ("Rossini Borough"). Albeit not
a road, the Dora river is also a significant element for the whole
district, since it completely crosses it from West to East.
Lavazza, the famous Turinese coffee company, will soon move its
headquarters in a new contemporary building in Aurora
Officine Grandi Motori (OGM) is a former
FIAT factory producing big
The area north of the river features a mix of old residential
buildings and remains of former factories and facilities from the 20th
century. An example are the remains of
FIAT Officine Grandi Motori
(OGM) in Corso Vigevano, an old factory that produced big industrial
and automotive Diesel engines, a sort of symbol of the industrial
history of Turin. Another disused facility is Astanteria Martini
("Martini Emergency Department") in Via Cigna, a former emergency
department from the 1920s which has been lying vacant since long.
As for the old residential buildings of the area, this part of Aurora
hosts the oldest public housing block of the city, built by Istituto
Autonomo Case Popolari (IACP) in 1908 in lieu of an old dilapidated
small farm once known as Chiabotto delle Merle.
Despite its run down look, the famous
Lavazza coffee company, along
with IAAD School of Design, chose this part of the city as the
location for their new headquarters, which will be built in a
contemporary building dubbed Nuvola ("Cloud") right at the borders of
Borgo Rossini. Designed by the architect Gino Zucchi, this project is
still a work in progress but excavations in the area revealed the
remains of a medieval cemetery and an early Christian basilica; these
findings will be preserved and will be shown to the public.
Borgo Rossini hosts a number of businesses, for instance the Robe di
Kappa flagship store (Kappa is a noted Italian sportswear brand
founded in Turin) and the Cineporto ("Cineport") a.k.a. La Casa dei
Produttori ("The Filmmakers' House", which hosts the
Film Commission Foundation).
Fetta di Polenta, southern side
Fetta Di Polenta, northern side
Vanchiglia is bordered by Corso San Maurizio, Corso Regio Parco and
the Po river, crossed also by the
Dora Riparia river and by two big
avenues, Corso Regina Margherita and Corso Tortona.
Borgo Vanchiglia is the historical district: a little triangle next to
downtown, situated between Corso San Maurizio, Corso Regina Margherita
and the Po river. The district is quite popular nowadays because being
quite closer to the heart of
Piazza Vittorio Veneto,
many bars and restaurants opened recently in this area. However,
Vanchiglia also includes the area called Vanchiglietta, north of Borgo
Notable church in Borgo Vanchiglia is the French neo-Gothic Chiesa di
Santa Giulia situated into
Piazza Santa Giulia.
A notable and unusual building in the area is the so-called "Fetta di
Polenta" (literally: "polenta slice"), formerly known as Casa
Scaccabarozzi. This building is located at the intersection of Corso
San Maurizio and Via Giulia di Barolo, and it is one of the most
peculiar examples of
Turin architecture: a thin trapezoid 27 meters
wide on Via Giulia Di Barolo, 5 meters on Corso San Maurizio and just
0.70 meters wide on the topposite end. It was designed in 1840 by
Alessandro Antonelli for his wife, Francesca Scaccabarozzi, probably
because of a bet. The curious name comes from the shape of the palace,
which resembles a "slice of polenta", and also because it is painted
with an ocher color.
In the surroundings, in Via Vanchiglia 8, (although in downtown and
not really in Vanchiglia anymore) there is another trapezoid house,
albeit with less exptreme design: similarly, this building is
nicknamed "Fetta di Formaggio" (cheese slice), built in 1832 for the
rich Marchese Birago di
Vische by the architect Antonio Talentino.
Other notable buildings are the town public baths, eclectic building
built in 1905 (Corso Regina Margherita crossing Via Vanchiglia), and
theTeatro della Caduta theatre, opened in 2003 in Via Michele Buniva
23, which with its 45 seats is the smallest theater in
Turin and among
the smallest theatres in Europe.
In Corso Regina Margherita, another notable building is the former
Opera pia Reynero, a charitable organization. The building was built
in 1892. Being abandoned for a long time after it closed in 1996, it
was then occupied by the Askatasuna Social Center, a non-profit
anarchic organization, hosting since then various activities such as
concerts, dinners, seminars and homeless solidarity initiatives.
Campus Luigi Einaudi
North of Corso Regina Margherita, district is losing the flavour and
architecture typical of
Turin downtown, cause a significant portion of
the district was formerly occupied by factories, nowadays partially
abandoned or replaced by modern buildings. A significant example was
the area occupied by gas companies between Corso Regina Margherita and
the Dora river, which were partially demolished to make place to the
new modern Faculty of Law building (Campus "Luigi Einaudi"), designed
by the architect Norman Foster. This building was classified by the
American television company CNN among the 10 most spectacular
university buildings in the world. In the campus courtyard, a
large wood statue representig a bull (symbol of Turin) has been
erected by Mario Ceroli. The area hosts also a student campus.
Next to the campus, a new cycling and pedestrian bridge on the Dora
river was opened on 16 April 2010, linking the campus area to Corso
Verona. Bridge is entitled to the architect Franco Mellano.
Parco Colletta is a big park area touched by the two rivers of the
district, which also hosts some sport facilities, mainly football
fields and a swimming pool.
District is completed by the Cimitero Monumentale cemetery. This huge
complex (formerly known as Cimitero Generale) is the largest cemetery
in Turin, and among the first in
Italy for the number of buried people
(over 400,000). It is located close to the Colletta park. The ancient
part of the cemetery rises from the main entrance of Corso
his octagonal shape. It contains numerous historical tombs and
12 km of arcades, enriched by artistic sculptures (that's why is
called "monumental cemetery"). Over the years there have been
subsequent extensions of the central historical body in the direction
of the Colletta park. In the cemetery there is a crematory temple
built in 1882, the second largest in
Italy after that of
Turin Cathedral featuring the Chapel of the Holy Shroud.
Basilica of Superga.
See also: List of places of worship in Turin
The Santuario della Consolata, a sanctuary much frequented by
pilgrims, stands on the site of the 10th-century Monastery of St.
Andrew, and is a work by Guarini. It was sumptuously restored in 1903.
Outside the city are: the Basilica of Our Lady,
Help of Christians
built by St. John Bosco, the Gran Madre built in 1818 on occasion of
the return of King Victor Emmanuel I of
Sardinia and Santa Maria del
Monte (1583) on Monte dei Cappuccini.
In the hills overlooking the city, the Basilica of
Superga provides a
Turin against a backdrop of the snow-capped Alps. The basilica
holds the tombs of many of the dukes of Savoy, as well as many of the
kings of Sardinia.
Superga can be reached by means of the
Railway from Sassi suburb. The Basilica of
Superga was built by
Amadeus II of Savoy as an ex voto for the liberation of
and served as a royal mausoleum since 1772.
Villas, parks and gardens
The medieval village in Valentino Park.
The most popular park in the city is Parco del Valentino. In 1961,
during the celebrations of Italia61 (
Italian unification centenary),
an important international exhibition (FLOR61: Flowers of the world in
Turin) took place in the park with 800 exhibitors from 19 countries.
For the occasion the plan for the new lighting of the park, along with
its fountains and paths, was assigned to Guido Chiarelli, the head
engineer at the city hall.
Other large parks are Parco della Pellerina, Parco Colletta, Parco
Rignon, Parco Colonnetti and the University botanical gardens. Around
the city, there are several other parks, such as La Mandria Regional
Park and the Parco della Palazzina di Caccia di Stupinigi, once
hunting grounds of the Savoy, and those situated on the hill of Turin.
Many parks are smaller, located in the various districts: there is
also a total of 240 playgrounds in these parks. In the early 1960s,
mayor Amedeo Peyron had the first garden in
Italy with games for
children inaugurated. According to a
Legambiente report from 2007,
Turin is the first Italian city as far as structures and policies on
childcare are concerned. One of the most famous parks featuring a
children's playground is Parco della Tesoriera, which is also home to
Andrea della Corte Municipal Music Library; this facility is housed in
a villa built in 1715 and was once the Royal Treasurer's residence.
The park is located in
Parella suburb (Turin's West Side) and it plays
host to various concerts in summer.
Rosa Vercellana, commonly known as Rosina and, in Piedmontese as La
Bela Rosin ("the beautiful Rosin"), was the mistress and later wife of
King Victor Emmanuel II. She was made Countess of Mirafiori and
Fontanafredda, but never Queen of Italy. As the Savoy family refused
to allow her to be buried next to her husband in the Pantheon, her
children had a mausoleum built for her in a similar form and on a
smaller scale in Turin, next to the road to the Castello di Mirafiori.
The circular copper-domed neoclassical monument, surmounted by a Latin
cross and surrounded by a large park, was designed by Angelo Dimezzi
and completed in 1888.
Source: ISTAT 2001
In 2009, the city proper had a population of about 910,000, which is a
significant increase on the 2001 census figure. This result is due to
a growing immigration from Southern
Italy and abroad. Approximately
13.5 per cent (122.946) of the population is composed of foreigners,
the largest numbers coming from
China (5,483), and
Moldova (3,417). Like many
Northern Italian cities, there is a large proportion of pensioners in
comparison to youth. Around 18 per cent of the population is under 20
years of age, while 22 per cent is over 65. The population of the
Turin urban area totals 1.7 million inhabitants, ranking fourth
in Italy, while the
Turin metropolitan area
Turin metropolitan area has a population of
2.2 million inhabitants. The median age is 43.7.
Largest groups of foreign residents
Main article: Economy of Turin
Lingotto in 1928.
Turin is a major automotive and aerospace centre, home of Fiat
(Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino;
Turin Italian Automobiles
Factory), part of
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles group, the sixth largest
automotive company in the world. In 2008 the city generated a GDP of
$68 billion, ranking as the world's 78th richest city by
purchasing power, and 16th in Europe, according to
PricewaterhouseCoopers. The city has been ranked in 2010 by
Globalization and World Cities Research Network
Globalization and World Cities Research Network as a Gamma level city.
Other companies operating in
Turin are Maserati, Lancia, Alfa Romeo,
Iveco, Pininfarina, Bertone, Sparco, Italdesign Giugiaro, General
Motors, New Holland, Comau, Magneti Marelli, Graziano Oerlikon, Ghia,
Fioravanti (automotive), Rai (national broadcasting company), Banca
Intermobiliare, Intesa Sanpaolo, Reale Mutua (finance), Invicta,
Superga (fashion), Ferrero, Lavazza, Martini & Rossi (food
The city is also well known for its aerospace industry Alenia
Thales Alenia Space
Thales Alenia Space and Avio. The International Space
Station modules Harmony, Columbus, Tranquility, as well as the Cupola
and all MPLMs were produced in Turin. The future European launcher
Ariane 5 will also be managed from
Turin by the new
NGL company, a subsidiary of
EADS (70%) and Aircraft Division of
Residences of the Royal House of Savoy
Stupinigi: One of the Savoy royal houses in Turin
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Province of Turin, Metropolitan City of Turin, Duchy of Savoy,
45°04′N 7°42′E / 45.07°N 7.7°E / 45.07; 7.7
130.17 km2 (1.4011×109 sq ft)
Cultural: i, ii, iv, v
1997 (21st Session)
Location of Turin
[edit on Wikidata]
Turin, as the former capital of the
Kingdom of Sardinia
Kingdom of Sardinia and the
Kingdom of Italy, is home of the Savoy Residences. In addition to the
17th-century Royal Palace, built for Madama Reale Christine Marie of
France (the official residence of the Savoys until 1865) there are
many palaces, residences and castles in the city centre and in the
Turin is home to
Palazzo Chiablese, the Royal
Armoury, the Royal Library,
Palazzo Carignano, Villa
della Regina, and the Valentino Castle. The complex of the Residences
of the Royal
House of Savoy
House of Savoy in
Turin and in the nearby cities of
Rivoli, Moncalieri, Venaria Reale, Agliè, Racconigi, Stupinigi,
Govone was declared a World Heritage Sites by
1997. In recent years,
Turin has become an increasingly popular
tourist destination, ranking 203rd in the world and 10th in
2008, with about 240,000 international arrivals.
The inside of the Egyptian Museum, the second largest in the world
after the one in Cairo.
The Egyptian Museum of
Turin specialises in archaeology and
anthropology, in particular the Art of Ancient Egypt. It is home to
what is regarded as one of the largest collections of Egyptian
antiquities outside of Egypt. In 2006 it received more than 500,000
visitors. The Museum of Oriental Art houses one of the most
Asian art collections in Italy.
Other museums include the Puppet Museum, the Museo Nazionale
dell'Automobile, the Museum of Human Anatomy Luigi Rolando, and the
Museo Nazionale della Montagna (National Museum of the Mountains).
The city is home to the well-known Shroud of Turin: a linen cloth
bearing the image of a man who appears to have suffered physical
trauma in a manner consistent with crucifixion. It is kept in the
royal chapel of the Cathedral of Saint
John the Baptist
John the Baptist in the city
centre. The origins of the shroud and its image are still the subject
of intense debate among scientists, theologians, historians and
researchers. It is popularly believed to be a depiction of Jesus
Christ, however this matter is still controversial, as there seems to
be a sufficient amount of historical and scientific evidence
supporting the idea that it is, or is not, the Holy Face of Jesus.
Nonetheless, it is a symbol of religious devotion and is one of the
city's main symbols and tourist attractions.
After it had been little more than a town for a long time, in 1559 the
Duke Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy made
Turin the capital of his
domains. The Duke had ambition to transform the city into a major
artistic and cultural capital, and in the following centuries numerous
artists were to work at the Savoy court, especially architects and
Carlo di Castellamonte and his son Amedeo, Guarino
Guarini and, in the 18th century,
Filippo Juvarra and Benedetto
As for the painting and the visual arts,
Turin became a point of
reference, especially in the 20th century. In the 1920s, the painter
Felice Casorati inspired a number of students called The group of six
Turin and these included Carlo Levi, Henry Paolucci, Gigi Chessa,
Francis Menzio, Nicola Galante and Jessie Boswell. Artists born in
Turin include the sculptor
Umberto Mastroianni and the architect Carlo
Mollino. Between the 1960s and the 1970s, the international centre of
Turin (Arte Povera), the presence in the city of artists like
Alighiero Boetti, Mario Merz, Giuseppe Penone,
Piero Gilardi and
Michelangelo Pistoletto. In those years there was a strong artistic
influence of designer Armando Testa. Artists currently operating in
the city include
Ugo Nespolo and Carol Rama.
The Opera Houses
One of these was
Teatro Regio di Torino
Teatro Regio di Torino where Puccini premiered his La
Bohème in 1896. It burned down in 1936 and was rebuilt after WW II.
A literary centre for many centuries,
Turin began to attract writers
only after the establishment of the court of the Dukes of Savoy. One
of the most famous writers of the 17th century was Giambattista
Marino, which in 1608 moved to the court of Charles Emmanuel I. Marino
suffered an assassination attempt by a rival, Gaspare Murtola, and was
later imprisoned for a year because of gossip that he had said and
written against the duke. Perhaps, because of this, in 1615 Marino
Turin and moved to France.
The main literary figures during the
Baroque age in
Emanuele Tesauro and Alessandro Tassoni. In the next century Torino
hosted the poet
Vittorio Alfieri from Asti for a while. The situation
was very different in the 19th century, especially since the city
became a point of reference for
Italian unification and, subsequently,
the capital of the Kingdom of Italy. Indeed, in those years Tommaseo,
Settembrini and John Meadows resided in the city. A major literary and
cultural woman of that time was Olimpia Savio. In the late 19th and
early 20th centuries,
Turin was home to writers such as Guido Gozzano,
Edmondo De Amicis,
Emilio Salgari and Dino Segre, the latter known by
the pseudonym of Pitigrilli.
Turin had a very important role in Italian literature after World War
II. For the publishing house founded by
Giulio Einaudi worked figures
such as Cesare Pavese, Italo Calvino, Vitaliano Brancati, Primo Levi,
Natalia Ginzburg, Fernanda Pivano, Beppe Fenoglio,
Carlo Fruttero and
Franco Lucentini. In more recent years, writers active in the city are
Giovanni Arpino, Nico Orengo, Giuseppe Culicchia, Margherita Oggero,
Laura Mancinelli, Alessandra Montrucchio, Alessandro Perissinotto,
Guido Quartz, Piero Soria and Alessandro Baricco. Baricco was also
among the founders of the Scuola Holden, dedicated to writing
In the local
Piedmontese language has a literary tradition, with names
such as Nicoletto da Torino, Ignas Isler, author of epic poems, and
Main article: List of radio stations in Turin
After Alexandria, Madrid, New Delhi,
Antwerp and Montreal,
World Book Capital for the year 2006. The
International Book Fair is one of the most important fairs of its kind
Turin is home to one of Italy's principal national
newspapers, La Stampa, and the sports daily newspaper Tuttosport. The
city is also served by other publications such as the
of La Repubblica, il Giornale, Leggo, City, Metro and E Polis.
had a production centre in
Turin since 1954.
Turin Book Expo
Juventus Stadium in Turin
Main article: Sports in Turin
The city has a rich sporting heritage as the home to two historically
significant football teams:
Juventus F.C. (founded in 1897) and Torino
F.C. (founded in 1906).
Juventus has the larger fan base, especially
Italy and worldwide, while Torino enjoys a greater support in
the city itself. The two clubs contest the oldest derby in Italy, the
Derby della Mole
Derby della Mole or the
Juventus is Italy's most successful football club and one of the most
laureated in the world. It ranks joint eighth in the list of the
world's clubs with the most official international titles (fourth
between European clubs). and was the first in association football
history — remaining the only one in the world (as of 2017[update])
— to have won all possible official continental competitions and the
world title. Juventus' owned ground, the
Juventus Stadium, was
inaugurated in 2011. The
Juventus Stadium hosted the 2014 UEFA Europa
League Final. This was the first time the city hosted a seasonal UEFA
club competition's single-match final.
Torino F.C. was founded by the union of one of the oldest football
teams in Turin,
Football Club Torinese
Football Club Torinese (founded in 1894), with
Juventus and was the most successful team, called
"Grande Torino", in the
Serie A during the 1940s. In 1949, in the
Superga air disaster, a plane carrying almost the whole team crashed
into the Basilica of
Superga in the
Turin hills. Torino currently
plays its home games at the Stadio Olimpico "Grande Torino", named
after the team of the 1940s, which was the host stadiums for the 1934
FIFA World Cup and the venue of the XX Winter Olympics; moreover the
team recently rebuilt the historic Stadio Filadelfia, used for games
of the youth teams and trainings of the first squad, and seat of the
The city hosted the final stages of the EuroBasket 1979. The most
important basketball club team is the Auxilium Torino, founded in
2009, playing in Serie A.
Turin hosted the
2006 Winter Olympics
2006 Winter Olympics in February 2006.
Turin is the
largest city to have ever hosted a Winter Olympics, and was the
largest metropolitan area to host them at the time.
The City was awarded with the title of European Capital of Sport
2015. The candidature sees the City strongly committed to
increasing sports activities.
The Mole Antonelliana
Turin is the Italian city where film chromatography was first
established. As such, it forms the birthplace of Italian cinema.
Because of its historic, geographical and cultural proximity to
France, Italian filmmakers were naturally influenced by French cinema
and the Lumière brothers. The first
Italian cinema screening occurred
Turin in March 1896. In November 1896, Italian filmmakers performed
the first cinema screening of a film before a fee-paying audience.
By the start of the 20th century (especially after 1907), a number of
the first Italian films were aired in Turin. Examples include Giovanni
Pastrone Cabiria, in 1914, one of the first blockbusters in history.
The Turin-based company Ambrosio Film, established in 1906 by Arturo
Ambrosio, was one of the leading forces in
Italian cinema and boosted
the importance of the city as a filmmaking destination. The company,
noted in particular for its historical epics, produced a large number
of films until it was dissolved in 1924.
During the 1920s and 30s,
Turin hosted a number of film productions
and major film studios (film houses), such as the Itala film, Aquila
and Fert Studios. Today their heritage is located in the modern Lumiq
Studios and Virtual Reality Multi Media Spa  Turin's
prominence in Italian film continued until 1937, the year Cinecittà
was inaugurated in Rome.
After World War II, the cinematic scene in
Turin continued to thrive.
1956 saw the opening of the National Museum of Cinema, first housed in
Palazzo Chiablese and then, from 2000, in the imposing
headquarters of the Mole Antonelliana. In 1982 the film critic Gianni
Rondolino created Festival Internazionale Cinema Giovani, which
later became the Torino Film Festival.
Turin is one of the main cinematographic and television centres
in Italy, thanks to the role of the
Turin Film Commission that reports
the production of many feature films, soap operas and commercials.
Turin streets were the locations where
Audrey Hepburn played War and
Michael Caine drove a Mini Cooper in The Italian Job, Claudio
Bisio becomes the president of the Italian Republic,
Carlo Verdone set
his version of Cinderella,
Marco Tullio Giordana shot
The Italian Conspiracy,
Woody Allen shot Hannah and Her Sisters, Cate
Blanchett played Heaven,
Giovanna Mezzogiorno Vincere, Marcello
Jacqueline Bisset The Sunday Woman, and Harvey Keitel
The Stone Merchant.
Turin also became the capital of the tsar for The
Demons of St. Petersberg.
The iconic Gianduiotto
Bicerin served in its trademark rounded glass
Turin chocolate firms, aside from many kinds of chocolate, produce a
typical chocolate called Gianduiotto, named after Gianduja, a local
Commedia dell'arte mask. Moreover, the city is also known for the
so-called bicerin, a traditional hot drink made of espresso, drinking
chocolate and whole milk served layered in a small rounded glass.
Turin organizes CioccolaTÒ, a two-week chocolate festival
run with the main Piedmontese chocolate producers, such as Caffarel,
Venchi and others, as well as some big international
companies, such as Lindt & Sprüngli.
As for snack food, the now popular tramezzini were first served in a
historic café of downtown Turin, namely Caffè Mulassano, where they
were devised in 1925 as an alternative to English tea
sandwiches. In recent years, another trademark drink of the
city is MoleCola, an Italian
Coca-Cola that entered production in 2012
and quickly spread both in
Italy and outside its native country.
Local cuisine also features a particular type of pizza, so-called
pizza al padellino or pizza al tegamino, which is basically a
small-sized, thick-crust and deep-dish pizza typically served in
Turin pizza places.
Since the mid-1980s,
Piedmont has also benefited from the start of the
Slow Food movement and Terra Madre, events that have highlighted the
rich agricultural and vinicultural value of the
Po valley and northern
Main page: Education in Turin
Turin is home to one of Italy's oldest universities, the University of
Turin, including its affiliated Collegio Carlo Alberto, which ranks
among the best universities in the country. Another established
university in the city is the Polytechnic University of Turin, ranking
among Top 50 universities in the world and #1 in
Italy in the fields
of engineering, technology and computer science ("Academic Ranking of
World Universities" published by Shanghai Jiao Tong University). Turin
also hosts the United Nations System Staff College, the European
Training Foundation, and a campus of the
ESCP Europe business school,
ranked among the 10 best business schools in Europe. Moreover, the
city hosts three small English language post-secondary institutions:
St. John International University, International University College of
Turin, and the
Turin School of Development, as well as Buddies
Gruppo Torinese Trasporti
Gruppo Torinese Trasporti and ToBike
Porta Susa railway station
The city currently has a large number of rail and road work sites.
Although this activity has increased as a result of the 2006 Winter
Olympics, parts of it had long been planned. Some of the work sites
deal with general roadworks to improve traffic flow, such as
underpasses and flyovers, but two projects are of major importance and
will radically change the shape of the city.
One is the Spina Centrale ("Central Spine") project which includes the
doubling of a major railway crossing the city, the Turin-
locally known as Passante Ferroviario di Torino ("
Bypass"). The railroad previously ran in a trench, which will now be
covered by a major boulevard running from North to South of Turin, in
a central position along the city. Porta Susa, on this section, will
become Turin's main station to substitute the terminus of Porta Nuova
with a through station. Other important stations are Stura,
Madonna di Campagna
Madonna di Campagna railway stations, though
not all of them belong to the layout of the Spina Centrale.
Turin VAL metro station
The other major project is the construction of a subway line based on
the VAL system, known as Metrotorino. This project is expected to
continue for years and to cover a larger part of the city, but its
first phase was finished in time for the 2006 Olympic Games,
inaugurated on 4 February 2006 and opened to the public the day after.
The first leg of the subway system linked the nearby town of Collegno
Porta Susa in Turin's city centre. On 4 October 2007 the line was
extended to Porta Nuova and then, in March 2011, to Lingotto. A new
extension of the so-called Linea 1 ("Line 1") is expected in the near
future, reaching both Rivoli (up to Cascine Vica hamlet) in the
Western belt of
Piazza Bengasi in the Southeast side of the
city. Furthermore, an alleged Linea 2 is in the pipeline and it is
supposed to cross
Turin from North to South.
The main street in the city centre, Via Roma, runs atop a tunnel built
during the fascist era (when Via Roma itself was totally refurbished
and took on its present-day aspect). The tunnel was supposed to host
the underground line but it is now used as an underground car park. A
project to build an underground system was ready in the 1970s, with
government funding for it and for similar projects in
Milan and Rome.
Whilst the other two cities went ahead with the projects, Turin's
local government led by mayor Diego Novelli shelved the proposal as it
believed it to be too costly and unnecessary.
The city has an international airport known as Caselle International
Sandro Pertini (TRN), located in Caselle Torinese, about
13 km (8 mi) from the centre of
Turin and connected to the
city by a railway service (from Dora Station) and a bus service (from
Porta Nuova and
Porta Susa railway stations).
As of 2010[update] a bicycle sharing system, the ToBike, is
The metropolitan area is served by
Turin metropolitan railway service.
Turin Public Transportation Statistics
The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit
in Turin, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 65 min. 14.%
of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. The
average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public
transit is 14 min, while 19% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on
average every day. The average distance people usually ride in a
single trip with public transit is 5.9 km, while 9% travel for
over 12 km in a single direction.
Main article: List of people from Turin
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help
improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2015)
(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy
Turin is twinned with:
Campo Grande, Brazil
Detroit, United States
Salt Lake City, United States
Glasgow, UK 
Saint Petersburg, Russia
Volgograd, Russian Federation.
Collaboration accords include:
Gwangju, South Korea
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Zlín, Czech Republic
The 6th district (arrondissement ) of
Turin is twinned with:
Outline of Turin
^ ‘City’ population (i.e. that of the comune or municipality) from
^ Wells, John C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.).
Longman. ISBN 978-1-40588118-0.
^ Latin: Augusta Taurinorum, then Taurinum.
^ a b OECD. "Competitive Cities in the Global Economy" (PDF). Archived
from the original (PDF) on 1 October 2008. Retrieved 30 April
^ "The city's history". Turismo e promozione. Città di Torino.
Archived from the original on 18 August 2007. Retrieved 31 August
Turin – Culture & History". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved
26 December 2009. [dead link]
^ "Cavour, Count Camillo Benso di (1810–1861)". Ohio.edu. 22 April
1998. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
^ "ITALIA – Egyptian Museum of Turin". Italiantourism.com. Retrieved
26 December 2009.
^ a b "Euromonitor Internationals Top City Destinations Ranking
Euromonitor archive". Euromonitor.com. 12 December 2008. Archived from
the original on 11 January 2010. Retrieved 3 February 2010.
^ a b "City Mayors reviews the richest cities in the world in 2005".
Citymayors.com. 11 March 2007. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
GaWC – The World According to
GaWC 2010". Lboro.ac.uk. 14
September 2011. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013.
Retrieved 12 March 2013.
^ Zamagni, Vera (28 October 1993). The Economic History of Italy
1860... – Google Books. Books.google.co.uk.
ISBN 978-0-19-829289-0. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
^ Encyclopædia Britannica. "
Turin (Italy) – Britannica Online
Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
Livy XXI, 38:
Polybius iii. 60, 8
^ v. 34
^ iv. p. 209
^ "Turin's History". Italianrus.com. Anthony Parenti. Retrieved 9 May
^ Willis D. Crittenberger, "The final campaign across Italy"; year of
edition 1952 ISBN 85-7011-219-X
^ Mascarenhas de Moraes, The Brazilian Expeditionary Force, By Its
Commander US Government Printing Office, 1966. ASIN B000PIBXCG
^ "Torino Turistica – Servizio Telematico Pubblico – Città di
Torino". Comune.torino.it. Archived from the original on 29 April
2009. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
^ "Torino/Caselle (TO)" (PDF). Atlante climatico. Servizio
Meteorologico. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
^ "STAZIONE 059-TORINO CASELLE: medie mensili periodo 61 – 90" (in
Italian). Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
^ "Torino Caselle: Record mensili dal 1946" (in Italian). Servizio
Meteorologico dell’Aeronautica Militare. Retrieved 11 December
Turin tower is named one of the 10 most environmentally
friendly new buildings in the world –
Intesa Sanpaolo World".
^ "10 of the world's most spectacular university buildings to impress
travelers". CNN Travel. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 10 August
Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/
Turin – Wikisource".
En.wikisource.org. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
^ 20com% 20St% 20ecosistema% 20bambino% 202007.pdf Ecosystem child.
^ ‘Mausoleo della Bela Rosin’, Piemontefeel (Regione Piemonte,
^ ‘Parco fluviale del Po tratto torinese: Punti di Interesse’,
Parks.it (Rome: Federazione Italiana Parchi e Riserve Natural).
^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Demo.istat.it. Retrieved 30 April
^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Demo.istat.it. Retrieved 30 April
^ "Statistiche Demografiche Cittadini stranieri Torino 2017". C.
Retrieved 25 March 2018.
Global city GDP rankings 2008–2025". Pricewaterhouse Coopers.
Archived from the original on 13 May 2011. Retrieved 16 December
^ "I Dossier del Touring Club Italiano: Dossier Musei 2007" (PDF) (in
Italian). Touring Club Italiano. Archived from the original (PDF) on
27 September 2007.
^ "Quelle meraviglie Mai Viste In Italia".
La Repubblica (in Italian).
Italy. 3 December 2008. Retrieved 21 May 2009.
^ "Mao Il Tesoro Dell' Arte Orientale".
La Repubblica (in Italian).
Italy. 3 December 2008. Retrieved 21 May 2009.
^ "Football Derbies: Derby della Mole". footballderbies.com. Retrieved
8 March 2008.
Juventus building bridges in Serie B". fifa.com. Retrieved 20
^ Fourth most successful European club for confederation and FIFA
competitions won with 11 titles. Fourth most successful club in Europe
for confederation club competition titles won (11), cf. "Confermato: I
più titolati al mondo!" (in Italian). A.C.
Milan S.p.A official
website. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
^ In addition,
Juventus F.C. were the first club in association
football history to have won all possible confederation competitions
(e.g. the international tournaments organised by UEFA) and remain the
only in the world to achieve this, cf. "Legend: UEFA club
competitions". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 21
August 2006. Archived from the original on 31 January 2010. Retrieved
26 February 2013.
Juventus end European drought". Union des Associations
Européennes de Football. 8 December 1985. Archived from the original
on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
^ "Torino –
Italy City Profile". Retrieved 18 April
^ Neus, Elizabeth (19 January 2006). "Olympics by the numbers". USA
Today. Retrieved 18 April 2007.
^ The 2002
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City games also claims this title because at the
time of the Olympics its Combined Statistical Area population was
1,516,227 and some events were held in the Provo metropolitan area of
400,209 (tables from the Census Archived 17 May 2009 at WebCite). .
Retrieved 6 March 2009. Archived 16 May 2009.
^ http://www.torino2015.it website of Torino Capitale Europea dello
^ Candidature link to the file of Candidature for European Capital of
^ http://www.we-sport.com Portal's homepage
^ ""Le proiezioni cinematografiche a Torino" – di Pierluigi Capra".
Cinemaniaci.it. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
^ "Lumiq.com". lumiq.com. Archived from the original on 15 January
^ "Vrmmp – Notizie e guide online".
^ "Torino nel Novecento, Torino". Comune.torino.it. Retrieved 12 April
^ "TFF". Torinofilmfest.org. 25 September 1982. Retrieved 16 August
^ "Il tramezzino è nato da Mulassano".
La Stampa (in Italian). 8 May
2008. [dead link]
^ Moliterni, Rocco (11 April 2013). "Qui è nato il tramezzino e si
La Stampa (in Italian).
^ "La Storia – Molecola" [History – Molecola]. Bevimolecola.it (in
Italian). Retrieved 8 February 2016.
^ "Torino: la riscoperta della pizza al padellino". Agrodolce.
Retrieved 8 December 2015.
^ "Pizza al padellino (o tegamino): che cos'è?". Gelapajo.it.
Archived from the original on 10 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December
^ "Beniamino, il profeta della pizza gourmet". Torino –
Repubblica.it. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
Turin Public Transportation Statistics". Global Public Transit
Index by Moovit. Retrieved 19 June 2017. Material was copied
from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons
Attribution 4.0 International License.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac
Pessotto, Lorenzo. "International Affairs – Twinnings and
Agreements". International Affairs Service in cooperation with
Servizio Telematico Pubblico. City of Torino. Archived from the
original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ "Twin cities,
Glasgow (Scotland)". City of Torino website. 2011.
Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 31 January
^ "Lile Facts & Figures". Mairie-Lille.fr. Archived from the
original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
^ "Torino-San Pietroburgo, c'è l'intesa sull'asse strategico".
LaStampa.it. 15 November 2012.
^ "Friendly relationship". volgadmin.ru. Archived from the original on
2 May 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
^ "Town Twinning Agreements". Municipalidad de Rosario – Buenos
Aires 711. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
^ Sister Cities International (SCI). Sister Cities International.
^ "Our Sister Cities". Saltlakesistercities.com. Retrieved 6 February
Bethlehem Palestinian Territories – Agreement (2015)
(International Affairs)". www.comune.torino.it. Retrieved 1 October
^ 友好城市 (Friendly cities) Archived 19 July 2014 at the Wayback
Machine., 市外办 (Foreign Affairs Office), 22 March 2008.
(Translation by Google Translate.) Archived 19 July 2014 at the
^ 国际友好城市一览表 (International Friendship Cities List)
Archived 13 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine., 20 January 2011.
(Translation by Google Translate.) Archived 13 November 2013 at the
^ 友好交流 (Friendly exchanges) Archived 12 November 2014 at the
Wayback Machine., 13 September 2011. (Translation by Google
Translate.) Archived 12 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Atlas français de la coopération décentralisée et des autres
actions extérieures". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des
Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères)
(in French). Retrieved 22 August 2013. [dead link]
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic
Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.
See also: Bibliography of the history of Turin
Media related to
Turin at Wikimedia Commons
Turin City Hall Official website, tourist informations
How to reach Turin?
Turin travel guide from Wikivoyage
Links to related articles
Comuni of the Metropolitan City of Turin
Ala di Stura
Chiusa di San Michele
Luserna San Giovanni
Meana di Susa
Mombello di Torino
Monastero di Lanzo
Monteu da Po
Riva presso Chieri
Rivalta di Torino
Salza di Pinerolo
San Benigno Canavese
San Carlo Canavese
San Colombano Belmonte
San Francesco al Campo
San Germano Chisone
San Giorgio Canavese
San Giorio di Susa
San Giusto Canavese
San Martino Canavese
San Maurizio Canavese
San Mauro Torinese
San Pietro Val Lemina
San Raffaele Cimena
San Sebastiano da Po
San Secondo di Pinerolo
Sant'Ambrogio di Torino
Sant'Antonino di Susa
Sauze di Cesana
Val della Torre
Regional capitals of Italy
Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Italy by population
Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games host cities
1928: St. Moritz
1932: Lake Placid
1940: Cancelled due to World War II
1944: Cancelled due to World War II
1948: St. Moritz
1956: Cortina d'Ampezzo
1960: Squaw Valley
1980: Lake Placid
2002: Salt Lake City
Winter Paralympic Games
Winter Paralympic Games host cities
2002: Salt Lake City
European Capitals of Sport
2022 The Hague
European Youth Capitals
2019 Novi Sad
World Book Capitals
2003: New Delhi
2011: Buenos Aires
2014: Port Harcourt
Tourism in Turin
Basilica and Cathedral
Shroud of Turin
Basilica of Corpus Domini
Basilica of Our Lady
Basilica of Superga
Santuario della Consolata
Chapel of the Holy Shroud
Gran Madre di Dio
Madonna del Pilone
Monte dei Cappuccini
Castello del Valentino
Villa della Regina
Royal Palace with Armory and Royal Library
Museum of Human Anatomy Luigi Rolando
Museo Nazionale dell'Automobile
Museum of the Risorgimento
Oriental Art Museum
National Museum of Cinema
Natural History Museum
Ancient Art Museum
Gardens and parks
Parco del Valentino
Events and traditions
Italian Environmental Film Festival
Torino Film Festival
Turin International Book Fair
Terra Madre Salone del Gusto
ISNI: 0000 0001 2170 3379