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Tudur ap Goronwy (died 1367) was a Welsh nobleman and a member of the Tudors of Penmynydd. He was a royal officer on the island, and following service in King Edward III of England's campaign in France, he assumed the title of knight. He was later implicated in the murder of William de Shaldford, but was released without charge. His grandson Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur anglicised his name, and became Owen Tudor, the grandfather of King Henry VII of England (Henry Tudor) and the House of Tudor.

Family and ancestry

Tudur ap Goronwy was one of two sons of Goronwy ap Tudur Hen, and a member of the Tudors of Penmynydd. His mother was Gwerfyl ferch Madog. Tudur inherited lands which had been passed down the family line from his grandfather and namesake, Tudur Hen. Tudur's father Goronwy was a soldier in the English forces, and fought in King Edward I of England's invasion of Scotland, which led to the Battle of Bannockburn. After that King's death, Goronwy was loyal to King Edward II of England until he too died. Tudur's brother, Hywel ap Goronwy, joined the priesthood, and became a canon of Bangor Cathedral, and eventually the Archdeacon of Anglesey.[1]

Service to the Crown

Tudur lived throughout his life in the village of Trecastell, Anglesey. He was a royal officer for the island of Anglesey, and married into the family of Tomos ap Llewelyn; marrying Marged ferch Tomos.[2] Tudur served in the English army of King Edward III of England during his campaigns in France in 1337. During this time, Tudur assumed the rank of knight, although it was later reported that he may have done so without the permission of the king.[2]

In 1345, Tudur became one of the main suspects in the death of unpopular attorney William de Shaldford,[2] alongside his brother Hywel. William had been killed near Hywel's home; both brothers were arrested and placed in custody. Their subsequent release without charge led to a difference of opinion of scholars of the age, with local burgesses complaining that "no Welsh man dare indict them" such was their local influence. Gruffydd ap Maredudd ap Dafydd suggested that the brothers were as strong as oak trees and protected all those under their branches.[3]

After Tudur's death, his body was placed with those of his[word missing] in the south wall of the chancel at the Franciscan Llanfaes Friary near Bangor, Gwynedd.[3] The bodies of his ancestors were nearby, in the south wall of the chapel.[2] The bard Iolo Goch composed an elegy to him.

Legacy

Tudur had five sons with Marged: Maredudd ap Tudur, Ednyfed ap Tudor, Rhys ap Tudur, Goronwy ap Tudor and Gwilym ap Tudur. They all rose to positions of power locally on Anglesey and in the surrounding areas. Both Rhys and Gwilym accompanied King Richard II of England on an expedition to Ireland in 1398, and after he was deposed, Rhys, Gwilym and Maredudd were supporters of the Welsh uprising of their cousin Owain Glyndŵr against King Henry IV of England.[4]

Tudur's grandson (though Maredudd) was Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur.[5] In anglicising his name, he took as a surname the name "Tudur" and changed it to "Tudor", also changing the spelling of his first name, to become Owen Tudor.[6] Owen married the widow of King Henry V of England, Catherine of Valois, in secret and they had two sons, Edmund and Jasper. Their half brother, King Henry VI of England, took an active interest in them and had Edmund married to Margaret Beaufort to ensure that their children could inherit the throne of England.[7] During the subsequent Wars of the Roses, Edmund's son Henry Tudor became King Henry VII of England, the founder of the House of Tudor.[6]

Lineage

References

  1. ^ Griffiths & Thomas 1985, p. 17.
  2. ^ a b c d Griffiths & Thomas 1985, p. 18.
  3. ^ a b Griffiths & Thomas 1985, p. 19.
  4. ^ Griffiths & Thomas 1985, pp. 20-21.
  5. ^ Nicholas 1872, p. 29.
  6. ^ a b "A royal dynasty". BBC Wales. 5 August 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2016. 
  7. ^ Griffiths & Thomas 1985, pp. 32-35.

References

  • Griffiths, Ralph Alan; Thomas, Roger S. (1985). The Making of the Tudor Dynasty. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-31250-745-9.