Tsewang Rabtan (from Tibetan:
ཚེ་དབང་རབ་བརྟན Tsewang Rapten; Chinese:
策妄阿拉布坦; ᠼᠧᠸᠠᠩ ᠠᠷᠠᠪᠲᠠᠨ;
1643–1727) was a Choros-Oirat prince and the
Khong Tayiji of the
Dzungar Khanate from 1697 (following the death of his uncle and rival
Galdan Boshugtu Khan) until his death in 1727. He was married to
Lha-bzang Khan's sister.
1 Political and military action
2 See also
Political and military action
Tsewang Rabtan married his daughter, Boitalak (博託洛克), to
Danjung (丹衷), the eldest son of
Lha-bzang Khan in 1714. He used
the occasion to destroy some of Lha-bzang's troops in preparation for
an invasion of Tibet. He consolidated Dzungar power by 1715, and in
1717 sent one army of 300 into
Amdo to retrieve the 7th Dalai Lama,
planning to consolidate Tibetan support by bringing him to Lhasa, and
another army of 6000, led by his brother Tseren Dondub, that
Lhasa from the
Khoshut and killed Lha-bzang Khan.
However, the first army failed to acquire the Dalai Lama, having been
defeated by Qing troops at Kumbum. Dzungar troops went on the rampage
Lhasa and its environs, looting, raping and killing. Soon, the
Tibetans were appealing to the
Kangxi Emperor to rid them of the
Dzungars. The Dzungar occupation of Tibet became more difficult to
sustain as time passed and though they managed to defeat a poorly
organized Chinese invasion at the
Battle of the Salween River in 1718,
Qing troops took
Lhasa in 1720 during their second and larger
After Danjung died circa 1717, allegedly at the hands of Tsewang
Rabtan, Boitalak married a taisha or prince of the Khoid, a section of
the Dzungar people, and later gave birth to
who would grow up to be Khan of Dzungaria during the reign of the
^ a b Hummel 1944, p. 10.
^ Smith 1997, pp. 123–4.
^ Mullin 2000, pp. 285–9.
Hummel, Arthur William (1944). Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period
(1644-1912). Eds. US Government Printing Office.
Mullin, Glenn H. (2000). The Fourteen Dalai Lamas: A Sacred Legacy of
Reincarnation. Clear Light Publishers.
Smith, Warren W. (1997). Tibetan nation: a history of Tibetan
nationalism and Sino-Tibetan relations. Westview Press.
Choros (the 14th century-1755)
Galdan Boshugtu Khan
Khong Tayiji of the Dzungar Khanate
This biography of a member of an Asian royal house is a stub. You can
help by expanding it.
This article related to Central Asian history is a stub. You can help
by expanding it.