Truskavets (Ukrainian: Трускавець, translit. Truskavets';
Polish: Truskawiec; Yiddish: טרוסקעוויץ Truskevitz) is a
city in western Ukraine's
Lviv Oblast (region), near the border with
Poland. It is designated as a city of oblast significance. Its
population is approximately 28,867 (2017 est.).
Truskavets is famous for its mineral springs, which have made it one
of Ukraine's great resorts. For most visitors the primary goal is
consuming the various 'local waters.' The most famous is the
sulfur-scented, slightly saline 'Naftusia.' The town lies in an
attractive little valley in the Carpathian foothills and is easily
L'viv by bus or train. The vast majority of tourists who
Truskavets are either Ukrainian or Russian.
In 2000, a special economic zone (SEZ) was established in Truskavets
for the period of 20 years. Known as "Kurortopolis Truskavets", the
SEZ offers various tax privileges for businesses and investors. Some
13 investment projects have been approved under its framework, with
the majority focusing on health and medical treatment.
Truskawiec was first mentioned in 1469. At that time the village was
property of Kings of Poland, and was located in Ruthenian Voivodeship.
First baths were opened here in 1827 when Truskavets, with the rest of
Galicia, was part of the Austrian Empire. In 1836, Józef Micewski,
with support of Agenor Goluchowski, initiated construction of the spa
complex. In 1853, the village was visited by Archduke Karl Ludwig of
Austria. In 1911, a rail station was opened here, and by 1913, the
town was receiving some 5,000 visitors per year.
Following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the ensuing
Polish-Ukrainian armed conflict and an eventual Polish-Soviet
partition of Ukrainian lands, Truskawiec fell under the jurisdiction
of the Polish state. During the short-lived period of Polish
Truskavets emerged as a popular spa
destination. In the 1920s and 1930s, almost 300 hotels, villas and
guest houses were built here. The town was awarded three gold medals
as the country's best spa resort. A number of notable Polish
Truskavets during that era: Stanislaw
Wojciechowski, Józef Piłsudski, Leon Sapieha, Wincenty Witos, Ignacy
Daszynski, Eugeniusz Bodo, Adolf Dymsza, Julian Tuwim, Stanislaw
Witkiewicz, Bruno Schulz, Zofia Nalkowska, Stanisława Walasiewicz,
Halina Konopacka and Janusz Kusocinski.
On August 29, 1931, Wasyl Biłas and Dmytro Danyłyszyn, two activists
of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, assassinated Tadeusz
Hołówko, a Polish cabinet minister vacationing in Truskavets. In
response, the Polish government ordered another wave of
"pacifications", a repression campaign against ethnic Ukrainians. This
only deepened the resentment against the Polish state authorities and
ethnic divide among the local population.
1 Twin towns
5 External links
Truskavets is twinned with:
Jasło, Poland, since August 2005 
Dolný Kubín, Slovakia
Old coat of arms
Truskavets. Trading House.
Old Town Hall, Truskavets
Spa Rehabilitation Center
St. Nicholas Church in Truskavets
Adam Mickiewicz statue in
Truskavets city park
Monument to Vasyl Bilas and Dmytro Danylyshyn .
^ "Чисельність наявного населення
України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State
Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
^ Business Cooperation with
Ukraine Regions Potential
. Retrieved on 2008-12-26.
Truskavets Official Website "About the City" (in Ukrainian).
Retrieved on 2008-12-26.
Jasło Official Website – "Współpraca Międzynarodowa Jasła"
(Jasło's Twin Towns)". (in Polish) © 2008 Urząd Miasta w Jaśle.
2008. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
Brian R. Banks
Brian R. Banks (2006). Muse & Messiah: The Life, Imagination &
Bruno Schulz (1892–1942). Inkermen Press UK.
ISBN 0-9551829-6-4. An account of the town and neighborhood
Drohobycz along with its relationship to this author and his
friends like other Polish writers such as
Zofia Nałkowska and
Media related to
Truskavets at Wikimedia Commons
Hotels (spa) in Truskavets
Map of Truskavets
Administrative divisions of
Administrative center: Lviv