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Truro
Truro
(/ˈtrʊəroʊ/; Cornish: Truru)[2] is a city and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is Cornwall's county town, only city, and centre for administration, leisure and retail. Truro's population was recorded as 18,766 in the 2011 census.[1] People from Truro
Truro
are known as Truronians.[3] As the most southern city in mainland Great Britain, Truro
Truro
grew as a centre of trade from its port and then as a stannary town for the tin mining industry. Its cathedral was completed in 1910. Places of interest include the Royal Cornwall Museum, the Hall for Cornwall
Cornwall
and Cornwall's Courts of Justice.

Contents

1 Toponymy 2 History 3 Geography 4 Demography and economy 5 Culture

5.1 Attractions 5.2 Events 5.3 Sports 5.4 Media 5.5 Customs

6 Climate 7 Administration

7.1 Twinning 7.2 Namesakes

8 Transport

8.1 Roads and bus services 8.2 Railways 8.3 Air and river transport

9 Churches 10 Education 11 Development 12 Notable residents 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

Toponymy[edit] The origin of Truro's name is debated. It is said to be derived from the Cornish tri-veru meaning "three rivers", but authorities such as the Oxford
Oxford
Dictionary of English Place Names reject this theory. The "tru" part might mean "three", though this is doubtful. An expert on Cornish place-names, Oliver Padel, in A Popular Dictionary of Cornish Place-names, called the "three rivers" meaning "possible".[4] Alternatively the name may derive from *tre-uro or similar, i.e. the settlement on the river *uro.[5][6] History[edit]

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The earliest records and archaeological findings of a permanent settlement in the Truro
Truro
area originate from Norman times. A castle was built in the 12th century by Richard de Luci, Chief Justice of England in the reign of Henry II, who for his services to the court was granted land in Cornwall, including the area surrounding the confluence of the two rivers. The town grew in the shadow of the castle and was awarded borough status to further economic activity. The castle has long since gone. Richard de Lucy fought in Cornwall
Cornwall
under Count Alan of Brittany
Brittany
after leaving Falaise late in 1138. The small adulterine castle at Truro, Cornwall
Cornwall
(originally the parish of Kenwyn), later known as “Castellum de Guelon” was probably built by him between 1139-1140. He styled himself "Richard de Lucy, de Trivereu". The castle later passed to Reginald FitzRoy (also known as Reginald de Dunstanville), an illegitimate son of Henry I, when he was invested by King Stephen as the first Earl of Cornwall. Reginald married Mabel FitzRichard, daughter of William FitzRichard, a substantial landholder in Cornwall. The 75-foot (23 m) diameter castle was in ruins by 1270 and the motte levelled in 1840. It is today the site of the Crown Court. In a charter of around 1170, Reginald FitzRoy confirmed to the burgesses of Truro
Truro
the privileges granted by Richard de Lucy. Richard held ten knights' fees in Cornwall
Cornwall
prior to 1135 and at his death the county still accounted for a third of his considerable total holding.[7] By the start of the 14th century Truro
Truro
was an important port, due to its inland location away from invaders, prosperity from the fishing industry, and a new role as one of Cornwall's stannary towns for assaying and stamping tin and copper from Cornish mines. The Black Death brought a trade recession and an exodus of the population that left the town in a very neglected state. Trade gradually returned and the town regained prosperity in the Tudor period. Local government was awarded in 1589 by a new charter was granted by Elizabeth I, giving Truro
Truro
an elected mayor and control over the port of Falmouth. During the Civil War in the 17th century, Truro
Truro
raised a sizeable force to fight for the king and a royalist mint was set up. Defeat by the Parliamentary troops came in 1646 and the mint was moved to Exeter. Later in the century Falmouth was awarded its own charter giving it rights to its harbour, starting a long rivalry between the two towns. The dispute was settled in 1709 with control of the River Fal divided between Truro
Truro
and Falmouth. The arms of the city of Truro are "Gules the base wavy of six Argent and Azure, thereon an ancient ship of three masts under sail, on each topmast a banner of St George, on the waves in base two fishes of the second".[8]

Boscawen Street in 1810

Truro
Truro
prospered during the 18th and 19th centuries. Industry flourished thanks to improved mining methods and higher prices for tin, and the town attracted wealthy mine owners. Elegant Georgian and Victorian townhouses were built, such as those seen today in Lemon Street, named after the mining magnate and local MP Sir William Lemon. Truro
Truro
became the centre for society in the county, even being dubbed "the London
London
of Cornwall".[9]

The Cathedral in 1905, before completion of the spires

Throughout those prosperous times Truro
Truro
remained a social centre, and many notable people hailed from it. One of the most noteworthy residents was Richard Lander, an explorer who discovered the mouth of the River Niger
River Niger
in Africa and was awarded the first gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society. Henry Martyn
Henry Martyn
read mathematics at Cambridge, was ordained and became a missionary, translating the New Testament into Urdu and Persian. Others include Humphry Davy, educated in Truro
Truro
and the inventor of the miner's safety lamp, and Samuel Foote, an actor and playwright from Boscawen Street. Truro's importance increased later in the 19th century, when it had its own iron-smelting works, potteries, and tanneries. The Great Western Railway arrived in the 1860s with a direct line from London Paddington, and the Bishopric of Truro
Bishopric of Truro
Act 1876 which gave the town a bishop, then a cathedral. The next year Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
granted Truro city status. The New Bridge Street drill hall was completed in the late 19th century.[10] The start of the 20th century brought a decline in the mining industry, but the city remained prosperous as the administrative and commercial centre of Cornwall, and saw substantial development. Today, Truro
Truro
is still the retail centre of Cornwall
Cornwall
but, like many other places, faces concerns over replacement of many of its speciality shops by national chain stores, erosion of its identity, and doubts about how to accommodate expected growth in the 21st century. Geography[edit]

River Kenwyn
River Kenwyn
which converges with the Allen to become the River Truro

Truro
Truro
lies in the centre of western Cornwall, about 9 miles (14 kilometres) from the south coast at the confluence of the rivers Kenwyn
Kenwyn
and Allen, which combine to become the Truro
Truro
River, one of a series of creeks, rivers and drowned valleys leading into the River Fal and then to the large natural harbour of Carrick Roads. The river valleys form a fairly steep-sided bowl surrounding the city on the north, east and west, open to the Truro River
Truro River
in the south. The bowl shape, along with high precipitation that swells the rivers and a spring tide in the River Fal, were major factors in the 1988 floods that seriously damaged the city centre. Since then, flood defences have been constructed, including an emergency dam at New Mill on the River Kenwyn
River Kenwyn
and a tidal barrier on the Truro
Truro
River. The city is surrounded by a number of protected natural areas such as the historic parklands at Pencalenick, and larger areas of ornamental landscape, such as Trelissick Garden
Trelissick Garden
and Tregothnan
Tregothnan
further down the Truro
Truro
River. An area south-east of the city, around and including Calenick Creek, has been designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Other protected areas include an Area of Great Landscape Value comprising agricultural land and wooded valleys to the north east, and Daubuz Moors, a Local Nature Reserve alongside the River Allen close to the city centre. Truro
Truro
has mainly grown and developed around the historic city centre in a nuclear fashion along the slopes of the bowl valley, except for fast linear development along the A390 to the west, towards Threemilestone. As Truro
Truro
has grown, it has incorporated a number of other settlements as suburbs or unofficial districts, including Kenwyn and Moresk to the north, Trelander to the east, Newham to the south, and Highertown, Treliske and Gloweth to the west. Demography and economy[edit]

Sunday morning on Pydar Street

Truro
Truro
urban statistical area, which includes parts of surrounding parishes, had a 2001 census population of 20,920.[11] By 2011 the population including Threemilestone
Threemilestone
was 23,040. Truro's status as the county's prime destination for retail and leisure, and the administrative centre of the county, is unusual as it is only the fourth most populous settlement in Cornwall.[11] Furthermore, population growth has been slow compared to other Cornish towns and Cornwall
Cornwall
as a whole, at 10.5 per cent from 1971 to 1998.[out of date] Major employers in the city include the Royal Cornwall
Cornwall
Hospital, Cornwall
Cornwall
Council, and Truro
Truro
College. There are about 22,000 jobs available in Truro, compared to only 9,500 economically active people living in the city. So many local workers commute into Truro: a major factor in the city's traffic congestion problems. Average earnings are higher than the rest of Cornwall. Housing prices in Truro
Truro
are[when?] at an all-time high, at 8 per cent higher than the rest of Cornwall. Truro
Truro
was named in 2006 as the top small city in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
for increasing house prices, at 262 per cent since 1996.[12] There is a heavy demand for new housing in the city, and a call for inner city properties to be converted into flats or houses to encourage city centre living and to reduce the dependence on cars. Culture[edit]

The west front of the Cathedral

Attractions[edit] Truro's most recognisable feature is the Gothic-revival
Gothic-revival
cathedral, designed by architect John Loughborough Pearson, rising 249 ft (76 m) above the city at its highest spire.[13] It took 30 years to build, from 1880 to 1910, on the site of the old St Mary's Church, consecrated over 600 years earlier. Enthusiasts of Georgian architecture are well catered for in the city, with terraces and townhouses along Walsingham Place and Lemon Street often said to be "the finest examples of Georgian architecture
Georgian architecture
west of the city of Bath".[14] The main attraction for residents in the region is the wide variety of shops. Truro
Truro
has various chain stores, speciality shops and markets, which reflect its history as a market town. The indoor Pannier Market is open year-round with many stalls and small businesses. The city is also popular for its catering, including cafés and bistros, and for night life, with its many bars, clubs and restaurants. Truro
Truro
is also known for the Hall for Cornwall, a performing arts and entertainment venue. The Royal Cornwall
Cornwall
Museum is the oldest and premier museum in Cornwall for exhibitions detailing Cornish history and culture, with a wide range of collections such as archaeology, art and geology. Among the exhibits is the so-called Arthur's inscribed stone. Truro
Truro
is also noted for parks and open spaces, including Victoria Gardens, Boscawen Park and Daubuz Moors. Events[edit]

Lemon Quay

Lemon Quay is the centre of most festivities in Truro, which attracts visitors year-round with numerous different events. In April, Truro
Truro
prepares to partake in the Britain in Bloom competition, with many floral displays and hanging baskets dotted around the city throughout the summer. A "continental market" also comes to Truro
Truro
during the holiday-making season and features food and craft stalls from France, Spain, Italy, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Greece and other European countries. Cornwall
Cornwall
Pride, a Pride event
Pride event
which celebrates diversity and the LGBT community, takes place on the last Saturday of every August. The Truro City Carnival, held takes every September over a weekend, includes various arts and music performances, children's activities, a fireworks display, food and drinks fairs, a circus, and a parade. A half-marathon also takes place in September, organised by Truro Running Club, running from the city centre into the countryside towards Kea, returning to finish at Lemon Quay.

A Celtic cross
Celtic cross
near the cathedral

Truro
Truro
celebrates the Christmas season with its Winter Festival, which includes a paper lantern parade known as the City of Lights procession. Many local schools as well as colleges and community and youth groups join in the procession.[15][16] Students at the local college in Truro
Truro
have created large lanterns, complementing the work of the core artists team. There are Christmas lights throughout the city centre, as well a "big switch-on" event, speciality products and crafts fairs, late-night shopping evenings, various events at the cathedral and a fireworks display on New Year's Eve. A Christmas tree is put up on the Piazza, and another outside the cathedral at High Cross. Sports[edit] Truro
Truro
was temporarily the home to rugby union club Cornish Pirates, but the team is now[when?] back at its historical base in Penzance. Discussions are currently[when?] in progress about the possible construction of a Stadium for Cornwall, planned for Threemilestone.[17] The town has an amateur rugby union side, Truro RFC (founded 1885), who are in Tribute Western Counties West
Tribute Western Counties West
and play home games at St Clements Hill, which has also hosted the CRFU Cornwall
Cornwall
Cup on a number of occasions. The city is also home to Truro
Truro
City F.C., a football team in the National League South, the only Cornish club ever to reach this tier of the football pyramid. The club achieved national recognition when they won the FA Vase
FA Vase
in 2007, beating A.F.C. Totton
A.F.C. Totton
3–1 in only the second ever final at the new Wembley Stadium, and becoming the first Cornish side ever to win the FA Vase. Cornwall
Cornwall
County Cricket Club play some of their home fixtures at Boscawen Park, which is also the home ground of Truro
Truro
Cricket Club. Truro
Truro
Fencing Club is one of Britain's flagship fencing clubs, having won numerous national championships, and had three fencers selected for Team GB at the London
London
2012 Olympics. Other sporting amenities include a leisure centre, golf course, and tennis courts. Media[edit] Truro
Truro
is the centre of Cornwall's local media. The county-wide weekly newspapers, the Cornish Guardian and The West Briton, are based in the city, the latter serving the Truro
Truro
area with its Truro
Truro
and Mid- Cornwall
Cornwall
edition. The city is also home to the broadcasting studios of BBC Radio Cornwall, and the studios of the West district of ITV Westcountry, whose main studio is now located in Bristol
Bristol
after ITV Westcountry merged with ITV West, the studio in Plymouth
Plymouth
was closed and Westcountry Live was replaced by The West Country Tonight. Customs[edit] A mummers play text which had, until recently, been attributed to Mylor, Cornwall
Cornwall
(much quoted in early studies of folk plays, such as The Mummers Play by R. J. E. Tiddy – published posthumously in 1923 – and The English Folk-Play (1933) by E. K. Chambers), has now been shown, by genealogical and other research, to have originated in Truro, Cornwall, around 1780.[18][19] Climate[edit] The Truro
Truro
area has an oceanic climate similar to the remainder of Cornwall. The climate in the area sees even fewer extremes in temperature than the remainder of England
England
and is marked by high rainfall, cool summers and mild winters with frosts being infrequent.

Climate data for Truro
Truro
Camborne, elevation: 87 m or 285 ft (1981-2010) extremes (1979-present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 15.5 (59.9) 14.2 (57.6) 18.0 (64.4) 21.8 (71.2) 24.5 (76.1) 26.2 (79.2) 29.3 (84.7) 29.4 (84.9) 26.0 (78.8) 22.3 (72.1) 17.0 (62.6) 15.3 (59.5) 29.4 (84.9)

Average high °C (°F) 8.9 (48) 8.7 (47.7) 10.1 (50.2) 11.7 (53.1) 14.3 (57.7) 16.7 (62.1) 18.6 (65.5) 19.0 (66.2) 17.3 (63.1) 14.3 (57.7) 11.5 (52.7) 9.6 (49.3) 13.4 (56.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) 6.8 (44.2) 6.5 (43.7) 7.8 (46) 8.9 (48) 11.5 (52.7) 13.8 (56.8) 15.8 (60.4) 16.1 (61) 14.6 (58.3) 12.0 (53.6) 9.3 (48.7) 7.4 (45.3) 10.9 (51.6)

Average low °C (°F) 4.6 (40.3) 4.2 (39.6) 5.4 (41.7) 6.1 (43) 8.6 (47.5) 10.9 (51.6) 13.0 (55.4) 13.2 (55.8) 11.8 (53.2) 9.6 (49.3) 7.1 (44.8) 5.2 (41.4) 8.3 (46.9)

Record low °C (°F) −9.4 (15.1) −6.8 (19.8) −3.2 (26.2) −1.3 (29.7) 0.3 (32.5) 4.8 (40.6) 7.2 (45) 7.4 (45.3) 4.8 (40.6) −0.3 (31.5) −3.8 (25.2) −4.7 (23.5) −9.4 (15.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 121.4 (4.78) 88.2 (3.472) 79.4 (3.126) 73.6 (2.898) 65.0 (2.559) 58.2 (2.291) 67.4 (2.654) 68.3 (2.689) 77.3 (3.043) 114.9 (4.524) 123.8 (4.874) 123.9 (4.878) 1,061.3 (41.783)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 16.4 12.7 12.5 11.7 10.4 8.6 9.8 10.3 11.0 15.7 16.3 15.8 151.2

Mean monthly sunshine hours 60.5 81.7 118.4 184.6 214.6 211.2 198.2 194.8 157.5 109.7 74.5 59.2 1,664.9

Source #1: Met Office[20]

Source #2: KNMI[21]

Administration[edit]

Georgian architecture
Georgian architecture
at Walsingham Place

Truro
Truro
City Council, a city/parish council, is based upstairs at the Municipal Buildings in Boscawen Street, and is responsible for parks, gardens and planting, mayoral and civic events, support of its overseas twinning, and tourist information. It also considers planning issues and has been crucially involved in creating the Truro
Truro
and Kenwyn
Kenwyn
Neighbourhood Plan in association with Cornwall
Cornwall
Council. The city is divided into four wards: Boscawen, Moresk, Tregolls and Trehaverne, with 24 councillors elected for four-year terms.[22] Cornwall
Cornwall
Council (a unitary authority) has its base at Lys Kernow (" Cornwall
Cornwall
Court", formerly County Hall) west of the city centre. It administers planning, infrastructure, development and environmental issues, and the parish council liaises with it. It is an elected public body forming the lowest level of government in the city.[23] It is part of the parish council level, which comprises 213 parish bodies in the county of Cornwall. The layer of government directly above is Cornwall
Cornwall
Council, the unitary authority for Cornwall, which is directly below central government.[24][25] It maintains and is responsible for Truro's Library, parks and gardens, tourist information centre, allotments and cemeteries. [26] It is affiliated with Truro
Truro
Chamber of Commerce and other local civic organisations.[27][28] It was founded in 1877, after Truro
Truro
was issued its letters patent, at the time the small city was proud to achieve recognition as a city.[29] The city is still the eighth smallest in the UK.[30] Twinning[edit] Truro
Truro
is twinned with Boppard, in the Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
region of Germany, and Morlaix
Morlaix
in Brittany, France, after which Morlaix
Morlaix
Avenue in Truro
Truro
is named.[31] Namesakes[edit] Several towns outside of Britains took their names from Truro:

Truro
Truro
in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. Truro
Truro
in the US state of Massachusetts. Truro, South Australia

Transport[edit] Roads and bus services[edit] Truro
Truro
is 6 miles (9.7 km) from the A30 trunk road, to which it is connected by the A39 leading from Falmouth and Penryn. Also passing through the city is the A390, from Redruth
Redruth
in the west to Liskeard
Liskeard
in the east where it connects to the A38, which then goes on to Plymouth and further to Exeter
Exeter
and the M5 motorway. Truro
Truro
is the most southerly city in the United Kingdom, just under 232 miles (373 km) west south west of Charing Cross, London. The city and surrounding area are served by extensive bus services, mostly operated by First Kernow
First Kernow
and First Truro
Truro
with routes across the city, and in and out of the city in all directions, mostly starting and terminating at Truro
Truro
Bus Station near Lemon Quay. A permanent Park and Ride scheme, known as Park for Truro, began operation in August 2008. Based at Langarth Park in Threemilestone, buses carry commuters into the city centre via Truro
Truro
College, the Royal Cornwall
Cornwall
Hospital Treliske, County Hall, Truro
Truro
railway station, the Royal Cornwall Museum and Victoria Square, and now through to a second car park on the east side of Truro. Longer-distance coaches run by National Express also operate from Truro. Railways[edit]

Carvedras Viaduct, built in 1859 by Isambard Kingdom Brunel. It was replaced by a stone viaduct in 1904.

Truro railway station
Truro railway station
is about 1 km (0.6 mi) from the city centre and is on the Cornish Main Line, giving the city a direct connection to London
London
Paddington, as well as to the Midlands, North and Scotland. North-east of the station is a 28-metre-high (92-foot) stone viaduct with expansive views over the city, cathedral, and Truro
Truro
River in the distance. The viaduct—the longest on the line—replaced Isambard Kingdom Brunel's wooden Carvedras Viaduct
Viaduct
in 1904. Connecting to the main line at Truro
Truro
station is the Maritime Line, a branch line to Falmouth in the south.

The nameplate of GWR City of Truro, built in 1903 and still operational in 2009

Truro's first railway station was at Highertown, which was opened in 1852 by the West Cornwall
Cornwall
Railway and from where trains ran to Redruth and Penzance. It was known as Truro
Truro
Road Station; it was just west of Highertown Tunnel on the up side. The line was extended to the Truro River at Newham in 1855 Then Truro
Truro
Road Station closed and Newham served as the terminus. When the Cornwall
Cornwall
Railway connected the line to Plymouth, their trains ran to the present station above the city centre. The West Cornwall
Cornwall
Railway (WCR) then diverted most of its passenger trains to the new station, leaving Newham mainly as a goods station until it closed in 1971. The WCR became part of the Great Western Railway. The route from Highertown to Newham is now a cycle path which takes a leisurely loop through the countryside on the south side of the city. The steam locomotive, the City of Truro, was built in 1903 and still runs on UK mainline and preserved railways..

The Truro River
Truro River
and a ferry transporting passengers to Falmouth

Air and river transport[edit] Newquay
Newquay
Airport is Cornwall's main airport and is 12 mi (19 km) north of Truro. One of the fastest-growing regional airports in the UK, the services and destinations are constantly expanding.[32][citation needed] There are regular flights to and from London
London
Gatwick and other cities around the country, the Isles of Scilly and Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
in Germany.[when?] There is also a boat link to Falmouth along the Rivers Truro
Truro
and Fal, four times daily, tide permitting. The small fleet run by Enterprise Boats and part of the Fal River Links also stops at Malpas, Trelissick, Tolverne
Tolverne
and St Mawes. Churches[edit]

St Mary's Truro
Truro
(early 19th-century engraving)

St George's Church

St John's Church

St Paul's Church

The old parish church of Truro
Truro
was St Mary's, incorporated into the cathedral in the later 19th century. Parts of the town were in the parishes of Kenwyn
Kenwyn
and St Clement (Moresk) until the mid 19th century when other parishes were created. St George's church in Truro, designed by the Reverend William Haslam, vicar of Baldhu, was built of Cornish granite in 1855; it is lofty and imposing. The parish of St George's Truro
Truro
was formed from part of Kenwyn
Kenwyn
in 1846. In 1865 two more parishes were created: St John's from part of Kenwyn
Kenwyn
and St Paul's from part of St Clement.[33][34] St George's contains a large wall painting behind the high altar which was the work of Stephany Cooper in the 1920s. Her father Canon Cooper had been a missionary in Zanzibar
Zanzibar
and elsewhere. The theme of the mural painting is "Three Heavens": the first heaven has views of Zanzibar
Zanzibar
and its cathedral (a happy period in the life of the artist); the second heaven has views of the city of Truro
Truro
including the cathedral, the railway viaduct and St George's church (another happy period in the life of the artist); the third heaven is above the others which are separated from it by the River of Life (Christ is represented bridging the river and 17 saints including St Piran
Piran
and St Kenwyn
Kenwyn
are depicted in this part).[35] Charles William Hempel
Charles William Hempel
was organist of St. Mary's Church for forty years from 1804, supplementing his income by teaching music. In 1805 he composed and printed Psalms from the New Version for the use of the Congregation of St. Mary's, and in 1812 Sacred Melodies for the same congregation. These melodies became very popular. The oldest church in Truro
Truro
is at Kenwyn, on the northern side of the city. It is of 14th/15th-century date. St John's Church (dedicated to St John the Evangelist) was built in 1828 (architect P. Sambell) in the Classical style on a rectangular plan and with a gallery. Considerable alterations were carried out in the 1890s. St Paul's Church was built in 1848. The chancel was replaced in 1882–84, the new chancel being the work of J. D. Sedding. The tower is "broad and strong" (Pevsner) and the exterior of the aisles are ornamented in Sedding's version of the Perpendicular style.[36] In the parish of St Paul is the former Convent of the Epiphany (Anglican) at Alverton House, Tregolls Road, an early 19th-century house. The house was extended for the convent of the Community of the Epiphany and the chapel was built in 1910 by Edmund H. Sedding.[36] The sisterhood was founded by the Bishop of Truro, George Howard Wilkinson, in 1883 and closed in 2001 when the two surviving nuns moved into care homes. The sisters were involved in pastoral and educational work and the care of the cathedral and St Paul's Church.[37] St Paul's Church, built with a tower on a river bed with poor foundations, has fallen into disrepair, and is no longer in use. Services are now held at the churches of St Clement, St George, and St John. St Paul & St Clement is now a united benefice as is St George and St John. There is a Quaker Meeting House
House
built in granite (c. 1830) and among the Methodist chapels (and the only one still in use for its original purpose) is that in Union Place which has a broad granite front (1830, but since enlarged). There are numerous other churches, some meeting in their own modern buildings e.g. St Piran's Roman Catholic church and All Saints, Highertown, and some in schools or halls. St Piran's, dedicated to Our Lady of the Portal
Portal
and St Piran, and built on the site of a medieval chapel by Margaret Steuart Pollard in 1973 (for this she received the Benemerenti Medal
Benemerenti Medal
from the Pope).[38] The Baptist church building occupies the site of the former Lake's pottery, one of the oldest in Cornwall. Education[edit] Educational institutions in Truro
Truro
include:

Archbishop Benson – A Church of England
England
voluntary aided primary school Polwhele House
House
Preparatory School — now educates the choristers from the former Truro Cathedral
Truro Cathedral
School Truro School
Truro School
— a public school founded in 1880. Truro High School for Girls
Truro High School for Girls
— a female-only public school, for ages 13–18. Penair School
Penair School
— a state school, co-educational science college, for children aged 11–16. Richard Lander School
Richard Lander School
— a state school, co-educational technology college, for children aged 11–16. Truro College
Truro College
— A further and higher education college. Part of the Combined Universities in Cornwall. University of Exeter
Exeter
Medical School[39]

The former Truro
Truro
Girls Grammar School was converted into a Sainsbury's supermarket.[40] Development[edit]

Lower Lemon Street

Truro
Truro
has many proposed development schemes and plans, the majority of which are intended to counter the main problems it faces, notably traffic congestion and lack of housing. Major proposals include the construction of a distributor road to carry traffic away from the very busy Threemilestone-Treliske-Highertown corridor, reconnecting at either Green Lane or Morlaix
Morlaix
Avenue. This road will also serve the new housing planned for that area.[41] As of 2008[update] major changes are also proposed for the city centre, such as pedestrianisation of the main shopping streets and beautification of a list of uncharacteristic storefronts built in the 1960s.[41] Also, new retail developments on the current Carrick District Council site and Garras Wharf waterfront site will provide more space for shops, open spaces and public amenities and also turn rather ugly areas of the city into attractive new destinations.[41] Along with the redevelopment of the waterfront, a tidal barrier is planned to dam water into the Truro River
Truro River
which is currently blighted by unsightly mud banks which appear at low tide.[41] Controversial developments include the construction of a new stadium for Truro City F.C.
Truro City F.C.
and the Cornish Pirates, and the relocation of the city's golf course to make way for more housing. A smaller project is the addition of two large sculptures in the Piazza.[42] Notable residents[edit] See also: Category:People from Truro

16th century

Giles Farnaby – a madrigalist of the Elizabethan age Owen Fitzpen
Owen Fitzpen
– a philanthropist, born in the Elizabethan age, he earned his fortune first as a merchant seaman and by his fame in leading a successful slave revolt in 1627 to free himself and other captives of Barbary pirates.

18th century

Edward Boscawen
Edward Boscawen
– an admiral of the Royal Navy. A cobbled street at the centre of Truro
Truro
and a park are named in his honour. Samuel Foote
Samuel Foote
– an actor and playwright

18th/19th century

John Vivian – later became an influential industrialist in Swansea (see Vivian family) Henry Martyn
Henry Martyn
Cambridge
Cambridge
mathematician, missionary in India
India
and Persia, translated the Bible into local languages.

Richard Lemon Lander. A monument to him stands at the top of Lemon Street

19th century

Charles Foster Barham
Charles Foster Barham
– physician and writer on public health Henry Charlton Bastian
Henry Charlton Bastian
– physiologist and neurologist William Bennett Bond
William Bennett Bond
– Canadian priest, 3rd Archbishop of Montreal, and 2nd Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada Charles Chorley – journalist and man of letters Joseph Antonio Emidy
Joseph Antonio Emidy
– a former slave turned violinist James Henry Fynn (Finn) – a recipient of the Victoria Cross Charles William Hempel
Charles William Hempel
– organist of St Mary's Church Richard Lemon Lander
Richard Lemon Lander
– an explorer of West Africa. A local secondary school is named in his honour and a monument to his memory stands at the top of Lemon Street. Richard Spurr – a cabinet maker and lay preacher who was imprisoned for his part in leading the political movement Chartism. A large allotment in the town was dedicated to his memory in 2011. Silvanus Trevail
Silvanus Trevail
– local architect and mayor of Truro.[43]

The Headland Hotel, Newquay, designed by the architect Silvanus Trevail, who was also a Truro
Truro
mayor

20th century

Alison Adburgham (1912–1997) – social historian and fashion journalist, died in the town.[44] Matthew Etherington
Matthew Etherington
– a former professional footballer who used to play for West Ham and Stoke City in the Premier League Henry Louis Gibson – an expert in medical uses of infrared and pioneer of its use in detecting breast cancer Robert Goddard – novelist William Golding
William Golding
- novelist, playwright, and poet was born in St Columb Minor in 1911, and returned to live near Truro
Truro
from 1985 until his death. Joseph Hunkin – bishop of Truro[45] Maria Kuncewiczowa – a Polish writer who lived in Truro
Truro
after WWII. Her novel, Tristan 1946, is based in the city. James Marsh – film director and winner of an Academy Award Nick Nieland – a Commonwealth Games javelin gold medallist Margaret Steuart Pollard (née Gladstone) – a poet and translator who lived in Truro
Truro
until her death. Ben Salfield
Ben Salfield
– international concert performer, composer and promoter, lives on the edge of the city. Roger Taylor – drummer from the rock band Queen Joanna Thomas – professional female bodybuilder Tom Voyce
Tom Voyce
– a former London
London
Wasps and England
England
rugby union footballer Hugh Walpole
Hugh Walpole
– novelist Barbara Joyce West – second-to-last survivor of the RMS Titanic

See also[edit]

Diocese of Truro List of topics related to Cornwall

References[edit]

^ a b Office for National Statistics 2011 census - Truro
Truro
CP ^ "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel" (PDF). Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.  ^ "17 reasons to be proud to be a Truronian on Truro
Truro
Day". www.cornwalllive.com. Retrieved 4 January 2017.  ^ Padel, O. J. (1988) A Popular Dictionary of Cornish Place-names, Penzance, A. Hodge ISBN 0-906720-15-X ^ Parochial history of Cornwall, Davis Gilbert ^ patronymica Cornu-Britannica ^ de Lucy in the 12th century, Norman Lucey 2009 lucey.net/webpage62.htm ^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979). A Cornish Armory. Padstow, Cornwall: Lodenek Press. p. 135. ISBN 0-902899-76-7.  ^ "History of Truro". Truro
Truro
Town Site. Archived from the original on 10 April 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ "Wanted, recruits for the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Young Men apply to J. G. Myners, New Bridge-street, Truro". Royal Cornwall Gazette. 14 August 1890. Retrieved 27 August 2017.  ^ a b "Census 2001 Key Statistics for urban areas in England
England
and Wales" (PDF). National Office of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ "Homes in smaller cities cost more". BBC News. 20 May 2006. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ "Building Statistics – Truro
Truro
Cathedral, Truro". Emporis. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ "Daytripper – Sheer Indulgence in Truro". Truro
Truro
City Council. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ "Schools and Groups - Truro
Truro
City of Lights". www.cityoflights.org.uk.  ^ " Truro
Truro
City of Lights parade 2010". 4 November 2010 – via news.bbc.co.uk.  ^ "Renewed hope for sports stadium". BBC News. 21 December 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ "FindArticles.com - CBSi". Archived from the original on 30 August 2004. Retrieved 13 November 2016.  ^ " Truro
Truro
[Formerly Mylor]: "A Play for Christmas", 1780s". folkplay.info.  ^ " Camborne
Camborne
1981–2010 averages". Met Office. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  ^ " Camborne
Camborne
extreme values". KNMI. Retrieved 8 November 2011.  ^ "Councillors & Wards". Truro
Truro
City Council. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ "Home - Truro
Truro
City Council". www.truro.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 September 2017.  ^ Committee, Great Britain: Parliament: House
House
of Commons: ODPM: Housing, Planning, Local Government and the Regions (2006). Is There a Future for Regional Government?: Session 2005-06. The Stationery Office. ISBN 9780215027849.  ^ Council, Cornwall. "Council and democracy - Cornwall
Cornwall
Council". www.cornwall.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 September 2017.  ^ Truro, Totally. "Work and business: Truro
Truro
City Council enjoy truro". www.enjoytruro.co.uk. Retrieved 3 September 2017.  ^ Association, "Come to Cornwall" (1947). City of Truro, Cornwall: Official Guide, Issued in Support of the "Come to Cornwall" Movement Under the Authority of the Truro
Truro
City Council and the Truro
Truro
Chamber of Commerce.  ^ Journal of the Institution of Municipal Engineers. NaN.  Check date values in: date= (help) ^ Beckett, John (2017). City Status in the British Isles, 1830–2002. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781351951265. Retrieved 3 September 2017.  ^ " Truro
Truro
Cathedral". Cornwall
Cornwall
Guide. 6 December 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2017.  ^ "Aims of Twinning". Truro- Morlaix
Morlaix
Twinning Association. Retrieved 10 May 2010.  ^ " Truro
Truro
Army Reserve Centre". South West Alternative Venues. 2016-11-18. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; pp. 210–11 ^ "Parishes of St Paul, Truro, St Clement, St George, Truro, and St John, Truro
Truro
(united benefice)". Truro
Truro
Churches (official). Retrieved 15 December 2009.  ^ Rendell, Joan (1982) Cornish Churches. St Teath: Bossiney Books; pp. 38–39 ^ a b Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin Books; pp. 234–35 ^ Cornish Church Guide. Truro: Blackford; pp. 325–26 ^ Polly Bagnall & Sally Beck (2015). Ferguson's Gang: The Remarkable Story of the National Trust Gangsters. Pavilion Books. p. 10. ISBN 978-1909881716.  ^ "University of Exeter". Retrieved 13 November 2016.  ^ "Grammar 'girls' share memories of schooldays". West Briton.  ^ a b c d " Truro
Truro
and Threemilestone
Threemilestone
Action Plan". Carrick District Council. Archived from the original on 20 December 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ "The Lemon Quay Sculptures". Truro
Truro
City Council. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ Shepherd, Matt (5 January 2015). "Silvanus Trevail". BBC. Retrieved 31 August 2015.  ^ "Adburgham, Alison". guardian.calmview.eu. Guardian Observer archive. Retrieved 2 August 2015.  ^ "Joseph Hunkin in New York". Time Inc. 14 February 1938. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Truro.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Truro
Truro
(England).

Truro
Truro
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Truro
Truro
City Council website Cornwall
Cornwall
Record Office Online Catalogue for Truro Truro
Truro
– historic characterisation for regeneration (CSUS) Enjoy Truro
Truro
– official guide to the city, including latest news and events (provided by Totally Truro, the local not-for-profit Business Improvement District)

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