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Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
(French pronunciation: ​[tʁwɑ.ʁi.vjɛʁ], local pronunciation: [tʁwɔ.ʁi.vjaɛ̯ʁ] ( listen)) is a city in the Mauricie
Mauricie
administrative region of Quebec, Canada, located at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice and Saint Lawrence rivers, on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River
Saint Lawrence River
across from the city of Bécancour. It is part of the densely populated Quebec City–Windsor Corridor and is approximately halfway between Montreal and Quebec
Quebec
City. Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
is the economic and cultural hub of the Mauricie
Mauricie
region. The settlement was founded by French colonists on July 4, 1634, as the second permanent settlement in New France,[7] after Quebec
Quebec
City
City
in 1608. The city's name, which is French for three rivers, is named for the fact that the Saint-Maurice River, which is divided by two small islands at the river's opening, has three mouths at the Saint Lawrence River. Historically, Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
was referred to in English as Three Rivers. Since the late 20th century, it is generally referred to as Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
in both English and French. The anglicized name still appears in many areas of the town (e.g., the city's Three Rivers Academy), bearing witness to the influence of English settlers in the town. The city's inhabitants are known as "Trifluviens" (Trifluvians). Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Trois-Rivières. Its geographical code is 371. Together with the regional county municipality of Les Chenaux, it forms the census division (CD) of Francheville (37). The municipalities within Les Chenaux and the former municipalities that were amalgamated into Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
formerly constituted the regional county municipality of Francheville. Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
is the seat of the judicial district of the same name.[8] The Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
metropolitan area also includes the city of Bécancour, which is situated on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River
St. Lawrence River
across the Laviolette Bridge.

Contents

1 Origin of name 2 History 3 Cityscape 4 Economy 5 Climate 6 Culture 7 Demographics

7.1 Age structure 7.2 Religious groups

8 Administration

8.1 City
City
Council 8.2 Municipal reorganization

9 Sport 10 Transportation 11 Media 12 Islands 13 Notables 14 Sister city 15 See also 16 References 17 External links

Origin of name[edit] The name of Trois-Rivières, which dates from the end of the 16th century, refers to the three channels that the Saint-Maurice River forms at its mouth with the Saint Lawrence, as it is divided by two islands, Potherie and Saint-Quentin island. The city occupies a location known to the French since 1535, when Jacques Cartier, in a trip along the St. Lawrence, stopped to plant a cross on Saint-Quentin island. But the Three Rivers name is used for the first time in 1599 by Sieur François Gravé Du Pont, a geographer under Champlain, whose records confirmed the name in 1603. As Sieur Gravé Du Pont sailed upriver toward Montreal, he saw what appeared to be three separate tributaries. He did not know then that two large islands divide the course of the Saint-Maurice River
Saint-Maurice River
in three parts where the latter flows into the St. Lawrence River. History[edit] See also: Fort Trois-Rivières
Fort Trois-Rivières
and Government of Trois-Rivières For thousands of years, the area that would later become known as Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
was frequented by Indigenous peoples. The historic Algonquin and Abenaki peoples used it as a summer stopping place. They would fish and hunt here, as well as gather roots and nuts. The area was rich in resources. The French explorer Jacques Cartier
Jacques Cartier
described the site while on his second journey to the New World in 1535. The name "Trois-Rivières", however, was not given until 1599, by Captain Dupont-Gravé, and first appeared on maps of the area dated 1601.[9] In 1603, while surveying the Saint-Lawrence River, Samuel de Champlain recommended establishing a permanent settlement in the area. Such a village was started on July 4, 1634, by the Sieur of Laviolette. Additional inhabitants of the early city of Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
include: Quentin Moral, Sieur de St. Quentin; Pierre Boucher, Jacques Le Neuf, Jean Godefroy de Lintot, Michel Le Neuf du Hérisson, François Hertel, François Marguerie, René Robineau, and Jean Sauvaget.[10] The city was the second to be founded in New France
New France
(after Quebec City, before Montreal). Given its strategic location, it played an important role in the colony and in the fur trade with First Nations peoples. The settlement became the seat of a regional government in 1665. Ursuline nuns first arrived at the settlement in 1697, where they founded the first school and helped local missionaries to Christianize the local Aboriginals and developing class of Métis. French sovereignty in Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
continued until 1760, when the city was captured as part of the British conquest of Canada
Canada
during the Seven Years' War. Sixteen years later, on June 8, 1776, it was the theatre of the Battle of Trois-Rivières
Battle of Trois-Rivières
(part of the ill-fated invasion of the province of Quebec
Quebec
by les Bostonnais, Americans from the Boston
Boston
area) during the American Revolutionary War. Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
continued to grow in importance throughout this period and beyond. In 1792 it was designated as the seat of a judicial district. In 1852, the Roman Catholic church made this the see of the Diocese of Trois-Rivières. Captain A.G. Douglas, a former adjutant at the British military college at Great Marlow, recommended in 1816 that a military college to be open to Catholic and Protestant
Protestant
boys be established at Trois-Rivières. He proposed that it operate in a disused government house and he would be superintendent. Douglas' college was intended as a boarding school to educate the young sons of officers, amongst others, in Latin, English language, French Language, History, Geography, Drawing
Drawing
and Mathematics. This preceded the founding of the Royal Military College of Canada
Canada
in 1876.[11] In 1908, the greater part of the city of Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
was destroyed by a fire; most of the city's original buildings, many dating to the French colonial years, were destroyed. Among the surviving buildings were the Ursuline Monastery and the De Tonnancour Manor. As a result of the destruction, a major redesign and renovation of the city was undertaken, including the widening and renewal of many of the city's roads. Many new businesses and industries became established in the town, attracting additional residents. During the mid-century, the city became heavily industrialized and lost jobs during the later restructuring. In the 1960s, Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
undertook a large-scale project of economic diversification, including founding several cultural institutions and attractions. The Old City
City
of Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
was declared an "historic sector" in 1964. The Laviolette Bridge, linking Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
to Bécancour and the south shore of the Saint-Lawrence River, was opened officially on December 20, 1967. In 1969, the city founded the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, known for its chiropractic school, its podiatric medical education, and its programs for primary and secondary school education. Although historically an important centre of commerce, trade and population, Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
has been superseded by the two major cities of Quebec: the metropolis of Montreal
Montreal
and the capital of Quebec City. It remains as one of the principal medium-sized cities of Quebec, along with Saguenay, Sherbrooke, and Gatineau.

The Sieur de Laviolette, founder of Trois-Rivières. The Laviolette Bridge is his namesake.

Architecture in old Trois-Rivières.

The front of the Ursulines
Ursulines
Monastery, on rue des Ursulines.

Cityscape[edit] See also: Our Lady of the Cape The city's main thoroughfare is Boulevard des Forges, an area several blocks long in the heart of the Old Town composed of century-old buildings housing a great variety of cafés, restaurants, clubs, bars, and shops. In the warmer months, the area is regularly closed to vehicular traffic to accommodate various festivals and events, turning the downtown core into a pedestrian mall. Notable landmarks include the Forges du Saint-Maurice, a foundry dating back to the 1730s, the Ursulines
Ursulines
Monastery, and Notre-Dame-du-Cap Basilica. Economy[edit]

Trois-Rivières, 1760.

Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
is Canada's oldest industrial city, with its first foundry established in 1738.[12] The forge produced iron and cast for 150 years, much of it being shipped to France
France
to be used in French navy ships.[13] The first port facility was built in 1818 near rue Saint-Antoine, and today handles 2.5 million tonnes of cargo annually.[14] The first railway was built in 1879 to support the growing lumber industry.[15] The city was known as the pulp and paper industry capital of the world from the late 1920s until the early 1960s.[16] The city once had five mills in operation ( Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
Ouest, Wayagamack, C.I.P. and St-Maurice Paper). Today, there are three mills left operating (Kruger Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
Ouest, Kruger Wayagamack and Cascades Lupel ex-St-Maurice Paper), the closures due largely to a decline in newsprint demand and globalization. The closures were not limited to just the pulp and paper industry; Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
experienced an industrial decline in the 1980s and 1990s, with the closure of several textile mills, with unemployment rising to 14 percent in the 1990s.[17] Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
is attempting an industrial revitalization by establishing technology parks and taking advantage of its central location to both Montreal
Montreal
and Quebec
Quebec
City, its university and port. An example of the new economy is Marmen Incorporated, which manufactures wind turbine towers and employs 1,000 people between its operations in Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
and Matane. The city's other prominent industries include metal transformation, electronics, thermoplastics, as well as cabinet making and the production of food crops. An industrial park adjoining Trois-Rivières Airport serves also as a major centre for the aeronautical industry. Climate[edit] The area has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb). Winters are long, cold, and snowy: the January high is −7.1 °C (19.2 °F), with lows dropping to −20 °C (−4 °F) on 27 nights per year and to −30 °C (−22 °F) on 2.9 nights.[18] Snowfall averages 259 centimetres (102 in), with reliable snow cover from December to March.[18] Summers are warm, with an average July high of 25.5 °C (77.9 °F), and high temperatures reach 30 °C (86 °F) on 5.5 days per summer.[18] Spring and autumn are short and crisp. Precipitation averages 1,123 millimetres (44.2 in), and is the greatest during summer. The highest temperature ever recorded in Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
was 37.8 °C (100 °F) on 17 July 1953.[19] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −41.7 °C (−43 °F) on 5 February 1923.[20]

Climate data for Trois-Rivières, 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1920−present[a]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 13.0 (55.4) 11.1 (52) 20.0 (68) 31.5 (88.7) 33.3 (91.9) 34.5 (94.1) 37.8 (100) 36.1 (97) 32.5 (90.5) 28.9 (84) 22.2 (72) 14.6 (58.3) 37.8 (100)

Average high °C (°F) −7.1 (19.2) −4.4 (24.1) 1.4 (34.5) 9.9 (49.8) 18.2 (64.8) 23.3 (73.9) 25.5 (77.9) 24.4 (75.9) 19.4 (66.9) 11.9 (53.4) 4.1 (39.4) −3.1 (26.4) 10.3 (50.5)

Daily mean °C (°F) −12.1 (10.2) −9.7 (14.5) −3.6 (25.5) 4.8 (40.6) 12.3 (54.1) 17.6 (63.7) 20.0 (68) 18.9 (66) 14.2 (57.6) 7.4 (45.3) 0.5 (32.9) −7.4 (18.7) 5.2 (41.4)

Average low °C (°F) −17.1 (1.2) −14.9 (5.2) −8.6 (16.5) −0.3 (31.5) 6.3 (43.3) 11.8 (53.2) 14.4 (57.9) 13.4 (56.1) 8.9 (48) 2.8 (37) −3.1 (26.4) −11.6 (11.1) 0.2 (32.4)

Record low °C (°F) −41.1 (−42) −41.7 (−43.1) −35.0 (−31) −20.0 (−4) −7.8 (18) −1.5 (29.3) 3.5 (38.3) 0.0 (32) −7.2 (19) −11.7 (10.9) −27.2 (−17) −35.6 (−32.1) −41.7 (−43.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 82.9 (3.264) 68.8 (2.709) 75.6 (2.976) 79.2 (3.118) 96.3 (3.791) 107.0 (4.213) 116.8 (4.598) 101.3 (3.988) 100.6 (3.961) 98.4 (3.874) 102.4 (4.031) 93.4 (3.677) 1,122.8 (44.205)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 24.5 (0.965) 19.5 (0.768) 32.0 (1.26) 66.8 (2.63) 96.3 (3.791) 107.0 (4.213) 116.8 (4.598) 101.3 (3.988) 100.6 (3.961) 95.7 (3.768) 75.4 (2.969) 28.1 (1.106) 863.9 (34.012)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 58.5 (23.03) 49.3 (19.41) 43.6 (17.17) 12.5 (4.92) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 2.8 (1.1) 27.1 (10.67) 65.3 (25.71) 259.0 (101.97)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 13.9 11.9 11.1 11.9 14.4 14.4 15.0 12.8 12.8 14.3 14.4 14.2 161.1

Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 2.9 2.6 5.4 10.5 14.4 14.4 15.0 12.8 12.8 14.2 10.4 4.0 119.5

Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 12.3 10.3 7.0 2.7 0.07 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.65 5.6 11.5 50.2

Mean monthly sunshine hours 84.5 110.4 157.3 166.9 208.7 220.9 257.9 205.3 158.2 121.3 69.3 62.2 1,823.1

Percent possible sunshine 30.1 37.9 42.7 41.1 45.0 46.9 54.1 46.8 41.9 35.8 24.4 23.1 39.1

Source: Environment Canada[18][21][22][23] (Sunshine data recorded at Nicolet)[24]

Culture[edit]

Downtown Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
in the early 2000s.

Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
hosts the FestiVoix de Trois-Rivières, a 10-day summer music festival which attracts in excess of 300,000 visitors annually.[25] The city also hosts the Festival
Festival
International de la Poésie – an international poetry festival – as well as the Festival
Festival
International Danse Encore,[26] and the MetalFest de Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
every November. In 2009, Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
was designated as the 2009 Cultural Capital of Canada
Canada
for cities having a population of 125,000 or more.[27] Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
is officially the " Poetry
Poetry
Capital of Quebec"[28][29] and numerous plaques displaying poetic verses are installed throughout the centre of the city, and its International Festival
Festival
of Poetry
Poetry
(held each year in the first week of October) honours this title. Demographics[edit]

Trois-Rivières

Year Pop. ±%

1871 11,107 —    

1881 12,340 +11.1%

1891 11,784 −4.5%

1901 13,540 +14.9%

1911 18,445 +36.2%

1921 33,072 +79.3%

1931 48,699 +47.3%

1941 59,685 +22.6%

1951 72,154 +20.9%

1956 83,189 +15.3%

1961 93,451 +12.3%

1966 99,974 +7.0%

1971 103,703 +3.7%

1976 106,031 +2.2%

1981 111,453 +5.1%

1986 114,675 +2.9%

1991 121,483 +5.9%

1996 124,417 +2.4%

2001 122,395 −1.6%

2006 126,323 +3.2%

2011 131,338 +4.0%

2014[32] 134,802 +2.6%

[30][31]

Prior to amalgamation in 2001, the new city of Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
was divided among six municipalities. The largest visible minority groups in Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
are Blacks (2.2%) and Asians (1.4%). Municipal population, pre-amalgamation (December 14, 2000)[33]

Municipality Population

Trois-Rivières 48,285

Cap-de-la-Madeleine 32,927

Trois-Rivières-Ouest 24,170

Saint-Louis-de-France 7,798

Pointe-du-Lac 6,846

Sainte-Marthe-du-Cap 6,428

Total 126,454

Age structure[edit]

0–14 years: 16.1% 15–64 years: 68.6% 65 years and over: 15.3%

Religious groups[edit] See also: Assumption Cathedral, Trois-Rivières

Catholic: 93.7% Protestant
Protestant
and other Christian: 2.7% No religious affiliation: 3.3%

Administration[edit] Main articles: Trois-Rivières (electoral district)
Trois-Rivières (electoral district)
and Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
(provincial electoral district) See also: Trois-Rivières (Province of Canada) and Trois-Rivières (Lower Canada) City
City
Council[edit] Main article: List of mayors of Trois-Rivières Since its incorporation in 1845, the city has had thirty-six mayors. The mayor presides over the Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
City
City
Council. Municipal reorganization[edit] See also: Francheville Regional County Municipality On January 1, 2002, the former city of Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
along with its neighbouring towns of Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Sainte-Marthe-du-Cap, Saint-Louis-de-France, Trois-Rivières-Ouest, and the municipality of Pointe-du-Lac, were combined to form the new city of Trois-Rivières. Sport[edit] Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
has an internationally known racetrack named Circuit Trois-Rivières. The track hosts American Le Mans Series, SCCA Pro Racing Trans-Am Series, Star Mazda Series, World RX of Canada
Canada
and the NASCAR Canadian Tire Series
NASCAR Canadian Tire Series
events.[34] In baseball, Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
is represented by the Canadian American Association of Professional Baseball's Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
Aigles which play their home games at Stade Stereo+. In ice hockey, Trois-Rivières is represented by the Draveurs of the Ligue Nord-Américaine de Hockey, which play their home games at the Colisée de Trois-Rivières. The city is also the site of the only remaining pari-mutuel (wagering) harness racing track in Quebec, Hippodrome de Trois-Rivières, which currently operates live standardbred racing from May through October. In 2014, the hippodrome has resurrected the Prix d'Été, a once major Canadian race for four-year-old pacers that had been contested in Montreal
Montreal
until 1992. Transportation[edit] Main articles: Quebec
Quebec
Autoroute 40, Quebec
Quebec
Autoroute 55, Quebec
Quebec
Route 138, and Chemin du Roy See also: Trois-Rivières railway station
Trois-Rivières railway station
and Quebec
Quebec
Gatineau
Gatineau
Railway

Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
aerial view.

Local bus service is provided by the Société de transport de Trois-Rivières. The Laviolette Bridge
Laviolette Bridge
links Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
to Bécancour of the Centre-du-Québec
Centre-du-Québec
administrative region on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River. The Laviolette Bridge
Laviolette Bridge
is the only bridge across the Saint Lawrence River
Saint Lawrence River
between Montreal
Montreal
and Quebec City; therefore it provides an important connection between the north and south shores of the river. Known for its impressive structure, its elegant aesthetics, the bridge has become a major landmark of Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
and the Mauricie
Mauricie
region. Approximately 40,000 vehicles cross the bridge each day. An airport also serves the city. On April 8, 2014 during morning commute an SUV fell into a giant pothole in Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
caused by heavy rain accumulation. Nobody was injured during the incident.[35] Media[edit] Main article: Media in Trois-Rivières Islands[edit] See also: Lake Saint Pierre

Cross Jacques Cartier
Jacques Cartier
on Saint-Quentin Island.

The Saint-Quentin Island
Saint-Quentin Island
lies at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice River and St. Lawrence River
St. Lawrence River
in the city of Trois-Rivières. It is with islands "Saint-Christophe and "De La Poterie", the origin of the name of the city, in reference to the three channel that the Saint-Maurice River
Saint-Maurice River
forms at its mouth with the St. Lawrence River flowing between two islands. It owes its name to the judge said Quentin Moral, said Saint-Quentin, fur trader and one of the first dealers on this island.[36] It is now a centre of popular outdoor activities and relaxation at the hearth of city. The patron saint of the island is Quentin de Rome. It was first inhabited by an Algonquin tribe that there was corn (Indian corn in Quebec
Quebec
slang). Thereafter, the October 7, 1535, Jacques Cartier
Jacques Cartier
planted a cross on the island proclaiming sovereignty of French on this territory. The natural environment of the island Saint-Quentin remained virtually unchanged; it remained virtually unused from eighteenth century until the end of the nineteenth century. From the 1930, the recreational aspect of the island became important. The island belonged at the time to Quebec
Quebec
Savings and Trust Company Limited and the Canada
Canada
Power and Paper Corporation was the subject of a bid from the City
City
in 1933, but it was not until November 3, 1947 that the land is owned by the city. Meanwhile, it served as training camp for the Royal Canadian Navy. Services were gradually introduced in 1950. The park and the beach on the island Saint-Quentin were officially inaugurated on June 24, 1962, in the presence of 5,000 people, when there were over 100 000 visitors.[37] Since then, the island welcomed many facilities, including a marina, a bike path, an interpretative trail, an ice rink and a camping. Several happenings and festivals are held annually on the island. Notables[edit]

Historical marker
Historical marker
commemorating the Sieur de Laviolette, founder of Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
in Trois-Rivières.

Jean Victor Allard, first francophone Chief of the Defence Staff Jean-Christophe Beaulieu, Canadian football player Steve Bégin, NHL hockey player Jean Béliveau, retired NHL hockey player for the Montreal
Montreal
Canadiens, inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1972 Marc-André Bergeron, NHL hockey player Guy Bertrand, radio-TV personality and CBC French Radio and Television official linguistic advisor (French links:fr:C'est bien meilleur le matin)[38] Pierre Boucher, 1654 Governor of Trois Rivieres, Quebec, Canada
Canada
and the official interpreter and agent to the Indian Tribes John Conley, politician Jacques De Noyon, worked in the fur trade as a coureur de bois, in 1688 he led an expedition beyond Lake Superior
Lake Superior
into territory previously unknown to fur traders, he was the first white man to explore this region[39] Médard Des Groseilliers and Pierre-Esprit Radisson, explorers, fur traders, founders of the Hudson's Bay Company[40] Maurice Duplessis, former Premier of Quebec
Quebec
(1936–39, 1944–59) André Dupont, former NHL hockey player Madeleine Ferron, writer Gérald Godin, politician and poet Annie Groovie, children's book author Jean Grou, an original settler of Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
with a national monument localized at his original farm Coulèe Grou Aaron Hart, businessman Ezekiel Hart, entrepreneur and politician, and the first Jew to be elected to public office in Canada Norman Iceberg, a Canadian singer-songwriter Simon Kean, super heavyweight boxer who qualified to represent Canada in the 2012 Olympics Claude G. Lajoie, federal liberal politician (elected in 1971, 1972, 1974, 1979, 1980), building contractor, businessman Félix Leclerc, songwriter; worked in a Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
radio station Eisha Marjara, Indo-Canadian
Indo-Canadian
filmmaker[41] Martyr, a technical death metal band The New Cities, a Canadian rock band, notable for their song "Dead End Countdown" Ghyslain Raza, president of the Trois-Rivieres Heritage Society, one of the first "internet celebrities" (the Star Wars Kid)[42] René Robert, former NHL hockey player Jean-Guy Talbot, former NHL hockey player, an arena with his name Éric Thériault, comic book artist and writer Luc Tousignant, the only French Canadian
French Canadian
to start as quarterback in the Canadian Football League
Canadian Football League
( Montreal
Montreal
Concordes) Denis Villeneuve, critically acclaimed, Oscar-nominated film director. Notable movies include Arrival, Blade Runner 2049, Sicario, Incendies, Prisoners and Enemy. Henri Wittmann, linguist Mikaël Zewski, light middleweight professional boxer

List

Claude-Jean Allouez Jean-Baptiste Badeaux George Baptist Guillaume Baudry Jacques Baudry de Lamarche Jean-Baptiste Baudry Pierre-Stanislas Bédard Claude-Michel Bégon de la Cour Mathew Bell Amable Berthelot François Bigot (royal notary) Raymond Blaise Des Bergères de Rigauville Louis-Charles Boucher de Niverville Jean Bouillet de la Chassaigne Marc-Antoine Bras-De-Fer de Chateaufort François-Joseph Bressani Ralph Burton Jacques Buteux Edward Carter (Canadian politician) François de Champflour Pierre Chastellain Henry Edward Clarke Thomas Coffin (pre-confederation Canadian politician) Thomas Cooke (bishop) Guillaume Couture Antoine de Crisafy Lemuel Cushing Joseph Denis Jean Desfossés François Desjordy Moreau de Cabanac Jean-Baptiste-Éric Dorion Josué Dubois Berthelot de Beaucours Pierre-Benjamin Dumoulin Marie-Anne Gaboury François de Galiffet de Caffin Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye René Gaultier de Varennes Charles-Borromée Genest Samuel Genest René Godefroy, sieur de Linctot William Grant (fur trader) François Gravé Du Pont Edward Greive Bartholomew Gugy Conrad Gugy Louis Gugy Guillaume Guillemot Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville Jean-Baptiste-Melchior Hertel de Rouville Frederick Haldimand Peter Frederick Haldimand Benjamin Hart (businessman) Moses Hart Joseph-François Hertel de la Fresnière Henry Judah René-Joseph Kimber Joseph de La Roche Daillon Nicolas-Eustache Lambert Dumont Sieur de Laviolette Étienne Le Blanc Joseph-Dominique-Emmanuel Le Moyne de Longueuil Paul-Joseph Le Moyne de Longueuil William Henry Lee John Lees (politician) Charles Legardeur de Tilly Michel Leneuf de la Vallière de Beaubassin Jacques Leneuf de La Poterie Thomas-Jean-Jacques Loranger Louis-Philippe Mariauchau d'Esgly Alexander MacKay (fur trader) Constant le Marchand de Lignery Dominique Mondelet (seigneur) Jean-Marie Mondelet Nicholas Montour Charles le Moyne de Longueuil et de Châteauguay Charles le Moyne de Longueuil, Baron de Longueuil Louis-Philippe Normand Charles Richard Ogden Édouard-Louis Pacaud Joseph-François Perrault Étienne Pézard de la Tousche Champlain Phillip Louis (Phil) Perew Antoine Polette François Poulin de Francheville François Provost Claude de Ramezay Étienne Ranvoyzé Louis-François Richer Laflèche Pierre de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnial François-Pierre Rigaud de Vaudreuil Frederika Charlotte Riedesel Pierre de Sales Laterrière James Smith (1806–68) William Thompson (general) Joseph-Édouard Turcotte Joseph-Rémi Vallières de Saint-Réal Pierre Vézina

Sister city[edit]

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Châteaudun, France Tours, France

See also[edit]

List of regional county municipalities and equivalent territories in Quebec 1925 Charlevoix–Kamouraska earthquake Marcel-Léger Ecological Reserve List of governors of Trois-Rivières List of towns in New France List of population centres in Quebec List of towns in Quebec

References[edit]

^ http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=2437067&Geo2=CD&Code2=2437&Data=Count&SearchText=Trois-Rivieres&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&TABID=1%7Cpopulation_as_of = 2016 ^ Reference number 63803 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French) ^ a b Geographic code 37067 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French) ^ a b "Census Profile — Trois-Rivières". Canada
Canada
2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 24 May 2012.  ^ a b "Census Profile — Trois-Rivières, Population Centre". Canada
Canada
2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 24 May 2012.  ^ a b "Census Profile — Trois-Rivières, Census Metropolitan Area". Canada
Canada
2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 24 May 2012. . The census metropolitan area consists of Trois-Rivières, Bécancour, Champlain, Saint-Luc-de-Vincennes, Saint-Maurice, Wôlinak, Yamachiche. In the 2006 census, the census metropolitan area had not included Saint-Luc-de-Vincennes or Yamachiche. ^ Roy-Sole, Monique. "A Tale of Tenacity", Canadian Geographic Magazine, April 2009, Vol. 129, No. 2, p. 31. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec
Quebec
D-11. ^ untitled[dead link] ^ Report Concerning the Archives of Canada
Canada
for the year 1905. Vol I. of III., p. li. ^ Richard Preston, Canada's RMC: A History
History
of the Royal Military College of Canada, U of Toronto Press for RMC Club. ^ " Forges du Saint-Maurice
Forges du Saint-Maurice
National Historic Site of Canada". Parks Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-27.  ^ Roy-Sole, Monique. "A Tale of Tenacity", Canadian Geographic Magazine, April 2009, Vol. 129, No. 2, p. 32 ^ "Le Port de Trois-Rivières". Retrieved 2009-03-27.  ^ Roy-Sole, Monique. "A Tale of Tenacity", Canadian Geographic Magazine, April 2009, Vol. 129, No. 2, p. 35 ^ Roy-Sole, Monique. "A Tale of Tenacity", Canadian Geographic Magazine, April 2009, Vol. 129, No. 2, p. 36 ^ Roy-Sole, Monique. "A Tale of Tenacity", Canadian Geographic Magazine, April 2009, Vol. 129, No. 2, p. 37 ^ a b c d "Trois-Rivières". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved May 12, 2014.  ^ "Daily Data Report for July 1953". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 11 January 2017.  ^ "Daily Data Report for February 1923". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 11 January 2017.  ^ "Cap De La Madeleine". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 11 January 2017.  ^ "Trois Rivieres". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 11 January 2017.  ^ "Daily Data Report for December 2015". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 11 January 2017.  ^ "Nicolet". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 11 January 2017.  ^ "Le FestiVoix de Trois-Rivières". Retrieved 2009-04-03.  ^ "Accueil". Festival
Festival
encore. Retrieved 2012-07-07.  ^ Roy-Sole, Monique. "A Tale of Tenacity", Canadian Geographic Magazine, April 2009, Vol. 129, No. 2, p. 38 ^ "Tourisme Trois-Rivières".  ^ " Festival
Festival
International de la Poésie".  ^ "Évolution démographique des 10 principales villes du Québec (sur la base de 2006) selon leur limites territoriales actuelles1, Recensements du Canada
Canada
de 1871 à 2006" (in French). Institut de la statistique du Québec. 2008-02-01. Archived from the original on 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2012-02-08.  ^ These figures correspond to the territory of the city of Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
following the municipal reorganizations of 2002 and 2006. ^ "Page inexistante : Erreur 404 - MAMOT - Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l'Occupation du territoire". www.mamrot.gouv.qc.ca.  ^ "Ville de Trois-Rivières". Laville.v3r.net. Archived from the original on 2012-06-09. Retrieved 2012-07-07.  ^ "Grand Prix de Trois-Rivières". Gp3r.com. Retrieved 2012-07-07.  ^ "Giant pothole swallows SUV".  ^ "Parc de l'île Saint-Quentin (Québec, Canada)". Parc de l'île Saint-Quentin (Québec, Canada).  ^ Trois-Rivières, Ville de. "Accueil - Site officiel de la Ville de Trois-Rivières". Ville de Trois-Rivières.  ^ "Le français au micro zone radio". Radio-Canada.ca. Retrieved 2012-01-02.  ^ "Jacques de Noyon 1668-1745". Ontarioplaques.com. Retrieved 2012-07-07.  ^ http://www.cbc.ca/history/EPCONTENTSE1EP6CH1PA5LE.html Hudson's Bay Company Beginnings. Retrieved on 2015-02-11. ^ Black, Barbara. "Air India disaster hit Concordia hard" (Archive). Conordia's Thursday Report. April 21, 2005. Volume 29, No. 14. Retrieved on November 22, 2014. ^ WHERE ARE THEY NOW? The 'Star Wars Kid' Sued The People Who Made Him Famous. Business Insider (2010-05-12). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.

^ Climate data was recorded at Cap-de-la-Madeleine
Cap-de-la-Madeleine
from December 1920 to April 1932 and at Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
from November 1934 to present.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trois-Rivières, Quebec.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Trois-Rivières.

(in French) Official site of Trois-Rivières Tourisme Mauricie
Mauricie
Regional tourist office Tourisme Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
Municipal tourist office (in French) Troisrivieresplus.net (in French) Répertoire des clubs de golf de Trois-Rivières (in French) Le Nouvelliste Grand-Prix de Trois-Rivières Pictures of Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
(2001 to date)

Adjacent Municipal Subdivisions

Saint-Étienne-des-Grès Notre-Dame-du-Mont-Carmel / Saint-Maurice Champlain

Yamachiche

Trois-Rivières

Lake Saint Pierre Saint Lawrence River Nicolet Saint Lawrence River Bridge to: Bécancour

v t e

 Administrative divisions of Mauricie  (Region 04)

Regional county municipalities and equivalent territories

Mékinac Shawinigan Trois-Rivières Les Chenaux Maskinongé La Tuque

Municipalities

Saint-Tite Shawinigan Trois-Rivières Notre-Dame-du-Mont-Carmel Louiseville La Tuque

Administrative divisions of Quebec

v t e

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) in Canada
Canada
by size

Toronto, ON Montreal, QC Vancouver, BC Calgary, AB Ottawa-Gatineau, ON/QC Edmonton, AB Quebec
Quebec
City, QC Winnipeg, MB Hamilton, ON Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, ON London, ON St. Catharines-Niagara, ON Halifax, NS Oshawa, ON Victoria, BC Windsor, ON Saskatoon, SK Regina, SK Sherbrooke, QC St. John's, NL Barrie, ON Kelowna, BC Abbotsford, BC Greater Sudbury, ON Kingston, ON Saguenay, QC Trois-Rivières, QC Guelph, ON Moncton, NB Brantford, ON Thunder Bay, ON Saint John, NB Peterborough, ON

v t e

Communities along the Chemin du Roy

Arranged west to east; termini in italics

Repentigny Saint-Sulpice L'Assomption Lavaltrie Lanoraie Sainte-Geneviève-de-Berthier Berthierville Saint-Cuthbert Saint-Barthélemy Maskinongé Louiseville Yamachiche Trois-Rivières Champlain Batiscan Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade Deschambault-Grondines Portneuf Cap-Santé Donnacona Neuville Saint-Augustin-de-Des

.