Troezen (/ˈtriːzən/, homophone of treason; ancient Greek:
Τροιζήν, modern Greek: Τροιζήνα [tri'zina]) is a small
town and a former municipality in the northeastern Peloponnese, Greece
on the Argolid Peninsula. Since the 2011 local government reform it is
part of the municipality Troizinia-Methana, of which it is a municipal
unit. It is part of the Islands regional unit.
Troezen is located southwest of Athens, across the Saronic Gulf, and a
few miles south of Methana. The seat of the former municipality (pop.
6,507) was in Galatas. Before 2011, Troizina was part of the former
Piraeus Prefecture (in antiquity it was part of Argolis). The
municipality had a land area of 190.697 km². Its largest
towns and villages are Galatás (pop. 2,195 in 2011), Kalloní (pop.
669), Troizína (pop. 673), Taktikoúpoli (250), Karatzás (287),
Dryópi (239), Ágios Geórgios (228), and Agía Eléni (159). There
are numerous smaller settlements.
Coin (chalkous) from Troezen,325-300 BC. Obverse: Head of Athena
wearing tainia. Reverse: Ornate trident head; to left, dolphin upward,
ΤΡΟ(ΙΖΗΝΙΩΝ) "of Troizenians".
According to Greek mythology,
Troezen came into being as a result of
two ancient cities, Hyperea and Anthea, being unified by Pittheus, who
named the new city in honor of his deceased brother, Troezen.
Troezen was where Aethra, daughter of Pittheus, slept with both Aegeus
Poseidon on the same night and fell pregnant with the great Greek
hero Theseus. Before returning to Athens,
Aegeus left his sandals and
sword under a large boulder in
Troezen and requested that when the
child was able to prove himself by moving the boulder, he must return
the items to his father in Athens;
Theseus lifted the boulder when he
came of age.
Troezen is also the setting of Euripides' tragedy Hippolytus, which
recounts the story of the eponymous son of
Theseus who becomes the
subject of the love of his stepmother, Phaedra. While fleeing the
city, Hippolytus is killed when his chariot is attacked by a bull
rising from the sea. Other plays on the same subject have been
written by Seneca and Jean Racine, which are also set in Troezen.
The ancient city also possessed a spring that was supposedly formed
where the winged horse
Pegasus once came to ground.
A cult built up in the ancient city around the legend of Hippolytus.
Troezen girls traditionally dedicated a lock of their hair to him
before their marriage.
Magna Graecia was a Troezenian colony (founded 720 BC).
Battle of Salamis
Battle of Salamis (480 BC), Athenian women and children
were sent to
Troezen for safety on the instructions of the Athenian
statesman Themistocles. In 1959, a stele was found in a coffee house
in Troezen, depicting the Decree of Themistocles, the order to
evacuate Athens. The stele has since been dated to some 200 years
after the Battle of Salamis, indicating that it is probably a
commemorative copy of the original order.
The temple of
Isis was built by the Halicarnassians in
it was their mother-l city, but the image of
Isis was dedicated by the
people of Troezen.
In the Middle Ages, it was known as Damala (Δαμαλᾶ) and was the
seat of a barony of the Principality of Achaea.
^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011.
ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical
^ Kallikratis law
Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average
elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of
^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 30. 9
^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 15. 7
^ This story provided the title of Mary Renault's historical novel The
Bull Freom the Sea.
Subdivisions of the municipality of Troizinia-Methana
Municipal unit of Methana
Municipal unit of Troizina