TRISTANA is a 1970 Spanish film directed by
Luis Buñuel . Based on
the eponymous novel by
Benito Pérez Galdós , it stars Catherine
Fernando Rey and was shot in
Toledo, Spain . The voices of
Catherine Deneuve and Italian actor
Franco Nero were
dubbed to Spanish .
Tristana is a Spanish-Franco-Italian
* 1 Plot
* 1.1 Differences from the novel
* 2 Cast
* 3 Production
* 4 Awards
* 5 See also
* 6 References
* 7 External links
The story is set in the late 1920s to early 1930s.
Tristana is an
orphan adopted by nobleman don Lope Garrido. Don Lope falls in love
with her and thus treats her as wife as well as daughter from the age
of 19. But, by age 21
Tristana starts finding her voice, to demand to
study music, art and other subjects with which she wishes to become
independent. She meets the young artist Horacio Díaz, falls in love,
and eventually leaves Toledo to live with him. When she falls ill, she
returns to don Lope. The illness results in her losing a leg, which
changes her prospects; here, the film substantially varies from the
Don Lope inherits money from his sister,
Tristana eventually marries
him, and, when don Lope is ill,
Tristana finishes him off by feigning
calling the doctor and opening the window to the winter cold.
DIFFERENCES FROM THE NOVEL
In the novel,
Tristana resignedly marries don Lope in order for him
to receive his inheritance. Also different from the novel is Saturno's
increased role -- barely mentioned in the novel, he is Tristana's
third love interest in the film.
Catherine Deneuve as Tristana
Fernando Rey as Don Lope
Franco Nero as Horacio
Lola Gaos as Saturna
Antonio Casas as Don Cosme
* Jesús Fernández as Saturno
* Denise Menace as Armanda
* Vicente Solar as Don Ambrosio
* José Calvo as Bellringer
* Fernando Cebrián as Dr. Miquis
Buñuel first began working on
Tristana in 1962 after Spanish censors
rejected his script Secuestro. Buñuel suggested adapting Benito
Pérez Galdós 's novel instead to his producers at Epoca and was paid
$30,000 to write the screenplay. Buñuel and
Julio Alejandro wrote the
script in December 1962 and updated the novel's setting to the period
between the late 1920s to early 1930s. Buñuel and Epoca submitted
their script to the Spanish censors in the spring of 1963, hoping to
begin shooting in the summer. At the last minute, the Ministry of
Culture rejected the script because of its depiction of duelling and
Buñuel made Diary of a Chambermaid instead.
In December 1968, Buñuel decided to return to Spain after being
allowed back into the Catholic Church. When he returned, producers
from Epoca approached him about reviving Tristana. Buñuel was
initially uninterested and wanted to instead film his script for The
Monk, which would have starred
Jeanne Moreau , Peter O\'Toole and Omar
Sharif . But producers at Epoca managed to find funding from Italian
and French investors and secure the newly built Siena Studios in
Madrid, convincing Buñuel to agree to the project. Buñuel and
Alejandro quickly finished their fourth draft of the screenplay.
Tristana to be his triumphant return to Spain after
living in Mexico for several decades and worked hard on the film.
Buñuel travelled to Spain in the spring of 1969 to begin work on the
film, and was immediately sidetracked by the Spanish censors. Spain's
Franco government made it difficult for the notorious and outspoken
atheist Buñuel to get his films approved. However, Minister of
Manuel Fraga Iribarne was known to be more liberal than
past Ministers and told Buñuel that he would approve the script only
if Buñuel promised to not change the script during the film's
shooting. Buñuel refused, stating that the script was merely a
blueprint. Eventually Buñuel got his and Fraga's mutual friend Rafael
Mendez to act as a go-between and convince Fraga to approve the
Buñuel's French investors insisted that
Catherine Deneuve be cast as
Tristana and his Italian investors wanted young heartthrob Franco Nero
to play Horacio. Filming began in September 1969. Actress Vanessa
Redgrave was often on the film's set after recently divorcing Tony
Richardson for Nero, which caused Nero to often be late or distracted
during filming. The film's plot has many similarities to Buñuel's
Viridiana and the character of Don Lope is partially
based on Buñuel's father, who was also a "señorito". Buñuel based
much of Tristana's schoolgirl innocence on memories of his younger
It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
and screened at the
1970 Cannes Film Festival
1970 Cannes Film Festival but was not entered
into the main competition.
* List of submissions to the 43rd Academy Awards for Best Foreign
* List of Spanish submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign
* ^ http://www.jpbox-office.com/fichfilm.php?id=8966
* ^ Baxter, John. Buñuel. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers,
Inc.. 1994. ISBN 0-7867-0506-X . pp. 266.
* ^ Baxter. pp. 291.
* ^ A B Baxter. pp. 292.
* ^ Baxter. pp. 293.
* ^ "The 43rd Academy Awards (1971) Nominees and Winners".
oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-11-26.
* ^ "Festival de Cannes: Tristana". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved