Tring /trɪŋ/ is a small market town and civil parish in the Borough
of Dacorum, Hertfordshire, England. Situated in a gap passing through
the Chiltern Hills, classed as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty,
30 miles (48 km) north-west of London, and linked to London by
Roman road of Akeman Street, by the modern A41, by the Grand
Union Canal and by rail lines to Euston Station. As of 2013
a population of 11,730.
Tring date back to prehistoric times and it was
mentioned in the Domesday Book.
Tring received its market town charter
Tring is now largely a commuter town within the London
1.2 Pre-history and medieval
1.3 Early modern
1.4 20th century and contemporary
9 Notable people
12 External links
Tring is believed to derive from the
Anglo-Saxons Tredunga or
Trehangr. Tre', meaning 'tree' and with the suffix 'ing' implying 'a
slope where trees grow'.
Pre-history and medieval
There is evidence of Prehistoric settlement with
Iron Age barrows, and
defensive embankments adjacent to the Ridgeway Path and also later
with Saxon burials. The town straddles the
Roman road called Akeman
Street, which runs through it as the High Street.
The Church of Saints Peter & Paul, Tring. Viewed from across the
Tring was the dominant settlement in the area, being the primary
settlement in the Hundred of
Tring during the Domesday Book. Tring
had a very large population and paid a large amount of tax relative to
most settlements listed in the Domesday book. The Manor of Treunga
is described in the
Domesday Book of 1086. It was assigned to Count
Eustace II of Boulogne by William the Conqueror.
In 1315 the town was granted a market charter by Edward II. This
charter gave Faversham Abbey the right to hold weekly markets on
Tuesdays, and hold a ten-day fair starting on the 29th of June, the
Feast of Saints Peter and Paul. It also prevented the creation of any
rival markets within a day's travel of the town. The tower of the
Church of St Peter and St Paul was built somewhere in between 1360 and
Until 1440, there was a small village east of
Tring called Pendley (or
Penley, Pendele, or Pentlai). The landowner Sir Robert Whittingham
received a grant of free warren from King Henry VI. He enclosed 200
acres and tore down the buildings on the land, returning the estate to
pasture, and built a manor house, Pendley Manor. This house was
variously inhabited by the Verney, Anderson and Harcourt families
until the mid-19th century.
The mansion of
Tring Park was designed by Sir
Christopher Wren and was
built in 1682 for the owner Henry Guy, Gentleman of the Privy Chamber
to Charles II. John Washington, the son of the Reverend Lawrence
Washington and Amphyllis Twigden, was born and brought up in Tring. In
1656 he left
Tring to go on a trading voyage to Virginia, but after a
shipwreck on the
Potomac River he remained in Virginia, married and
started a family which resulted in the life of his great grandson,
George Washington, the first President of the United States.
Tring High Street in the 19th century.
The town's prosperity was greatly improved at the start of the 19th
century by the construction nearby of the
Grand Junction Canal
Grand Junction Canal and
soon after in 1835 by the building of the London and Birmingham
Railway. Industries which benefitted included flour milling, brewing,
silk weaving, lace-making and straw plaiting.
In 1835, the medieval
Pendley Manor was destroyed by fire. A local
landowner, Joseph Grout Williams, commissioned a new manor house to be
built in a Jacobean Revival style, and this building still stands
today on Station Road.
In 1836 Thomas Butcher, a wholesale seed and corn merchant and his son
also Thomas, established a private bank 'Thomas Butcher & Son' in
Tring High Street. The business was subsequently run by Thomas's
grandsons, Frederick and George, and was also known locally as Tring
Old Bank. By 1900 it had branches in Aylesbury,
Berkhamsted. From this time it became the subject of successive bank
consolidations which concluded in the formation of the last to be
represented in the town, the National Westminster Bank.
Walter Rothschild and his carriage drawn by zebras.
In the late 19th century the estate became the home of the Rothschild
family, whose influence on the town was considerable. Nathan Mayer
Lionel Walter Rothschild
Lionel Walter Rothschild (2nd Lord Rothschild,
1868–1937) built a private zoological museum in Tring. This housed
perhaps the largest collection of stuffed animals worldwide. As the
Natural History Museum at Tring, it has been part of the Natural
History Museum since 1937. In April 2007 the museum changed its name
Natural History Museum at Tring
Natural History Museum at Tring in order to make people more
aware of the museum's link to London's Natural History Museum. The 2nd
Lord Rothschild also released the edible dormouse into
Tring Park. He
used to ride around the town in a carriage drawn by zebras.
20th century and contemporary
The former livestock market in Tring, redeveloped in 2005, was
believed to be the last remaining example of its type in the
UK. It is now the home of weekly Friday market and
fortnightly Saturday farmers' market. Some of the former livestock
pens have been retained. The old livestock market office is now the
home of the
Tring Local History Museum, which opened in September
Tring became a Transition Town with the support of
Tring is run by
Tring Town Council. The current composition of the
Council is: 8 Liberal Democrats, 3 Conservatives, and 1
Tring contains three wards:
Tring East and
and Rural. For elections to
Dacorum Borough Council
elects three members and
Tring East and
Tring West and Rural each
elect one member.
Hertfordshire County Council
Tring is represented with one seat,
currently held by the Liberal Democrats.
Tring is part of the South West
Hertfordshire Parliament constituency,
currently represented by the Conservative David Gauke.
Tring is part
East of England
East of England constituency, which elects seven Members of the
View over Tring, looking north
Tring is in west Hertfordshire, adjacent to the Buckinghamshire
border, at a low point in the
Chiltern Hills known as the '
This has been used as a crossing point since ancient times, being at
the junction of the
Icknield Way and under the Romans Akeman Street,
Roman road linking London to Cirencester. It is transected
east and west by the ancient earthwork called Grim's Dyke. It is
located at the summit level of the
Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal and both the
canal and railway pass through in deep cuttings.
Tring railway cutting
is 2.5 mi (4.0 km) long and an average of 39 ft
(12 m) deep and is celebrated in a series of coloured lithographs
John Cooke Bourne
John Cooke Bourne showing its construction in the 1830s.
Tring Reservoirs – Wilstone, Tringford, Startops End and
Marsworth – were built to supply water for the canal. These have
been a national nature reserve since 1955, and identified as a Site of
Special Scientific Interest since 1987. Nearby, within the
Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty that almost surrounds
the town, is the
Ashridge Estate, part of the National Trust and home
Ashridge Business School.
Tring experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification
Cfb) similar to almost all of the United Kingdom.
Climate data for Tring
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
There is a
Tesco on London Road, a Co-op on
Silk Mill Way and a
Marks & Spencer food store in Dolphin Square that opened on 9
Tring Brewery has been operating in
Tring since 1992.
Heygates Mill is a flour mill. Originally it was a windmill, and the
company was run by William Mead. The windmill was demolished in 1910
to make way for a wheat storage silo. In those days, Mead lived on
site, in a house next to the yard, and owned half the area taken by
the mill of today. The remaining space was occupied by boat-builders,
Bushell Brothers, who built narrowboats for the canal.
The Heygate family took over Mead’s business in 1945, and today
mills 100,000 tons of wheat a year, resulting in 76,000 tons of flour.
This is mainly bakers' flour, but there is also a commitment to
wholemeal digestive for biscuits, bulk outlets and a large output of
1.5 kg bags from the pre-packed flour plant.
As in the days of
Tring windmill, only two men operate the system –
but in those days they milled half a ton per hour, and now, with a
computerised installation, more than 12 tons an hour are produced.
Tring mill has 80 employees and 16 trucks delivering
throughout the south of England.
Pendley Manor, hotel and conference centre.
Pendley Manor a hotel, conference and arts centre is situated about
1 mi (2 km) south of the town, near the railway station.
Tring is the home of the Tringe Festival. A preview festival in July
featuring many well-known comedy acts previewing their new shows
before they then perform their shows in Edinburgh. The name Tringe is
derived from the host town and the word Fringe. At three weeks long,
it refers to itself as the 7th Longest Comedy Festival in the World.
Tring is part of the
Dacorum Local Food Initiative.
Lithograph of entitled '
Tring Cutting' made by John C. Bourne, 1839
showing the excavation to make Tring's segment of the London and
Tring railway station
Tring railway station is about 2 mi (3 km) from the town and
is served by
London Midland services from Milton Keynes Central to
London Euston, and Southern operates the cross-London service to South
Croydon via Clapham Junction. The station is served by slow and
semi-fast trains. The station was originally opened in 1837 by the
London and Birmingham Railway
London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR) under the direction of the
railway engineer Robert Stephenson.
The remote location of
Tring railway station
Tring railway station was due to changes to the
route of the railway imposed on Stephenson by local landowners such as
Lord Brownlow who wished to protect his
Ashridge Estate. The
location is sometimes wrongly attributed to objections which were said
to have been made by Lord Rothschild to protect his land in Tring; in
fact, Lord Rothschild was not born until 1840, three years after the
railway had opened and the
Tring lands were only acquired by his
father Lionel in 1872. He did, however, object to a much later plan to
build a steam tramway between
Tring Station and Aylesbury.
London Midland train at
Tring railway station
Tring railway station
Tring railway station was once considered as the terminus of an
extension to the
Metropolitan Railway (today's London Underground
Metropolitan line) from
Chesham but this project was not realised.
Tring was identified in 2011 as the possible terminus of an extension
Crossrail lines currently under construction in London, but
this proposal has not been approved or funded. If this extension were
to go ahead,
Tring would be on a direct railway route to central
London stations such as Tottenham Court Road.
In 1973 the A41 bypass was opened. The route of this new road runs
Tring Park. The bypass was originally conceived as the
first stretch of a new motorway, the A41(M), which was planned to run
from the M25 at
Watford to Aylesbury, but the project was not realised
and the bypass was downgraded to trunk road status. In 1993 the bypass
was extended with a further 12 mi (19 km) of grade-separated
dual carriageway, linking the short
Tring Bypass to the M25.
See also: Primary schools in
Dacorum § Tring
Tring School is a state secondary school and sixth form with
approximately 1,500 pupils (ages 11–18). It is located on Mortimer
Hill on the east side of the town. It is now designated a Specialist
Humanities College with History, Geography and English as its lead
subjects. It has had Academy status since September 2012.
Tring Park School for the Performing Arts (formerly known as the Arts
Tring Park) is an independent specialist
performing arts and academic school. It is located in
and has 300 pupils.
Tring has four state junior schools: Bishop Wood CE Junior School,
Dundale Primary and Nursery School, Goldfield Infants and Nursery
School and Grove Road Primary School.
Tring has a youth club – The
Tring Youth Project – for those
between 11 and 18 at the Temperance Hall in Christchurch Road.
Tring also has a theatre youth group, Court Youth Theatre which is
connected to the Court Theatre, Pendley Manor. This has three sections
to it: juniors, intermediates and seniors.
There is also an air cadet squadron in
Tring (2457 Squadron) on New
Edward Lear makes reference to
Tring in A Book of Nonsense:
There was an Old Person of Tring,
Who embellished his nose with a ring;
He gazed at the moon,
Every evening in June,
That ecstatic Old Person of Tring.
Tring Sports Centre is in the grounds of
Tring is the former home town of Premiership referee and 2003 FA Cup
Final referee Graham Barber, now retired in Spain. It is also home to
the retired FA and World Cup referee Graham Poll.
Tring is home to three football clubs,
Tring Town and
Tring Corinthians, all of which play in the Spartan South Midlands
Football League, and to a youth football club,
Tring Tornadoes, which
field sides for boys and girls up to 16. It is also home to a rugby
Tring R.U.F.C., which won promotion to London Division One in
Tring Hockey Club, with three men's and two ladies' sides, and
Tring Park Cricket Club, in the Home Counties Premier Cricket League.
Francis Verney (1584-1615), English adventurer and pirate.
John Washington (1631-1677) great-grandfather of George Washington,
the first President of the United States.
Sir William Gore (1643–1707), merchant and Lord Mayor of London.
Subject of an impressive monument in the parish church.
John Brown (1795–1890), brewer in Tring; he built and owned several
public houses in the area.
Gerald Massey (1828–1907) – poet, literary critic, Egyptologist
Spiritualist – was born nearby at Gamnel Wharf, New Mill, on the
Wendover Branch of the Grand Union Canal. Goldfield Mill is a
converted windmill in Tring.
Lord Rothschild (1868–1937), banker, politician and zoologist.
Edward Barber (10 June 1893 – 12 March 1915) was born and lived in
Tring and was posthumously awarded a
Victoria Cross for his bravery
Battle of Neuve Chapelle
Battle of Neuve Chapelle during the First World War.
Roger Moorhouse, British historian and author
Julian James, former professional footballer.
Graham Poll, an English former football referee for the Premier League
High Street, Tring,
Hertfordshire Architecture by William Huckvale
Church of St Peter and St Paul
Tring Reservoirs at sunset
Sign to the Zoological Museum
^ a b "
Hertfordshire Local Information System.
Retrieved 5 April 2015.
^ a b c
Tring Charter 700.
Tring Town Crier, April 2015
^ Eilert Ekwall The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Placenames
Publisher: Clarenden Press, Oxford 1977 ISBN 0198691033
^ a b c This is Tring, Accessed, 30 Match 2012
^ "Hundred: Tring". Retrieved 3 April 2015.
^ "Place: Tring". Retrieved 3 April 2015.
^ a b
Tring with Long Marston', A History of the County of Hertford:
volume 2 (1908), pp. 281–294. Date Retrieved 11 March 2010
^ "Pendley Manor".
Hertfordshire Genealogy. July 2008. Archived from
the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
^ Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 3rd
ed. 1995, s.v. "Wren, Sir Christopher": "probably c. 1680". Remodelled
1872 onwards. A surviving obelisk and temple portico in the park are
presumably by James Gibbs, for William Gore (Colvin, s.v. "Gibbs,
^ a b Murray Neil. "The Washingtons of Tring". Hertfordshire
Genealogy. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
^ "Our Story".
Pendley Manor (hotel website). Archived from the
original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
^ Thomas Butcher & Sons, Tring, c.1836-1900, Accessed 29 March
^ Zebra-drawn carriage driven by Lord
Lionel Walter Rothschild
Lionel Walter Rothschild Tring
National History Museum Retrieved 11 June 2009
Tring Local History Museum website Accessed, 9 October 2010
Tring Town Councillers".
Tring Town Council. Retrieved 4 April
^ "Your Councillors".
Hertfordshire County Council. Retrieved 4 April
Tring Cutting". Engineering-timelines.com. Retrieved
Tring Reservoirs Archived 12 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty". Chilternsaonb.org.
^ "Averages for Tring".
^ "A silk-mill was set up in Brook Street in 1824" (A History of the
County of Hertford, loc.cit.)
Tring Cutting', Hertfordshire, 17 June 1837". Science &
Society Picture Library. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
^ Birtchnell, Percy (1960). "Our Communications". A Short History of
Berkhamsted. ISBN 9781871372007.
^ Austin, Wendy; Petticrew, Ian (November 2013). "THE RAILWAY COMES TO
TRING: 1835-1846". Retrieved 20 January 2014.
^ Clive Foxell (1996).
Chesham Shuttle (2 ed.). Chesham: Clive Foxell.
p. 32. ISBN 0-9529184-0-4.
^ "8. Potential new lines". London and South East Route Utilisation
Strategy. Network Rail. 28 July 2011. pp. 149–153. Archived
from the original on 14 March 2012.
^ Prince, Hugh (2008). Parks in
Hertfordshire since 1500. Hatfield:
Hertfordshire Publications. p. 270.
^ "A41". Motorway Database. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
^ Lear, Edward (1846). A Book of Nonsense. London: Thomas
^ "Gerald Massey". Information-britain.co.uk.
Find more aboutTringat's sister projects
Definitions from Wiktionary
Media from Wikimedia Commons
News from Wikinews
Quotations from Wikiquote
Texts from Wikisource
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Travel guide from Wikivoyage
Learning resources from Wikiversity
Tring Town Council
Long Marston, Wilstone
Cheddington, Marsworth, Leighton Buzzard
Aylesbury, Aston Clinton
Tring railway station, Aldbury
Wigginton, Great Missenden, Chesham
Ceremonial county of Hertfordshire
Boroughs or districts
Borough of Broxbourne
Borough of Dacorum
District of East Hertfordshire
Borough of Hertsmere
District of North Hertfordshire
City and District of St Albans
Borough of Stevenage
District of Three Rivers
Borough of Watford
Welwyn Garden City
See also: List of civil parishes in Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire County Council
European Parliament constituency
Settlements by population
Grade I listed buildings
Grade II* listed buildings
King George V Playing Fields
Civil parishes of Hertfordshire
Nettleden with Potten End
Brent Pelham and Meesden
Buckland and Chipping
Eastwick and Gilston
Stanstead St Margarets
Elstree and Borehamwood
Caldecote and Newnham
Clothall and Luffenhall
Rushden and Wallington
St Paul's Walden
Letchworth Garden City
Ayot St Lawrence
Ayot St Peter
Northaw and Cuffley
Welwyn Garden City
List of places in Hertfordshire