Trenitalia is the primary train operator in Italy.
Trenitalia is owned
by Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane, itself owned by the Italian
Government. It was created in the year 2000 following the EU directive
on the deregulation of rail transport.
2 Passenger transport
2.1 Regional trains
2.2 Long-distance trains and High Speed Trains
2.3 International passenger trains
2.4 United Kingdom
5 See also
7 External links
The Italian government formed
Trenitalia to comply with European
regulations. The European Commission's
First Railway Directive from
1991 (91/440/EC) prohibited that the same railway company manage the
rail infrastructure and provide rail transportation. On 1 June 2000,
Trenitalia as the primary rail transportation
company and on 1 July 2001 established
Rete Ferroviaria Italiana
Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI)
as the company overseeing the rail network. However, the separation
was only formal, since both are subsidiaries of the Ferrovie dello
Stato Italiane holding and are owned wholly by the government.
Trenitalia operated freight rail services under the
brand until 2017, when
Mercitalia took over state-owned freight rail
and logistics operations.
Frecciargento high-speed train
Trenitalia offers national rail transport in
Italy and international
connections to Austria, France, Germany, and Switzerland.
The company operates both regional and long-distance trains.
Trenitalia Regional Train
Regional trains travel within an Italian region or between neighboring
Italian regions. Trains usually stop at all stations at most, thus
connecting small centres to cities. Regionale veloce (fast regional
train) are trains stopping at about half of station stations at most.
Trenitalia regional train (interior)
There are no reservations for regional trains, and for this reason,
there is no price advantage to acquiring regional tickets in advance
online. Once bought, tickets for regional trains have to be validated
at the station before departure.
"Validation" in this case means placing a date/time stamp on the
ticket by inserting into a (usually) green and white machine either in
the station or along the track. This is done because regional tickets
are not for a particular date or time but are valid for a period (two
months for tickets bought before 1 August 2016). The date/time stamp
is to show that the ticket cannot be reused.
From 1 August 2016, tickets are valid for the 24 hours chosen by
online buyers; the date of use can be changed until the previous 24
hours of the later date. The date of use can be anticipated until the
24 hours following this adjusting operation. The omission about the
period of use at paper shops will involve a one-way daily ticket
issue. This change aims to hinder fare evasion.
There are no discount schemes available for non-residents of
Long-distance trains and High Speed Trains
Frecciarossa High-Speed train
Long-distance trains are of mainly of two types: the Frecce (arrows)
and Intercity trains.
Intercity trains also serve medium-sized cities besides the big
cities, thus are generally slower but are cheaper than the Frecce.
Night trains (Intercity night) operate mainly between north and south
Italy and between
Italy and its neighbouring countries and are
comparable to Intercity level.
High-speed rail in Italy
High-speed rail (managed by RFI) service in
Italy commenced in 2008
with about 1,000 km (620 mi) of new track on the
Turin-Milan-Bologna-Rome-Naples-Salerno route that allow trains to
reach speeds over 360 km/h (220 mph), although current
maximum commercial speed is 300 km/h (190 mph). There are
currently four generations of
ElettroTreno in service on the network.
Trenitalia ordered 50 high speed trainsets in 2010. The new trains
are the ETR 1000 series. They are 200 metres (660 ft) long,
non-articulated trains, with distributed traction, and capable of up
to 400 km/h (250 mph) operation, although current service
plans are limited to 360 km/h (220 mph). Mauro Moretti, at
the time chief executive of FS group, said FS was considering
long-distance international services to France, Germany, or even Spain
and the UK. The trains entered service on the Italian high-speed
network in 2015.
International passenger trains
Several types of international trains in
Italy are usually marketed by
separate units, who set ticket prices and service standards but do not
operate the trains.
TILO: 50% owned by
Trenord (formerly these shares were owned by
Trenitalia), 50% owned by SBB CFF FFS The company runs the regional
Italy and Switzerland. The staff all change at the
border and are either FS
Trenitalia or SBB CFF FFS.
Thello: is a private railway service created as a joint venture with
Transdev. In September 2016,
Trenitalia bought out Transdev's
33% shareholding. It operates night trains between Paris-Gare de
Lyon and Venezia Santa Lucia railway station and daytime trains
between Milan and Marseille, via
Genoa and Nice.
Trenitalia operates all fast trains to/from
Switzerland in the Italian
portion of the route.
Artésia was a company 50% owned by
Trenitalia and 50% owned by SNCF,
operating trains between
France and Italy; however, it stopped
operating in November 2011.
In January 2017,
Trenitalia purchased English train operating company
National Express which has a contract to operate the Essex
Thameside franchise until November 2029. In the same month it
took a 30% stake in a joint venture with
FirstGroup that has been
shortlisted to bid for the West Coast Partnership. It had
also been shortlisted to bid for the
South Eastern franchise
South Eastern franchise in its
own right. However In August 2017
Trenitalia withdrew citing a desire
to concentrate its resources on its bid for the West Coast
Tickets can be bought online, in the stations or from approximately
4,000 travel agencies including those outside Italy. It is common
for people to buy tickets from the official website after looking up
Since long distance trains, unlike the regional trains, usually
require a reservation, it is advantageous to buy tickets in advance.
This also gives buyers access to a variety of discount schemes offered
by Trenitalia. All "premium" long distance trains generally share the
same discount schemes, even though their fares may differ. Unlike
mini fares, which existed before 2012 and required two days of notice,
all tickets may be purchased at the last minute if they are still
available. All large rail stations have manned ticket windows and
self-service ticket machines for this purpose. Such machines, which
either say "Trenitalia" or "Rete Regionale" ("regional network"),
differ in the types of payment accepted.
The three fare classes that
Trenitalia introduced in 2012 were "Base",
"Economy" and "Super Economy". A
Trenitalia press release described
the new fares as "Supereconomy, Economy, and Base, with the first two
offering different levels of discount with respect to the Base fare.
The Base fare guarantees free and unlimited reservation changes up
until train departure, while its price in second class and in the
Standard level will be cut 5% on all the
Frecciargento routes running on the High Speed Torino - Salerno line."
In early 2012,
Trenitalia released a web advertisement to promote its
change from two classes of train compartments into four classes.
Passengers travelling by the fourth (i.e. lowest) class were not
permitted to use the on-board cafeteria or enter the carriages
reserved for the other three classes. This change
alone reportedly caused controversy, but more followed with release of
the accompanying web advertisement. The web advertisement showed only
white people seated in the upper three classes; and a black family in
the fourth, where they are segregated from other passengers on board
the train according to the new system.
Italian online media observed this and branded the advertisement as
"grotesque", and other complaints of racial discrimination followed in
UK newspapers, social media and online.
Trenitalia withdrew the web
commercial, and quickly substituted it following the allegations of
racism. Since 13 January 2012 the cafeteria is accessible also
for passengers of lower classes.
Rail transport in Italy
^ a b c "TRENITALIA S.p.A RELAZIONE FINANZIARIA ANNUALE AL 31 DICEMBRE
2016" (PDF). Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane. Retrieved 23 May
^ Di Porto, Fabiana (1 January 2008). La disciplina delle reti nel
diritto dell'economia [The regulation of networks in economic law] (in
Italian). Rome: CEDAM. p. 103. ISBN 978-8813288785.
^ Salento, Angelo; Pesare, Giuseppe (4 July 2015). "From
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London: Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics. Retrieved 31
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^ "ALTRI TRENI - Trenitalia". www.trenitalia.com. Retrieved 31 May
^ a b "
Trenitalia awards contract for 50 high speed trains". Railway
Gazette International. 5 August 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
^ Un treno per il futuro 1/6/2010, www.fsnews.it
^ Fender, Marco Chiandoni and Keith. "ETR 1000 sets new Italian rail
speed record". Retrieved 13 May 2017.
^ a b "
Thello brings open access to France". Railway Gazette
International. 7 October 2011.
^ "Partnership with
Trenitalia and Veolia Transdev". AGI SpA. 6
Trenitalia now sole owner of Thello"
Today's Railways Europe
Today's Railways Europe issue
251 November 2016 page 6
^ Acquisition of c2c franchise by
National Express 11
National Express to sell c2c to Italian railways Railnews 11 January
FirstGroup to bid for UK franchises Railway Gazette
International 24 January 2017
^ a b
West Coast Partnership
West Coast Partnership and South Eastern rail franchise bidders
Department for Transport 22 June 2017
^ Three shortlisted for
West Coast Partnership
West Coast Partnership franchise Railway
Gazette International 22 June 2017
South Eastern franchise
South Eastern franchise bidders announced Railway Gazette
International 22 June 2017
Trenitalia pulls out of South Eastern Franchise contest
International Railway Journal 10 August 2017
^ "Punti vendita all'estero - Informazioni - Trenitalia". Archived
from the original on 22 July 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
Trenitalia offers - Offers - Trenitalia". Archived from the
original on 7 November 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
^ Hooper, John (4 January 2012). "Italian rail company lambasted for
'racist' web commercial". The Guardian.
^ "Piuttosto che chiedere scusa". Retrieved 14 May 2017.
^ "Frecciarossa, dopo le proteste
Trenitalia riapre il bar per tutti".
la Repubblica. 13 January 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trenitalia.
Official website (in English)
Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane
Rete Ferroviaria Italiana
Ferrovie Nord Milano
Ferrovie Nord Milano (15%)
Grandi Stazioni (60%)