The Treaty of
Rastatt was a peace treaty between France and Austria,
concluded on 7 March 1714 in the Baden city of Rastatt, to put an end
to state of war between them from the War of the Spanish Succession.
The treaty followed the earlier
Treaty of Utrecht
Treaty of Utrecht of 11 April 1713,
which ended hostilities between France and Spain, on the one hand, and
Britain and the Dutch Republic, on the other hand. A third treaty at
Baden, Switzerland was required to end the hostilities between France
and the Holy Roman Empire.
By 1713, all parties to the
War of the Spanish Succession
War of the Spanish Succession were
militarily depleted and it was unlikely that the continuation of the
conflict would bring about any results in the foreseeable future. The
First Congress of
Rastatt opened in November 1713, between France and
Austria, with the negotiations culminating in the Treaty of
7 March 1714, formally ending hostilities and complementing the Treaty
of Utrecht, which had been signed the previous year.
The Treaty of
Rastatt was negotiated by Marshal of France, Claude
Louis Hector de Villars and the Austrian prince, Prince Eugene of
Rastatt Treaty is associated with changes in European politics,
associated with the shift to the balance of power politics.
2 Territorial changes
3 See also
Austria began to negotiate the treaty with France after it had been
abandoned by its allies, particularly Great Britain, during
negotiations for the Treaty of Utrecht. Great Britain feared a
possible connection of Austria and Spain in the person of the Emperor
Charles VI, who became emperor in 1711 and claimed the Spanish throne,
as it would shift the balance of power politics in Europe to Habsburg
In June 1713, France launched the
Rhine campaign (1713)
Rhine campaign (1713) against the
Holy Roman Empire, conquering Kaiserslautern,
Landau and Breisgau.
After these defeats,
Emperor Charles VI
Emperor Charles VI accepted the offer of King
Louis XIV of France to reopen negotiations.
Under the treaty, Austria received the following from Spain: the
Spanish territories in Italy of Naples, Milan, Sardinia and the
Southern Netherlands. Austria received from France
several other small areas at its eastern borders, but France retained
As a result of the treaty, the Austrian Habsburg Empire reached the
largest territorial extent in its history. It became a major power in
Western and southern Europe, in addition to its already dominant
influence in Central Europe. Moreover, bargaining in
for Austria much more than it was offered at Utrecht, at which it had
originally also participated. However,
Emperor Charles VI
Emperor Charles VI was outraged
at the loss of Spain and considered it an unacceptable failure.
For France, the Utrecht and
Rastatt Treaties confirmed the throne of
Spain for the House of Bourbon, but also denied France the additional
territorial gains it had sought, and affirmed that the thrones of
France and Spain could not be united.
List of treaties
R.R. Palmer, Joel Colton, Lloyd Kramer (2002). A History of the Modern
World. ISBN 0-07-250280-0. CS1 maint: Multiple names:
authors list (link)
Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Treaty of Utrecht". Encyclopædia
Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.