The TREATY OF LIMERICK (Irish : Conradh Luimnigh) ended the
Williamite War in Ireland
* 1 Background * 2 The Military Articles * 3 The Civil Articles * 4 The Williamite Settlement forfeitures * 5 See also
* 6 Notes
* 6.1 Sources * 6.2 References
* 7 References * 8 External links
After his victory at the
Battle of Boyne in July 1690, William III
had issued the
Declaration of Finglas which offered a pardon to
Jacobite soldiers but excluded their senior officers from its
provisions. This encouraged the Jacobite leaders to continue fighting
and they won a major victory during the 1691 Siege of
THE MILITARY ARTICLES
These articles dealt with the treatment of the disbanded Jacobite
army. Under the treaty, Jacobite soldiers in formed regiments had the
option to leave with their arms and flags for
The Jacobite soldiers also had the option of joining the Williamite army. 1,000 soldiers chose this option. The Jacobite soldiers thirdly had the option of returning home which some 2,000 soldiers chose.
This treaty had twenty-nine articles, which were agreed upon between Lieutenant-General Ginkle , Commander-in-Chief of the English army, and the Lieutenant-Generals D'Usson and de Tessé , Commanders-in-Chief of the Irish army. The articles were signed by D'Usson, Le Chevalier de Tesse, Latour Montfort, Patrick Sarsfield (Earl of Lucan), Colonel Nicholas Purcell of Loughmoe , Mark Talbot, and Piers, Viscount Galmoy .
THE CIVIL ARTICLES
These articles protected the rights of the defeated Jacobite landed
gentry who chose to remain in Ireland, most of whom were Catholics.
Their property was not to be confiscated so long as they swore
allegiance to William III and Mary II , and Catholic noblemen were to
be allowed to bear arms . William required peace in Ireland and was
allied to the
This Treaty contained thirteen articles which were agreed upon between the Right Honourable Sir Charles Porter , and Thomas Coningsby, 1st Earl Coningsby , Lord Justice of Ireland , and his Excellency the Baron de Ginkel, Lieutenant General and Commander-in-Chief of the English army, and the Right Honourable Patrick Sarsfield , Earl of Lucan , Piers, Viscount Galmoy , Colonel Nicholas Purcell of Loughmoe , Colonel Nicholas Cusack, Sir Toby Butler (who was the actual draftsman), Colonel Garrett Dillon , and Colonel John Brown. The treaty was signed by Charles Porter, Thomas Coningsby, and Baron de Ginkel, and witnessed by Scavenmoer, H. Mackay, and T. Talmash.
It has been said that "the ink was not dry on the Treaty" before the English broke it—the civil articles were not honoured by the victorious Williamite government. The few Catholic landowners who took the oath in 1691-93 remained protected, including their descendants. Those who did not were known as "non-jurors ", and their loyalty to the new regime was automatically suspect. Some managed to have an outlawry specifically reversed, such as the 8th Viscount Dillon in 1694, or the Earl of Clanricarde in 1701.
It is often thought that
THE WILLIAMITE SETTLEMENT FORFEITURES
In the following 8 years further confiscations were made from the continuing adherents to the Jacobite cause, and also further pardons were granted. The Commissioners of Forfeitures reported to the Irish House of Commons in December 1699 as follows:
* 3,921 named persons had been outlawed initially, who owned * 1,060,792 acres * that produced rents of £211,623 a year, and were worth £4,685,130.10
* 491 had been pardoned in accord with the treaties at Cavan and Limerick, and 792 otherwise; Some of the remaining 2,638 persons or their families had had property restored. * Ultimately the total amount received by the Commissioners was: 752,953 acres paying rents of £135,793 p.a., worth £1,699,343. A further £300,000 in chattels and £1092,000 of forestry had been seized, along with several hundred individual houses.
* Rolls Office, Ireland (12 March 1828). Copy of the Letters Patent wherein the Civil Articles for the Surrender of the Treaty of Limerick, in the Year 1691, were ratified and exemplified by King William the Third and Queen Anne. Sessional papers. 22 169. House of Commons. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
* ^ http://limerickslife.com/treaty-stone/
* ^ University College Cork - The Treaty of Limerick, 1691
* Lenihan, Maurice (1866), Limerick; Its History and Antiquities, Ecclesiastical, Civil, and Military: From the Earliest Ages, with Copious Historical, Archaeological, Topographical, and Genealogical Notes, Hodges, Smith, and Company, p. 286