The Info List - Treaty Of Hubertusburg

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The TREATY OF HUBERTUSBURG (German : Frieden von Hubertusburg) was signed on 15 February 1763 at Hubertusburg
Castle by Prussia , Austria and Saxony to end the Third Silesian War
Third Silesian War
. Together with the Treaty of Paris , signed five days earlier, it marked the end of the Seven Years\' War . The treaty ended the continental conflict with no significant changes in prewar borders. Austria and Saxony renounced all claims to the Silesian territories ceded to Prussia in the 1742 Treaty of Berlin and the 1745 Treaty of Dresden
Treaty of Dresden
. Prussia clearly stood among the ranks of the European great powers , while the treaty enhanced the rivalry with Austria .


Austria's resolve to repossess the rich province of Silesia, which had been lost to Prussia in 1748, was the major conflict leading to the Seven Years' War. Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
, Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia , acquired the support of Russia, Sweden, Saxony, Spain, and France, with the specific aim of waging war against Prussia and its ally, Great Britain. It was King Frederick the Great of Prussia, however, who initiated the hostilities with his attack and capture of Saxony in 1756.

The Seven Years\' War started in 1756, with Prussia facing the allied forces of Austria, Russia, France, and Sweden. Although in January 1757 the majority of the colleges of the Imperial Diet (minus Hanover , Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), Brunswick , and Saxe-Gotha
) voted against the move for war, Frederick succeeded in his quest for expanding Prussian influence, power and territory.

Through the first half of the war, the Prussians continued victorious. In the Battle of Rossbach
Battle of Rossbach
on 5 November 1757, the Prussian army not only defeated the French, but also Imperial troops who had fought on the side of the latter against Prussia. They defeated the Austrians at Leuthen in 1757 and the Russians at Zorndorf in 1758. At this point, however, with Sweden entering the war and virtually all Europe opposing Frederick, the tide seemed to turn. By 1759 eastern Prussia was in the hands of the Russians, and Berlin was occupied for some weeks. Austrian forces had invaded Prussia from the south. Now seriously running short of soldiers, Frederick II was in a desperate situation.

In 1758 the Anglo-Hanoverian army , an ally of Prussia, commanded by Ferdinand of Brunswick , defeated the French and occupied the town of Münster
. In 1759 Imperial troops invad