Treaty of Alcáçovas
The renunciation of Afonso V and
1 War of the Castilian Succession 2 Main clauses 3 Possessions 4 Long term implications 5 See also 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links
War of the Castilian Succession
Ferdinand and Isabella
See also: Battle of Toro, Battle of Guinea, and War of the Castilian
After Henry’s IV death in 1474, the Castilian crown was disputed
between the half-sister of the king, Isabella I of Castile, married to
Prince Ferdinand II of Aragon, and the king’s daughter, Juana de
Trastámara, popularly known as la Beltraneja – because her father
was alleged to be Beltrán de la Cueva. In the subsequent civil war,
Afonso V of Portugal
Juana de Trastamara and Afonso V waived their rights to the Castilian
throne in favour of the Catholic Monarchs, who gave up their claims
over the throne of Portugal.
There was a sharing of the Atlantic territories between both countries
and a delimitation of the respective spheres of influence.
With the exception of the Canary Islands, all territories and shores
disputed between Portugal and Castile stayed under Portuguese control;
Guinea with its gold mines,
Afonso V of Portugal
This treaty, ratified later by the
List of treaties
^ a b ↓ Bailey W. Diffie and George D. Winius “In a war in which the Castilians were victorious on land and the Portuguese at sea, ...” in Foundations of the Portuguese empire 1415–1580, volume I, University of Minnesota Press, 1985, p.152. ^ ↓ Historian Malyn Newitt: “All things considered, it is not surprising that the Portuguese emerged victorious from this first maritime colonial war. They were far better organised than the Castilians, were able to raise money for the preparation and supply of their fleets and had clear central direction from ... [Prince] John.” In A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400–1668, Routledge, New York, 2005, p.39,40. ^ a b ↓ Mendonça, 2007, p. 102,103. ^ European Treaties Bearing on the History of the United States and Its Dependencies to 1648, p.33, Washington, D.C., Frances Gardiner Davenport, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1917–37 – Google Books. Reprint edition, 4 vols., (October 2004), Lawbook Exchange, ISBN 1-58477-422-3 ^ ↓ British historian Ian Robertson: “Civil war, however, was immediately provoked by the partisans of "la Beltraneja", whose claim was supported by the king of Portugal, but after the indecisive battle of Toro (1476) the Portuguese withdrew leaving Fernando and Isabel firmly established” in Spain, the mainland, E. Benn, 1975, p.18. ^ ↓ Historian Carl hanson: “In March 1476, the Portuguese and Castilian armies met at Toro. Thanks largely to [Prince] João`s battlefield skills, the Portuguese managed to fight Fernando`s forces to a near draw. But the battle nonetheless effectively ended Afonso`s chances of ruling Castile. His Castilian partisans threw their support to Fernando and Isabella, rather than stick with a lost cause.” in Atlantic emporium: Portugal and the wider world, 1147–1497, volume 47 de Iberian studies, University press of the South, 2002, p.128. ^ ↓ Historian Marvin Lunenfeld: “. In 1476, immediately after the indecisive battle of Peleagonzalo, Ferdinand and Isabella hailed the result as a great victory and called a cortes at Madrigal. The newly created prestige was used to gain municipal support (...)” in The council of the Santa Hermandad: a study of the pacification forces of Ferdinand and Isabella, University of Miami Press, 1970, p.27. ^ Battle of Guinea: ↓ Alonso de Palencia, Década IV, Book XXXIII, Chapter V ( “Disaster among those sent to the mines of gold [Guinea]. Charges against the King...”), p.91-94. ^ ↓ Stephen R. Bown- 1494: How a family feud in Medieval Spain divided the world in half, D and M publishers inc., Canada, 2011, p.76.
BOWN, Stephen R.- 1494: How a family feud in Medieval Spain divided the world in half, D and M publishers inc., Canada, 2011. DIFFIE, Bailey W. and WINIUS, George D. – Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415–1580, Volume 1, University of Minnesota Press, 1985. HANSON, Carl- Atlantic emporium: Portugal and the wider world, 1147–1497", volume 47 de Iberian studies, University press of the South, 2002. ISBN 978-1889431888. LUNENFELD, Marvin- The council of the Santa Hermandad: a study of the pacification forces of Ferdinand and Isabella", University of Miami Press, 1970. ISBN 978-0870241437. MENDONÇA, Manuela- O Sonho da União Ibérica – guerra Luso-Castelhana 1475/1479, Quidnovi, Lisboa, 2007, book description. ISBN 978-9728998882 NEWITT, Malyn (2005) A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400–1668, New York: Routledge. ROBERTSON, Ian- Spain, the mainland", E. Benn, 1975.
PALENCIA, Alfonso de- Gesta Hispaniensia ex annalibus suorum diebus colligentis, Década III and IV (the three first Décadas were edited as Cronica del rey Enrique IV by Antonio Paz y Meliá in 1904 and the fourth as Cuarta Década by José Lopes de Toro in 1970).
Treaty Between Spain and Portugal, Concluded at Alcacovas, 4 September 1479 (English translation) The Library of Iberian Resources Online "A History of Spain and Portugal, the Expansion", by Stanley G. Payne.
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Cultural domain of Canary Islands
Guanches Pre-colonial times Conquest Treaty of Alcáçovas First Battle of Acentejo Kingdom of the Canary Islands Battle of Aguere Second Battle of Acentejo Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (1657) Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (1797) Spanish transition Autonomous community Canarian Parliament
Guanche† Canarian (Spanish) Gomeran Whistle
Gara and Jonay Achamán Achuguayo Achuhucanac Chaxiraxi Chijoraji Guayota Magec Maxios Tibicena
Bola canaria Canarian wrestling Juego del Palo Salto del pastor Open Gran Canaria Island Open Lanzarote Island Open Costa Adeje
Almogrote Canarian arepa Canarian wrinkly potatoes Gofio Malvasia Majorero Miel de palma Mojo Pasteles Ropa vieja Sancocho Sangria Tropical beer Wines
Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife Carnival of Las Palmas Bajada (festival) Cavalcade of Magi Holy Week Virgin of Candelaria Cristo de La Laguna Akelarre
Symbols places of the Canary Islands
Teide Auditorio de Tenerife Garajonay Caldera de Taburie