Transport infrastructure in Brazil is characterized by strong regional differences and lack of development of the national rail network. Brazil's fast-growing economy, and especially the growth in exports, will place increasing demands on the transport networks. However, sizeable new investments that are expected to address some of the issues are either planned or in progress.
- Total actual network: 29,303 km
- Broad gauge: 4,932 km 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) gauge (939 km electrified)
- Narrow gauge: 23,773 km 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) gauge (581 km electrified)
- Dual gauge: 396 km 1000 mm and 1600 mm gauges (three rails)
- Standard gauge: 202.4 km 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) gauge (2006)
Cities with metros
Railway links with adjacent countries
International rail links exist between Brazil and Argentina, Bolivia and Uruguay.
Brazil had a hundred tramway systems. Currently, there are vintage tramways operating in Belém, Campinas, Campos do Jordão, Itatinga, Rio de Janeiro and Santos.
A high-speed rail connecting São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro is currently under development.
Road system in Brazil, with divided highways highlighted in red. The São Paulo state, which has state control of federal roads in their territory, make their road network the best in the country, thanks to this fact.
Brazil has 1,751,868 kilometers of roads, 96,353 km of them paved and 1,655,515 km unpaved. That means that only 5.5% of the roads are paved and that 94.5% are unpaved. The most important highway of the country is BR-116 and the second is BR-101.
The country has a low rate of car ownership of 140 per 1000 population, however in comparison to the other developing economies of the BRIC group Brazil exceeds India and China.
50,000 km navigable (most in areas remote from industry or population) (2008)
Seaports and harbors
Paraguay River (international water way)
total: 136 ships (1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 3,964,808 GRT/6,403,284 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: (1999 est.)
Most international flights must go to São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport or Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport. Belo Horizonte is the main international airport outside Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. A few go to Brasília, Recife, Natal, and just recently Fortaleza has accepted international flights. With South American integration, more airports can be expected to open to international flights.
In 2013 Brazil had the sixth largest passenger air market in the world.
Airports - with paved runways
- total: 734
- over 3,047 m: 7
- 2,438 to 3,047 m: 26
- 1,524 to 2,437 m: 169
- 914 to 1,523 m: 476
- under 914 m: 56 (2008)
Airports - with unpaved runways
- total: 3,442
- 1,524 to 2,437 m: 85
- 914 to 1,523 m: 1,541
- under 914 m: 1,816 (2008)