230.9 kilometres (143.5 mi)
Jakarta is a bus rapid transit (BRT) system in Jakarta,
Indonesia. It was the first BRT system in Southern and Southeast Asia.
Jakarta commenced operations on 15 January 2004 with the aim of
providing a fast public transport system to help reduce rush hour
traffic. The buses run in dedicated lanes and ticket prices are
subsidized by the regional government.
In 2011, the system achieved a yearly performance record, with buses
carrying 114.7 million passengers. However, passenger numbers declined
to 111.6 million in 2014 and 102.95 million in 2015. In 2016, a new
record of 123.73 million passengers was achieved. The fare has
remained Rp 3,500 (27 US cents) per passenger since operations
Jakarta articulated buses at Harmoni Central Busway
As of 2017, Trans
Jakarta has the world's longest BRT system
(230.9 km in length), with 13 primary routes and 10
cross-corridor routes. In 2017, the newest corridor opened. It is
the first elevated corridor on the Trans
Jakarta network.Two more
corridors are in the planning stages. In addition there are 18
'feeder' routes that serve beyond the exclusive busway corridors.
Located in the municipalities surrounding Jakarta, the feeder service
uses special buses that allow for boarding at either ground level or
Jakarta station platforms. At the end of 2016, TransJakarta
had a total of 80 routes (corridor, cross route & feeder route) -
a significant increase from 41 routes in 2015. The number of
Jakarta buses has also increased dramatically, from 605 buses in
2015 to 1,056 in 2016. At the beginning of 2017, TransJakarta
owned 1,500 buses with plans to double that number to 3,000 by the end
of the year.
3.2 Routes History
3.3.1 Current Operator and fleet
3.3.2 Future fleet
3.5 Ticketing and fares
4.1.1 Accidents and incidents
4.1.3 Bus Stop Bomb
4.1.4 Sexual Harassment
5 See also
7 External links
The characteristics of Trans
Jakarta listed in an Asian Development
Bank study are:
Closed Trunk System without a Feeder System
Elevated Platform for Rapid Boarding and Alighting
Public Sector Bus Procurement and Private Sector Bus Operation
Operating at 450,000 passengers/day (2016)
Jakarta bus on the dedicated bus lane separated from heavy
The first Trans
Jakarta line opened to the public on 15 January 2004.
It was free for the first two weeks, after which commercial operations
started on 1 February 2004.
Jakarta was built to provide a fast, comfortable, and affordable
mass transportation system. To accomplish those objectives, the buses
were given lanes restricted to other traffic and separated by concrete
blocks on the streets that became part of the busway routes.
Normal operating times are from 5:00am to 10:00pm. Some routes have
extended hours until 11:00pm. Seven routes have limited overnight
services providing 24-hour operation.
Main article: Trans
Jakarta commenced in 2004, 15 corridors were planned and 12
are now operational. Corridors 13, 14, and 15 are designed to be a
grade-separated elevated BRT line, with Corridor 13 now under
Jakarta BRT network is connected with KRL Commuter
Jakarta MRT in Corridor 13, which was set to be
completed in 2016.
Other than main BRT routes, Trans
Jakarta operates 11 BRT express
routes (shortened version of the normal BRT routes), 25 city bus
routes integrated to BRT stations, 10 suburban routes to satellite
cities, and 8 routes serving low cost apartments.
Kota - Blok M
15 January 2004
Pulo Gadung - Harmoni
15 January 2006
Kalideres - Pasar Baru
15 January 2006
Pulo Gadung - Dukuh Atas 2
27 January 2007
Ancol - Kampung Melayu
27 January 2007
Dukuh Atas 2 - Ragunan
27 January 2007
Kampung Melayu - Kampung Rambutan
27 January 2007
Lebak Bulus - Harmoni
21 February 2009
Pluit - Pinang Ranti
31 December 2010
Tanjung Priok - PGC 2
31 December 2010
Kampung Melayu - Pulo Gebang
28 December 2011
Penjaringan - Tanjung Priok
14 February 2013
Ciledug - Tendean
14 August 2017
Blok M - Pondok Kelapa
Manggarai - Depok
Jakarta system map as of 2016
In addition to the 15 main corridors, TransJakarta, in cooperation
with other public transportation companies, provides feeder buses to
passengers from suburbs outside
Jakarta to bus termini.
Jakarta will planning a new Corridor 9H Kranggan Permai - Pinang
Ranti via Jalan Raya Hankam relation for scheduled services.
The buses run along the following routes:
January 15, 2004: Corridor 1, (Blok M to Kota) (soft launch)
February 1, 2004: Corridor 1, (Blok M to Kota) (commercial service)
January 15, 2006: Corridor 2, (Pulo Gadung to Harmoni) and Corridor 3,
(Kalideres to Pasar Baru) opened
January 27, 2007: Corridor 4, (Pulo Gadung to Dukuh Atas 2), Corridor
5, (Kp. Melayu to Ancol), Corridor 6, (Halimun to Ragunan) and
Corridor 7, (Kampung Rambutan to Kampung Melayu) opened
February 21, 2009: Corridor 8, (Lebak Bulus to Harmoni) opened
December 31, 2010: Corridor 9, (Pluit to Pinang Ranti) and Corridor
10, (PGC Cililitan to Tanjung Priok) opened.
March 18, 2011 Corridor 9 was the only corridor serving until 11.00
pm. Followed by Corridor 1, with transit point with Corridor 9 at
Semanggi shelter. The night service however, only stops at a certain
May 20, 2011 Corridor 2 and Corridor 3 initialized to serve until
11.00pm, but only open 9 shelters out of 22 on Corridor 2 and 9 out of
13 shelters on Corridor 3 remain open during the extended hours.
July 1, 2011 Corridors 4 to 7 began their late night service, so all
corridors now has already deployed late night service except for
September 28, 2011 3 feeder bus routes launched with Route 1 from West
Jakarta Municipal Office to Daan Mogot, Route 2 from Tanah Abang to
Medan Merdeka Selatan and Route 3 from SCBD to Senayan. The fare will
be Rp.6,500 ($0.72), which cover tickets for both the feeder service
Jakarta buses. But the feeder routes eventually shut down
because of low number of riders.
December 13, 2011: Transjakarta began to separate male and female
passengers, in which the commuter rail network (pt kereta commuter
indonesia) has already done the separation earlier. The woman-only
areas are located between middle door and driver cabins.
December 28, 2011: Corridor 11, (Kp. Melayu to Pulo Gebang) opened.
February 14, 2013: Corridor 12, (Pluit to Tanjung Priok) opened.
May 19, 2014: The extension of Corridor 2, (Pulo Gadung to Harapan
August 16, 2017: Corridor 13, (Ciledug to Tendean) opened.
On June 1, 2014, 24-hour operation began on three corridors — the
Blok M-Kota route (Corridor 1), Pinang Ranti-Pluit route (Corridor 9)
and Kalideres-Pasar Baru route (Corridor 3). Service is provided by 18
buses with 2 buses in reserve and service frequency is between 30
minutes and an hour. On May 6, 2015, 24-hour operation began
on four corridors - the Harmoni-Pulogadung route (Corridor 2),
Cililitan-Ancol Route (Corridor 5), Harmoni-Lebak Bulus route
(corridor 8) and Tanjung Priok-Cililitan route (corridor 10). Service
is provided by 28 buses with 2 buses in reserve and frequency is
between 30 minutes and 60 minute.
Transjakarta Scania K320IA with body by Laksana caroserie
Each bus is constructed with passengers' safety in mind. For example,
the body frame is constructed using Galvanyl (Zn - Fe Alloy), a strong
and rust-resistant metal. There are also eight or ten glass-shattering
hammers mounted on some of the window frames, and three emergency
doors for fast evacuation during an emergency. There are also two fire
extinguishers at the front and back of the buses.
Mercedes-Benz OH and Hino RG air-conditioned buses are painted red
and yellow, with a picture of a young brahminy kite, which looks very
similar to a bald eagle grasping a tree branch with three snakefruit
on it. The buses use special fuel which is (a mix of diesel and
biodiesel). For Corridor 2 (bus colors: blue and white) and 3 (bus
colors: yellow and red), the buses are CNG-fueled
imported from South Korea. Due to various coachbuilders being involved
and design tweaks applied over time, the exterior and interior
appearance, quality, and comfort varies between buses operating in the
The capacity of each bus varies from 85, 100 to 120 passengers. Single
Mercedes-Benz and Hino buses can carry about 85 passengers. For the
Mercedes-Benz Maxi buses can carry 100 passengers, and 120
can be carried by standard articulated buses.
Jakarta also operates Chinese-made Huanghai, Zhongtong, Ankai,
local-made Komodo and Inobus articulated buses on long and straight
corridors, such as Corridor 5.
The passenger doors are higher than on normal buses so that passengers
can only board from designated shelters. The doors employ automated
swing and slide mechanisms which is manually controlled by the driver.
Currently, the slide mechanism is being phased out, with all new buses
being equipped with swing doors. Protective full-height acrylic glass
barriers are installed behind passenger seats close to the sliding
door mechanism. Although, feeder routes uses low street-level doors.
This is achieved with the driver's door at the front of the bus on big
buses and a pair of designated hydaulic folding door on medium buses.
Seats in old buses face the aisle to optimize passengers' movement
during rush hours. New Buses have their seats facing front, which is
to reduce sexual harassment that usually happen in public
transportation in rush hours.
Each bus is equipped with an electronic board and speakers that
announce the name of shelters in Indonesian. Announcers with English
voice in them are being phased out for the Indonesian only announcer
Each bus is also equipped with a bi-directional radio transceiver to
allow the driver to provide and receive updated information regarding
traffic jams, road accidents or lost items.
To keep the air fresh, especially during rush hours each bus is
equipped with automatic air freshener dispensers which periodically
spray car fragrance.
In August 2011, Trans
Jakarta operator has installed cameras on one bus
for a trial period. The plan is to install four cameras on each bus
gradually in efforts to improve services such as to inform passengers
waiting for buses about how crowded approaching buses are, and to
prevent sexual harassment on its service.
In order to promote gender equity, Trans
Jakarta is increasing the
number of female driver recruits. The projected proportion is 30% of
Starting April 21, 2016, Trans
Jakarta launched several new female-only
buses for Corridor 1. The bus is crewed by female driver and
female onboard officers, and is painted pink to distinguish it from
Jakarta has disable-friendly buses on few routes. It will collect
300 more disable-friendly buses within 2017 to operate in 15-20
Current Operator and fleet
Weichai CNG Euro III bus with body from
New Armada Caroserie
Mercedes-Benz OC 500 RF 2542 bus with body from Nusantara
PT. Eka Sari Lorena
Hino RK1 JSNL-RHJ CNG, AAI Articulated Komodo bus
PT. Bianglala Metropolitan
Hino RG J08C-TI,
Mercedes-Benz OH1521 Intercooler OM366LA as Amari and
Zhongtong Bus LCK6180GC Doosan CNG Euro V, INKA Inobus Cummins ATC 320
PT Transportasi Jakarta
Weichai CNG Euro III, Hino RK8JSKA-NHJ R260,
Zhongtong Bus LCK6180GC Doosan CNG Euro V, Scania K340IA CNG Euro VI,
Scania K320IA CNG Euro VI,
Mercedes Benz OH1526 NG,
Mercedes Benz OC
500 RF 2542,
Mercedes Benz OH1626 A/T, Hino RK1 JSNL-RHJ CNG,
Mercedes-Benz O500U 1726 and Scania K250UB 4x2 Euro III as Metro
Mercedes-Benz OF 917 RF as Royal Trans
Perum PPD (Pengangkutan Penumpang Djakarta)
Hino RK8JSKA-NHU R260
Kopaja (Koperasi Angkutan Jakarta)
Toyota Dyna 110FT, Isuzu NQR 71, Isuzu FRR 90.
PT. Mayasari Bakti
Scania K320IA CNG Euro VI, Scania K310IB 6x2,
Mitsubishi FE 84G BC as Mini Trans
PT. Pahala Kencana (KSO)
Mercedes-Benz OH1626 M/T
PT. Steady Safe Tbk
PT. Transportasi Jakarta
Ankai HFF6180G02D and HFF6120D17D
PT. Prima Lestari Wisata
Foton BJ6180C8CTD (Red colored), Foton BJ6180CTD (Blue colored)
INKA Inobus Doosan SGL 290 CNG Euro IV,
Ankai HFF6180 G02D, Asiastar
Wertstar / Xiamen Fengtai BCI FBC6181BLNZ2, Zhongtong LCK6180GC Doosan
CNG Euro V
PT. Mayasari Bakti
MAN RR4 24.430 6x2
PT. Steady Safe Tbk
PT. Bayu Holong Persada (KSO)
Mercedes-Benz OH1626 A/T
Ankai D23 as Mini Trans
Buses with Unknown Operators
All New AAI Komodo Doosan CNG Euro V,
UD Trucks JP 251S, Mercedes-Benz
O500MA 2831 Cummins CNG 6x2 A/T, Volksbus 18.280 OT LE
Note : INKA Inobus SGL 290, Asiastar Wertstar / Xiamen Fengtai
BCI FBC6181BLNZ2 and an
Ankai HFF6180G02D have been available at Perum
PPD depots since 2013, but never came operational
Prototype of Foton BJ6180C8CTD and photos of Foton BJ6180CTD at China
had been available since 2014, but never came operational.
It was known that Hino AK8 215 of PT. Mayasari Bakti was painted to
Jakarta scheme, but newer pictures of it shows that it will be
operated in Mayasari Regular routes. It is known that PT. TransJakarta
have been hanging the fate of these buses since April 2017.
Ankai HFF6180G02D and HFF6120D17D of PT. Transportasi
being repaired after one of it went up in flames at early December
View from the Shelter's stairs.
Jakarta shelters are different from ordinary bus stops. They are
usually located in the middle of the road and are reached by elevated
bridges. Some stops are equipped with escalator or lift and designed
to be integrated to the nearby building in the vicinity. For example,
Tosari ICBC stop is connected directly to the UOB Plaza and Blok M
stop is connected directly into Mal Blok M via stair access.
The shelters are made from aluminum, steel, and glass. Air ventilation
works through fins on the aluminum part of the shelters. Floors are
made from tread plate, although newer shelters now use concrete. The
shelters are equipped with platform screen doors. Some of the
connecting elevated bridge ramps have gentle slopes (with some
exceptions) to accommodate the disabled. One disadvantage of some of
the ramps is that passengers need to walk a relatively long way up the
ramps and then double back to reach the boarding shelters. The floors
of the bridge are mostly tread plates although some are made from
concrete. One problem with the tread plate is that considerable noise
is generated by the movement of passengers across the tread plate
surfaces. Another problem is that some of the tread plate surfaces can
become very slippery during the rainy season. There are no sanitary
facilities in most of the shelters.
Bus stops are open from 05:00 – 22:00 although opening hours can be
extended if there are passengers still waiting at closing time.
Shelters often become extremely overcrowded because of long and
sometimes unpredictable intervals between buses. According to a report
from the Indonesian Consumers Protection Foundation in 2011, the most
common complaint from passengers about the service offered by
Transjakarta was the lengthy waiting time for buses at some of the
A free daily internal bulletin, 'Trans Kota', is occasionally
available at selected shelters. The content includes sport,
showbusiness, crime, health, various tips and tricks, consumer
information and Trans
The large Harmoni Central Busway (HCB) shelter on Jalan Gadjah Mada,
Central Jakarta, is built over the Ciliwung River. It is a transit
point between Corridors 1, 2, 3, 7A, and 8. This 500-person shelter
has 14 bus bays. Although many trees had to be sacrificed during the
construction of it, an old banyan tree was not chopped down because it
was considered rich in historical value. However, in October 2006 this
tree was vandalized by people from the Pemuda Persatuan Islam
religious group. Their motive was to show that the tree does not
possess supernatural qualities.
Ticketing and fares
A typical ticket booth and gantry in the network
The cost of a Trans
Jakarta ticket since its opening has been a flat
rate of Rp 2.000,- at concessional times (05.00a.m. to 07.00a.m.) and
Rp 3.500,- (about 27 US cents) at all other times. Passengers who
wish to change direction or transit to other corridors do not need to
pay again, provided they do not exit the shelter. An exception is in
effect at the line terminus.
Passengers can purchase a single-journey paper ticket at the ticket
booth in the shelter. In 2013, Trans
Jakarta introduced the use of
prepaid cards or e-tickets for passenger use. The prepaid cards that
are eligible as ticket are bank-issued cards of BRI BRizzi, BCA Flazz,
BNI Tapcash, Mandiri e-money, Bank DKI JakCard, and Bank Mega
MegaCash. The prepaid cards can be purchased and topped-up at any
ticket booth in the shelter throughout the system, or at the ATM of
the issuing bank. The prepaid cards, except for Bank DKI JakCard and
Bank Mega MegaCash, are also valid as ticket in the Jabodetabek
Commuter Train system as of June 2014, easing the integration plan
between the BRT and the commuter train system. In April and May
2014, the Trans
Jakarta management started the compulsory use of the
e-tickets at several terminus in the system, based on news said that
the BCA Flazz Card can also be used in Jabodetabek Commuter Train.
In mid-October 2014, 56 percent passengers have used e-tickets. Now,
Jakarta corridors and shelters applied the compulsory use of
the e-tickets, since February 21, 2015. August 17, 2016 marks the
start of tap-out system trial in Corridor 1 (Blok M - Kota), while
similar trial was started on September 9, 2016 in Corridor 2. The
system is meant to control the flow of people going in and out of the
shelters, discourage illegal entrance to and exit from the shelters,
and to encourage sales and usage of the "e-tickets". In October 2016,
the system had been implemented in all corridors of TransJakarta.
The TJ Card, introduced in January 2018, provides free fares for their
holders, and is available for seniors above 60, residents of the
Thousand Islands Regency, disabled people, low-income households,
teachers, mosquito controllers and mosque caretakers in addition to
members of the
Indonesian Army and Police.
During rush hours, people from upper or middle classes (one of the
main targets of TransJakarta) usually prefer to use private cars or
taxis to avoid inconvenience of the overcrowded Trans
even though they have to bear with traffic jams instead. Many
passengers are thus lower-middle-class people who are ex-users of
other less comfortable and/or more expensive commercial buses.
This situation is at odds with one of the objectives of TransJakarta
which was to reduce traffic jam during rush hours by persuading
private car owners to use comfortable public transport.
There is a special program for the student groups called TransJakarta
goes to school. Participants in program there are assigned a dedicated
bus. The aim is to train students to stand in line, be decent, and
prefer public transport than personal vehicles.
A number of design and operational problems have been identified.
Despite having an 'exclusive' bus lane, unauthorised vehicles
illegally using the lanes in an attempt to more quickly navigate
through the traffic jams are a common problem. Depot maintenance shops
and special gas stations (most buses use compressed natural gas (CNG))
often have long lines of buses, restricting the availability of buses
for service. The CNG powered buses also have suffered from higher fuel
consumption than expected (1 litre for 1.3 km vs. 2.1 km as
specified) and high oil and moisture content requiring extra
maintenance. Other problems identified were: a lack of feeder bus
services, a lack of adequate transfer information and transfer
facilities and a lack of articulated buses. A 2010 survey showed
75% of passengers transferred from medium or micro buses to the
Jakarta buses and it was estimated if 'direct service' operations
were implemented (i.e., multiple stopping points at some stations with
bypass lanes and some services continuing beyond the trunk corridors)
patronage would increase by 50%. A feeder bus service called APTB
was introduced in 2012.
In May 2013 it was reported the system was losing passengers due to
unpredictable service frequency, worsening travel times and poor
maintenance of the infrastructure and vehicles. The problem of
excluding private vehicles from busway was ongoing. By November
2013, after a campaign to 'sterilize' the lanes improved travel times,
reports indicate patronage had increased by 20,000 per day up to
between 330,000 and 355,000.
Accidents and incidents
From January to July 2010 there were 237 accidents involving
Jakarta buses, resulting in 57 injuries and eight deaths.
Accidents occurred due to pedestrians crossing the busway and cars
making u-turns. In 2011, in an effort to stop non TransJakarta
vehicles using the bus lanes, the
Jakarta Police Chief suggested that
Jakarta buses should run against the direction of traffic
flow. Usually non-Trans
Jakarta vehicles used busway lanes during
peak hours between 6 a.m. to 9 a.m. and 4 p.m. to 7 p.m.
On January 12, 2012, a policeman from Indonesian Police Headquarters,
who was hired by Securicor, fired his gun near the ear of a
Jakarta officer, after threatening to kill him. The policeman was
angry after the Trans
Jakarta officer stopped the
Securicor car from
entering the busway lane which only allows Trans
ambulances and firefighter to enter. The police spokesman said that
the policeman will be charged by criminal law or disciplinary
On March 12, 2012, four Trans
Jakarta buses were hijacked by alleged
university students at the Medan Merdeka Selatan street. The buses
were then driven to the front of the Universitas Kristen Indonesia
(Christian University of Indonesia) campus. Three drivers were able to
escape from their buses, but one driver was prevented from leaving and
forced to drive the hijackers to their destination. Fire
extinguishers, glass-breaking hammers and drivers' jackets were also
stolen from the buses.
Bus Stop Bomb
Main article: 2017
On May 24, 2017, a twin bomb attack struck the Kampung Melayu
Transjakarta bus terminal. The first explosion happened at 9 sharp,
near the terminal's toilet, and the second explosion happened 5
minutes after at the bus stop. In total, 5 were killed including 2
A number of sexual harassment cases have been reported on board
Jakarta buses and their overcrowded stations over the
past few years, as the number of passengers has continued to rise
without a commensurate increase in the number of buses.
Bus Rapid Transit
Transport in Indonesia
Rapid KL BRT Sunway Line
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Jakarta 4. Yudhistira Ghalia
Indonesia. pp. 6–. ISBN 978-979-019-030-6.
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^ "umlah Kecelakaan 259 Kasus Dinilai Lebih Rendah Bila Dibandingkan
Penambahan Bus dan Rute". February 1, 2017.
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Bus Rapid Transit (BRT): Toolkit for Feasibility Studies".
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Jakarta & Transportasi Air". February 14,
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^ Mengenal Ragam Bus Trans
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^ "Transjakarta could lose yet more passengers".
Jakarta Post. May 8,
2013. access-date= requires url= (help)
^ "Transjakarta Passengers Increase After Sterilization". Tempo. 28
November 2013. access-date= requires url= (help)
Jakarta welcomes plan to impose counter-flow lane for
Jakarta Post, 2 October 2010, retrieved
^ "Busway struggles to provide decent service". The
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^ "Petugas Transjakarta Diancam Pakai Senjata". January 12,
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^ "Ledakan Kampung Melayu, Polisi dan Sopir Luka Parah". May 24,
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December 5, 2012.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to TransJakarta.
(in Indonesian) Official website
(in Indonesian) Transjakarta Community Site
(in Indonesian) Transjakarta map
(in Indonesian) Transjakarta Guide for Blackberry (Download)
(in Indonesian) Interactive Transjakarta Map and Shelters Info
Bus rapid transit
Guided Light Transit
Automatic vehicle location
Passenger information system
Urban transit in Indonesia
Trans Pakuan (
Jakarta MRT M1 M2
Jakarta LRT L1 L2 L3
L4 L5 L6 L7
Halim Perdanakusuma ARS
Trans Bandung Raya bus
Trans Metro Bandung (BRT)
Trans Semarang (BRT)
Batik Solo Trans (BRT)
Trans Jateng (BRT)
Solo Prameks Commuterline
Bathara Kresna Railbus
Trans Gerbang Kertasusila (BRT)
Metro Surabaya Commuterline
Trans Jogja (BRT)
Yogya Prameks Commuterline
Trans Mebidang (BRT)
Sri Lelawangsa (Medan - Binjai commuter rail)
Trans Musi (BRT)
Trans Padang (BRT)
Trans Metro Pekanbaru (BRT)
Trans Bandar Lampung (BRT)
Trans Sarbagita (BRT)
Trans Mamminasata (BRT)
Trans Pontianak Khatulistiwa (BRT)
Share taxi (angkot, bemo, mikrolet)
Note: under construction are in italics, BRT in
merely a bus with shelter (not isolated from traffic but r