Transbaikal, Trans-Baikal, Transbaikalia (Russian:
Забайка́лье, tr. Zabaykalye,
IPA: [zəbɐjˈkalʲjɪ]), or Dauria (Даурия, Dauriya) is a
mountainous region to the east of or "beyond" (trans-)
Lake Baikal in
The steppe and wetland landscapes of Dauria are protected by the
Daurian Nature Reserve, which forms part of a World Heritage Site
named "The Landscapes of Dauria".
1 Etymology and history
2 Fauna and flora
5 External links
Etymology and history
The oldest building in the region is the Dormition Church, built 8 km
Nerchinsk in 1706-12.
The alternative name, Dauria, is derived from the ethnonym of the Daur
people. It stretches for almost 1,000 km from north to south from the
Patomskoye Plateau and North Baikal Plateau to the Russian state
Transbaikal region covers more than 1,000 km from west to
east from Baikal to the meridian of the confluence of the Shilka and
In Imperial Russia, Dauria was itself an oblast with its capital at
Nerchinsk, then at Chita and became part of the short lived Far
Eastern Republic between 1920 and 1922. It is currently divided into
Zabaykalsky Krai and makes up nearly all of the territory
of these two federal subjects.
Fauna and flora
The region has given its name to various animal species including
Daurian hedgehog, and the following birds: Asian brown flycatcher
(Muscicapa daurica), Daurian jackdaw, Daurian partridge, Daurian
redstart, Daurian starling,
Daurian shrike and the red-rumped swallow
(Hirundo daurica). The
Mongolian wild ass
Mongolian wild ass (Equus hemionus hemionus) is
regionally extinct from the region.
The common name of the famous
Dahurian larch (Larix gmelinii) as well
as that of the Dahurian buckthorn (Rhamnus davurica) are also derived
from the same source.
Oktyabrsky (Октябрьский) village, Amur Oblast, near the
Russia-China border is a large site of uranium mining and processing
Part of the area is protected by the Dauria Nature Reserve.
The Daurian Nature Reserve
^ Shandala N, Filonova A, Titov A, Isaev D, Seregin V, Semenova V, and
Metlyaev EG (2009), Radiation situation nearby the uranium mining
facility, Environmental section poster P.9, 54th Annual Meeting of the
Health Physics Society, 12-16 July 2009, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
^ "The exhibition "Iris Russia"". flower-iris.ru. Retrieved 23 January
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name
needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Transbaikal.
Coordinates: 53°N 115°E / 53°N 1