The Info List - Tran Quoc Pagoda

--- Advertisement ---

Trấn Quốc Pagoda
(Vietnamese: Chùa Trấn Quốc, chữ Hán: 鎭國寺), the oldest Buddhist temple in Hanoi, is located on a small island near the southeastern shore of Hanoi's West Lake, Vietnam. History[edit] The Trấn Quốc Pagoda
in Hanoi
is the oldest pagoda in the city, originally constructed in the sixth century during the reign of Emperor Lý Nam Đế
Lý Nam Đế
(from 544 until 548), thus giving it an age of more than 1,450 years. When founded the temple was named Khai Quoc (National Founding) and was sited on the shores of the Red River, outside of the Yen Phu Dyke. When confronted with the river's encroachment, the temple was relocated in 1615 to Kim Ngu (Golden Fish) islet of Ho Tay (West Lake) where it is now situated. A small causeway links it to the mainland. The last major repair to the temple was undertaken in 1815 when the main sanctuary, reception hall and posterior hall of the dead were renovated. The pagoda is one of the main parts of the Trấn Quốc Temple for it holds the important monk's ashes. Most of the pagodas were made in the 17th century but the tallest pagoda was remade in 2004. The pagodas are red because in Chinese and Vietnamese culture red symbolizes luck and prosperity. Monks
have lived at the Trấn Quốc Pagoda
for centuries, teaching the ways of Buddhism to the public. Before the visitors start arriving, the monks pray at the multiple shrines spread around the grounds. Monks
do not get married and therefore do not live with families at the pagoda. Over the years, the temple was variously named An Quoc (Pacification of the Realm) and Tran Bac (Guardian of the North) as well. There is a great deal of Buddhist symbolism
Buddhist symbolism
at the Trấn Quốc Temple as well. The eight-spoked wheel is the symbol of Buddhism because it represents the Noble Eight-fold Path. At the Trấn Quốc Pagoda, there are many lotus flower statues. These symbolize purity of the mind, body and speech. The lotus flower also symbolizes enlightenment and achievement. The stone wall at the side of the pagoda has multiple carvings of lotus flowers engraved in the stone. The carvings express the beauty of nature in Vietnam. With its harmonious architecture taking advantage of the watery landscape, the pagoda is a picturesque attraction. The sunset views from the temple grounds are renowned. Among the historic relics are statuary pieces dating to 1639. On the grounds of Tran Quoc is a Bodhi tree
Bodhi tree
taken as cutting of the original tree in Bodh Gaya, India
under which the Buddha
sat and achieved enlightenment. The gift was made in 1959, marking the visit of the Indian president Rajendra Prasad. At the main shrine, the visitors are given incense to be burned. Visitors to the shrine also give offerings like food or small amounts of money as a present for the gods to give themselves good luck. Incense
is burned to send wishes to the gods and to receive good luck in return. Incense
is presented in odd numbers because odd numbers are considered lucky in Chinese and Vietnamese culture. Even numbers such as the number 4 are considered unlucky because the word 4 sounds like the word 'death' in Chinese. People present offerings without meat because the monks that live in Trấn Quốc are vegetarian. In the Trấn Quốc pagoda they also worship female Buddhas, known as the "Mothers". Their shrines are in the front of the courtyard. The green Mother has domain over the mountains and forests. The white Mother has domain over the water. And lastly the red Mother has domain over the sky.These are some of the oldest gods or goddesses that have been worshiped in Vietnam
and were in Vietnam
before the Buddha. The worshipers who come inside the temple to pray can come anytime they want. However, it is especially popular during the 1st month of the Lunar calendar. They pray in many small and large shrines all around the temple. See also[edit]

List of Buddhist temples in Hanoi

External links[edit]

Photos of Tran Quoc Pagoda

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trấn Quốc Pagoda.

v t e


Historical sites Public buildings and places

Hoàn Kiếm Lake Turtle Tower Văn Miếu - Quốc Tử Giám Cổ Loa Citadel Imperial Citadel of Thăng Long Presidential Palace and Presidential Palace Historical Site Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Flag Tower Opera House Hỏa Lò Prison

Religious and worship sites

Cửa Bắc Church Hàm Long Church One-Pillar Pagoda Perfume Temple Phùng Khoang Church Quán Sứ Temple St. Joseph's Cathedral Trấn Quốc Temple

Parks and green areas

Ba Vì National Park West Lake Trúc Bạch Lake Red River


Vietnamese Women’s Museum Museum of Fine Arts Museum of Ethnology Museum of Vietnamese Revolution Hanoi
Museum Ho Chi Minh Museum Museum of Vietnamese History

Occupational villages

Bát Tràng
Bát Tràng
ceramic village Lệ Mật Vạn Phúc silk village

Other constructions

Noi Bai International Airport Hanoi
Railway Station Long Biên Bridge Mỹ Đình National Stadium National Convention Centre Sofitel Legend Metropole Hanoi Hilton Hanoi
Opera Hotel Ba Đình Square

Coordinates: 21°02′52″N 105°50′12″E / 21.04778°N 105.83667°E / 2