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Trần Đại Quang (born 12 October 1956) is a Vietnamese politician who is the current President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, in office since 2 April 2016. Trần Đại Quang was elected to the post by the National Assembly of Vietnam, and nominated by his predecessor Trương Tấn Sang who retired from office. Trần Đại Quang is one of the country's top leaders, along with the Communist Party General Secretary (the de facto leader). Trần Đại Quang previously served as Minister of Public Security from 2011 to 2016, and Vice Head of Committee on HIV / AIDS Prevention from 2011 to 2014. He is a member of the 12th Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam, in which he is ranked second, after General Secretary Nguyễn Phú Trọng.[1] Trần Đại Quang joined the Communist Party of Vietnam on 26 July 1980 and became officially party member on 26 July 1981.[2] And from 1997 he became a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam and a member of the Central Committee of the party. At the 12th Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam in January 2016 Trần Đại Quang was nominated President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and confirmed on 2 April 2016 by the National Assembly of Vietnam. On that day, he succeeded Trương Tấn Sang. On the same day he proposed Nguyễn Xuân Phúc as the new head of government.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Education 3 Political career 4 Minister of Public Security

4.1 Minister of Public Security of Vietnam Republic, General Trần Đại Quang’s visit to the STF Training School at Katukurunda 4.2 Vietnam and Russia foster cooperation in public security 4.3 Public security minister holds talks in Australia 4.4 Minister of Public Security answers voters’ questions in parliament

5 Presidency 6 Honours 7 Personal life 8 Published works 9 References

Early life[edit] Trần Đại Quang was born on 12 October 1956[3] in Ninh Bình Province, in what was then the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. His father worked as a fish catcher in the river, while his mother worked as a banana seller.[4] They had six children, four of them boys. Later his father died. His mother struggled to raise the children. Trần Đại Quang helped his mother in farming. He is very well known for his hard work, dedication, composure and calm qualities.[5] Education[edit]

Professor of Security science[6] Doctor in Law Bachelor of Art Political theory training: High level Master of Chinese Linguistics[7]

Political career[edit]

President Trần Đại Quang in discussion with MPs in parliament.

Trần Đại Quang attended the People's Police School in 1972. From 1972 to 1975 he was a student at the School of Foreign Languages Department of Cultural Affairs (now the Ministry of Public Security). In 1975 he served as an Officer in Political Protection Department at the Ministry of Public Security. Beginning in 1978 he was an Officer in the Political Protection Department II at the Ministry of Public Security. From 1982 to 1987 Quang served as Deputy Secretary, political Protection Department II, Ministry of the Interior; and was at the Security University from 1981 to 1986. From 1987 to 1990 Trần Đại Quang was Head of staff office and head of professional office, Political Protection Department II, under Ministry of Home Affairs. At the same time, he did advanced theoretical study at the Academy of Nguyen Ai Quoc from 1989 to 1991. From 1990 to 1996 Trần Đại Quang served as Deputy Secretary of Party Committee, Deputy Director of Staff for Security and Deputy Director General in charge of Security Staff Department, General Department of Security. He was also enrolled in the Hanoi University of Law (1991–1994). From 1996 to 2000, Trần Đại Quang was a member of General Security Department Party Organisation, Secretary of Security Staff Department Party Committee, Head of Security Staff Department. He was a graduate student at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics and Public Administration (1994–1997). From 2000 to 2006 Trần Đại Quang was Deputy Secretary of Party Committee, Deputy General Director of the General Security, the Ministry of Public Security. Promoted to Major General in 2003; he was appointed associate professor in 2003 and he was appointed professor in 2009. Promoted to Lt. General in April 2007, from 2006 through 2011, Quang was a member of the Standing Central Police Party Committee, Deputy Minister of Public Security. In 2011 Trần Đại Quang was Commissioner of Police Standing Party Central Committee, Deputy Minister of Public Security. In Congress 11th National Party was elected to the Party Central Committee, the Central Government is elected to the Political Bureau. At the first session of the 13th National Assembly ratified the Prime Minister’s proposals on appointing the new cabinet. Lieutenant General Trần Đại Quang, a Politburo member, Deputy Minister of Public Security, was appointed as the new Minister of Public Security, replacing General Le Hong Anh.[8] August 30, 2011: Trần Đại Quang was appointed as the new Secretary of the Central Police Party Committee, replacing Le Hong Anh[9] December 5, 2011: The Minister of Public Security, Lieutenant General Trần Đại Quang, was promoted to the rank of Colonel General by President Trương Tấn Sang.[10] In December 29, 2012: The Minister of Public Security, Colonel General Trần Đại Quang, was promoted to the rank of General by President.[11] In January 2016 The 14th Conference of the Party Central Committee XI was nominated as the new President.[12] At the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam Trần Đại Quang was elected to the Party Central Committee, the Central Government is elected to the Politburo. In August 13, 2016 President Trần Đại Quang was appointed Head of the Central Steering Committee for Judicial Reform, replacing President Trương Tấn Sang Minister of Public Security[edit] Minister of Public Security of Vietnam Republic, General Trần Đại Quang’s visit to the STF Training School at Katukurunda[edit] On April 6, 2014, Minister of Public Security of Vietnam Republic, General Trần Đại Quang who paid a visit to Sri Lanka recently, visited STF training school at Katukurunda. These representatives were given a warm welcome by the Commandant Special Task Force, DIG Mr. R.W.M.C. Ranawana. Subsequently, a floral tribute was given by the General Trần Đại Quang at the memorial for the demised STF officers. During this occasion many activities were performed by the STF for the Vietnam representatives and the talents of the STF were commended by the General Trần Đại Quang[13] Vietnam and Russia foster cooperation in public security[edit] On Monday, Minister of Public Security Trần Đại Quang received visiting Russian Interior Minister Vladimir Kolokoltsev in Hanoi. Minister Quang said he hoped that the two sides would exchange information and share their experiences in preventing and countering crime. The two countries wish to further cooperation in training law enforcement personnel. Minister Kolokoltsev spoke highly of the fruitful cooperation between the two Ministries over the years. They signed a joint action program for the period from 2016 to 2018[14] Public security minister holds talks in Australia[edit] On September 15, 2015, Minister of Public Security Trần Đại Quang met with Australian ministers. In talks with Foreign Affairs Minister Julie Bishop, Quang thanked the Australian government for personnel training support for law enforcement, border management training programs and a project to build a regional anti-cyber crime training center in Vietnam. In talks with Australian Federal Police Commissioner Andrew Colvin, Quang requested closer collaboration between the Vietnamese Ministry of Public Security and the Australian Federal Police to combat terrorism, human trafficking, money laundering. and cyber crime.[15] Minister of Public Security answers voters’ questions in parliament[edit] On June 14, 2012, Minister Trần Đại Quang underlined the complexity of many crimes, especially organized crime, people trafficking, drug smuggling, and corruption. New crimes have also appeared including high-tech crimes, cyber crimes and environmental crimes. Minister Quang said that the Ministry has also worked with public to undermine political schemes by hostile forces and reactionaries that distort the Party’s directions and drive for national solidarity. Minister Quang says ‘We prioritize dangerous crimes first such as organized crime, and crimes relating to high-technologies, corruption, and drug smuggling, to ensure the public feels safe. Along with crime prevention and control, we have promoted a movement that calls on all of society to protect national security. We continuously launch campaigns to suppress crimes and each one focuses on one specific kind of crime, so we can be more effective in our fights against the criminal element in society’.[16] Presidency[edit]

President Rodrigo Duterte and Vietnamese President Trần Đại Quang, with their respective delegations, hold a dialogue at the State Palace in Hanoi on September 29, 2016.

Trần Đại Quang and Chilean President Michelle Bachelet

President Trần Đại Quang talking with Prime minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc at the National Assembly of Vietnam

Trần Đại Quang meets Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, 29 September 2016

The National Assembly of Vietnam elected Trần Đại Quang as state president of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on 2 April 2016 with 91 percent of the vote.[17] On June 28, 2017, President Trần Đại Quang and President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko held talks in Minsk, reiterating their determination to bring bilateral ties to the next level. Quang stated that Vietnam always attached importance to cementing friendship and co-operation with Belarus. For his part, President Alexander Lukashenko affirmed that his country considers Việt Nam an external priority in Asia, hailing the country’s efforts in hosting the Asia-Pacific Economic (APEC) Forum in 2017. The leaders showed their delight at developments in the countries’ co-operation across the board and asserted resolve to develop bilateral friendship and co-operation in a comprehensive, practical and efficient manner.[18] On August 29, 2017, President Trần Đại Quang congratulated outgoing Cuban Ambassador Herminio Lopez Diaz on the latter’s successful term in Vietnam while receiving the Cuban diplomat in Hanoi. He said during his four-year tenure in Việt Nam, Ambassador Diaz became a trustworthy bridge linking the two countries’ State leaders and also became a close friend and effective partner of ministries, sectors, socio-political organisations and localities in Vietnam.[19] On September 7, 2017, Quang and Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi discussed measures to enhance bilateral co-operation in various fields during their talks in Hanoi yesterday. The Vietnamese President informed the media about the results of his dialogue with President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, emphasising the importance of the guest’s state visit, the first of its kind since the two countries established diplomatic ties in 1963. They agreed to increase delegation exchanges, especially among high-ranking officials, while strengthening co-ordination at regional and international forums of the UN, Non-Aligned Movement, and Francophone International Organisation.[20] On September 22, 2017, President Trần Đại Quang has asked the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (IRIC) to continue providing support for member organisations in Southeast Asia, including Vietnam.[21] On September 27, 2017, President Trần Đại Quang welcomed new foreign ambassadors to Vietnam. Welcoming Israeli Ambassador Nadav Eshcar, President Quang expressed his delight over the sound development of co-operative ties between the two countries, as demonstrated by President Reuven Ruvi Rivlin’s State visit to Vietnam in March, Israel’s recognition of Vietnam’s full market economy and the ongoing negotiations towards a bilateral free trade agreement. The two countries had also expanded co-operation in trade, high-tech agriculture, the security-defence industry and education and training, President Quang stressed. The Vietnamese leader suggested that both sides strive to finalize and sign the bilateral FTA in 2018 and implement measures to increase two-way trade to US$3 billion in the coming years. The Israeli diplomat highlighted that agreements signed between the two countries had created a framework to bolster bilateral ties, and that Việt Nam was an important partner. Receiving Bangladeshi Ambassador Samina Naz, Trần Đại Quang affirmed that Vietnam cherished its traditional friendship and cooperative ties with the South Asian country. As the bilateral trade had become more robust, reaching $609 million in 2016, the President said he hoped that Bangladesh would import more Vietnamese farm produce, aquatic products and consumer goods while creating favourable conditions for Vietnamese enterprises to invest in infrastructure, power and telecommunications in Bangladesh. He said he hoped that Bangladesh would support Vietnam’s bid for non-permanent membership on the United Nations’ Security Council for 2020-21 tenure and the Vietnamese candidate for UNESCO General Director Chair in 2017-21 tenure. Samina Naz pledged to do her utmost to enhance relations between the two countries, particularly economic-trade relations. In conversations with Finnish Ambassador Kari Kahiluoto and Austrian Ambassador Thomas Schuller Gotzburg, President Quang called on the two countries to push for the early signing and approval of the Vietnam - EU Free Trade Agreement to open up new business opportunities for enterprises from each nation. Both the Finnish and Austrian ambassadors affirmed that their countries wanted to boost co-operation with Vietnam across fields. In another reception for Cuban Ambassador Lianys Torres Rivera, President Trần Đại Quang stressed that the State and people of Vietnam treasured solidarity and comprehensive co-operation with Cuba. He said that Vietnamese agencies would co-operate to create favourable conditions for the Cuban diplomat to fulfill his mission in the host country. The Cuban ambassador underscored that Cuba and Vietnam had enjoyed rosy relations in the past years, especially politics. Cuba wanted to further collaboration with Vietnam in various sectors, she added [22] On October 13, 2017, it was reported that the state would increase inspections to detect and strictly deal with corruption cases, and speed investigation and prosecution of violators, President Tran Dai Quang told this to voters in HCM City the day before. Meeting with voters from Districts 1, 3 and 4 in preparation for the upcoming fourth session of the 14th National Assembly, the president said that thanks to firm directions from the Party Central Committee, Politburo, and the Central Steering Committee on Corruption Prevention and Control, as well as joint work by relevant agencies, serious corruption cases have been brought to the light. He stressed the need to promptly discover violations of the law and other negative phenomena, as also strengthen supervision of personnel and administrative work. Speaking about transport works under the Build Operate Transfer (BOT) model, he admitted there was lack of transparency in project approval and price appraisal. He also shared voters’ concern over unreasonable toll collection in several localities. "The Government has ordered comprehensive supervision over BOT projects, he told the voters. Regulations will also be adjusted to fix shortcomings," he said. Food hygiene and safety had been added to the list of fields that would be subjected to close scrutiny by the legislature, and the Government must report to the NA the outcomes of State management of this issue, he said. The President also told voters that the National Assembly planned to adopt five bills, give opinions on nine draft laws and discuss socio-economic issues and supervision over other important issues. President Trần Đại Quang said that in the amended Law on Complaints, different forms had been introduced and regulations on protecting complainants had been added. Meanwhile, in the revised Law on Corruption Prevention and Control, rules on assets filing and accountability for origin of assets had been extended. He also noted that the Party Central Committee’s sixth plenum had issued a resolution on continued renovation towards streamlining the political apparatus to make it more efficient and effective.[23] Honours[edit]

 Vietnam: Fatherland Defense Order (2011) [24]  Vietnam: Military Exploit Order 1st class (2011) [25]  Cuba: Order of José Martí (2016) [26]  Laos: Order of National Gold (2017) [27]  Vietnam: Military Exploit Order 2nd class  Vietnam: Military Exploit Order 3rd class  Cambodia: Friendship Order 1st class

Personal life[edit] Trần Đại Quang is married to Madam Nguyễn Thị Hiền,[28][29] who performs ceremonial functions as the First Lady of Vietnam. Trần Đại Quang is the second son in the family of four brothers Vinh, Quang, Sáng, Tỏ, and two sisters. His youngest brother is Trần Quốc Tỏ party secretary for Thái Nguyên Province.[30] Published works[edit]

"Cyberspace - Future and Action", 2015[31] The people have the strength to protect the National Security, 2015 [32]

References[edit]

^ "Party Congress announces CPVCC Politburo members". Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. 19 January 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2012.  ^ "Tiểu sử tân Chủ tịch nước Trần Đại Quang". 2017-06-02. Retrieved 2018-03-19.  ^ http://www.chinhphu.vn/portal/page/portal/chinhphu/tieusulanhdao?personProfileId=1780&govOrgId=2856 ^ "Cậu trò nghèo trường làng thành Chủ tịch nước Báo Giao thông". 2017-11-14. Retrieved 2018-03-19.  ^ "Cậu trò nghèo trường làng thành Chủ tịch nước". Báo Giao thông. 2016-04-04. Retrieved 2017-05-19.  ^ "Tran Dai Quang was appointed professor of security science". Public Security of Vietnam. December 5, 2009. Retrieved July 5, 2017.  ^ "Education of Tran Dai Quang". THE VOICE OF VIETNAM.  ^ "General Tran Dai Quang, a Politburo member, Deputy Minister of Public Security, was appointed as the new Minister of Public Security". National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.  Missing or empty url= (help) ^ http://www.mps.gov.vn/c/portal/render_portlet?p_l_id=13515&p_p_id=vcmsviewcontent_INSTANCE_GbkG&p_p_lifecycle=0&p_p_state=normal&p_p_mode=view&p_p_col_id=column-2&p_p_col_pos=0&p_p_col_count=1&currentURL=%2Fweb%2Fguest%2Fct_trangchu%2F-%2Fvcmsviewcontent%2FGbkG%2F2102%2F0%2F17818&_vcmsviewcontent_INSTANCE_GbkG_categoryId=2102&_vcmsviewcontent_INSTANCE_GbkG_articleId=17818&_vcmsviewcontent_INSTANCE_GbkG_struts_action=%2Fvcmsviewcontent%2Fview&_vcmsviewcontent_INSTANCE_GbkG_cat_parent ^ "Thăng cấp bậc hàm Thượng tướng đối với đồng chí Trần Đại Quang (Vietnamese)". Tin moi.  ^ "Thăng cấp bậc hàm Đại tướng đối với đồng chí Trần Đại Quang". Ministry of Public Security of Vietnam.  ^ "General Trần Đại Quang, a Politburo member, Deputy Minister of Public Security, was nominated as the new President 2016-2021". National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.  ^ "Minister of Public Security of Vietnam Republic, General Tran Dai Quang's visit to the STF Training School at Katukurunda".  ^ "Minister of Public Security Tran Dai Quang and Russian Interior Minister Vladimir Kolokoltsev signed a joint action program for the period from 2016 to 2018".  ^ "Minister of Public Security Tran Dai Quang meets Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs".  ^ "Minister of Public Security answers voters' questions".  ^ "General Tran Dai Quang named Vietnam's new president". TUOI TRE NEWS.  ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/379095/president-tran-dai-quang-holds-talks-with-president-lukashenko.html#ZPlpkA721fpZbIIJ.97 ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/392843/president-tran-dai-quang-receives-outgoing-cuban-ambassador.html#UrZOJvED447YVfsk.97 ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/393336/vn-egyptian-presidents-enhance-ties.html#IccTFzXf3wYZDpDg.97 ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/394319/president-urges-further-support-from-intl-red-cross-societies.html#GUY5QwZKrWgsTdzw.97 ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/394499/president-quang-welcomes-new-foreign-ambassadors-to-viet-nam.html#ijMhM2dH3dTRrshf.97 ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/405640/anti-corruption-fight-set-to-intensify.html#G96fxMZLEaqhoSOj.97 ^ "General Tran Dai Quang received Fatherland Defense Order". Public Security News.  ^ "General Tran Dai Quang received Military Exploit Order". Public Security News.  ^ "President Tran Dai Quang received Jose Martin Order (Vietnamese)". NEWSPAPER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM.  ^ "Tran Dai Quang received the order of national gold by Mr Phankham Viphavanh, Vice President of Laos".  ^ "Vietnam president appears in public for first time in more than a month". Reuters. Retrieved 29 August 2017.  ^ VCCorp.vn. "Cảm động với hình ảnh phu nhân Chủ tịch nước đến với bà con vùng lũ" (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2018-03-19.  ^ News, VietNamNet. "Ông Trần Quốc Tỏ làm Bí thư Thái Nguyên". VietNamNet. Retrieved 2018-03-19.  ^ "Minister Tran Dai Quang publishes the book "Cyberspace - Future and Action." in 2015".  ^ "Minister Tran Dai Quang publishes the book "The people have the strength to protect the Fatherland." in 2015". 

Political offices

Preceded by Trương Tấn Sang President of Vietnam 2016–present Incumbent

Government offices

Preceded by Lê Hồng Anh Minister of Public Security 2011–2016 Succeeded by Tô Lâm

Order of precedence

Preceded by Nguyễn Phú Trọng as General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam Rank of the Communist Party of Vietnam 12th Politburo Succeeded by Nguyễn Xuân Phúc as Prime Minister of Vietnam

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Chair of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation 2017 Incumbent

v t e

Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam

1st (1930) 2nd (1951) 3rd (1960) 4th (1976) 5th (1982) 6th (1986) 7th (1991) 8th (1996) 9th (2001) 10th (2006) 11th (2011) 12th (2016)

12th Politburo make-up

1. Nguyễn Phú Trọng 2. Trần Đại Quang 3. Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân 4. Ngô Xuân Lịch 5. Tô Lâm 6. Nguyễn Xuân Phúc 7. Nguyễn Thiện Nhân 8. Đinh Thế Huynh 9. Phạm Minh Chính 10. Tòng Thị Phóng 11. Vương Đình Huệ 12. Trần Quốc Vượng 13. Phạm Bình Minh 14. Trương Thị Mai 15. Trương Hòa Bình 16. Nguyễn Văn Bình 17. Võ Văn Thưởng 18. Đinh La Thăng 19. Hoàng Trung Hải

v t e

Current leaders of socialist states espousing Marxism–Leninism

People's Republic of China

Xi Jinping, General Secretary and head of state Li Keqiang, Head of government (Communist Party of China)

Republic of Cuba

Raúl Castro, First Secretary, head of state and head of government (Communist Party of Cuba)

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Bounnhang Vorachith, General Secretary and head of state Thongloun Sisoulith, Head of government (Lao People's Revolutionary Party)

Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Nguyễn Phú Trọng, General Secretary Trần Đại Quang, Head of state Nguyễn Xuân Phúc, Head of government (Communist Party of Vietnam)

v t e

Heads of state of Vietnam since 1945

Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945–76)

Hồ Chí Minh Huỳnh Thúc Kháng1 Tôn Đức Thắng

State of Vietnam (1949–55)

Bảo Đại Ngô Đình Diệm1

Republic of Vietnam (1955–75)

Ngô Đình Diệm Dương Văn Minh2 Nguyễn Khánh2 Provisional Leadership Committee3 Dương Văn Minh2 Phan Khắc Sửu2 Nguyễn Văn Thiệu2 Trần Văn Hương Dương Văn Minh

Republic of South Vietnam (1969–76)

Nguyễn Hữu Thọ

Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976–present)

Tôn Đức Thắng (1976–1980) Nguyễn Hữu Thọ (1980–1981)1 Council of State (1981–1987) (Chairman: Trường Chinh)3 Council of State (1987–1992) (Chairman: Võ Chí Công)3 Lê Đức Anh (1992–1997) Trần Đức Lương (1997–2006) Nguyễn Minh Triết (2006–2011) Trương Tấn Sang(2011–2016) Trần Đại Quang (2016–present)

1acting 2military 3collective leadership

v t e

Current leaders of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

Turnbull Bolkiah Trudeau Piñera Xi Lam Jokowi Abe Moon Najib Peña Nieto

Ardern O'Neill Vizcarra Duterte Putin Lee Tsai Pr

.